Get off of my cloud
Increasingly cloudy today with a
high near 65. There's a 30
percent chance of showers
tonight with an expected low of
Copyright 1984 The Daily Tar Hee
Testing your faculties
An art display featuring works of
UNC faculty members is on
display at the Ackland art
museum. See the review on page
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 92, Issue 91
Tuesday, November 27, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
News Sports Arts 962-0245
'flinty mlif ""iKf"'
By RACHEL STIFFLER
The recent "Minority and Female
. Presence Report for 1984," indicating
that the percentage of black faculty at
UNC has remained relatively constant
at four percent for two years, has
received much attention from Univer
sity officials and students.
Currently there are about fifty black
faculty members, and the numbers are
not increasing at a satisfactory level to
reach the 1986 goal of 83 members.
The report shows a decrease in the
total enrollment of black students, from
10 percent of the student population in
1983 to 9.6 percent in 1984. The number
of applications from black freshmen
candidates for the 1984-1985 school
year dropped sharply from previous
years, a fact which may be partially
responsible for the decline in black
freshmen enrolled this year 346,
down from 427 in 1983. Another factor
that may have led to the decrease is
that a slightly lower percentage of the
black freshmen accepted chose to come
to UNC 65.82 percent, down from
last year's 67.46 percent.
By LAURIE WILLIS
The number of small worker-owned
businesses is increasing in North
Carolina, providing jobs for workers
involved in plant closings or unem
ployed for other reasons, according to
the founder of a local educational unit
for people starting new businesses.
In 1978 there were no worker-owned
businesses in North Carolina; today
there are 13, with one on the way in
Selma, said Weston Hare, founder of
Twin Streams Educational Center in
A group interested in starting a
worker-owned business must assess its
skills to determine what type of business
it is best suited for, Hare said. A
feasibility contract is then used to
identify possible markets.
"The Center for Community Self
Help in Durham comes in here . . . as
the people begin forming business
plans," Hare said.
Hare said he considered worker
owned businesses advantageous for
several reasons. "For one thing, the
decisions about the business take place
right in the folks' faces," he said. "People
can deal with it more easily."
Hare said that because all workers
involved are responsible for the busi
ness, they learn to operate efficiently
and make sound decisions.
Such businesses are vulnerable in the
face of larger companies because they
have limited capital to work with, Hare
said. But he added, "There's opportun
ity because of the idea of economic
justice . . . there's access to funding that
wouldn't be available to other
Space Builders, a worker-owned
business in Carrboro that opened in
July 1978, is a construction and design
"When we started there were six of
us and now there are 11," said Susan
Fowler. "The original people had been
working together in another business in
"We're more like a construction
company," Fowler said. "We basically
design and build from start to finish.
We feel it's what makes our business
special. We have a good degree of client
Fowler cited what she considers a
major advantage of worker-owned
businesses: "When everyone has owner
ship in the business they have good
motivation, do a good job and are all
In September 1979, Bertie Industries,
a sewing plant in Windsor, went
bankrupt. As a result, Timothy Baze
more helped start the Workers' Owned
Sewing Company, employing 65
workers 90 percent of them black.
He said his company found a contract
in North Carolina and then got tech
nical assistance from Industrial Coop
erative Association in Boston. The
advisers from Boston helped put
together a business plan.
Support from the town of Windsor
was slow in coming, Bazemore said.
"We asked the Chamber of Commerce
to give us a letter of support and they
wouldn't even do that."
He said the COC now provides
needed support. "The mayor seems to
be extremely fair-minded," Bazemore
said. "He gives us all the support we
Bazemore said he liked the worker
owned business concept. "I think the
greatest advantage is that number one,
all profits will eventually come to the
workers and number two, the workers
can make decisions on their own," he
Praising the "family atmosphere" of
worker-owned businesses, Bazemore
said workers made sacrifices by working
for lower wages and then collected
profits at the end of the year.
