MlUr Ml "If
n 1Y f'
4 n nn
Turn around, bright skies
Partly cloudy today and
Saturday. High around 60,
low around 38. No rain ex
pected. Salvador students in Pit
Students from El Salvador
will address issues concern
ing Central America in the Pit
today at 10 a.m.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1984 The Dailv Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
LS I II XT I ( II
Volume 92, Issue 15
Friday, April 6, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Petition calls forBOTto
hike fees without vote
By RUTHIE PIPKIN
In an effort to bypass a student
referendum for a $1.50 student activities
fee increase, a Campus Governing Coun
cil representative is circulating a petition
asking for the increase. If 6,000 .
signatures are collected, Student Body
President Paul Parker will present the
petition to the Board of Trustees April
"It's just plain economics that we need
the increase," said Dawn Peters (District
9) who started the petition. "It's been
seven years since the last one. Prices have
risen, the cost of living has gone up and
organizations need the same budgets."
Peters said 66.3 percent of the voters in
the last election supported the fee in
crease. The percentage missed the two
thirds approval necessary for passage by
Peters said she thought the BOT would
approve the increase if they were
presented with the petition signed by one
fourth of the student body, and if they
considered that 66.3 percent of the
students voted for the increase.
"I keep telling everyone that $1.50 is
only three soft drinks a semester," Peters
. Peters said she initiated and funded the
petition as a concerned student because
the movement could not be sponsored by
Student Government. A petition signed
by 10 percent of the student body would
enable another referendum vote, but
Peters said she was concerned not enough
students would turn out to meet the 20
"Groups like BSM, RHA, AWS and
SCAU should get involved and should get
people out there and get petitions signed,
because it directly affects them," Peters
Mark Stafford, president of the
Residence Hall Association, an organiza
tion guaranteed funding in the Student
Code, said the Governing Board of RHA
would decide Sunday whether to
distribute the petition.
"This is a political issue because there
are two sides," Stafford said. "It looks
like we need (the increase) but there are
always those against it. If the Governors
say yes, then fine. If not, then I can't go
Stafford said every student on campus
could see the petition within seven days,
if RHA circulated it in the dorms.
"I don't want to try and cram a fee in
crease down the students' throats," Staf
ford said. "Right now I'll try and push
the forms, since a student doesn't have to
sign the petition."
Richard Owens, former chairperson of
SCAU, said he supported the petition as
the only option of getting the fee in
crease. Owens said budget cuts were needed,
but that SCAU, not listed in the Student
Code, deserved funding because students
who use the organization saved more
money than SCAU's services cost.
"For example," Owens said, "Our
'CASH Guide to Banks' costs 18 cents
per booklet. If a student reads the
booklet and then consequently chooses a
bank with lower service charges and
bounces one check sometime in the year,
he will have saved enough money to pay
for the booklet 30 times over."
Parker said he encouraged the petition
if for no reason other than to increase
awareness of need.
Parker said he would not push the peti
tion but would present it to the BOTxi
6,000 signatures were collected. Parker
said, he had used his support of a fee in
crease on his platform while running for
Parker said the increase would generate
$60,000 of which 16 percent would go to
the DTH, 5 percent to the Graduate and
Professional Student Federation, 33 per
cent to the union and 36 percent to Stu
"A couple of (groups) would still be
bumped off, but we could fund the rest,"
Parker said, if the increase is approved.
With or without the fee increase,
Parker said in addition to the nine groups
in the Student Code who have requested
funding, there were 10 service organiza
tions whose funding is essential, including
SCAU, the Student Employment Service,
RAPE, CAA, the Campus Y, the Yacke
ty Yack, STV, Victory Village (day care
for children of graduate students), and
The publications The Phoenix, The
Carolina Course Review, The Cellar
Door and the Carolina Quarterly would
See PETITION on page 4
I Ah! ft
ml H 1 ft
M fowl tWmii
w ill" 1 1
r SIP 1L
trfl II p fm
1 MM w
I J jlr I
f 1 I
! I i 7
! ! It
I j j
Not a P.E. requirement
.J. Morris, Brown oHhe UNC Physical plant rappels down the eastern
P sicle of Greenlaw Building, caulking any leaks in the walls.
Interstate banking may be coming in Southeast
By VANCE TREFETHEN
Interstate banking may be just around
the corner for the Southeast, say many
banking executives and observers of the
industry, because of legislation recently
passed in Georgia and Kentucky and bills
now under consideration in other
Efforts are under way in North
Carolina, South Carolina and Florida to
pass laws which could change banking in
the Southeast from a system of small to
mid-sized banks operating within the
borders of a single state to a system of
larger banks operating throughout the
Southeast. In addition, three New
England states have recently allowed
several interstate mergers to occur.
