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Today's forecast features a foggy
morning, followed by clouds this
afternoon. The expected high is
78, low in the mid-60s. Looks like
a perfect day to curl up with a
good book ... or a good friend.
Copyright 1984 T7w Daily Tar Heel
Fangs a lot!
Get in the mood for Halloween
(it is less than a week away)
tonight with the Fang Film
Festival at the ArtSchool in
Carrboro. Call 929-2896 for the
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 92, Issue 71
Thursday, October 25, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By JIM TOWNSEND
The majority of North Carolinians
favor greater govenment control over
what newspapers print, according to a
poll conducted at the University's
Center for Research in Journalism and
While more than half of all state
residents believe their newspapers
already provide fair coverage of con
troversial issues, 80 percent of the 599
adults questioned in the statewide
telephone survey agreed with a state
ment saying there should be a law
requiring editors to give equal weight
to opposing sides of issues.
Graduate students Jeffrey Slagle and
Gary Dorsey analyzed responses to the
poll under the supervision of the center's
director, Dr. Jane Brown, and reported
that their finding's were consistent with
"While public approval in North
Carolina of regulations for newspapers
may come as a surprise to some,
evidence of growing dissatisfaction with
the relatively government-free opera
tion of the press has been in evidence
nationwide since the beginning of the
decade," the two wrote.
Slagle and Dorsey gave no definitive
answers to why the public favors greater
control of newspapers, but said that
"clearly, a majority of the North
Carolinians surveyed feel that newspap
ers, in principle if not in practice, should
be operating in a more restricted
Journalism professor William Cham
berlin agreed that there was some
evidence of public disenchantment with
the mass media, but attributed it to a
"measure of insensitivity to the prob
lems the mass media has."
Chamberlin cited statistics from a
study which stated that roughly 75
percent of libel cases against members
of the press resulted in convictions. But
the study, conducted by the Libel
Defense Research Center, also found
the approximately 75 percent of such
libel decisions that were appealed got
overturned in the appellate courts.
These findings, Chamberlin said, reveal
a lack of public understanding of the
libel laws, rather than an antagonism
toward the press.
"That the appellate courts overturned
so many of these decisions would
indicate that the juries didn't under
stand the complicated libel laws, he said.
"The behavior of the media is much
more determined by personal ethics
than by law. The Privacy Law, for
example, provides a lot more space for
the journalist than the Libel Law."
Claude Sitton, editor of The News
and Observer in Raleigh, said public
concern about the extent of mass
media's power centers on television
news but admitted that "there's a certain
amount of spillover into the print
Regarding the suggestion that a law
be enacted to ensure fair coverage of
controversial issues, he called it an idea
"that sounds good at first but doesn't
hold up when carefully considered.
"An equal coverage law may at least
superficially appear to be a good thing,
especially since democracy is based on
the notion of a marketplace of freely
competing ideas," they wrote. "But if
the public can be convinced that an
equal coverage law might in reality
restrict the coverage of some topics . . .
they would probably, in their increased
awareness, be less favorable toward
such a requirement."
Philip Meyer, William Rand Kenan
Jr. Professor of Journalism, summed
up the poll's usefullness: "Polls of this
kind tap some attitude toward the press,
but they, by no means, pose a
By ANDY MILLER
Some third-year law students at U NC
have jumped from classrooms to cour
trooms taking on actual cases
involving local people and federal
These students are participating in
legal assistance clinics sponsored by the
school oi Law. 1 he s
clinics give the stu
dents practical legal
training under the
supervision of expe-
The students try
misdemeanor cases iw.w ..,..
, such as trespassing Broun
and driving-while-impaired offenses
that involve clients who cannot afford
lawyers. They also represent convicts at
parole hearings at the Federal Correc
tional Institute at Butner.
The clients benefit as much as the
students, according to Richard Rosen,
director of the program.
Senior Tommy Peters from Winston-Salem finds a relaxing study spot Wednesday afternoon in front of Morehead
Planetarium. Unusually warm temperatures have drawn students outdoors this week to enjoy the sun before
the winter chills arrive.