'...most black students here on
admits. Most have credentials
Lois Dawson, assistant director of
undergraduate admissions, said eco
nomic reasons may have had some
bearing on the decline in minority
enrollment. "A lot of them don't hear
from student aid until it's too late," she
said, adding that many black students
hear from other schools about their
financial aid before they hear from
Carolina and already have their minds
"A lot of times they just don't know
there's money available (for financial
aid)," Dawson said. She believes earlier
notification of aid awards and more
scholarships for minority students
would help to remedy the problem.
Dawson said some black students
express concern over the large size of
UNC, while others simply choose to go
to predominately black colleges because
of family tradition or because they know
more about them.
Time held captive
y W fir tl i t P V
. .s JHi'f j Ji I f li . ie
: . . rihW ft ft yrAv 5" tt i
lfr 1 4 i f (I 1 r I I n fv-vT '
iiwwwhi i inmiwmadaxwBjodtJ' f f Jf f ilfc&fs 4 4'--' f .W.WMWW'JQWWIIW
J f $ jf f
1 If if A I h"C? ) J r-t-
j Ty 1 y
Margie Benbow, a senior from Winston-Salem, adds finishing touches to her Art 46 project yesterday on
the sundial at Morehead Planetarium. Benbow said the class assignment was "to interfere with the visual
flow of campus."
BSM's bid for funding passes Rules and
By DAVID SCHMIDT
The Black Student Movement joined
the parade of organizations seeking
constitutional funding when its bid for
a referendum to guarantee itself nearly
$12,000 annually passed the Campus
Governing Council Rules and Judiciary
So far the CGC has authorized a
referendum that would give WXYC 4
percent of student fees (about $19,000)
each year if approved by a majority of
students who vote in February. A
similar referendum that would guaran
tee 18 percent (about $86,000) to
Student Legal Services recently passed
the Rules and Judiciary Committee and
will reach the CGC tomorrow night
with the BSM bill.
"I choose not to look at this as
constitutionally funding the BSM. I
a wonderful life
this campus now are because of merit, not because of special
just as good as those of their white peers. Lois Dawson,
"We also lose a lot of talented black
students because we don't offer archi
tecture or engineering," she said.
Dawson and colleague Herb Davis
travel extensively in North Carolina
each year to visit high schools and
encourage students to come to Carolina,
and they make a special effort to
encourage talented minority students to
apply. Other minority recruitment
efforts include campus visitation pro
grams like Project Uplift, Decision
Days and a program for minorities who
are National Merit semi-finalists.
Seven Pogue Scholarships worth
$3,300 a year and renewable for four
years are awarded to minority students
each year, and letters encouraging them
to apply are sent to talented black
students each year.
Black Student Movement President
Sherrod Banks said the University
should do more to remedy the situation
choose to look at it as funding the
programs sponsored by the Black
Student Movement," CGC Speaker
Reggie Holley said. He mentioned the
BSM newspaper. Black Ink. as a
Max Lloyd (Dist. 15) agreed. "The
BSM is the umbrella name for all these
little businesses." he said. "If you look
at all the things the BSM does, it's some
of the best money spent by the CGC."
John Nicholson ( Dist. 1 7) said he saw
no difference between the BSM and
other organizations forced to come
before the CGC each veui tor
The bill also established a BSM
Board of Directors composed of five
voting members three students and
two faculty members to approve its
budget and oversee operations. Student
I've had! I only
than simply admitting more blacks. "If
you get them here, you should ensure
a good quality of life for them while
they're here," he said.
According to Banks, one improve
ment that could be made would be the
construction of a Black Cultural Center
similar to ones at Ohio State and
Purdue Universities, and students of all
ages could come to UNC to see it.
Banks said he believed this exposure
of young blacks to UNC would be a
positive influence on them that might
eventually inspire them to spend their
college years here.