Under current laws, banks are largely
confined to accepting deposits in a one
state area and prohibited from making
mergers or other arrangements which
would result in acceptance of deposits
outside their home state.
"Everything goes back to the fact that
we've not allowed banking across state
lines," said Robert E. Ankli, UNC pro
fessor of economics. "That goes back to
"Some states, like North Carolina,
allow unlimited branching (within the
state)," he said. Others limit banks to
operating only within a single city or
But new laws being passed in the
Southeast may change the old limitations,
'North Carolina banks are worried. There was a fear
that some of the large Florida and Georgia banks
would merge this summer and NCNB and Wachovia
and First Union would be left out. ' R0bert Ankli
and North Carolina banks are concerned
that they may get left out if North
Carolina does not pass an interstate
banking law soon.
"North Carolina banks are worried.
There was a fear that some of the large
Florida and Georgia banks would merge
this summer and NCNB and Wachovia
and First Union would be left out," said
The Georgia law, passed in February of
this year, opens up Geogia to entrance by
out-of-state banks in Southeastern states
that allow the same privilege to Georgia
"The Georgia law really permits
regional reciprocity with the other
Southeastern states," said Rusty Page,
senior vice-president of corporate com
munication for NCNB Corp.
The Georgia legislation, Page said, will
allow interstate mergers to take place be
tween Georgia banks and banks in eight
other Southeastern states beginning June
30, 1985, with the possibility of mergers
taking place as early as January 1, 1985,
if states bordering Georgia pass similar
legislation before then.
Kentucky passed a similar law in
March. In Florida, a government com-
mittee appointed to study interstate bank
ing recommended passage of an interstate
banking bill, while South Carolina has
actively begun legislative consideration of
a similar proposal, Page said.
In North Carolina, efforts are under
way to put the state on the bandwagon.
"Some think it's more likely to be ad
dressed in 1985 (in North Carolina). But
there's a pretty strong movement to see
that it gets introduced this year," said
; Many experts believe nationwide bank
ing will follow regional banking in a few
"There are those who espouse the
theory that national interstate banking
will become a reality," said Page. "I
think it will probably be the next step
after the regional banking approach."
Page said he expects interstate banking
to be beneficial to both the industry and
. consumers by bringing different banks to
new areas and increasing competition.
"Anytime you have increased competi
tion, the customer should certainly
benefit. Ultimately both the individual
banking customer and the corporate
banking customer will benefit," he said.
The trend toward regional banking has
some serious implications for North
Carolina banks, said Jim Singleton,
manager of media relations at First Union
National Bank in Charlotte.
"North Carolina can't afford to be left
out of interstate banking," he said.
"Without interstate banking, our banks
will not be able to compete with our
If North Carolina banks cannot com
pete regionally, said Singleton, they will
not be able to supply the funds needed
for capital development and new jobs in
North Carolina. Falling behind other
banks in the Southeast would also take
away the traditional leadership that
North Carolina banks have provided in
Southeastern financial markets, he said.
"North Carolina banks have been the
predominant financial center for the
Southeast for the last 25 years," said
Singleton. "We can't afford to lose that
dominance by not being able to merge
across state lines when everyone else
The immediate effect of the switch to
interstate banking on the average con
sumer should be minimal, he said.
"It's not going to have any noticeable
impact on the consumer," he said.
But Singleton foresees the day when
large regional or national banks will be
able to provide more technologically ad-,
vanced services, such as banking at
home, as their capital base grows and
their ability to invest in new technology
have funds frozen
Four student organizations have gone
over the limit of five late requisitions and
will have their funds frozen today, accor
ding to Student Body Treasurer Allen
The organizations with frozen funds
are the Black Movement, the Carolina
Athletic Association, The Phoenix, and
the Toronto Exchange, Robertson said.
"They'll be able to write checks for re
quisitions already processed by SAFO
(the Student Activities Fund Office).
They won't be able to have any new re
quisitions processed, in other words to in
cur any new expenses, until the freeze is
lifted by the Finance Committee."
Article IX of the Treasury Laws states
that the student body treasurer shall have
the authority to impose a freeze on an
organization that has not abided by the
Treasury Laws. The length of that freeze
is determined by the Finance Committee
of the Campus Governing Council.
Article II of the Laws states "a requisi
tion is considered to be a late requisition
if it covers expenses already incurred."
Robertson said members sometimes
misunderstood the meaning of "expenses
"Some people get the idea that it's
when you get the bill," Robertson said.
"If you haven't already requisitioned the
money before you tell them to start work,
that's a late requisition.
