$7 - : ... -
. B-ball tickets
Tickets for the UNC-St. Johns
women's basketball game in
the NCAA tournament first
round, to be played Friday at
7:30 in Carmichael
Auditorium, are now on sale
at the ticket office at $2 for
Mostly sunny today and
Thursday with highs today in
the mid-60s. Lows tonight in
the upper 30s, with highs
Thursday in the low 70s.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 146
Wednesday, March 14, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSportsArts 962-0245 "
BusinessAdvertising 952 1163
From staff and wire reports
Sen. Jesse Helms has pulled even with
Gov. Jim Hunt after trailing his likely re
election opponent by 20 percentage
points last fall, according to the UNC
School of Journalism's Carolina Poll,
Hunt, a Democrat, was the choice of
47 percent of the adults surveyed between
Feb. 17 and March 1, while 45 percent
favored Republican Helms. Among
registered voters, 47 percent preferred
Hunt and 46 percent Helms. Eight per
cent overall and seven percent of the
registered voters were undecided.
Among respondents who said they
were likely to vote in the election, the race
was even at 47 percent.
The 3 percent margin of error means
the candidates are virtually tied, the
pollsters said in a news release.
"We're glad to see that the UNC
School of Journalism finally has taken
pretty much of an accurate poll." said
Claude Allen, representative for Helms'
campaign. "The figures are not far from
what we've been seeing of late. They
represent a tremendous movement... since
this time last year."
Allen added, however, that Helms
"still has an uphill battle to fight between
now and November because of Hunt's
and (the Rev.) Jesse Jackson's effort to
register 200,000 voters, most of whom
will vote for Hunt."
Stephanie Bass, representative for
Hunt's campaign, questioned the poll's
.accuracy and the way it was compiled.
"You can't feel confidence in any of
these polls because they're all done dif
ferently," Bass said. "Some of the things
they did... I wouldn't do.
"I would say it's going to be a tight
race. We've never thought otherwise. But
we feel fine about where we are now."
Hunt campaign aide Don Hobart add
ed that a poll conducted Feb. 24-26 by
national pollster Peter Hart showed Hunt
leading 49 percent to 40 percent, "The
difference in the two struck us as odd,"
The Carolina Poll has measured public
opinion in the long-anticipated Helms
Hunt clash since 1981, and Hunt has
always led. In the October 1983 survey,
See POLL on page 2
Includes six-point plan
Leaders agree to new Lebanese
The Associated Press
LAUSANNE, Switzerland Christian and Moslem
leaders agreed Tuesday on terms of a cease-fire to halt
the fighting in war-torn Lebanon.
An official statement issued at the Lebanese national
reconciliation conference said the cease-fire was to take
effect today at 9 p.m. Lebanese time (2 p.m. EST).
Beirut's state-run radio interrupted regular program
ming to announce that the negotiators in Switzerland
had reached a comprehensive agreement for a cease-fire
and that "parties concerned" in the Lebanese capital
had been informed by telephone of the decision.
For the first 30 minutes after 9 p.m., .salvos of mortar
shells and rockets fell on residential areas of Christian
east Beirut and shells also landed in parts of Moslem
west Beirut. A calm then apparently settled over the city.
There have been numerous cease-fires declared in
Lebanon's nine-year civil war, but none has held.
In Lausanne, Michel Samaha, a senior adviser to
President Amin Gemayel, said the cease-fire plan "does
not need any signatures. It is adopted by all participants
in the conference."
Duke professor addresses African apartheid
By TOM CONLON
Change in the apartheid, or racial
segregation, system of the Republic of
South Africa is likely to occur only from
within the activities of the country rather
than from pressure from external forces,
Sheridan Johns, a Duke University pro
fessor of political science, told about 105
people at the final Great Decisions '84
forum Tuesday night.
The program, titled "South Africa
Can U.S. Policies Influence Change?" .
was sponsored by the Association of In
ternational Students and was held at Dey
Hall's Toy Lounge. The forum was the
last of seven, international topics pre
sented at UNC since Jan. 25.
Johns said change in South Africa
could come about by four methods ex
ternal pressure from major Western
countries, arms challenges from foreign
countries, voluntary reforms from within
the country or from internal revolu
tionary change. -
"Change through government reforms
is unlikely," Johns said. "There has been
no further discussion on including
Africans in the South African constitu
tion, despite slight moderation of apar
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Rudi Colloredo, a freshman from Hamilton, Mass., works intently to adjust the brakes of his bicycle
while sitting in front of the Franklin Street bus station Tuesday afternoon. Colloredo said his parents
sent his two-wheeler on a bus from home, but it didn't arrive in the best of shape.
Agreement had been held up by a controversy over
whether Gemayel should sign the pact as head of state or
as a party to the Lebanese conflict.
The plan released by conference officials lists six
points to bring about a permanent cease-fire and restore
stability and security to the devastated nation.
The six points are: Orders to all factions to stop
fighting; formation of a military committee comprising
members of all sides; formation of supervisory commit
tees to monitor the truce; separation of combatants and
establishment of buffer zones; reopening of Beirut's air
port and port; and a halt to information campaigns by
the rival parties.
