The weathermaker hesitates to
choose between rain or drizzle
30 percent chance. High today
in the mid 70s, lows in the 60s.
No chance of tomorrow.
' Copyright 1984 7? Daily Tar Heel
ft J J
Grinnin' on the tube
If you missed the Carter smile last
night, STV will broadcast the
Weil lecture tonight at 10 p.m. on
Village Cable's channel 11.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 92, Issue 70
Wednesday, October 24, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By TOM CONLON
Saying he detects a "sense of dor
mancy" among student activism today,
former President Jimmy Carter told an
overflow crowd of 1700 people at
Memorial Hall Tuesday night that in
the past, "students passed important
issues onto a complacent adult group."
"Who led the movement against
Vietnam? Students!," Carter said. "The
civil rights movement? Students! Where
is the activism for peace, arms control,
human rights . . . environmental qual
ity? That freedom of expression will be
taken away from you when you get your
first job . . . you won't want to displease
your superiors who might not agree
Carter drew applause when he told
students to ask themselves "What can
I do to make sure I'm not already old
at the age of 20 or 18?"
Carter, who delivered the 1984 Weil
Lecture on American Citizenship,
followed by a question and answer
session, had about 500 people standing
in the bushes outside Memorial Hall
listening through open windows. There
were already 300 students outside 45
minutes prior to his speech. There has
not been an outside crowd at a Memor
ial Hall event since former presidential
candidate John Anderson spoke there
Carter's speech was preceded by
Stuart Eisenstadt, a former White
House staff member, who spoke on
accomplishments in the Carter admin
istration from 1976 to 1980.
"Citizenship ought not to be defined
in a narrow and selfish way," Carter
said. "We didn't know how to deal with
it in the South in the 1950s and 1960s
when only whites had citizenship. I'm
proud to be a Southerner and of the
outcome of the civil rights days that
makes all of us proud . . . but it also
reminds us of what held us back so long.
We have learned how to use the
blessings of opportunity ... to share
them with everybody who had not had
Carter: Reagan won 't
work for U. $. peace
By JIM SUROWIECKI
President Reagan may say America
is stronger now than it was four years
ago, but former President Jimmy Carter
told a crowded Hamilton Hall yesterday
that the nation has not worked for peace
under Reagan's leadership.
Carter answered questions from local
media and students strongly attacking
the present administration's stances on
everything from school prayer to the
"I object very strongly to the mixing
of politics and religion," he said. "I have
a strong aversion to being told by a
state government or a teacher that I
have to pray or that I have to leave
the room because I don't want to pray."
When asked about Reagan's knowl
edge of major policy questions such as
America's nuclear policy, Carter said:
"Reagan has made it clear that he
doesnt understand what's going on in
terms of nuclear arms.
"If you dont understand the issues,
you can't make a good judgement ."
Carter answered the questions posed
to him with enthusiasm. He endorsed
Democratic Gov. Jim Hunt in the race
for U.S. senator, calling him "one of
the finest public servants I have ever
"Helms is just the opposite of Hunt,"
Carter said, while adding that Helms'
assessment of the Panama Canal treaty
as an invitation to Communism dem
onstrated "Helms' judgement in inter
It was on the issue of nuclear arms,
however, that the former president
directed his strongest attacks at Reagan.
"America does not need to feel that it
is in imminent danger of a nuclear
holocaust," Carter said. "But it's a fact
that during the last three and a half
Kensington not yet ready for occupancy
By DAN TILLMAN
Progress continues at the construc
tion site of Kensington Trace condom
iniums, but there is still no word on
when some 200 UNC students will be
able to move into their new homes.
Promoted as a "student alternative,"
the condominiums were scheduled to be
completed by the time students returned
for the fall semester. Construction
delays, however, forced Benchmark
Atlantic Co. to temporarily house
students first in hotels and now in local
Kensington officials said they did not
have a new target date for when students
can make their final move. According
to Diana James, property manager, the
last completion date was scheduled for
During the question and answer
period, Carter was asked if he thought
he'd still be president today had the
American hostage rescue mission suc
ceeded and whether the Soviet Union
detected the presence of the rescue
"If the mission had succeeded, I
would have had a great boost politically,
and I think I wouldVe prevailed,"
Carter said. "There was no outside
knowledge or pressure by anybody to
terminate that mission."
When asked how his views differ from
former Vice President Walter Mondale,
now the Democratic presidential nomi
nee, Carter pointed to his stance for free
trade, while Mondale supports more
Carter said he disagreed with Mon
dale on moving the U.S. Embassy from
Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, which Mondale
Asked in what ways President Rea
gan has been successful, Carter drew
laughs and applause with a one-liner,
saying "the answer to your second
question ... it would take me a long
time to think it over."