"For example, say I tell the DTH to
run an ad before I get a requisition. You're
probably going to go ahead and "run the
ad, but it's a late requisition because I
didn't give you that little white copy (of
the requisition)," he said.
BSM President Sherrod Banks was
disappointed, but was not surprised that
the organization's funds were being
"When you've got an organization of
this size and you have a turnover of of
ficers like we just had," Banks said, "it's
not unlikely that you'd get late requisi
tions, considering that we have four sub
groups that are always needing to requisi
tion for money. It's just one of those
Greg Smith, editor of The Phoenix,
said the group had incurred six late re
quisitions, but he said five of them ac
cumulated under former editor Joe Cin
cotti, who resigned his position in
"There's a quite large amount of
money owed to us by past advertisers,"
Smith said. "It's only been recently that
our new business staff, which I might say
has done an excellent job, has been able
to clear our books and get everything
Smith said he hoped to come out with
at least one more edition of UNC's news
magazine, which was not published this
week because of a lack of money.
"We realize at The Phoenix that we
have a certain responsibility to the
students and the University, and it's been
very disappointing to be unable to
publish," Smith said. "We hope this
never happens again."
Ron Harris, CAA Treasurer, said
CAA's problem was similar to The
Phoenix late requisitions accumulated
by the previous administration.
"When I came in with this administra
tion, I started treasury duties about the
15th of this month," Harris said. "There
were already five. The last administration
had three or four late, a couple of which
came from Homecoming.
"We take responsibility for the actions
of the previous administration, but hope
that isn't held against us," he said.
Robertson said the length of the freeze
would be determined by the Finance
"A year or two ago, several organiza
tions were frozen for two or three weeks,
and another was frozen for about four
weeks," Robertson said. "Those were
also for late requisitions. Some organiza
tions have been unfrozen the first day
(after the freeze was enacted). It's totally
up to the discretion of the Finance Committee."
CGA legality accepted
By JANET OLSON
After hearing debate on the legality of
funding the Carolina Gay Association,
the Campus Governing Council Finance
Committee voted Wednesday to recom
mend the full CGC allocate the group
$612 of its requested $2,198.
Two students present at Wednesday's
budget hearing cited legal reasons in ask
ing the Finance Committee to deny the
CGA student fees.
Steve Epstein, a sophomore political
science major from Oceanside, N.Y., said
homosexuality was illegal in North
Carolina, citing Article 26, Section 14-177
of the General Statutes. This law lists acts
against nature, mankind, or beast as il
legal, including unnatural intercourse bet
ween males, and oral sex.
Because this law exists in North
Carolina, Epstein said any act the CGA
condoned was illegal.
"UNC is a foremost institution in the
state if not in the entire Southeast," Eps
tein said in a telephone interview Thurs
day. "In funding the CGA, the CGC is
not only recognizing the CGA, but it's
funding a group that's against the law."
Epstein said funding the CGA was also
unacceptable because it took funds away
from groups which were legal.
David Fazio, a junior English major
from Indian Trial, also said he opposed
the funding, both for legal and religious
reasons. In a phone interview Thursday,
Fazio said he didn't want to condemn
homosexuality but firmly believed it was
"The act of homosexuality is against
the law, and from a biblical standpoint
it's wrong, too," Fazio said Thursday. "I
think the CGC by funding them is doing a
gross injustice to the people of this state
and to the students of this University."
Defending the CGA, Robert Pharr,
CGA president, said CGA programs were
not sexual in nature. The group does not
encourage anything people are unwilling
to do, Pharr said.
The Finance Committee cut the CGA's
projected budget from $3,108 to $2,047.
The committee said it expected the CGA
to earn $475 in fundraising, $360 from
advertising in Lambda, the CGA newslet
ter, and $600 from Lambda subscrip
tions. Most of the Finance Committee's cuts
in the CGA budget came in printing and
publicity fees. Most of these fees are for
publishing Lambda. The CGA asked for
funding to allow publication of five issues
with 1,000 copies each. The Finance
Committee cut the request to five issues
with 600 copies each.
At Thursday's budget hearing, the
Finance Committee voted to appropriate
$4,180 to the Sexuality Education and
Counseling Service, the committee
trimmed the SECS budget from $5,465.
Tim Newman, CGC Finance Commit
tee member (District 11), said the com
mittee tried to be cautious in trimming
any area of the SECS budget.
"We want to continue the quality of
the program, but we've also got a cham
pagne diet on a beer budget," Newman
Also on Thursday, the Finance Com
mittee voted to appropriate $1,300 to the
Rape Assault Prevention Escort service.
The committee only cut $100 in publicity
costs from the RAPE budget.
