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Copyright 1984 The Daily Tar Hed. AH rifihis reserved.
i 3 "tttft
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Jordan, Heels No. 1
UNC's basketball team has
easily retained its No. 1
ranking in the AP and UPI
polls this week, and guard
Michael Jordan has been
viamed ACC player of the
Volume 91, Issue 138
Wednesday, February 22, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Exum in oresiden
By DICK ANDERSON
Paul Parker was elected student body
president Tuesday, defeating James Ex
um by 615 votes amidst moderate student
According to unofficial runoff returns,
Parker received 2,432 votes, or 57 per
cent, to Exum's 1,817 votes, or 42 per
cent. "I don't know how to describe it,"
Parker said of his victory. "I'm very hap
py, and I want to thank everybody for
what they've done. It's been a tremen
dous show of support.
"I expected a much lower voter turn
out, and I think it just shows that people
really believe Student Government can be
turned around," he said. Twenty-one
percent of the student body, 4,433
students, voted in Tuesday's runoff.
Parker attributed organization and
"having the right answers" to his success
in the election. He said he had worried
that students wouldn't see the importance
of turning out to vote in the runoff, given
his 807-vote victory in the Feb. 14 elec
tion. While the Parker camp was toasting
victory with champagne, Exum sup
porters quietly shuffled through, offering
hugs, handshakes and condolences to
"Obviously, it wasnjt the outcome we
would have hoped for, but I feel we ran a
very hard race," Exum said. He added
that he felt he had made a "pretty good
comeback" after trailing Parker by a
wider margin in the first election.
"I congratulate Paul; Paul ran a very
outstanding campaign," Exum said. "I
wish him the best in restoring the
students' faith in their government."
Exum said he would catch up on his
academic work between now and Spring
Break, but was uncertain as to his future
in Suite C.
"I'm going to take some time for
myself and enjoy Carolina a little bit
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UNC's new student body president, Paul Parker, rejoices over his victory Tuesday night. Parker defeated
James Exum, 2,432 to 1,817 in Tuesday's runoff election.
something I haven't done in 2Vt years,"
Parker said he would "work out" a
position for Exum in his administration
and that the position "would be up to
Vote tallies proved Exum had his
greaiest strength on South Campus,
where he won handily in Morrison,
James, Ehringhaus and Craige dor
mitories. But decisive Parker wins in
North Campus strongholds including
Cobb, Mclver and Everett dormitories
and Granville Towers iced the election.
Cheers resounded throughout the
Parker celebration as Student Body Presi
dent Kevin Monroe tossed Parker the
keys to Suite C.
Earlier Tuesday evening, Monroe re
flected on his past year in office and at
tacks during the campaign on the in
efficiency of his administration.
"If you look back at what I said I was
going to do last year, you'll find that I
pretty much kept on track," Monroe
said. "As a candidate you really don't
have the experience or the access to the
"You have to learn the system from all
sides," Monroe said. The only way that
could be done was by assuming the office
of president, he said.
As student body president, "You
come, you do your time, and you leave,"
Monroe said. "It's time for a change.
Maybe we need to move in a new direc
tion. "In retrospect, it's been a heck of a lot
of fun," Monroe said. "The experience
has been wonderful. There have been
some good times and some bad times.
See RUNOFF on page "2
Problem is lessening
Mattione speaks on debt crisis
By KEITH BRADSHER
More reschedulings by major banks
and continued economic growth in
Western nations are essential to the
prevention of a major international debt
crisis, Richard Mattione, a fellow at the
Brooking Institution's Foreign Policies
Program, said Tuesday night.
In exchange, leaders of Third World
debtor nations need to impose short-term
hardships in an effort to allow their
economics to adjust to the realities of
high oil prices and low raw material
prices, he said.
"These countries have shown that they
have to get inflation, and other
(economic) measures like exchange rates
and public sector deficits, under
Sponsored by the UNC Office of Inter
national Programs as the fifth of the
Great Decisions '84 lecture series, the
speech in Dey Hall's Toy Lounge at
tracted about 90 students and faculty.
Foreign debts have become a major
problem for many Third World nations
for three reasons, Mattione said.
First, in the early 1980s interest rates in
the West became substantially higher
than inflation rates, so the cost of repay
ing old loans and securing new ones
Second, world " prices for the raw
materials typically exported by. Third
World nations fell, cutting the supply of
foreign exchange these countries had to
repay their loans.
Finally, to maintain political stability,
leaders of debtor nations set too high ex
change rates for their currencies, Mat
tione said. While imports were thus
cheaper for their populations, the over
valuation encouraged residents to buy
such strong currencies and the U.S. dollar
with too few crazeros, pesos or other cur
rencies. Third World countries thus lost
to industrial nations that could have been
invested at home.
Banks were justified in lending hun
dreds of billions of dollars to the Third
World, Mattione said. "It had very
favorable growth rates since the early
"Just beacuse a country can borrow
doesn't mean it has to borrow," he said.