- Gemayel's national security adviser, Wadih Haddad,
said the deadlock over the signature issue was broken by
the proposal "from several people." A conference
source said the Syrian and Saudi observers had suggested
the accord be approved by consensus, a move that re
quires no signatures.
Haddad said the conference also was presented with
several working papers concerning political, social and
economic reforms in a new Lebanon.
"When I visited Johannesburg in 1975,
I found that public parks were integrated
and blacks were using reading rooms in
libraries where they previously had been
in reading rooms to bring books to
whites," he said. "International hotels
had been designated for all races since
money was the key, rather than skin col
or, in that type of enterprise."
An arms challenge from other nations
is very unlikely because of South Africa's
distance from major military powers
Actions by other nations in the form
of sanctions seem very limited, Johns
said. "European and North American
powers have generally shown no willing
ness to bring sanctions against South
Africa, and any sanctions taken would
probably have little or no effect on pre
sent policy in South Africa."
Revolutionary change from within
South Africa may not come easily but is
the only likely way the apartheid system
can be overthrown, Johns said.
"One must recognize that this white
. dominated state has been determined to
stay the course,' as one of our national
leaders has put it," Johns said. "An
underground role with the African Na
tional Congress will become more dif
ficult to hold with the upcoming non-
aggression pact between South Africa,
Mozambique and Angola."
The African National Congress, -a
black nationalist movement in South
Africa, currently is banned from
operating in the country. The group has '
received backing and training from the
Marxist governments of neighboring
Mozambique and Angola.
"The African National Congress has
been the longest-established African na
tionalist organization on the African con
tinent, despite efforts by the white South
African government to divide it," Johns
said. "Clash and conflict between the
white and black nationalist groups is what
will bring about the change. It will pro
bably be accompanied by. violence."
Johns added that recent U.S. admini
strations have been more concerned with
the Marxist threat to South African
government by neighboring African
countries than they have been with the
' morality of the apartheid system.
Student Body Vice President Greg
Hecht, in an effort to gather information
for Campus Governing Council action on
the UNC divestment issue in South
Africa, asked if divestment would be a
"Full divestment would have a great
symbolic impact, but the extent to which
Une paper by the Lebanese Front coalition of right
wing Christian groups called for a Swiss-style federal
structure of Lebanon. Conference sources said this was
opposed by Moslem delegates and the Syrian observer,
vice president Abdul-Halim Khaddam.
The four-point plan calls for a "Lebanese Federal
Arab Republic" comprising several cantons and the
federal government seated in Beirut.
Khaddam, according to one conference source, said
that the plan had been "presented to us already in 1976
and we then put it in the dust bin."
The conference adjourned after a two-hour session. It
was to resume today to discuss working papers on the
political reforms, which Haddad said were actually the
prime topic of the conference.
An unwritten accord specifies that the Lebanese presi
dent be a Maromte Christian. JuniSiatt and other op
position leaders say the pact does not give Moslems a fair
share of power in Lebanon. Gemayel and his Christian
backers have said they are willing to discuss a new form
of government, but that a meaningful cease-fire accord
must be hammered out first.
it would bring about change is very
limited,'.' Johns said. "There is evidence
that divestment has been of concern to
the South African government, but it
hasn't caused them to make any major
"Foreign investment has helped con
tinue economic growth in South Africa,
but it has not necessarily benefited the
black population," . he said. "It has,
however, provided jobs for the popula
tion at large."
split South on
The Associated Press
Sen. Gary Hart won presidential
primaries in Florida, Massachusetts and
Rhode Island Tuesday night. Walter F.
Mondale countered with his first primary
victories of the season in Alabama and
Georgia, and said, "I've come back into'
the race" for the Democratic presidential
Hart said the Super Tuesday outcome
was a victory for his candidacy and the
American people. He said the voters had
declared again, as in the four states he
had won before, that "The politics of the
past will not address fhe problems of the
"With your help, we'll go on to Il
linois, on to New York, on to San Fran
cisco and on to the White House," he
told cheering supporters at his campaign
headquarters. ' :
Four states held caucuses, and in
Oklahoma the only state reporting
Hart was ahead. With 19 percent of the
precincts counted, he had 42 percent to
34 for Mondale, and CBS said he would
While Mondale won narrowly in the
Georgia preference vote, Hart was gain
ing more delegates there. And in Florida,
delegates originally pledged to former
Gov. Reubin Askew, now withdrawn,
were a strong majority. Hart urged their
election, hoping they would move into his
The three darkhorse candidates Sen.
John Glenn, the Rev. Jesse Jackson and
former Sen. George McGoyern looked
in vain for a surprise to boost them into
Glenn was running third in Alabama
and Florida, fourth in Georgia and
An aide said it would be Wednesday at
the earliest before the Ohio senator decid
ed oa the future of his debt-ridden cam
McGovern, who had said he'd quit the
race unless he finished at least second in
Massachusetts, was running third in par
Jackson edged to the 20 percent level
with his third place standing in Georgia.