Another improvement that could be
made that would show the University's
committment to the BSM would be to
constitutionally fund the organization
so that it would not have to appeal for
funds from the CGC, Banks said. He
said he believed this request to be
reasonable because the BSM is the
DTH Nancy London
appointees mav be members oi the
If students ultimately approve the
BSM, SLS and WXYC referenda, as
they did those for The Daily Tar Heel
and Carolina Union, nearly 75 percent
of student fees would be allocated
automatically, leaving around 35 other
organizations to scramble for what's
Holley said he voted against the
WXYC proposal because funds would
be especially limited during budget
hearings in the spring. "Students want
to have a check on those funds year
after year," he explained after its
approval. "You're tying up a great deal
of money, a great deal of money."
The subsequent SLS and BSM bills,
both written by Holley. accommodate
budgets with raises over each group's
allocations for this year. This springs
wish I'd realized
largest organization on campus (with
over 600 members), and through its
various programs (the gospel choir,
drama group, and Opeyo dancers)
greatly promotes minority recruitment.
One thing that has not been done to
boost black enrollment is to signifi
cantly lower admissions standards for
them, Dawson said. According to
Dawson, there are a few "special
admits" among minority students in
which high school grades or course
loads may be taken more seriously into
consideration than a less than adequate
Dawson emphasized that "most black
students here on this campus now are
here because of merit, not because of
special admits. Most have credentials
just as good as those of their white peers.
We do not admit anyone who doesn't
stand a good chance of surviving (the
academic rigor of UNC)," she said.
Robert Cannon, UNC Affirmative
Action Officer, echoed the same policy
regarding faculty hiring. "The Univer
sity's Affirmative Action Policy has not
brought any unqualified people here (to
teach)," he said.
The Associated Press
PANMUNJOM, Korea The
Korean Military Armistice Commission
held a bitter four-hour meeting today
to discuss the shoot-out here three days
ago, and U.S. military officers showed
a video tape to back up their version
of the incident.
The 426th meeting of the commission
was called because of the "gravity" of
a gun battle Friday in the joint security
area of this truce site. Three North
Korean soldiers and one South Korean
soldier were killed, and one American
soldier and one North Korean were
The U.N. Command, led by the
United States, said the North Koreans
used AK-47 automatic rifles in the 10
minute firefight and 30 minutes of
sporadic shooting Friday before a cease
fire was put into effect. About 80 U.S.
and South Korean troops reportedly
: The shooting broke out when a Soviet ,
defector, a member of a North Korean
sponsored tour group, bolted to safety
in the South.
At today's meeting, North Korea
It's time to
By LORRY WILLIAMS
Thanksgiving day meant turkey,
dressing and gravy, cranberry sauce,
sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie to
But to the people in Ethiopia it was
another day during which about 100
people died of starvation.
Beginning today, a group of students
at UNC will be trying to do something
about the situation there.
"It's Time to Eat" is the brainchild
of senior Cindy Dunlevy from Gastonia
and junior Michael Barry from Sugar
Grove. For the next three days, volun
teers from organizations on campus will
be canvassing students for donations to
send to Ethiopia.
"We hope people are very sympa
thetic toward the people in Ethiopia,"
Dunlevy said. "We hope they are very
Members of Phi Kappa Sigma fra
ternity are helping with the canvassing,
"We gave the idea to the fraternity
and they took the ball and ran with
it," she said.
People from Granville Towers, the
Residence Hall Association, the Black
Student Movement, the Carolina
Union, sororities and fraternities have
also expressed an interest in helping
collect donations, Dunlevy said.
A "thank you" ad will be run in the
Daily Tar Heel with a list of all the
organizations that give money to the
project, she said.
CGC would have about $10,000 less to
allocate despite the $4,300 saved when
the Residence Hall Association recently
secured its own funds. Student Body
Treasurer Allen Robertson said.
A $10,000 increase in the SLS budget
would pay for deficits it should encoun
ter in the next few years, Ron Everett
(Dist. 13) said. Holley said the $2,000
increase for the BSM would let it
expand to operate more efficiently.
