eel Basketball Preview
On a clear day...
You can put the duck shoes
away for the day just watch
out for the puddles hanging
around from yesterday. Expect a
high of 58 with an overnight low
Copyright 1984 Th Daily Tar Haat
Lights, camera, action
Moviemaniacs with a taste for
the creative can catch the action
at the student film night tonight
in the Union Auditorium,
beginning at 7 p.m. and featuring
the talents of UNC's future
Spielbergs and Lucases.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 92, Issue 93
Thursday, November 29, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1163
fx XV rT
First in a two-part series on substance
abuse at UNC
By LEIGH WILLIAMS
Although representatives of Student
Health Services and University Police
believe that drug use in Chapel Hill is
on the decline and that drugs have been
largely replaced by alcohol, many UNC
students admit they are regular drug
"Between 30 and 40 percent of the
people I know use (marijuana) occa
sionally, and that's a conservative
estimate," said Rex, a UNC senior.
Rex (not his real name) said he tried
pot for the first time in high school and
now smokes it on a weekly basis. "The
majority of students have had the same
experience," he said.
In recent interviews with Sue Gray,
director of health education at SHS,
and Ned Comar, crime prevention
officer for University Police, neither had
much to say about drug abuse in Chapel
Hill; their concern is primarily with
Alcohol and drug abuse were not high
in the early '60s, according to Gray.
"The economy was doing well, the
country was peaceful, people were
concerned with being respectable," she
said. "The social unrest of the late '60s
and 70s and the 'me generation' saw
an increase in activism, a rise in drug
abuse as a way to get away from it all,"
There is a conservative trend back
to alcohol now, Gray said. "Pot is still
acceptable, and we still see some
problems with hallucinogens, but they
are minute compared with alcohol," she
'Minute' also describes well the list
of drug arrests that have been made by
University Police since July 1984.
According to Comar, only two people
have been arrested on drug charges since
then, and one of them was a University
employee and not a student.
In 1974, however, Comar said that
University Police averaged a couple of
arrests per night, mostly on charges of
possession of marijuana. As recently as
1980, Comar said, it was not unusual
for him to smell people smoking
marijuana as he walked past or through
dorms. "I never smell it anymore; I guess
they've either died down or people are
more discreet," he said.
Drug arrests in Chapel Hill as a whole
have remained fairly constant at around
By JIM SUROWIECKI
The 1984 election brought about a
political defection, and the Democratic
Party must find a way to bring defectors
back into the party, two UNC political
science professors told an audience of
about 30 in the Union Tuesday night.
Assistant Professor Fred Lee and
Associate Professor Jeffrey Obler spoke
and answered questions Tuesday on the
future of the Democratic Party in a
symposium organized by the UNC
Young Democrats, giving a message of
cautious optimism for the party in 1986
Both Lee and Obler said the Reagan
landslide did not represent a substantial
shift in party allegiance but rather was
the result of economic well-being and
a poor Democratic candidate.
"It's not clear to me that the electorate
is sympathetic to many of the Reagan
Administration's policies and issue
stances," Lee said. "Reagan's is a
personal victory, which does not bode
well for his party in 1986. In fact, the
Democratic Party has come through the
Money options extended for athletes
By JANET OLSON
Two recent NCAA rulings will allow
University athletes to receive more
money than full athletic scholarships
provide, according to Athletic Director
The first ruling, resulting from almost
a year of arbitration between the
University and the NCAA, allows those
athletes eligible for a Morehead Scho
larship to receive the full award.
Controversy arose last year, Swof
ford said, when a non-Division I school
complained that the Morehead award
exceeded the maximum grant-in-aid
athletes could receive under NCAA
The school challenging the legality of
the Morehead award had been compet
ing with UNC to recruit a tennis player,
Swofford said. Because the player
ultimately came to UNC as a Morehead
Scholar, the other school claimed the
Morehead award represented an unfair
inducement to recruited athletes.
Initially, Swofford said, the NCAA
94 a year since 1977, said Keith
Lohmann, statistical technician for the
Chapel Hill Police Department. The
number of arrests probably only
accounts for about 1 percent of all users,
he said. The number of drug users has
probably stayed about the same, Loh
mann said, but instead of using LSD
or MDA, people now are using quaa
ludes and cocaine.
Cocaine is a favorite drug for Mark
(not his real name), a UNC senior. He
tried cocaine for the first time in high
school. Now he does it once or twice
a week. "Doing it depends on having
the money to buy it; when it's around
and I have the money, 111 get it," he
Like Rex, Mark said he knew a lot
of UNC students who used drugs
frequently, cocaine in particular. "I
don't know where people get the money,
but it (cocaine) goes around campus in
large amounts," he said.