"In many ways President Reagan has
succeeded," Carter said. "He is a master
at giving the American people a sense
of the nation being strong . . . powerful,
of God ... a note of optimism when
things go wrong. He's been successful
in restoring to the American people a
sense that we are militarily all powerful
and that American force is something
to be feared and honored around the
"But it's also a very short-sighted
attitude," Carter said. "There is no use
of diplomacy anymore. Me and my
Republican predecessors were constant
negotiators. No more we have
trouble with the Soviet Union, El
Salvador, Nicaragua ... I can't name
one instance where the president or
secretary of state were in negotiations.
See CARTER on page 3
years, neither side has put forward
proposals that were in good faith or had
any chance of being accepted. The
proposals were mainly designed for
He condemned Reagan for his admin
istration's lack of progress in arms
"Reagan has opposed every single
arms control agreement since the
presidency of Kennedy," Carter said. "I
can only hope that after the election,
no matter who wins, there will be a
genuine effort made to meet the Soviets
and negotiate an agreement."
On the question of Reagan's aban
donment of Carter's efforts to sway the
Sandinista regime toward democracy,
Carter was vehement. "We worked with
the Sandinistas and other Latin Amer
ican democracies to offer an alternative
to the Soviet Union and Cuba, and
Congress decided to appropriate $65
million in economic aid to help rebuild
"But Reagan came into office and
decided to destroy the Sandinista
government because within it there was
some who had Marxist-Leninist beliefs.
The administration has tried to unilat
erally tear down the government in
Nicaragua and institute a right-wing
When asked why so many young
people were supporting President
Reagan, he answered: "I really can't
imagine why young people would be
attracted to Reagan."
He added, however, that the appeal
of Reagan's tax policy to the young
wealthy and his willingness to use
military force were factors in his
popularity. "People respond to the use
of military force," he said.
"Reagan has given America a macho
image as a nation ready and willing to
use its force."
James said that some units were ready
for students, but Chapel Hill building
inspector John Davis would not issue
a certificate of occupancy.
According to Davis, the special-use
permit granted to Kensington by the
town of Chapel Hill specified that the
exterior of all condominiums would be
finished before anyone was allowed to
"They just haven't done what they
have to do," Davis said. "When they
complete that (construction), they can
move students in."
"I think students as much as anyone
else need to be protected," he said. "I
just don't agree with putting anyone in
a situation like that (uncompleted
construction), especially when it was a
mudhole to begin with."
' According to Susan Badgett, attor
Former President Jimmy
BSM magazine 'Black
By RUTHIE PIPKIN
More black ink is needed on the
financial records of the Black Student
Movement's bi-weekly newsmagazine
to cover the red of its more than $4,000
Black Ink owes $4,746.24 to the
Village Printing Company for printing
about eight issues last year as well as
interest on the late payments. The bill
mounted because requisitions were not
made for the printing, and $2,300 of
the BSM's funds reverted back to
Student Government's General Surplus
at last year's end.
"There were two problems," said
Student Body Treasurer Allen Robert
son. ""Black Ink did not follow the
requisition procedure, and also, Village
Printers, who have worked with a lot
of student organizations and are used
to requisitions, let them keep printing
without the requisitions and just let the
bill keep piling up."
ney tor Student Legal Services, her
office is working with students to
arrange for rent reductions -with Ken
sington. "We are working with several
students. . .pursuing rent abatement
claims," she said. "We have not filed
any lawsuits yet. We are trying to pursue
this short of a lawsuit."
Badgett said powers granted to
Student Legal Services allowed them to
file lawsuits on behalf of students in
cases such as this.
Payment of monthly rent to Kensing
ton is based upon where students are
being temporarily housed, James said.
The property manager said students'
rent had been reduced by varying
amounts. "Obviously it costs more to
live at the Villages than Kingswood,"
One UNC student, who asked not to
Where is everybody? Carl Sandburg
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Carter spoke before a capacity crowd
Robertson said the BSM also over
spent last year's budget because the
leftover $2,300 would not have covered
the printing bill even if it had been
About $700 of the $4,746.24 debt
comes from interest, Robertson said.
"I've proposed Village Printing be paid
for the cost and not make a profit,"
he said. "I've offered $3,000. They've
agreed to waive interest if we could settle
Al Thorn, general manager of Village
Printing, said he would decide within
the next two days the amount he would
"I really haven't decided yet, and I
want to see what our actual costs were
in doing that," Thorn said. He definitely
will not settle at $3,000 but did plan
to drop the interest charges, he said.
Robertson said he did not know who
was responsible. "I can't explain how
or why," he said. "Either last year's
be identified, said he and his roommate
were looking into legal action against
Kensington because their temporary
apartment was not as nice, as large or
as well-furnished as Kensington would
He said monthly rent had now been
reduced to $125, but he and his
roommate wanted compensation for
money paid since they were first housed
in Holiday Inn.
"We're looking to get what we're
paying for," he said. "I'm just pretty
much sick and tired of being told
something and not getting it."
