Get out the flannel PJs
Clouds and colder temperature
are what's in store for today with
a high of only 45. Lows tonight
will be in the teens.
Copyright 1984 Tha Daily Tar Het
Light up your night
Because of yesterday's rain the
APO Christmas tree lighting has
been rescheduled for 7 p.m.
tonight in the Pit. The Carolina
Choir will sing at 7:30.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 92, Issue 98
Thursday, December 6, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
News Sports Arts 962-0245
Business Advertising 962-1163
m J W.. "".VJ.'.1 'MW VA11.-aWvAK-A..-.- I.I.MIUI.U.M1I ii..MLiiiL.j i .... . . , .
w, ws . . , .. . . u . - "
1 " - " -
s. " . - I " I I ' - ' ' -
f ,c J I J J-f "Jul ff - ww f : ! w: h I "V -
?r s r i 1 4iftfltfir -1 iJ u! ; lliv M
MPfithr hi 1 1 Even umbrella covered tables were soaked during yesterday's dreary drizzle. The consistent rain kept students
wccniltJl UIU6S from socializing outside the union and probably kept many from coming onto campus at all. Students who
forced themselves to venture into the cold were seen slicker-ciad and running for classes and the buildings'
Nation adopting conservative Southern values
By MARK POWELL
Although the rest of the United States
has grown more similar in recent years
to Southern traditions in religion,
violence and localism, many regional
differences still persist and may never
go away entirely, according to several
"Some important differences have
disappeared but there are others that
won't diasppear,"said John Reed, UNC
professor of sociology.
Jleed, who wrote a book titled The
Enduring South in 1969, recently
prepared a follow-up report on regional
differences for the National Humanities
Center in the Research Triangle Park.
In the report Reed said some cultural
differences are fading while others are
becoming further entrenched.
The South traditionally has been a
region with strong, deep-rooted reli
gious beliefs, and now the rest of the
nation is developing a similar religious
fervor, Reed said.
In a poll he conducted, Reed looked
at the number of respondents who had
been to church the previous week, how
many believed the Bible to be the literal
word of God, and how many watch
religious TV programs, to determine the
importance of religion to the
Relaxing and studying
efficiently can help
students lessen anxiety
By LIZ SAYLOR
Grab your caluculator, order a pizza,
brew some coffee and head for the study
room. It's exam time.
"I don't know exactly what's
expected," said Elise Rodgers, a fresh
man from Sumter, S.C. "In high school
I never had to take any exams we
could exempt but, looking back, it
would have been better to take them.
I know IH make it. It's just how well
IH make it."
College is very competitive and stress
hits suddenly, Rodgers said. "You can
go a few weeks with nothing. Then,
wham! Five tests in one week."
Stress can challenge students, leaving
them "with a sense of competency, hope
and an increased capacity to learn," a
recent Association for the Study of
Higher Education report said. But for
some students, it said, "the threat of
the educational process elicits helpless
ness and a forboding sense of loss."
Physical signs of stress include
headaches, stomachaches, sleeplessness,
irritability, feeling depressed and not
eating regular meals, said Jean Ranc,
biofeedback therapist at Medwell, a
health and stress management program
of the psychiatry department that helps
students handle the physical symptoms
of stress through biofeedback (measur
ing a person's stress level), muscle
relaxation and monitoring of students'
diet and lifestyle.
"You've got to put exams in a proper
perspective," said Ehringhaus Resident
Assistant Whitney Lowe, a junior from
Wilmington. "Exams and grades are
important, but 10 years from now you
won't think so."
The amount of respondents reporting
"sudden religious insight" was 46
percent for Southerners and 32 percent
for other Americans. In 1962 the figures
were 37 percent for Southerners and 19
percent for other Americans.
Other figures showed that Southern
Protestants were almost twice as likely
as other American Protestants to
believe the Bible to be the literal word
of God and much more likely to say
that religion was very important in their
Throughout the United States, the
trend is moving toward Southern-style
conservative religious and social values,
said Grant Wacker, UNC assistant
professor of religious studies.
