7ffrf Srnj of
Sunny days here again
But it's going to be mostly sunny
and cold today with a high of 55.
Lows around 30. and watch out
for that frost.
Can you stand more?
If you still haven't gotten enough
election coverage yet, see page
3 for information on voter turnout
and the Franklin Street
Extension bond referendum.
Copyright 1 984 The Daily Tar H00
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 92, Issue 80
Wednesday, November 7, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President Rea
gan swept to runaway re-election over
Walter F. Mondale last night, but
Republicans struggled to translate his
landslide into significant gains in
Mondale conceded defeat, tele
phoned his congratulations to Reagan
and told cheering supporters in St. Paul,
Minn., "He has won. We are all
Americans; he is our president and we
honor him tonight.'
Reagan won easily in North Carolina,
while GOP Sen. Jesse Helms defeated
Democratic Gov. Jim Hunt and Repub
lican Jim Martin bested Democrat
Rufus Edmisten in the governor's race.
With 1,825 or 56 percent of 2,354
precincts reporting, Reagan had
984.580 votes or 62 percent, to 593,175
votes or 38 percent for Mondale.
Libertarian candidate James Bergland
had 2,439 votes, less than 1 percent.
Nationally, the GOP was headed for
renewed control of the Senate, even if
by a reduced margin. Republicans were
gaining in the House, but Democrats
successfully battled against the Reagan
tide in district after district to protect
their large majority.
The president's victory was convinc
ing: he and Vice President George Bush
came close to the 50-state sweep he
sought. Mondale and Geraldine Fer
raro won easily in the District of
Columbia and led in three states.
Reagan won 46 states with 505
electoral votes and led in 2 more with
istoric clash ends
with Helms victory
From staff reports
With 1,924 of 2,354 precincts
reported, Sen. Jesse Helms claimed
victory over Gov. Jim Hunt in the
Senate race by 51-48 percent.
Helms claimed victory at 1 1:10 p.m.,
hailing the win proof that "North
Carolina is a God-fearing, conservative
"(It's) a state where the majority of
people believe in free enterprise, school
prayer, sanctity of human life, the
importance of strength through peace,"
he told his supporters gathered at the
North Raleigh Hilton.
The Soviets are not like us, Helms
said, claiming freedom is under assault
throughout the globe.
Helms addressed the black voters.
"Whether you voted for me or not
today, you have my hand of sincere
friendship." He said he would help to
set the blacks free from the one-party
system to which they'd been led.
He also assured senior citizens that
they could go to bed with the assurance
that Social Security benefits were safe
and would continue to be safe. "Self
serving politicians liberal politicians
have practiced cruel hopes on senior
citizens," he said. "They have ruled for
the last time."
He ridiculed The Washington Post
and the Raleigh News and Observer.
who both endorsed Hunt for Senate.
Someone in the crowd yelled, "Go to
hell News and Observer"" amid the
Helms supporters began their cele
bration at 7:30 last night when ABC
TV projected Helms the winner.
State GOP celebrates victory reports,
Democratic outlook not so optimistic
By LORETTA GRANTHAM
The booming sounds of the Royal
Carolina Dixieland Jazz Band and the
strains of Jack Ward Law's Banjos said
it all. Like the tortoise and hare fable,
Jim Martin was leaving Rufus Edmisten
in the dust in the North Carolina
gubernatorial race . . . and the Raleigh
Hilton crowd was loving every minute
Girls clad in red, white and blue
outfits distributed American flags to the
overjoyed Martin supporters following
ABC-TV's 7:23 p.m. announcement
predicting the candidate's upset victory.
Fans covered in Martin stickers and
buttons stood side by side singing
"Goodbye, Rufus" and jeering whe
never an Edmisten supporter appeared
"It looks like we've pulled the rabbit
out of the hat,' quipped Martin
campaign manager Jack Hawke. who
had been given a live rabbit for good
luck just days before the election.
Pete Fortner. a 1962 UNC graduate.
17. In the Associated Press count, the
electoral votes of South Dakota pushed
his total past the 270 majority mark.