Continued lending is needed now. But
in the future, limits probably should be
set on international lending to prevent the
danger to the world financial system that
existed in 1982 and 1983, he said.
Economic growth in the West helps the
Third World by driving up commodity
prices, he said. To increase the benefit to
underdeveloped nations, Western nations
need to lower trade restrictions against
. "We have to realize that if we open our
markets, then pretty soon they'll be buy
ing more of our goods," he said.
Banks need to continue to reschedule
old loans allowing debtors more time
to pay and to make new loans, Mat
tione said. "If we tried to collect it all
. ' r..-
now, we'd collect zero."
Already, reschedulings and new loans
have downgraded the risk of massive
defaults from a crisis to a very serious
problem, he said. New loans are being
made at low rates that offer little further
profit for banks. Awareness has spread in
See DECISIONS on page 2
Polls show Hunt leads Helms in Senate race
By THAD OGBURN
. Although Gov. Jim Hunt holds a lead over Sen. Jesse
Helms in the most recent poll concerning the U.S. Senate
race, Helms spokesmen feel the contest is closer than the
poll indicates. ,
The poll, released Sunday by The Charlotte Observer,
found that Hunt led Helms 46 percent to 42 percent.
About 8 percent of the 1 ,005 registered voters surveyed
were undecided, while 3 percent declined to answer and 1
percent said they preferred other candidates. The poll
was conducted between Feb. 11 and Feb. 17. ,
Claude Allen, a spokesman for the Helms for Senate
Committee, claimed recently that the Observer poll has a
poor track record.
"The Charlotte Observer, in 1980, predicted that
(Sen. Robert) Morgan would defeat (John) East," Allen
said. East, a Republican, edged the incumbent Morgan
in the Senate race.
However, Phil Meyer, a Kenan Professor in the UNC
School of Journalism, said the Observer poll is a good
Meyer, who helps oversee the School of Journalism's
Carolina Poll, said several factors must be taken into ac
count when judging a poll. He said the size of the sample
is important, as well as how the poll screens out those
not registered to vote. i
Stephanie Bass, a spokeswoman for Hunt, agreed that
the size of the sample in a poll is very important.
"For a poll to be credible it would have to have 600
respondents," Bass said. "I would not have respect for a
poll that had fewer than 600 responses."
Bass said the Hunt campaign never made sweeping
judgments from a single poll.
"You have to remember that a poll i$ only a snapshot
in time," she said. "It's never really immediate, it's
always the way things were."
Bass said the Hunt campaign committee was pleased
with the governor's current standing in the polls, even
though his lead has slipped from polls conducted in the
"I've always believed that the race would be as tight as
it is today," Bass said.
' In a Carolina Poll released in early November, Hunt
led Helms 56 percent to 36 percent. A new Carolina Poll
on the Senate race began last Friday night, and the
results are expected sometime next week.
Allen charged that the Carolina Poll, like the
Observer's, has a poor track recbrd of picking winners.
"We hope that their track record will hold the same in
this case," Allen said.
Meyer, however, said the Carolina Poll did not at
tempt to pick winners.
See POLLS on page 2
Leutze and Obler debate nuclear arms deployment
By RICHARD J. BOYCE
All possibilities for conventional deter
rence to the nuclear arms buildup in
Europe should be explored, UNC history
Professor James R. Leutze said in a
debate with Jeffrey L. Obler, associate
professor of political science Tuesday
Both men gave four reasons why they
believe the United States should or should
not change its policy to deploy nuclear
arms in West Germany. The two then re
sponded to questions from the audience
of about 80 people gathered in Murphey
The United States only responded to a
European initiative to put Pershing II and
cruise missiles in Europe in the first place,
Leutze Said. The decision to place missiles
in Europe was made by NATO, not by
the United States on its own, he said.
When the Soviet Union put SS-20s in
Eastern Europe, it was necessary for
NATO to counter the Soviets so that
NATO would have some bargaining
power, said Leutze, who is chairman of
the UNC curriculum in peace, war, and
defense. He said he believed the United
States should put missiles in Europe and
then bargain with the Soviets to get Soviet
Arms control involves perspectives,
and if the United States and its allies res
pond weakly to a Soviet move, then they
will put themselves in a bad position, he
"The Soviets took the initiative, and
someone must take their lead .... NATO
needs the ability, to arrive at a conclusion
v and stick to that conclusion in the face of
opposition," Leutze said, adding that the
Soviets respond best when confronted
with openness and a strong, clear in
itiative. Obler said that by placing SS-20s in
Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union was
only following the lead of the United
States, which started changing its nuclear
arsenal in Europe to smaller, more active
warheads in the mid-1970s.
Obler criticized President Reagan's
"zero option" plan the idea that the '
United States would not deploy any new
missiles in Europe if the Soviets would
reduce their nuclear weapons there to
zero. Great Britain and France still had
162 missiles pointed toward the Soviet
Union, leaving the Soviets defenseless in
Europe, he said.