Timothy Severt, RAPE'S student direc
tor, said he felt he had trimmed the
See HEARINGS on page 3
Edmisten's gubernatorial campaign depends on professional poll analysis
By WAYNE THOMPSON
Attorney General Rufus Edmisten's final televi
sion advertising blitz before the May 8 guber
natorial primary will stress his 10 years of ex
perience as a crime-fighter.
Raymond Strother, Edmisten's media consul
tant, said during an interview this week after a
strategy session with Edmisten in Raleigh that law
enforcement is becoming an important issue
among the voters.
Strother cited a recent poll by Edmisten pollster
Patrick Caddell that shows 56 percent of North
Carolinians surveyed said they would prefer a
governor with law enforcement experience, as op
posed to 25 percent who said the governor should
have no background in crime-fighting. As attorney
general since 1974, Edmisten has been the state's
top law enforcement official.
In another part cf the Caddell poll, which was
not announced to the media, voters were asked if
they would prefer a governor with experience as a
mayor of a big city a direct reference to former
Charlotte Mayor Eddie Knox, who Edmisten aides
see as the biggest threat in the primary.
According to the poll, 30 percent would prefer a
governor with mayoral experience, while 50 per
cent said they would vote against a candidate with
"Our poll shows we're moving up and have
overtaken Knox," said Strother, who admitted
that the last Caddell poll and polls across North
Carolina had shown Knox as the front-runner.
"For a while we weren't moving, but that was
because we had to hold off for major media."
Caddell, who was a pollster for former President
Jimmy Carter, is an adviser to presidential can
didate Gary Hart.
Strother said the Knox campaign was outspen
ding Edmisten 10 to one, but added that the Ed
misten cash balance has improved considerably
throughout March and will now allow the can
paign to go ahead with its media strategy.
"It's not the new ideas theme," Strother said in
reference to his other client, Gary Hart, "but new
ideas and the new generation of leadership is a part
Political polls such as the latest one taken by
Caddell are important lo campaigns because they
allow strategists to plan media advertising. For ex
ample, Caddell's poll showing support for a law
enforcement governor will be used to plan televi
sion ads emphasizing Edmisten's stand on crime.
As for Knox, his strategists are stressing a "new
leadership" theme as well. "It's one of the things
Knox stresses, that he's something different,"
Walter DeVries, Knox's political consultant and
pollster, said Thursday in a telephone interview.
"He's showing voters that he's not part of the
Raleigh establishment. The idea that, if there's a
problem in Raleigh, he's not part of it." i
Asked about the Edmisten poll, DeVries said
Knox's polls had not shown North Carolinians
were in a tough law-and-order mood going into the
primary. "A law-and-order trend is just not
there," he said. "Most of the concern we're seeing
is about jobs and education."
Strother said .the results of the new poll and
another to be reviewed by the Edmisten staff two
weeks before the primary will determine the
language of 30-second spots that will flood
statewide media markets in the last days before the
"We'll have a heavy coverage," Strother said.
"The average viewer will be exposed to 15 to 17
minutes of Rufus. Professional people will be ex
posed to 6 or 7 minutes."
The shake-ups that have occurred in the upper
echelons of Edmisten's campaign Hiram
Casebolt's replacement as campaign office
manager with Richard H. Carlton, the switch of
pollsters from Joseph Napolitan to Caddell and
the death of chief political strategist Charles Smith
created doubts among the public that had to be
answered by media, Strother said.
"When Charlie Smith died, 1 put five days of
media on as a confirmation of the direction of the
campaign," he said. "The clippings we had in
dicated that his death had put the campaign in
Strother said any doubts among the public were
"gone now" and he defended the selection of Cad
dell as pollster. "We benefited from that chance."
"Pat Caddell is so bright and so good,"
Strother said. "His polls have brought another
perspective to the campaign and have helped us
sharpen our image."
Strother said the message he has tried to present
to the voters about Edmisten can be summed up in
a sentence: "Rufus Edmisten is a tough, young
leader with the experience to get the job done."
But in a heated political campaign, the negative
aspects often surface. For Edmisten, publicity
about his failure to pay state income taxes during
1972 and 1973 while he lived outside Washington,
D.C., and his subsequent conviction would do
nothing to help his campaign.
When asked how the Edmisten campaign would
respond if an opponent attacked Edmisten on
these grounds, Strother pulled out a folder two in
ches thick with newspaper clippings and memos
describing negative points about the other can
didates. "This is all negative information," Strother
said. "I have a reputation of being a negative film
producer. If it gets dirty, I'll do whatever is
The man who strikes first admits that his ideas have given out. Chinese Proverb