7 f '
Maybe so, maybe not
Our highly trained staff
meteorologist says we can
expect a high of 58 today with
a low near 28. There's also a 50
percent chance of showers
decreasing to 30 percent tonight.
Copyright 1984 Thm Daily Tar Heel
Roll over Bach
Need a little holiday spirit? The
UNC Chamber Singers will
perform portions of Bach's
Christmas Oratorio Sunday at 8
p.m. at the University
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 92, Issue 94
Friday, November 30, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
News Sports Arts 962-0245
Second of a two-part series on
substance abuse at UNC.
By LEIGH WILLIAMS
Chalk it up to the mood sweeping
America or to the cyclical nature of
fads, but whatever the reasons, alcohol
consumption is up, and drinking is
more popular than ever, according to
Sue Gray, director of health education
for UNC Health Services.
Since the Vietnam war era when
drugs were popular, students are less
liberal, and alcohol has become a
problem, Gray said. "Students are
future-oriented and politically conser
vative. Alcohol is acceptable and
important socially," she said. In the
business world, for instance, social
drinking is an important skill, she said.
Each generation tends to align with
their grandparents, Gray said, and like
their grandparents, students now
drink more and use drugs less.
All the same, Ned Comar, Crime
Prevention Officer for the University
Police, said that alcohol abuse and
overconsumption may be on a
downswing. The number of alcohol
related arrests is down from last year,
he said. According to University police
records, only two students have been
arrested since July for driving while
'Usually, on these calls
(concerning fighting), the
person has had too much
to drink, someone
accidentally bumps them
and spills their beer or
whatever. Because of their
low emotional tolerance
level brought on by the
alcohol, the person gets
overly angry when the
alcohol starts to think for
them. In these situations,
if the person had been
sober, they probably
wouldn't have reacted at
all. 9 Chapel Hill Police
Master Officer Gregg
The Chapel Hill Police Department
records tell a different story, however.
Each weekend, especially during the
warmer spring and fall months, the
Chapel Hill police respond to between
three and five calls from bars, restau
rants and clubs where a student has
gotten into a fight because he or she
has had too much to drink, Master
Officer Gregg Jarvies said.
"Usually, on these calls, the person
has had too much to drink, someone
accidently bumps them and spills their
beer or whatever. Because of their low
emotional tolerance level brought on
by the alcohol, the person gets overly
angry and the alcohol starts to think
for him," Jarvies said. "In these
situations, if the person had been
NCMH may begin new program
By KEVIN WASHINGTON
North Carolina Memorial Hospital
could join 26 other U.S. hospitals in
performing heart transplants by late
next summer, according to Dr. George
F. Sheldon, surgery department chair
man. Plans are currently in the preli
minary stages, he said.
The concept for a heart transplant
program was apporved Nov. 21 by the
patient care subcommittee of the
medical staff executive committee, said
Kathy S. Bartlett, media relations
An official plan will be taken to the
comittee in January, she said. From
there, the hospital's board of directors
will be given a chance to review the
proposal in February or March, she
Sheldon said he predicted the prop
osal would be looked at favorably by
the hospital board of directors. "The
technique would be an extension of our
current cardiac and pulmonary pro
gram," he said.
"Approval by the subcommittee is the
first step in getting a large program like
this," Sheldon said. "We're looking at
appropriateness to our current pro
gram, expense, value to the state and
how such a program would be in
keeping with the direction of the
Sheldon said the proposal had been
under consideration for nearly two
Dr. Benson Wilcox, chief of NCMH's
division of cardiothoracic surgery, said
in an article earlier this week that
NCMH specialists had visited other
hospitals across the country to talk to
other specialists in heart transplant
programs and observe transplant
sober, they probably wouldn't have
reacted at all."
Doctors at Student Health may end
uptreating.sqme. .of these r pepple.t
Every semester, Gray said, many
students go there with bumps on the
head or cuts that require stitches
because of falls or accidents they get
into because they were drunk or had
too much to drink.
"This year, we had some students
who had drunk so much that they
literally felt no pain," Gray said.
According to Gray, hypothermia is
also a problem. Alcohol gives you a
false sense of warmth, she said, and
if temperatures are low enough and
you have had enough to drink, you
could actually freeze to death. At the
beginning of the semester, when the
temperatures first dropped into the 50s
and 60s, Student Health treated
several students for hypothermia, she
Although Student Health doesn't
Bartlett said the program might get
started in July 1985 at the beginning
of the new fiscal year. The hospital
could handle six to 12 transplants a
Very few heart transplants are being
done in the South, Sheldon said. The
closest center performing heart trans
plants is the Medical College of Virginia
at Richmond, he said, although Duke
University Medical Center in Durham
has recently set up a heart and liver
transplant program. Duke performed
its first liver transplant Nov. 13.
However, no heart transplants have
been performed in North Carolina.
Duke is waiting for its first recipient.
Sheldon said more than 800 heart
transplants in the nation had been done.