The United States had seriously dimm
ed any prospect for real arms controls in
Europe by putting ground-launched
cruise missiles there, Obler said.
"I see two very powerful very insecure
nations jockeying for power."
Leutze agreed, saying the Reagan ad
ministration was more war-like than he
had hoped it would be. A long-term solu
tion to the problem in Europe, he said,
was for the United States to increase the
number of conventional weapons, in
Europe, giving it another option in
Europe besides nuclear war.- Such a
policy would be very expensive, Leutze
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A campaign worker consoles James Exum after his loss to Paul -Parker
in the runoff election for student body president.
plan upheld by Court
From staff and wire reports
WASHINGTON The U.S. Supreme
Court upheld a desegregation plan for the
UNC system Tuesday, ending a major
civil rights challenge to an agreement bet
ween the university system and the U.S.
Department of Education.
The decision left intact the consent
decree accepted in 1981 by a federal
judge in Raleigh that outlines goals for
desegregating the 16-campus system.
In upholding the consent decree, the
nine justices, without comment, refused
to hear arguments by civil rights lawyers
who previously called the agreement a
"I believe that the support of the
General Assembly, Gov. Jim Hunt and
the diligent efforts of the Board of
Governors to provide better education
opportunities for all the citizens of this
state has been vindicated," UNC Presi
dent William Friday said.
The court's refusal to hear the case is a
defeat for civil rights forces, including the
NAACP Legal Defense Fund. Conten
ding that the consent decree was inade
quate to eliminate segregation, the Fund
and black students from North Carolina
schools had sought to reopen the case
before a federal judge in the District of
Joseph L. Rauh Jr., chief counsel for
the challengers, said in 1981 that the
agreement was "the worst civil rights
sellout of the Reagan administration thus
far." The settlement put an end to the
possibility, raised by the previous Carter
administration, of a cutoff of $90 million
in federal aid to North Carolina univer
sities. Last June, the U.S. Circuit Court of
Appeals in Washington blocked the .
challengers from reopening their suit,
first filed in 1970 against the federal
government and not against the state.
Allowing such a suit now "would
disturb the fundamentals balance our
rules of procedure strike, not only bet
ween courts and executive agencies, but
also among the powers of coordinate
federal tribunals," the appeals court said.
Joseph Levin, a Washington attorney
who has represented UNC since 1979,
said Tuesday there was no further avenue
through the District of Columbia court
for the Legal Defense Fund to attack the
"One of the things all the courts have
recognized is why the Fund, if it was so
disturbed with the agreement, did not at
tack it in the North Carolina courts," he
said. "It's obvious that the plaintiffs
decided to pursue it here (in Washington),
and not in North Carolina."
The petition was firsj filed in the
District of Columbia court because that
court had issued the order that UNC was
not in compliance with the Constitution
said Julius L. Chambers, a Charlotte civil
rights attorney and president of the Legal
Defense Fund. The D.C. court then
issued guidelines for corrections, he said
in a telephone interview Tuesday.
When civil rights group filed suit op
posing the consent decree, the Fund con
tended that the agreement did not comply
with the Education Department's respon
sibility to enforce Title 7 of the 1964 Civil
Rights Act. That section prohibits racial
bias in institutions receiving federal
For now, the Fund has no definite
plans for further legal action, Chambers
"The Fund will continue monitoring
what the University does toward
desegregation to ensure fairness to
minorities. If it finds that the University is
not in compliance with the Constitution,
another suit can be brought."
Friday said his immediate reaction to
the decision, which he learned of Tuesday
morning from Levin was "one of pro
"This has been a long and hard and
important case," he said. "That's why
we have been very careful and worked at
it so hard."
Raymond Dawson, UNC vice presi
dent for academic affairs, said there were
no' legal obstructions remaining that
would hamper UNC's efforts to achieve
desegregation through the consent
"I think (Tuesday's decision) indicates
that what we've been trying to do is
right," Dawson said, "we feel a real sense
of gratification in this."
Friday said the universities are ready to
proceed with implementation of the con
sent decree, which calls for North
Carolina to improve its five tradionally
black colleges with 29 new undergraduate
and graduate programs by the end of
It also sets a goal of increasing black
student enrollment at the predominantly
white institutions from 7.4 percent in
1981 to 11.2 percent by 1986, and
boosting white enrollment at the black
colleges from 11.2 percent to 15 percent.
The challengers to the plan said it lack
ed specific quotas for enrolling, recruiting
and employing minorities in the universi
When the consent decree was reached,
the Reagan administration dropped
, previous demands that the state university
system also eliminate program duplica
tions between neighboring predominantly
white and predominantly black institu
tions. Civil rights officials again took excep
tion, claiming that duplication reinforces
separation of the races in a college system
once segregated by state law. The Carter
administration had sought to eliminate
the programs at the predominantly white
schools, and thereby create a lure to at
tend the black schools.