"It represents a return to Norman
Rockwell's America, summer nights
and small town nostalgia; it's a reaction
to the very rapid changes the nation has
gone through," Wacker said.
Another traditionally Southern cul
tural characteristic that persists is
violence, although that distinction is
fading as well. In 1970 the South's
homicide rate was more than 50 percent
above the national average, but by 1980
it was only 25 percent higher than the
national rate. The difference dropped
largely because the national homicide
rate increased faster than the South's.
For example, North Carolina's homi
Senior Anna Bauer from Bir
mingham said the best way to eliminate
stress was to engage in "any kind of
activity that takes your mind off what
you're doing: music, running, exercise,
anything you enjoy. Stay active during
final exam periods. Take short breaks
that don't divert you too much.
"If you become obsessed with reliev
ing stress, you can get yourself sick,"
Bauer said. "There is a mental ' illness
Bauer advised freshmen taking exams
for the first time to use this semester
to learn how to study and take exams
"You're never going to slide through
exams," she said. "At the end of four
years you know that if you do the work
throughout the semester, exams
shouldn't be that hard. It isn't worth
biting your nails and getting drunk."
Lowe said, "If you procrastinate and
have good reason to worry, take this
as a lesson. It's called the 'Band-Aid'
approach, fast-minute cramming. Next
semester, plan to keep up no matter how
hard it seems. You can think of the
hassle now and avoid it next semester."
Physical education instructor Judy
Peel suggested students "schedule time
for exercise, even a 15- to 30-minute
"You reach a point where you get
stale, and studying is less effective," she
said. "To stay alert and be at your best,
you need to take breaks."
Students should make sure they eat
and sleep properly during exams. Peel
said. "Of course, exams would be less
stressful if you've kept up all along."
See STRESS on page 2
chief est point of
cide rate increased 20 percent during
the same period, while the Northeast's
rate increased by 41 percent.
The South's tradition of violence,
Reed said, is based on the typically
Southern notion that family violence is
justifiable and also the high rate of gun
ownership in the South. The Southern
attitude toward guns has not changed
at all in the past two decades.
"The percentage of Southerners and
non-Southerners who said they owned
guns, for instance, were about the same
in 1980 as they had . been in 1965 or
1959 something over 60 percent of
Southerners, a litle over 40 percent of
non-Southerners," Reed said.
Southern cities with large and grow
ing Hispanic populations tend to be
more violent because of the racial
conflict with other minority groups and
whites, Reed said.
"When you put together Southern
whites, blacks, Hispanics and add a
good measure of organized crime, what
you get is Miami which had the
highest homicide rate in the country in
1980," Reed said.
The South developed its violent
nature because it was always a frontier
area where people were forced to
depend upon themselves for protection,
said Nell Painter, UNC professor of
The trappings of the dreaded
happiness that a
"Large parts of the South were
frontier areas. There was a tradition of
people going around armed; there have
always been more arms in the South,"
Southerners have always reserved a
large amount of respect for the people
and beliefs of their region, and this
attitude has also spread to the rest of
the nation, Reed said.
In 1965, Southerners were twice as
likely than other Americans to say the
person they respected most was a local
figure. Now 3$ percent of Southerners
say they reserve their allegiance for local
figures and 33 percent of non
Southerners do the same, he said.
The U.S. is regionalizing itself, with
people going to places where others hold
the same beliefs they do, Reed said.
People who go to the South are
frequently already like conservative
Southerners, and people who go to
California are often similar to people
living in California already.
Reed said the next 20 years will see
the fading of many remaining regional
and cultural differences.
"The differences that are already
going away will continue to go away;
for example, the South's race relations
problems will not be any different from
everywhere else in the nation. Reed said.
mr ' ' . " : v
exam time: Proper eating and sleeping
man is willing to
7"TT7 . : vpv-
vu-l . v.,., . , X .. r-i" 7' '.,.
