" t 1 Hum j
Nights start to cool off
Mostly sunny today and Friday
high 78. Snuggling weather
tonight with low 48.
Copyright 1984 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 92, Issue 5$ CyL
By SHARON SHERIDAN
Assistant Features Editor
Registration starts Monday for a new
UNC student temporary employment
service, the Student Work Force.
Students looking for temporary
employment will complete registration
forms requiring information such as
name, telephone number, hours avail
able and work preferred, said Karen
Rindge, chairman of the Campus
Governing Council task force that
created the free service. Work categories
include: child care, domestic work,
labor, yard work, clerical tasks, minor
repairs and tutoring.
The Student Work Force will furnish
registered students names and tele
phone numbers to employers who
contact the service, Rindge said.
"It's up to the employers to call the
student and get the student they want,
she said. "We're not going to be
responsible for the actions of the
Located in Suite D of the Student
Union, the Student Work Force is a
new branch of the Student Part-Time
Students searching for part-time
work through SPTES complete regis
tration forms, then examine the job
description notebook in the SPTES
office for available jobs meeting their
interests and skills, Rindge said. Reg
istered students can recheck the SPTES
notebook anytime during the semester.
One advantage of the Student Work
Force system is students are "on call,"
whereas students registered with
SPTES contact the employers, Rindge
"We have people calling (SPTES)
and saying, 'I need a babysitter. Can
you get me someone? she said. "As
the system's set up now, we can't,
because we have to wait for the students
to come in." Under the Student Work
Force system, the service can supply
names immediately, she said.
June Blackwelder, supervisor of
publications and promotion for the
UNC Division of Extension and Con
tinuing Education, hired several stu
dents . through. SPTES. last year. She
said she prefers having students inquire
about a job, rather than having to
contact students herself.
When students contacted her, she
said, "it gave me an indication that they
were really interested in the job."
But a spokesman for Copytron in
Chapel Hill, who refused to be iden
tified, said he thinks the new serivce is
a good idea.
"That'd be a great deal for us," he
said. "There are times when we have
an immediate need for temporary help."
Jo Ellen Collier, office manager at
Manpower Temporary Service in Dur
"There's no way a University tempor
ary service could handle all the business,
but I think it's probably a good idea,"
While students may use a service such
as Manpower during college vacations,
they are more likely to use student
employment services during the aca
demic year, Collier said.
"All of our assignments are for full
days, and most students are not avail
able (during the school year)," she said.
Third party wants to appear in debate
By WAYNE THOMPSON
Excommunicated from the Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1979
for ERA activism, she fasted before the
Illinois state Capitol for 37 days in
support of ERA, chained herself to the
White House fence on Women's Equal
ity Day in 1981 and spilled blood on
a copy of the Constitution. This week
the Federal Elections Commission will
rule on her complaint for third-party
representation in Sunday's Reagan-
What is she try
ing to do? Citizens
Johnson said in a
D.C, that the Citi
zens Party wants a
change in "the basic
value of profit in
askeshouldnoib n!a JchnCOn
'Is it going to show up in the Gross
National Product?" Johnson said. "The
basic good ought to be what is good
for human rights."
Founded in 1980 by liberal Repub
licans and Democrats seeking an
alternative political group to turn to,
the Citizens Party fielded presidential
candidate Barry Commoner, who
finished fifth with only 234,294 votes
behind Ronald Reagan, Jimmy Carter,
John B. Anderson and Ed Clark, the
candidate of the Libertarian party.
According to the party, it has since won
17 of 255 state and local races in 26
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Reggie Carpenter, senior RTVMP major from Cherryville, N.C, is enlightened during his wait in Steele Bldg.
to drop his Drama 45 class yesterday. Friday will be the last day to officially drop a class.
'The basic good ought to be what is good for human
rights. ' Sonia Johnson
Success in a two-party America takes
patience. "In 1980, the goal was to get
5 percent of the vote. The Citizens Party
really wanted to get on the map," she
"We fell far short of that with not
quite 1 percent of the vote. This year,
knowing there is such a Dump Reagan
movement and that many voters will
join Mondale-Ferraro, voting is not a
With a $500,000 budget, Johnson
said shell win by fulfilling third parties'
traditional role of launching new ideas.
In 1896, it was William Jennings Bryan
and the income tax, initiative and
referendum, the eight-hour workday
and bimetallism of the Populist Party.
In 1968, it was American Independent
Party candidate George Wallace and
the fight for us against them on Wall
Street. For Johnson and the Citizens
Party, it's non-intervention in Central
America, Lesbian and Gay civil rights,
protection of the elderly, public control
of private corporations and a feminist
world view which introduces these ideas
to the American political consciousness:
The rule of men over women is
the model for oppression people of
one color ruling people of another, the
rich exploiting the poor, one nation
dominating another, the rape of the
earth's natural resources.