Sen. Paul Laxalt. Reagan's campaign
chairman, said. "We've got at least a
reasonable chance to have the most
historic landslide in all American
The president got news of his victory
in Los Angeles, where he and his wile
watched the returns in a Century Plaza
Hotel suite equipped with four televi
He told reporters he hoped to
participate in a summit with the Soviet
Union during a second term in office.
The president insisted all day he was
superstitiously avoiding predictions, but
felt confident enough to outline his goal
for a second term in an interview with
777 Washington Post. He said he would
push again for congressional approval
on a balanced budget amendment to
the Constitution and the right to veto
individual sections of spending bills,
two measures he wants to help reduce
With votes counted in 41 percent of
the precincts, Reagan was polling 58
percent to 42 for Mondale.
In Senate races, with 33 seats at stake
and 51 needed to forge a majority.
Republicans won in seven and led in
10, and had 36 holdovers. Democrats
won 1 1 and led for three, and had 3 1
holdovers. The pre-election count was
55 Republicans and 45 Democrat.
See REAGAN on page 7
Spokesman Claude Allen said earlier
in the night that the senator would be
hesitant to claim an early victory,
remembering what happened in 1980
when incumbant Robert Morgan
claimed victory over John East and was
"I still remember very vividly when
they projected Robert Morgan, and we
see who our junior senator is now,"
Allen said. "We're going to hold off and
wait until we see a larger percentage
of the vote in. I don't think we should
use exit polls as an indication of the
Allen credited Reagan's coattails and
Helms' record as a senator for the early
lead. "It's accounted to the Reagan
record and his seniority in Senate."
GOP Chairman David Flaherty also
attributed the Helms victory to Rea
gan's popularity. "It's no question we're
all proud of Reagan heading up the
ticket," Flaherty said. "We're pleased to
have the greatest Republican ticket. 1
see it as a victory for Sen. Helms and
Flaherty added: "The people in this
state are ready for a two-party system."
Race-car driver Richard Petty spoke
on behalf of Helms. "Let's hope the
Lord gives us Jesse Helms," he said
before the win was assured. "It will give
us the rest of our lives."
Helms' backers watched Hunt deliver
his concession on televisions set up at
the headquarters. They shouted "Jesse,
Jesse," and waved goodbye to Hunt.
See SENATE on page 3
said. "I voted for Jim Martin because
of a combination of his personality and
intelligence and the lack thereof of
Spirits were not so high, however,
over at the Raleigh Inn. where Edmisten
hopefuls were furious about ABC's
announcement concerning the election.
"They did the same damn thing in '80."
complained a supporter about the
Although Edmisten huggers.
"Recipes for Rufus" books and other
goodies were still for sale, the mavor
of Belews Creek appeared pessimistic
about the situation. "1 think we've lost
it." he said.
"I don't see what everyone's so upset
for." said a diehard Rufus fan in the
the hotel's second floor suite. "We
haven't lost yet."
The suite, full of enthusiastic suppor
ters at the beginning of the evening, was
later closed off by 12 security guards.
Meanwhile, back at the Martin
headquarters. Caroline Yarger. Wayne
Countv democratic coordinator for
If men were angels, no
Martin comes from behind to beat Edmisten
::. ::..; , . ..-...s.v "
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A two-party state? Martin now the
Trying to beat the whole nation:
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Cobey wins, reversing '82 race results
Krom staff reports
Dark-horse Republican challenger
Bill Cobey apparently withstood a late
charge by Ike Andrews in the 4th
Martin, said amidst blue "I'm lor Eddie"
stickers. "We were for Eddie Knox, but
Jim Martin is the best candidate of the
two left. We hope that tonight's election
will get rid of the Democratic political
Jesse Helms supporters, stationed at,
the North Raleigh Hilton, were ecstatic
after ABC-TV's 7:30 p.m. projection
naming Helms the winner. One man
threw up his hands and exclaimed. "1
love you. Jesse!" and the crowd
responded with laughter and applause.