Martin whistle-stops across state
By TOM CONLON
DURHAM Crisscrossing the state
aboard a train decked with "Jim Martin
for Governor" campaign signs and
meeting curious supporters from the
back of the train, Republican Charlotte
area Rep. Jim Martin put on an
engineer's hat and championed tax cuts
and the cause of tax reform as 150
supporters shouted encouragement
amidst a backdrop of signs and red
"There are enough taxes over the next
four years to meet our government
needs," Martin said. "The General
Assembly just finished the last fiscal
year with a $643 million surplus then
they spent it all with a new $643 million
shopping list. Getting rid of taxes in
this state will unify the people and
I say give the money back to the people.
"You know how my opponent
attacks me for being a favorite of
business," Martin said, referring to
Democratic Attorney General Rufus
Edmisten. "I am for business small
businesses, economic growth those
are what create the jobs for North
"The students get a chance to try cases
and litigate while in law school," Rosen
says. "We treat every case as a major
case, and the client gets the time and
energy of our students . . . We have had
no negative feedback from the clients
on the quality of assistance."
The program, which started in 1978.
offers a clinic for criminal law cases and
one for civil law cases. With increased
funding this year, the enrollment in the
clinics has expanded from 24 to 48
students, who were chosen by lottery
from 80 applicants. The students still
attend other law school classes during
the two semesters they work in the
Each clinic is supervised by two
experienced attorneys. Rosen compares
this practical training to that of medical
students, who work with experienced
doctors. The supervising attorneys help
the students prepare cases and devise
mock trials before the actual case is
heard. The supervisors attend all
hearings and trials and intervene if the The criminal law clinic is lunded by
human is no solution, any more
hearings and trials and intervene if the
A f I -
Carolinians. We need a stronger bal
anced job market in North Carolina."
Martin said his major campaign
promise is the elimination of the taxes
on food and drugs, as well as the
intangibles tax, which he claims stunts
business growth in the state.
The intangibles tax is a tax on savings
and securities. It is levied at a rate of
10 cents per $100 on bank accounts of
more than $ 1 ,000 and 25 cents per $ 1 00
on stocks, bonds, notes and beneficial
interests in foreign trusts. Businesses
must also pay 25 cents per $ 1 00 for cash
Martin, who rented a diesel locom
otive for $26,000, was lent the use of
two former Amtrak cars by a furniture
executive. He took a three-day cam
paign train ride across North Carolina,
making whistle-stops along the way and
taking supporters for rides on the 1984
Jim Martin's Whistle-Stop Train Tour.
Monday he campaigned from Ashe
ville to Charlotte, stopping in Marion,
Morganton, Hickory, Statesville and
Salisbury. Tuesday he continued from
Charlotte to Greensboro, via Kannapo-
vs.... :: v
Is t 1
Carolina law students get their day in court to practice skills learned in
student is not handling the case well.
" The students learn a broader range
of skills rather than just arguing." he
says. These skills include negotiating
with other lawyers, filing motions and
writing legal documents.
"We give service to clients who need
it the most." Rosen says. "And I like
to expose students to the problems the
lower class experience."
One of the students. Fred Mitchell
of Bolton, says he spends at least 20
hours a week at the clinic. 'This is a
real-world experience," he says. "You
get out of the classroom."
Law student Ld Hauslc of Charlotte
says the students have forged a good
reputation in the courts and at the
parole hearings. "We do a lot of DWI
cases under the new law (in local
courts)." he says. 'Three different
attorneys now have come up to me and
asked me what to do (in such cases)."
The criminal law clinic is funded by
lis, Lexington, Thomasville and High
Point. Wednesday's final run from
Greensboro to Goldsboro included
stops in Burlington, Durham, Raleigh
Approximately 50 supporters
many of them students - talked with
Martin while the train's horn sounded
welcoming blasts to neighborhoods on
the way from Durham to Raleigh's
former Atlanta Station downtown.