"I still want to get out there (to
Kensington)," he said. "We've come this
far, might as well go all the way."
James said she had no knowledge of
any students taking legal action against
Kensington Trace condominiums.
DTH Charles Ledford
in Memorial Hall last night.
Ink' almost $5,000 in red
Black Ink editor or the BSM treasurer
didn't requisition properly. I can't place
the blame when I don't know.
"Organizations have to take the
responsibility of the past years. We
don't know how or why it happened
but the BSM has to take responsibility."
Robertson said he plans to freeze the
BSM's funds after the bill is paid. "ItH
probably last anywhere from one week
to two or three weeks it'll be at the
Finance Committee's discretion," he
Last spring the CGC gave $10,165
to the BSM, which is made up of the
BSM Gospel Choir, the Ebony Readers,
the Opeyo Dancers and the Black Ink.
Robertson said $6,900 was designated
for the publication.
"This (debt) will come from this year's
printing and publicity category," said
Albertina Smith, editor of the Black
Ink. "Minus what weVe spent so far,
plus the $3,000, that only leaves about
$1,800 for the rest of the year."
CAA listens to complaints
about Kenan block seating
By SALLIE KRAWCHECK
In the wake of student complaints
about block seating at home football
games, the Carolina Athletic Associa
tion has taken steps to improve the
placement of reserved seats in Kenan
Jennie Edmundson, president of the
CAA, said she was not aware of any
seating problems until a letter to the
editor concerning the issue was printed
in the Oct. 18, 1984, issue of The Daily
"As far as problems with the blocks
go, I have no excuse for them,"
Edmundson said. "I dont consider one
line, one row a block."
By JIM ZOOK
Residence Hall Association President
Mark Stafford said "we made a mis
take" because of the lack of publicity
for yesterday's RHA referendum to
increase student dormitory room rates
by 75 cents per semester and make
changes in the RHA Constitution.
However, despite the lack of public
ity, both referenda passed the fee
increase by a two-to-one margin and
the constitutional changes by a four-to-one
margin. More than 800 on
campus residents voted in the election.
Eight hundred thirty-eight students
voted on the fee increase referendum,
545 for and 293 against. On the
constitutional changes, of the 824
voting, 658 were in favor and 166 were
Stafford said yesterday before the
totals were known he would not ask
Wayne Kuncl, director of housing, to
consider the rate hike unless there was
overwhelming student support in favor
of it. He said he would not consider
proposing the fee increase to Kuncl
unless at least 10 percent of the on
campus residents participated. Ten
percent of the on-campus population
would be 817 students.
He also said there would be a meeting
today at 6 p.m. of the association's
Board of Governors to decide whether
to send the recommendation to Kuncl.
"We're meeting (tonight) to make
sure the students dont get shafted,"
Kuncl has the final decision on
whether to include such matters in the
Housing Department's proposed
budget. Because the budget must be
completed by early November, the
election needed to be held when it was,
Kuncl said that perhaps some of the
blame was his because of pressure he
applied to groups to make decisions as
soon as possible to make the Housing
Department's publications fopr next
school year as accurate as possible. The
final drafts for these publications are
now being prepared.
Before making his final decision on
the matter, Kuncl said he would take
several factors under consideration.
"I want to look at the voter turnout
and at the recommendations from
RHA," Kuncl said.
Responding to an editorial in yester
day's DTH, "A Vote from Outer
Space," condemning the way the RHA
officers organized the referendum,
Stafford accepted most of the blame for
the lack of publicity incident, but he
did not let the DTH off the hook.
"The blame is mine first, primarily,
and it's on our governors secondly
because they determined the specifics,"
he said. "It lies with us.
See REFERENDUM on page 2
Smith said printing each issue costs
about $475 for 3,000 copies. "It's
unfortunate it had to happen to the
paper in light of the improvements we've
made, and the reputation we've made
campuswide," Smith said.
Sherrod Banks, president of the
BSM, agreed. "ItH definitely effect the
black students if we can't print Black
Ink" he said. It's the official liaison
between the BSM and its (600)
members, read not just, by black
students, but all kinds of students."
Banks said he hoped to pay for
continued printing through fundraising.
"I'm not quite sure how well raise funds,
but I'm just optimistic and confident
that well raise money to keep printing
the Black Ink it's a priority of the
BSM, he said."
'Maybe this will spur the membership
to rally around and raise funds,"
Robertson said. "It may turn out to be
a good thing . . ."
Venessa Pope, head of the three
person committee that makes out the
block seating placement, said there had
been some problems.
"This year the three of us were totally
new at doing blocks, and we made some
errors," Pope said. "We didn't have a
seating matrix to begin with, so we
didn't know where the aisles were."
Pope said the committee worked for
2V2 hours Monday to try to iron out
"Of course when you have three
people working together, trying ,to
count out block tickets by hand, there
are going to be some errors," she said.
See BLOCKS on page 2