The percentage was crucial to him the
20 percent level would preserve his entitle
ment for federal matching campaign
While returns on Super Tuesday, with
511 delegates at state, showed Hart the
strongest candidate in the biggest states,
Mondale went before cheering supporters
in Washington and called the outcome a
"A month ago this was a
bandwagon," the dethroned front-runner'
told his supporters. "Tonight it's a
crusade." Mondale said, "It's going to
be a marathon all the way to California,"
where Democrats convene next summer
to pick their nominee for the White
Despite Hart's three victories, voter
surveys by the television networks in
dicated that there had been erosion in the
strength of the Colorado senator in all
five primary states in the days just before
The pollsters said that among voters
who made up their minds on Election
Symposium to investigate
global, ecological issues
By STEVE FERGUSON
The 1984 Carolina Symposium will
begin Monday, featuring prominent
speakers who will address issues surroun
ding this year's theme, global survival.
Titled "Population, Resources and En
vironment," the symposium will run
through Wednesday, April 4. Speakers
will include pollster Louis Harris,
economist Lester Thurow, biologist and
contributor to the "nudear winter"
theory Paul Ehrlich, and writer Michael
Brown, who brought national attention
to the hazardous waste dumping problem
at Love Canal.
The Carolina. Symposium takes place
every two years and is composed of lec
tures, panel discussions, films, concerts,
exhibits, workshops and other events. All
symposium programs are planned and in
itiated by UNC students. Programs in
clude the ecological effects of nuclear
war, world hunger, hazardous waste and
a writer's workshop. ,
"1 think these issues need to be
brought up before a major audience,"
said Wienke Tex, co-chairperson of the
symposium. "It's issues that affect
UNC's curriculum does not adequately
deal with issues regarding the environ
Day in Georgia, Mondale defeated Hart
36 percent to 22 percent. In
Massachusetts, Mondale and Hart split
the vote among those making up their
minds late. Voters who made their deci
sions in the previous month favored
(Hart's victories were cause for celebra
tion in Chapel Hill as the UNC With Hart
group watched the vote totals on televi
sion. About 125 supporters met at the
Vance Street home of Henry Latane, pro
fessor emeritus in the School of Business
Administration. The organization now
has about 80 members from the Universi
ty. "(I think that Hart is the best oppor
tunity for beating Reagan," Latane said.
Group member Larry Katzin, a
sophomore from Raleigh, added: "Mon
dale just didn't have any appeal to the
student voter. One idea we've had (for
gathering support) is that our students
would host students from out-of-state
and have one big . Hart college campus
weekend, where they would be sent out
into North Carolina as one big Hart ar
my.") As they were splitting the popular vote,
the campaign rivals were dividing up the
delegates. Hart was leading for 140
delegates, while Mondale was ahead for
. 127 from the five primary states.
With 67 percent of the precincts repor
ting from Florida, Hart held 41 percent
of the vote, while Mondale had 31 per
.cent. In Alabama, with 71 percent
counted, it was Mondale 32 percent,
Glenn had 22 percent, Hart 22 and
In Georgia, 89 percent of the precincts
had been counted, and Mondale had 31
percent, Hart 28.
Mondale won a mail-in primary by"
Democrats living abroad with 38 percent
of the vote, to 31 percent for Hart. But
..the three delegates involved went
Florida was crucial to Hart. The Col
orado senator hoped for at least one
Southern victory to maintain momentum
and demonstrate nationwide appeal for
his own "new ideas" candidacy.
This was the crowded primary day
Mondale once had thought offered him
the opportunity to clinch the nomination.
'After four straight defeats, he found
himself struggling for survival instead.
Democrats held caucuses in
Washington state, Oklahoma, Nevada,
Hawaii and American Samoa, but no
results were expected Tuesday except in
Oklahoma. In Republican primaries in
Massachusetts and Rhode Island, Presi
dent Reagan was unopposed.
The 51 1 delegates involved in the day's
competition represented more than one
quarter of the 1,967 needed for nomina
tion at the Democratic National Conven
tion next summer.
Before Tuesday, Mondale led the com
petition for delegates with 152 to 35 for
Hart, 17 for Glenn and 7 for Jackson.
There are 55 uncommitted delegates.
With little organization in the South,
Hart plowed $550,000 into a media
advertising campaign that stressed his
"new ideas, fresh start" campaign theme.
In appearances, he ridiculed Mondale as
beholden to special interests.
ment, and the symposium is designed to
increase student awareness and under
standing of these issues, Tex said.
"We have an obligation to educate our
students appropriately by including these
global issues in the overall curriculum,"
Joseph Tulchin, Director of the Office of
International Programs, said in the
Carolina Symposium information pam
phlet. . A lecture will be held today at 4 p.m. in
Rosenau Hall and will be given by Dr.
Edward Calabrese, professor of environ
mental health at the University of
Massachusetts. He will speak on "The
Environmental Gender Gap: Differential
Responses to Pollution by Men and
Dr. Calabrese is author of seven books
and more than 150 articles on environ
mental health effects. He has been an ad
viser to federal, stale, private and
citizens groups concerned with environ
See SYMPOSIUM on page 3