Black Ink. for example, could begin to
make money, he said.
The WXYC referendum would give
it about a $3,000 increase. Robertson
Even more 'groups once sought
constitutional funding but decided
against it before introducing bills. A
"media package" contained plans to
divide 16 percent among WXYC,
it sooner. Colette
"The Affirmative Action office does
not do the hiring," Cannon said. Instead
it is supports the individual departments
of the University in their hiring proce
dures. The main objectives of the office,
Cannon said, are to ensure that qual
ified applicants (of all races) are aware
that a job exists and that they have the
opportunity to apply for the position."
Blacks and other minorities are not
the only groups to benefit from Affir
mative Action offices. Women, disabled
veterans, and handicapped persons also
This year there is a new student
committee that is concerned with the
recruitment of minority and women
faculty. Committee member David
Schnorrenberg said some proposals for
improving the situation included stag
ing rallies and seminars to increase
student awareness of the problem and
drawing up a maternity and child care
plan "which might serve as a retention
device" for female faculty members.
Another possibility would be the
construction of a faculty club where
single faculty members could meet each
other and gather socially.
repeated its charges that the Russian
identified as a language student
named Vasiliy Yakovlevich Matuzok
had strayed across the demarcation line
inadvertently and was taken by force
to the South. The North Korean senior
delegate, Maj Gen. Lee Tae Ho,
demanded that the Russian be returned
as quickly as possible. The U.N.
Command had stated before that the
defector crossed into the South volun
tarily. Yesterday, U.S. Rear Adm.
Charles F. Home III, chief U.N.
delegate on the commission, presented
a film of the young Russian being
questioned by a member of the U.N.
Command. On the tape, the young man
identified himself as a Russian from
Moscow and said he had been planning
to defect to the West for two years. He
said he crossed the line into the South
of his own free will.
"It was a quite voluntary decision.
Yes, I would like to stress voluntary,"
. he said. "I don't want to go back to
the North Koreans."
He said he had been working in the
Soviet Embassy in Pyongyang, the
North Korean capital.
eat' seeks to
Dunlevy and Barry got the idea for
"It's Time to Eat" while watching a news
report on starvation in Ethiopia.
The goal for the project is $5,000.
Dunlevy said she hoped the figure was
"We want to reach every student. If
every student gave one dollar, we could
raise $22,000," she said. "A dollar is a
lot, but it would feed someone (in
Ethiopia) for three days."
The project's organizers have been
assured the money will be sent to
Ethiopia. A representative at the
Newman Center in charge of the
Catholic Relief Fund is working with
Barry to establish how the money will
"He assured us that all donations will
go for transportation and food in
Ethiopia," Dunlevy said.
The Catholic Relief Services distrib
ute about 90 percent of U.S. food in
Ethiopia, according to Barry. They
already have a system set up there and
have good access to the Ethiopian
people, he said.
The organization gives food without
trying to convert people to Catholicism,
Barry said. "They don't require anyone
to attend services and they don't try to
convert anyone," he said. "They distrib
ute food strictly on a need basis."
"It's Time to Eat" will have a table
set up today through Thursday in the
Pit. Individuals or organizations inter
ested in helping with the project can
contact Cindy Dunlevy at 967-1794 or
Michael Barry at 933-2471.
Student Television, the Yackety Yack,
the Phoenix, the Cellar Door, and the
Carolina Quarterly, said Phil Berney,
Berney said organizers dropped the
plans mainly because they felt too many
other organizations were seeking refer
enda already. Individual qualms also
created barriers, he said.
Tim Newman, CGC speaker pro tern,
said he didn't care if all organizations
tried to secure constitutional funding
but agreed with Berney's reservations
that their plans could backfire if too
Any group, in fact, could bypass
CGC approval because the Student
Constitution allows for an initiative,
which can get proposals signed by 10
percent of the student body onto a