Budget includes repair fund
By LISA SWICEGOOD
Students living on campus next year
will be faced with a 10 percent rent
increase, according to the housing
budget submitted by Wayne Kuncl,
director of housing.
The 10 percent increase is largely due
to delay of the opening of the new dorm
which was scheduled to be completed
by Fall 1985. Dormitory rent increases
would only be 6 percent if the new dorm
were completed on time.
"With the new dorm no opening on
time, we have the problem of insuffi
cient income," Kuncl said.'
A 6 percent increase in operating
expenses is also included in the housing
budget. This expense covers dormitory
utilities, employee salaries, equipment
and any other expenses.
Also included in the housing budget
is a $500 renewal projects fund.
This is a five year program dedicated
to make major dormitory repairs.
Kuncl said his staff is currently
completing a study of the dorms to
evaluate, their general physical condi
tion. Priorities will be set to deal with
. "Bathrooms are a big problem,"
Kuncl said. "They are in major need
Mark Stafford, Residence Hall Asso
ciation President, said that before Kuncl
came to UNC, this project was one of
the first things the Housing Department
"Kuncl, however, has made a com
mitment to save the buildings from
deterioration anymore," he said.
"Before the buildings were never really
fixed. It was like the equivalent of
putting a band-aid on the buildings."
"The only way to improve the dorms
is to raise students' rent," Stafford said.
"It's just a vicious cycle and we're in
the middle of it."
Kuncl, however, said that out of
students' rent, only about $100 would
go toward the renewal project.
Xhe last two years, dormitory rent
increases have been 18 percent.. "The
Housing Department was on the brink
SG considers options to revamp
University's unused par course
By KATY FRIDL
Student Government is now working
on a proposal to transfer ownership of
its unused par course, an exercise
jogging course, to the Intramural
The course, located on the old Chapel
Hill golf course property which the
university purchased several years ago,
has been neglected for years.
Winding about one and a half miles
:v:.v.: - -
DTH Phoio iiiustianoii uy iirty Cluldiess and Jamie Monoid
habits can reduce pre-exam tension and result in better grades
be what he is.
of financial jeopardy," Stafford said.
"They had dipped into reserves and had
gotten themselves into a dangerous
Kuncl said the department had
reached a point where previous rent
increases were not enough.
"Some years there would be no
increase at all. That would make the
next year's increase higher than nor
mal," he said.
Stafford said he felt Kuncl and the
Housing Department should be
applauded for the job they had done
with the housing budget. "They have
done the best they could with a situation
they couldn't control. There is no good
way to get out of it," he said.
The problem, Stafford said, is not
with the Housing Department but with
the state's bidding for a construction
"If you want to throw rocks at
someone, throw them at the construc
tion crew, not at Carr Building," he said.
The University was too interested in
who could build the new dorm the
cheapest, not the quickest, Stafford
The Housing Department loses
$2,000 every day that the new dorm does
not open on time. "
"It's not fair that the Housing
Department should lose the money,"
The only way to keep the increase
at 6 percent if the new dorm doesn't
open is to cut out the Renewal Project
and no one agreed to that," he said.
"We all feel it is important to upgrade
"The dorm is still the best buy in the
area, even with the 10 percent increase,"
he said. "There will still be competition
in the lottery."
Kuncl said it was important to
remember that the budget had not yet
been formally submitted to the Vice
Chancellor of Student Affairs and Vice
Chancellor of Business and Finance.
-.The budget will not be formally
submitted until the latter part of this
minth or in January.
up and down a couple former fairways,
the track is now overgrown with weeds
and pitted by holes where portions of
the drainage system of the fairways have
collapsed. Stations equipped with
platforms and bars for performing
calesthenic exercises such as sit-ups and
pull-ups intersperse the jogging trail
now partially hidden in the wooded area
near the varsity tennis courts.
See PAR COURSE on page 3