"This is a pretty affluent university
in the sense that students have the
money for (cocaine)."
Gray speculated that cocaine usage
was rare among students because of its
high price $100 for one gram.
"Cocaine usage happens on campus,"
she said, "but not that many students
have those kinds of dollars."
But according to Mark, most people
are unaware of the real amount of
cocaine passed around Chapel Hill
because of the casual relationships that
evolve in college. The high price of
cocaine is part of the drug's socially elite
image, he said.
More students are using cocaine than
ever before, Rex said, but added that
in the four years he has been here, he
had noticed that the number of students
smoking pot had either stayed the same
Cocaine has gotten a lot of publicity
lately, Rex said, so more people -have
tried it and whetted their appetites for
Finding marijuana and cocaine in
Chapel Hill is no problem, according
to both Rex and Mark. Pot is so
prevalent on campus, Rex said, that the
average student would have no trouble
Sophomores Dee and Lisa (not their
real names) agreed that drugs, especially
pot, were easy to find. But, "students
now use drugs for different reasons than
they did in the Vietnam era," Lisa said.
for Democratic future
1984 elections fairly well."
Obler said the 1984 election was not
a disaster for the Democrats.
"The Democratic Party gained sev
eral seats in the Senate and did not lose
as many seats in the House as was
expected," Obler said. "The Democratic
message did get across to many of the
traditional Democratic groups: blacks,
Jews, the poor and the unemployed.
"The sense of panic that people felt
under Carter when inflation was 12
percent has vanished because the
inflation rate is under control. Many
of the defections from the Democrats
took place because the Republicans
were perceived as having brought down
inflation. Part of the problem is just
a matter of the business cycle."
But both political scientists tempered
this optimistic outlook, saying the
Democrats must change their image if
they are to succeed in the future.
"The term 'liberal' has become a dirty
word in American politics," Obler said.
"The Democrats have become identified
with big spending and high taxes. It's
now important for them to rethink their
ruled the Morehead award violated
NCAA regulations which say a univer
sity cannot offer an athlete a scholarship
exceeding the maximum amount set by
the NCAA. But in rendering its first
decision, the NCAA didnt understand
the Morehead award was not based on
athletic ability, he said.
Mebane M. Pritchett, executive
director of the Morehead Foundation,
said Swofford called on him last year
to explain to the NCAA the role of
athletics in selecting Morehead Award
"We went to them and explained the
Morehead Award was not given on the
basis of athletic ability," Pritchett said.
"Certainly, if a student participated in
athletics in high school, we would
consider that, but ability is not one of
our many considerations in selecting a
Swofford said he also explained to
the NCAA that the Morehead award
was not a University scholarship since
the Morehead Foundation legally was
separate from the University.
The surest way to make
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"Instead of using drugs to escape from
everything, students are using drugs to
relax and have a gcod time."
Mark agreed. "I feel like students who
use (cocaine) do it less to relieve pressure
and more for recreation," he said. He
said he used cocaine because he liked
its physical effects. "It gives you a false
sense of openness, like alcohol does for
some people," he said.
Besides its reputation as an aphro
disiac, Mark said cocaine was also
helpful when he wanted to stay up all
night partying or studying. "Expensive,
but effective," he said.
Rex also said the reasons why
policy positions and realize that spend
ing for spending's sake is not necessarily
Lee said Reagan's success came
because he was the incumbent, and the
nation was in an upbeat mood.
"Only four incumbents since the
1880s have been defeated," Lee said.
"Also, the vast majority of those voters
who said they were better off today than
four years ago voted for Reagan. People
voted for him in spite of the fact that
he did nothing to the economy. People
felt that America was looking up, that
America was on the mend."
Obler said the Democrats failed to
communicate to the voters.
"The Democratic base constituency
was not decimated, but this consti
tuency is simply not that large, and it
has real limitations," he said. "The
welfare state that was fashioned by the
Democrats has not been dismantled by
the Republican Party, but at the same
time it seems clear that the Democratic
message did not get across to the
majority of the electorate."
Considering both factors in the
University's third appeal of the issue,
the NCAA Council ruled athletes could
receive the full Morehead award.
According to Swofford, about a dozen
varsity athletes are Morehead Scholars.
The other NCAA ruling allows an
athlete who receives a full athletic
scholarship and who is also eligible for
a federal Pell Grant to receive $900 of
the grant. According to Eleanor Morris,
director of student aid, the NCAA
previously allowed eligible athletes to
collect only $400 of the grant.