"We want Helms! We want Helms!"
shouted the crowd, urgent lor its man
to appear and accept the ictory. The
candidate arrived at 11:13 p.m. and
bareK could be heard aboe "Jesse!
A spokesman for the Hunt camp at
the Raleigh Inn said the mood went
from exciting to somewhat calm.
Supporters were grumbling a lot.
especially about Mondale. and someone
said that it was hard to win when the
Democratic presidential candidate
received only 27 percent of the vote.
government would be necessary.
2nd GOP governor this century
Top-cop Rufus Edmisten blamed
District Congressional race yesterday
and narrowly defeated the Democratic
incumbent 51.4 to 48.6 percent.
With 182 ol the 200 precincts counted
at 2:15 a.m.. Cobey had about 6.000
votes more than Andrews. ABC-TV
projected a Cobey victory around 10
p.m.. but as late as midnight a close
friend of Andrews said. "We don't know
what precincts have not come in. It's
a horse race now."
C'onev predicted the race would be
close at 7 p.m. when he arrived at the
North Raleigh Hilton campaign head
quarters. "Any time you're running,
against a 12-year incumbent, you're in
a horse race." he said.
Despite Andrews "charge Irom the
gate with 70 percent of the vote in the
first precinct to report results. Cobey
won the next lour and never again fell
behind bv more than a lew percentage
About 9:40 last night. C obey led 55
tt) 45 percent and increased his lead to
66 to 34 percent less than a half-hour
later, although Andrews closed the gap
to within 500 votes alter 156 precincts
When Cobev campaign manager
John King told the Chapel Hill business
consultant that he won lour out of the
first live precincts around 10 p.m..
Cobev looked surprised and said.
From staff reports
Flanked by his wife, Linda. N.C.
Attorney General Rufus Edmisten
virtually conceded the gubernatorial
race to Republican Rep. Jim Martin
at 1 1:35 p.m. in his only announcement
at Democratic headquarters at the
Raleigh Inn. as returns showed him
trailing Martin by more than 90.000
You can't beat the whole nation," he
said of President Reagan's landslide
victory and the coattail effect as a hush
grew over the crowd.
"When you have people like you that
work so hard you're not a loser. We
don't know what the future holds, but
I know this I go out with great pride."
Suddenly the silence was punctuated by
a supporter's shout of "You're still
tops." which brought tears to the eyes
of some Edmisten loyalists and caused
others to embrace.
"Ill see you a little bit later, thank
you," Edmisten said, flashing the No.
1 sign to the crowd as he walked off
With 1,309 out of 2.354 precincts
reporting, Edmisten trailed Martin
493,364 votes or 45 percent to 615,033
Taking the podium at his second
floor headquarters at the Raleigh Hilton
amid a drum roll and a deafening roar
of applause from supporters, Martin
seemed confident of victory at 9:40 p.m.
"You guys pretty happy tonight?"
Martin asked. "Yes." roared the crowd.
Martin poked fun at Edmisten's
statewide campaign organization which
was said by political observers to be one
of his strengths. "I've heard so much
talk about that strong organization that
Mr. Edmisten has been bragging
about," he said. "Those battle-tested
mercenaries (Edmisten campaign
workers) . . . But look at what this rag-
DTH- Jftt NpuviIip
Reagan's coattails for his loss
Precincts that Cobey won included
Ceder Rock, which had never before
voted Republican in a Congressional
Andrews, who somberly watched the
tabulations on television at his Raleigh
Inn headquarters after arriving at 10:30.
led Orange Countv. which he said
should give him the largest margin of
victory in any precinct.
Cobey said he did not expect to win
in Orange Countv. "I hope we get over
40 percent ol the votes in Orange
Countv. That's important." the lormer
UNC athletic director said. "I would say
the majority of students at Carolina
would support me. I was sorry I didn't
get the support of The Daily Tar tlee!.
"I'm very excited and glad to see a
Carolina person go to Congress." said
Teresa Jones, a graduate student from
Durham. "I'm real surprised, but glad."
"My heart is with Cobey." said Dave
Faio. a senior from Indian frail and
a Students for America representative.