The United State's strongest
defense is not military, but is the new
feminist mind and its value system
non-violence, cooperation, nurturance,
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, October 4, 1984
Americans must reject any eco
nomic system which depends for success
on using women as the crypto-servant
All war is finished or we are, so
the U.S. must immediately stop building
and deploying nuclear weapons while
taking the lead in international
Johnson, 48, mother of four, and
author of the Doubleday book, From
Housewife to Heretic, sees her low
budget campaign for president as a
reform movement, with the television
networks' exclusion of third party
candidates in Sunday's Reagan
Mondale the next hurdle after the
Anti-abortionists to run ads against Andrews
By JIM TO WNSEND
An anti-abortion political action
group known as the Life Amendment
Political Action Committee (LAP AC)
will run newspaper ads across North
Carolina criticizing 4th District Demo
cratic Rep. Ike Andrews' voting record
on abortion in support of the campaign
of Republican challenger Bill Cobey.
Congressman Andrews is included in
a list of twelve US. senators and
representatives termed the "Deadly
Dozen" by LAPAC.
In a telephone interview from Wash
ington, D.C, Andrews said he had not
seen any LAPAC advertisements and
no people. It's
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
party's historic success in 1984 obtaining
primary matching funds from the
Federal Elections Commission - the first
time ever for a third party. The Citizens
Party has chapters in 30 states.
"The debates are in essence a ballot,"
Johnson said. "Without them no one
hears your voice and you can't become
president." With the FCC to rule on
her complaint in the next few days, she
was skeptical of a favorable ruling.
"We're quite certain that the FCC will
rule against us, but well file an appeal.
"But in 1988 the debates are likely to
be open." ABC has rejectedJohnson's
request to be included in the Reagan
Mondale debate on the grounds that
the Citizen Party gained only 3 10th of
a percent of the national vote in 1980
and, therefore, is not newsworthy.
See CITIZEN on page 7
was unaware that he had been singled
out for defeat by the group. When told
of the news release sent to the Tar Heel
and other news organizations by
LAPAC, Andrews said it was unfair to
blame congressmen for attempting to
"Various right wing groups try to
make the opposition look like it came
up with the idea of abortions," he said.
"Congress never voted on the legality
of abortion. The U.S. Supreme Court
does. Their literature tries to make it
appear that abortions were legalized by
an act of Congress," he said.
LAPAC Executive Director Rick
Woodrow said that his groups's endor
easy if you try.
Education enrollment down
By ANDY MILLER
The N.C. public schools face a
shortage of teachers, but officials at the
School of Education said they did not
plan to increase enrollment.
"The University of North Carolina
can't by itself solve the shortage
problem," William Burke, director of
UNC teacher education, said Tuesday.
The School of Education, Burke said,
does not intend to increase the number
of its graduates, but instead will
- continue to emphasize training quality
teachers, developing new techniques in
teacher-preparation, and doing educa
The School of Education has about
400 juniors and seniorsin its teacher
education programs. This figure has
dropped from a high of 917 in 1972.
Burke said UNC had reduced its
enrollment because of a teacher surplus
in the 1970s and because of a high
student-teacher ratio in School of
Meanwhile, the president of the N.
C. Association of Educators called for
an increase in enrollment in the teaching
programs at the states' universities,
including UNC. "We have a crisis that
may grow into desperation if all the
trends continue," NCAE president Cecil
Banks said. A shortage of math and
science teachers has already occurred
in some rural state systems, Banks said,
and a projected increase in school
.enrollment, coupled with a reduction of
class size, will raise the demand for
school teachers even more by the end
of the decade.
Banks said that since the 1979-80
school year, there had been a 22 percent
reduction in the number of students
"graduating from schools of education
in the state.
"More than 6,000 teachers in the state
are on the verge of retirement," Banks
said. Other teachers are leaving the
classroom for other careers because of
low salaries and poor working condi
' tions, he saidr 1
Burke said Georgia and Florida were
hit with significant shortages. These
states, he said, came to UNC to recruit
Raymond Sarbaugh, executive direc
By ANDY MILLER
Major reform is needed to stop the
flood of public school teachers leaving
the classroom, according to the director
of elementary teacher education at
Professor Richard Brice said last
Thursday that salaries, working condi
tions and teacher responsibilities must
be changed to make the profession more
"Teachers are dramatically under
paid," he said. "You can go to work
in a factory and make as much money.
That's one reason why teachers are
Brice said he advocated a career
ladder plan for teachers, which would
increase the pay of teachers who
assumed added administrative respon
sibilities, such as planning curriculum
or supervising new teachers.