Campaign volunteers served compli
mentary sandwiches and soft drinks to
passengers in the upper observation
Ten UNC students in red "Jim Martin
For Governor" T-shirts, led by state
wide College Students for Jim Martin
Committee Chairman David Balmer,
greeted Martin at the train platform in
Three of the students, who are in the
Marching Tar Heel Band, played their
instruments since Durham's Jordan
High School cancelled its scheduled
appearance at the last minute. The
sound of the two trumpets and one
See MARTIN on page 2
the University, but the civil law clinic
receives its $I0().()(K) funding through
federal grants, which may expire at the
end of the 4-85 school year.
"It's a year-by-year thing." Rosen
says. "It's a frightening thought, to be
cut in half if we can't get funds."
Dean Kenneth Broun says that this
federal funding will run out eventually
and that University funding is needed
to replace it. "The problem is that
clinical education needs to have a very
low student-faculty ratio." he says. "It's
very expensive." Broun says the clinics
are successful because the supervising
attorneys "are excellent teachers and
Recent federal budget cuts have
reduced the funding for legal services
programs nationwide. Lucie White, one
of the supervising attorneys, says that,
as a result of the cutbacks, "huge
numbers of people don't get service
now." The legal assistance clinics, she
says, help reduce some ot this demand.
than ceasing to be
says, help reduce some of this demand.
f Pi i I
RHA area governors validate
student vote on rent increase
By KELLY SIMMONS
The Residence Hall Association's
governing board last night certified
Tuesday's election approving a 75-cent
dormitory rent increase and RHA
constitutional changes. The board also
voted to send the election results to
Director of Housing Wayne Kuncl for
The motion to certify the election,
made by Henderson Residence College
Governor Mike Beverly, passed by a
16-4 margin. RHA staff member Peter
Weiss said last night's meeting was not
held to decide whether the governors
agreed with the referendum, but rather
whether the election should be deemed
valid judging by student response.
The ballot contained two referenda,
one to increase on-campus residents'
rent by 75 cents and the other to make
RHA constitutional changes.
The extra rent collected from dor
mitory residents would be deposited in
the On-Campus Residents' Fund used
for residence hall programs. Stafford
said RHA receives funds from the
OCRF because CGC treasury laws
prevented the RHA from spending
money on social activities. At least one
third of the money from the rent
increase must be spent on all-campus
social activities, he said.
If the fee increase becomes law, RHA
will be prohibited from requesting funds
from the CGC during the spring budget
process for at least three years.
Constitutional changes proposed in
the referendum call for election of area
governors before the housing lottery.
Since governors are assured space in
their residence halls, Stafford said he
Weil lecture location
By JANET OLSON
About 2,000 people heard former
President Jimmy Carter speak in
Memorial Hall Tuesday evening. And
about 2,000 more were turned away.
The question on the minds of many
of the 2,000 people unable to get
through the doors to hear Carter was
Indeed, why schedule such a presti
gious speaker in a 1,600-seat facility
while a much larger Carmichael Aud
itorium sat empty?
Epidemiology professor Berton
Kaplan, chairman of the Chancellor's
Established Lectures Committee, said
he considered that question long before
Carter arrived in his limousine Tuesday
"I can't tell you how many hours I
put into trying to get the lecture
scheduled in Carmichael," Kaplan said.
"But as I gathered information on the
possibility, I realized that for at least
two reasons, it was infeasible."
One of the main problems in deciding
where to hold the lecture was providing
Carter adequate security protection.
Students recall Grenada
By AMY STIERS
The one-year anniversary of the U.S.
invasion of Grenada has spurred both
conservative and liberal students into
One year ago today, the U nited States
launched an invasion to rescue Amer
ican students in Grenada and fight
against what was seen as a communist
threat in the area.
Student Liberation Day. sponsored
by a national conservative student
"The students so far have been respon
sible and energetic." she says.