"Liberalism in the 4th District is goinn
During the night. Cobey criticized
Andrews Congressional record. "He
doesn't vote, and when he does vote
it's not what the people ol the 4th
District want." he said. "People are tired
of seeing their monev wasted in Wash
ington. I'm dedicated to being one ol
those people to watch-dog the
tag bunch of volunteers has done." The
"We feel this campaign has been one
we can be proud of," he said upon
returning to watch late returns in his
eighth-floor suite along with his wife
Dottie, his mother-in-law and other
members of his family.
Even before 8 p.m. there were signs
that Edmisten, attorney general since
1974, was headed for defeat. ABC News
projected Martin the winner at 7:23 p.m.
with only eight precincts in, causing an
angry reaction from the Edmisten
camp. Producers of ABC-TV's mobile
unit at the Raleigh hotel said the
projection was based on a computer
survey of voters from key precincts.
"It's totally irresponsible for the
network to call a winner when the
people are still voting, but apparently
they've made a habit of it," Edmisten
press secretary Daniel Hoover said
shortly after the network had called the
The polls opened at 6:30 a.m. and
were scheduled to close at 7:30 p.m.
except in counties with voting machines,
where hours could be extended.
Meanwhile, at Martin headquarters
in the Raleigh Hilton, the announce
ment brought loud cheers as campaign
officials and supporters hissed while
watching Hoover's remarks on WRAL
TV. When asked about the controversy
over ABC's early announcement, Mar
tin campaign manager Jack Hawke
said, "We weren't upset at all, as long
as we're ahead."
Edmisten officials and supporters
credited his loss more to the popularity
of Reagan than the efforts of Martin.
"The national ticket is where I have to
put the exclamation mark," said Tom
Merkel, Edmisten's Piedmont cam
"ItH be several days before we'll know
(what happened)," said supporter Glen
Wells. "It's probably the coattail effect."
"I've worked my butt off for someone
to predict something before the polls
are even closed
what can I say?
We're going to win," said Edmisten's
Harold Cobb, a black voting for
Martin, said he expected Martin would
receive 20 to 25 percent of the black
vote. "If it came down to just candidates
and no parties, 50 to 60 percent of the
blacks would be supporting Martin,"
UNC senior David Balmer, chairman
of the 2 1 -campus College Students for
Jim Martin Committee, said what
appeared to be a Martin victory would
enliven the state's political system.
UNC senior Jim Goodman from
Dunn said he was surprised at the
strength of Martin's support. "I thought
Rufus did a very good job of separating
himself from Walter Mondale and of
making a distinction between himself
and the national party. This really
shows how far down Reagan's coattails
have gone in North Carolina."
"I hope his election leads to a two
party system in North Carolina that
stretches down to the state level."
Edmisten has been attorney general
since 1974. Martin, the 9th District
Charlotte-area congressman since 1972,
vacated his seat to seek the state house.
Written by Wayne Thompson,
reported by Jim Surowiecki with
Martin and Amy St vers with Edmisten
One Democrat at the Raleigh Inn said
Andrews' campaign didn't adequately
con Iron t Cobey on his promises. "The
Democratic Party has lost the race
tonight due to the fact that the electorate
was played on by what they (the
Republicans) wouldn't do and not on
what they would do." he said.
The coattail effect of President
Reagan's eventual landslide helped his
own campaign. Cobey said. "That did
get a lot of us (Republicans) into win
column, but each candidacy has to
stand on its own."
"I never dreamed that coattails would
be this strong, not in this race." said
Patrick Burns, a long-time friend of
Andrews who has worked in all of his
Other Andrews supporters at the
Raleigh Inn buzzed with surprise at
Co bey's surge after a smaller crowd paid
little attention to Andrews' early lead.
At that time, the bigger elections for
president. Senator and governor drew
Cobey said lack of publicity for the
Congressional election wasn't a major
concern. "We got our message out as
best we could." he said. "I wasn't
running for publicity."
Written bv Daviil Sihniiilt. Reported
by Mark 'one ami Kathryn I..
Hopper with Cobey and lance Trefe
then with Andrews.