Morris said some athletes needed the
extra money because a full athletic
scholarship only paid for tuition, fees,
books, room and board. The scholar
ship doesn't provide spending money or
money for personal expenses such as
cosmetics, clothes and transportation,
Swofford said the NCAA rule lim
iting the amount athletes eligible for the
Pell grant could receive was unfair and
sometimes hurt the University's recruit
V s v ,VV m I v -r-t ; - A-
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a monkey of a man is to quote him. Robert Benchley
students smoked pot were much the
same as their reasons for drinking
alcohol. "It's less of -asocial pressure,
and people use it more to relieve
But even the good effects of drug use
aren't enough to keep Rex or Mark
from considering the possible bad long
"(Cocaine) has the potential to be
a problem, depending on the individ
ual," Mark said. "And it's not a problem
for me, yet." He said there are fewer
addictions at UNC than outside a
campus situation because students
usually can't afford to use enough to
Professors Fred Lee and Jeffrey
By DAVID SCHMIDT
Individual voting records from last
semester's Campus Governing Council
meetings are lost, but Speaker Reggie
Holley said "it was just something that
couldn't be helped."
The Student Union had workers
paint the CGC office before classes
began in the fall, Holley said, and the
painters removed the voting records
along with the mess they made.
"I don't know who the painters were,
or what," Holley said. "When painting
the office, they threw stuff around. The
CGC office was essentially trashed."
The lost records contained the results
of roll call votes, when each CGC
representative must vote orally and
individually. At other times, bills pass
when there is no dissent or by a
become addicted. ,
Rex said he did not shrug off the
possibility of side effects from drug use.
"I rationalize by saying that I personally
feel more physically active than the
average student on this campus, so I
sort of compensate for whatever dam
age is done to me by being active . . .
and I don't smoke cigarettes," he said.
Rex said he expected his lifestyle
would soon change. "After college, I see
myself becoming more concerned with
the implications that being a drug user
could have on my job or family. IT1
either quit completely or become more
Obler: The Democratic Party needs to regroup to be effective in 1988
voting records have disappeared
favorable show of hands.
This session of the CGC, which began
in February, has asked for 50 to 60 roll
call votes, Doug Berger (Dist. I) said,
whereas the previous session only had
about four. The increase represents an
attempt initiated by Students Effec
tively Establishing a Democratic Sys
tem to get CGC members to vote on
the record, Berger said.
"You have a real opportunity with
those voting records to have an issue
oriented election (in February)," he said.
Representatives voted on some very
important and controversial issues last
semester, Berger said. "The budget's
never been an issue, but it's going to
be one in this campaign," he said. "I
think people are going to want to know
who voted for an increase in the
(Carolina Gay Association) budget
By JIM ZOOK
The Campus Governing Council last
night voted to put two referenda before
students in the February general elec
tion to decide whether to grant consti
tutionally guaranteed funding to Stu
dent Legal Services and the Black
The SLS measure will ask students
to consider granting 17.5 percent of
student activities fees to the service. The
BSM referendum asks for 2.5 percent.
In debate of the original SLS request
earlier in. the evening, an amendment
to the bill was introduced by Student
Body President Paul Parker and Stu
dent Body Treasurer Allen Robertson
requesting," the referendum to ask
students f6r an increase in student
activities fees that would go directly to
SLS. The Council would have direct
control over the amount of this specified
fee once students approved the
Assistant Attorney General David
Maslia, speaking on behalf of SLS,
disagreed with this amendment because
he said it would give the CGC that
The amended bill passed by a 13-7
vote. However, because this control
would set what several members called
a "dangerous precedent," the bill was
changed back to its original form and
Most of the debate for the BSM
measure centered on the importance of
. the BSM as a recruiter of black students
to UNC and the need to give the BSM
a stable foundation to continue in this
"Black students don't want to come
to a university that doesn't have
programs for them," Kenneth Harris
(Dist. 23) said. "We need to make a
formal statement that we are supporting
groups like the BSM."
"We have about 9.5 percent black
students, and we're only asking for 2.5
percent student fees," Max Lloyd (Dist.
15) said. "That's not asking for much
considering how much we get from this
group. It's a bargain."
No representatives expressed doubt
that the BSM was a vital organization
to the UNC campus. However, several
said they were worried about the
precedent such a measure could create.
"A chief thing is that if we pass this
thing, let's say I'm a Scottish student.
What's to say I shouldn't receive student
See CGC on page 2
when others were being cut."
Holley said he discovered the records
were missing when he returned to school
in August. But Berger and John
Nicholson (Dist. 17) said they didn't
find out until the CGC meeting Nov.
8 when they asked Holley to get them.
"If it happened this summer, he
shouldVe told us before," Berger said.
The Student Constitution places the
speaker in charge of such records and
states they should be kept in the CGC
office for four years. But because the
painters came after the second session
of summer school, nobody from the
CGC was around, Holley said.
Earlier this semester Holley tried to
get allocations for tape recorders so the
CGC could maintain records on a
See RECORDS on page 2