Heart transplant programs, pioneered
at Stanford University in California,
had low survival rates in the beginning
because patients' bodies frequently
rejected the transplanted organs.
Introduction in 1979 of cyclosporin,
a drug which works against the body's
rejection of transplanted organs,
allowed for a higher survival rate for
organ transplants. The one-year survi
val rate for heart transplants is now 80
percent, Sheldon said. Such drugs are
the main reason the hospital is consid
ering the transplant program, he said.
"The hospital has been doing kidney
transplants for some time; weVe done
more than 200 of those," he said.
"Transplantation immunology has
opened up new opportunities for organ
transplants. Heart transplants are
logically the next step beyond kidneys."
"I wouldn't rule out liver and pan
creas transplantations in the future," he
said. "What we could do is move on
to the next organ and the next one until
we have an expanded transplant
:-?isjs:. X-:-:-:-:-x-v-v: .
; - J U j (
Prejudice is never easy
keep detailed records of alcohol
related accidents, Gray said her best
guess was that most of the students
they see for alcohol-related accidents
are freshmen and sophomores.
"Part of it has to do with the thrill
of it (drinking), the ability to hold
alcohol and the underclassmen's lack
of acquired social skills to deal with
alcohol," she said. After their sopho
more year, most students have
acquired those skills, and they know
how much alcohol they can handle,
Sophomore English major Sonia
Sherrod, from Tarboro agrees. "At
first because it was new, you want to
get drunk because you don't have to
come home to your parents. Now I
am more likely to go out and drink
a few beers."
Gretchen Ward, a sophomore jour
nalism major from Tarboro, said that
"at first, when I was a freshman, I
drank more alcohol more often. When
Gays feel more acceptance in Chapel Hill
By KEVIN SULLIVAN
The liberal, highly-educated atmos
phere of Chapel Hill tends to be
accepting of a variety of values
including those of the gay community.
"In Chapel Hill, we (homosexuals)
are more tolerated than in other places,"
said Alice (not her real name). She is
planning to enroll in UNC's graduate
school in the spring. "Of course, there
is always a vocal minority against what
you stand for. Most people probably
couldn't care less."
Several gay Chapel Hill residents,
students and citizens said the University
community made it easier to "come
"Coming out means different things
to different people," Alice said. "For
Democrats got many Southern gay votes,
By TOM CONLON
A large number of white male
Southern votes for Mondale and
Ferraro were prob
ably cast by gays,
said Thorn Chorl
ton, executive direc
tor of the National
Association of Gay
and Lesbian Demo
cratic Clubs, to a
audience of 40 peo
speech on "Gay Political Strategies
After the Election" was part of the
Carolina Gay Association's Gay Aware
ness Week activities, said gays have not
been included in statistical data and
surveys even though gay voters played
an important role in the 1984 elections.
"We could do what we're trying to
do quicker if we could put numbers
unless it can pass
; ;:o:-:v:-y-:v:XMc-:;::':.-; t
the drinking age changed in October,
we did a lot of drinking in our room.
When I turned 19, we went out to bars
instead and I starred dripking less."
"Drinking patterns change between
your freshman and senior years," said
Gregg Reavis, a senior math and
computer science major from
Winston-Salem. "When you're a
freshman, it's your first time away
from home. Some people didn't drink
in high school or drank in the closet,
but here it was very open. You could
just grab your friends and go get a
According to Gray, about one-third
of the total population do not drink
for health or religious reasons, but a
high percentage of students drink
socially. Of them, about one in ten
go on to have a problem with alcohol,
"There's a real difference between
drinking with friends and drinking to
solve problems," she said. Few stu
most it is a rite of passage to an
understanding of yourself and to
actually tell someone about it.
"In my case, I began to realize that
I was attracted to other women when
I was in junior high," Alice said. "I tried
to ignore it and it wasn't until I was
in college that I came out."
Alice said the whole process of
coming out was a series of wondering,
"Who can I tell, who can I trust? Is
it okay to kiss a woman on the first
date? Will I be arrested? Will I be kicked
out of school? Will I catch something?"
One UNC student said Chapel Hill
wasn't so supportive of gays."I think
the people of Chapel Hill really don't
like gays and they're more likely to be
quiet about it," said Keith Lyall, a junior
down on the table and demonstrate
what size constituency they're dealing
with," Chorlton said. "Over the next
two years, we'll be working with
professional pollsters and plan to bring
statistics on gay voting patterns out in
the open but until then, well have
our hands tied behind our backs.
"If you look at the white male votes
of white Mondale voters in the South,
IH bet a disproportionate number of
the voters were gay men and women
. . . who knew the Democratic party
platform was speaking to them and not
the Republican platform which is
speaking to Jerry Falwell, who will pick
the Supreme Court," said Chorlton, a
Chorlton urged gays to become active
politically in both parties in order to
promote the interests and rights of gays.
He said gays had come a long way since
the gay rights movement began in the
1950s, but that fundamental rights and
"first-class American citizenship" had
not yet been given to gays.
itself off for reason. William
DTH Jamie Moncrief
dents come in and say "I have a
problem," she said. For the ones who
do have a problem, the biggest
obstacle to their getting treatment is
the stigma attached to it, she said.