The state of North Carolina has
approved a career ladder plan to be
tested in 16 pilot systems. The plan
which would pay the "master" teacher
as much as $45,000 will be implemented
statewide by the 1986-87 school year.
Gerry House, assistant superintendent
for personnel in the Chapel Hill
Carrboro schools, said her system had
applied to be one of the state's pilot
House said before this year the
beginning salary for teachers has been
about $13,000, and the salary for a 30
year teacher has been about $23,000.
Such figures made many prospective
education majors eliminate teaching as
a viable career alternative, she said.
Brice said teachers faced many new
responsibilities. "You have more child
ren with problems, and more demands
with coping with more different child
ren," he said. "We expect teachers to
teach more. Now it's computers. And
sement of Cobey and efforts to unseat
Andrews were part of a larger scheme
designed to bring the abortion issue
closer to the forefront of American
"The majority of Americans pay very
little attention to how legislators have
voted on abortion issues when it comes
tkne to decide on who to vote for. We
want to make it a central issue to ensure
that legislators are held accountable for
how they voted on abortion," Woodrow
Woodrow said anti-Andrews news
paper ads would seek to contrast
Andrews' and Cobey's positions on
abortion. Cobey supports a constitu
A real cut-up
"Hiroko", a Polaroid SX-70
composite photograph is one of
the 1984 N.C. Arts Council
Fellowship Award winners.
Cruise over to page 4 and check
tor of the N.C. Association of School
Administrators, said a comprehensive
effort was needed to stem the shortage
"Even if universities choose to
increase numbers, they're going to have
to attract people into the profession,"
Sarbaugh said. "The main key is to
upgrade the profession by making it a
more attractive career. We have to have
people looking toward a career in
teaching, rather than looking at it as
a last resort."
Sarbaugh said the solution required
a coordinated effort by state govern
ment, the universities and the schools.
A career ladder for teachers, a govern
ment loan program to attract education
majors and a reduction in teachers'
clerical duties, he said, would improve
the situation dramatically.
Banks also recommended a com
bined effort by government, university
and schools. "What we're lacking is the
proper kind of overall approach to the
need to upgrade the teaching profes
sion," he, said. "The need to upgrade
salaries, the need to upgrade the
teaching, the need to upgrade the
relationship between school and
Frank Brown, dean of the School of
Education, said many universities
dropped their teacher-training pro
grams in the 70s during the teacher
surplus. "If the shortage of teachers is
long-lasting," Brown said, "the state
legislature may require state schools no
longer in business of training teachers
to once again train them."
Brown pointed out that the country's
schools of education had been pressured
to increase the quality of their students.
That is not a problem at UNC, Brown
said. "Our students come from the top
eight percent of their high school
graduating class," he said. Chancellor
Christopher Fordham said more studies
on the shortage would have to be
completed before UNC raised its
"Our major thrust is quality," Ford
ham said. "If issues of quality are
addressed if teachers are well-trained
in their disciplines, and are refreshed
See EDUCATION on page 3
test for teachers
schools pick up a lot of non-educational
responsibilities for children. In Chapel
Hill, the teacher is held accountable for
the kids having their shots and a flouride
"There is an incredible amount of
paperwork. A lot could be done by high
Teachers need to be involved in
decision-making, he said. "We should
hold teachers more accountable, and
give them more decision-making
"The best drop out or burn out more
quickly. The most dedicated teachers
care. The frustrations have a greater
impact on them."
These issues cloud the attractiveness
of a teaching career, Brice said.
Jim Litle, a teacher for 16 years in
N.C. Public schools, said he had seen
many teachers leave the profession
because the opportunity for advance
ment is slim. "People cant go past a
certain position," he said. "They either
leave the classroom to get into admin
istration, or they leave to go into private
"People get tired of the day-to-day
business of dealing with discipline and
paperwork. Business offers an eight to
five job, and not the eight to ten (p.m.)
job teaching is."
Graduate student Phyllis Ferrell, who
taught in Asheville for two years, said
she had spent as many as 18 hours a
day on teaching duties, grading papers
and planning lessons.
According to a study by the School
of Education, UNC graduates majoring
in education have a greater tendency
to stay in teaching than graduates from
other schools. William Burke, director
of teacher education, said the study
showed "better than 70 percent of the
See LEAVING on page 3
tional amendment to outlaw abortion
while Andrews has voted for legislation
allowing federal employees the freedom
to use government health benefits to
obtain whatever medical treatments
they need. "That does not mean I'm for
or against abortion," Andrews said.
Cobey press secretary Steve Long
said that Cobey was glad to receive the
LAPAC endorsement, but would not
speculate on what effect the group's ads
would have on the campaign.
"We certainly welcome their sup
port," Long said, "but I dont know
anything about the ads that they're
See LIFE on page 4