White says that because of the
students' commitment of time and
energy, the clinics have provided clients
with better representation than a public
defender or a court-appointed lawyer
The experience gained by these
students will give them an edge when
they start their careers. White says. "I
think they (the students) get a very
intensive, almost tutorial type of
experience." she says.
Patricia Hunt, a district court judge
for Orange and Chatham counties, says
the students are a welcome addition to
the legal system. "1 he students do a
terrific job." she says. "It's hard to know
whether they are lawyers or not."
The students will seek not only to
win cases. Hunt says, but also will try
to find solutions to the problems of
chronic offenders, such as alcoholics.
"The public defender doesn't have the
so. Emile M.
felt this change would prevent students
who are closed out of the dormitory
in the lottery from running for governor
just to receive on-campus housing.
Other changes concern elimination of
the distinction between the terms
'residence college' and 'confederation,'
recall procedures for RHA president,
and establishment of a program board
set up in an "electoral college" system
for amending the RHA constitution.
Both referenda on the ballot Tuesday
passed, the rent increase passing 545
293 and the constitutional changes 658
166. More than 10 percent of on
campus residents voted on each mea
sure. RHA President Mark Stafford
had said earlier he would not send the
recommendations to Kuncl if less than
10 percent of the on-campus population
Weiss said even the area governors
who had been opposed to the referen
dum were in agreement that the elec
tions represented the students' views, as
with the case of Ehringhaus Governor
"Phil was not supportive at all; his
area voted against (the referendum),"
Weiss said. "But he realized it was a
Weiss said area governors had tried
to talk with students before and after
the election to hear their opinions.
Mark Stafford said yesterday he
would send a letter along with the results
of the election to Kuncl today. Kuncl
will have to make the final decision, he
RHA members are not anticipating
the Housing Department to reject the
proposal, according to Weiss. "We don't
see why he would," he said.
Kaplan said. The committee opted for
Memorial Hall because the Secret
Service is spread thin during an election
year and committee members felt the
smaller facility would be easier to
manage, he said.
Another factor in the committee's
decision was the cost of scheduling the
lecture for Carmichael. Kaplan said the
committee could not afford the $1,500
to $2,000 needed to provide an adequate
sound system in Carmichael.
"The fund simply didn't have that
money," he said.
As a compromise, Kaplan said, the
committee took steps to make the
lecture accessible to more people. Two
loudspeakers were set up outside
Memorial so more could hear Carter
speak. In addition, the lecture will be
broadcast on PBS Channel 4 at 2 p.m.
In its deliberations, the committee did
discuss the possiblity of holding the
lecture in Carmichael and charging a
small admission fee to raise the needed
$2,000 for a sound system, Kaplan said.
See CARTER on page 2
giuup, LS Foundation, will feature
Rosemary Classi, a former medical
student from Grenada, in Great Hall
at 12:30 this afternoon.
Several liberal student organizations
have joined together in protest of this
celebration, declaring Oct. 25 National
Student Peace Day. Students Taking
Action for Nuclear Disarmament, the
Carolina Committee on Central Amer
ica. Democratic Socialists of America
and Internationalist Bookswill gather in
the Pit at noon to protest the foreign
policy that allowed such an invasion.
time to do that." she says.
"It (the clinical program) helps the
court system." Hunt says. "A judge
hates to see the state represented by an
attorney and the alleged criminal not
(represented by an attorney)."
Charles Stewart, an assistant to the
warden at the Butner federal prison,
says the students handle about 30 parole
hearings a year. "I have heard no
complaints from the inmates," he says.
Carl Kox. assistant district attorney
in Orange and Chatham counties, says
the students perform like veterans.
"They're well-prepared, they talk with
all the witnesses, they know all the facts
of the case," he says. "It's a good training
ground for them. These cases are their
priority. In my job or in private practice,
you couldn't possibly spend that much
time on the case."
Law student Hauslc says his work at
the clinic breaks up the monotony of
the law school paper chase. "Classes are
awfully boring alter the clinic." he says.