Raising the drinking age is not the
answer to alcohol abuse, Gray said,
but teaching responsible drinking is.
Most students get drunk at some point
in college, she said, and that may be
unavoidable, but usually, for most of
them, it is not a habitual experience.
Sherrod 's experience is fairly typical
of most students' then. "When I drink
more than I should, it's usually at the
end of a hectic week or at a frat party
listening to the band. Sometimes,
when the band stops playing, I
wonder, 'Can I walk home?' "
That, however, is not habitual,
Sherrod said. "There have only been
three or four times this semester when
I Ve been too drunk for my own good,"
she said, "and the older I get, the less
Lyall's letter to the editor appeared
in The Daily Tar Heel Wednesday and
urged gays at UNC "to stand up publicly
. . . or just shut up."
Lyall said UNC students felt the same
way he did.
"I'd say about 60 to 80 percent of
the UNC students are against gays in
general. It's like nuclear war, everybody
knows it's there and when you talk
about it you're against it," he said.
Alice said discrimination against gays
occured, although she hadn't heard of
any cases in Chapel Hill during her six
"I have heard of lost jobs, harrassing
phone calls, people asked to move and
even vacant apartments that were not
rented out (to gays)," Alice said.
Alice, who is black, said she faced
. . (gays) knew the
platform was speaking to
them and not the
... ' Thom Chorlton
"Where we're going is a lot tougher
... if you don't move forward, you'll
move behind," he said. "We need to zero
in on areas of the country where we
know we have a big job ahead of us
. . especially in the Southeastern
"And over the next two years we must
encourage more gay men and women
to run for party office, public office and
precinct chairmen at all levels. The
goal is not so much on victory as the
only target, but a quality, credible
campaign educates thousands."
He said statistics on gays should
appear in categories such as politics,
BSM tries to
By LISA SWICEGOOD
Coordinating representatives are
being established in each North Campus
housing area to improve the relation
ship between the Black Student Move
ment and North Campus.
James Wellons, executive assistant to
the BSM, was appointed earlier this
semester by BSM president Sherrod
Banks to head the project.
"IVe been thinking about this ever
since my freshman year, and Sherrod
has given me his OK to go ahead with
my proposals," Wellons said.
"It's in the planning stage right now.
But I definitely intend to carry them
"Our major obstacle is the image of
BSM. People perceive it to only be for
the blacks on South Campus," he said.
Wellons said BSM is not just an
organization for South Campus, but is
a University organization that has
enriched the culture of the University.
"I think this will ultimately help ease
the tension between the races on this
After establishing the coordinating
representatives, Wellons said he would
pursue active participation in BSM
functions by North Campus residents
by using the representatives as liaisons
between the BSM and North Campus.
Wellons said he wanted the represen
tatives to relay information about BSM
sponsored activities held on campus by
putting up fliers and posters. This will
be their ultimate task, Wellons said, but
they will also be responsible for inform
ing dormitory governments about the
"I want to find but what North
Campus needs BSM can fulfill," he said.
Monthly meetings with the represen
tatives to assess those needs will be held,
"We hope to recruit students to
participate in the activities." Wellons
said he wanted the representatives to
get North Campus residents interested
in the activities.
"A lot of people read posters about
different activities and are interested in
them, but forget about them," he said.
"We want to give those students that
little push they need to get them
Through the coordinating represen
tatives, Wellons said he hoped to
organize a major BSM function solely
through the work and dedication of
North Campus BSM members and the
"We hope to get prominent black and
white scholars to speak at our meet
ings," he said.
Wellons also mentioned the possibil
ity of having a BSM general body
meeting on North Campus.
"I want input from North Campus
residents. So far people have been really
supportive of my ideas, he said.
two forms of discrimination. "It means
more variables that people can use to
discriminate against me."
Mark (not his real name), a freshman
from Connecticut, said the members of
the Carolina Gay Association liked the
Chapel Hill area.
"The college atmosphere was like a
catalyst for me, it is conducive to
coming out," Mark said. "I didn't have
as much to fear or lose by coming out
in college. It's just not something I
would think of telling my whole high
"Chapel Hill is not like other small
towns," Alice said. "There, the only way
to meet others would be to commute
or go to bars . . . not something I really
health estimates, welfare needs and
unemployment statistics to identify the
trends and problems affecting
"Invisibility is the biggest problem
affecting gays today," Chorlton said.
"Invisibility is the one problem we
totally control ... we must try to end
invisibility statistically. . . . We are
probably the largest minority group in
"We have learned that the closet still
lives because discrimination still lives,"
he said. "Gay Republicans have been
more concerned with keeping the
government out of their bedrooms but
are not concerned with anti
Chorlton said the Democratic party
had done more for gay rights and was
the first major party to advocate an end
to discrimination against gays in the
1980 platform. Approximately 70
delegates to the 1984 Democratic
National Convention in San Francisco
were gay, he said.