Buzz in to the Student Union and register for College Bowl competition by Wednesday. r a it. PAID ..HU. Copyright 1985 The Daily Tar Heel Serving the students and the University community since 1893 Volume 93, Issue 82 Tuesday, October 15, 1985 Chapel Kill, North Carolina NewsSportsArts 962-0245 BusinessAdvertising 962-1163 PFimci-clG&nGr- A n n o MOOT) ii J I J J C J sir- , . am UNC junior Felicia Barlow of Oxford, N.C., puts the finishing touches on cleaning the stage in Memorial Hall Sunday before the perfor BOG H&ve atihleties? adlemk pmMems ' 0khaiini&$(Dirs By RANDY FARMER Staff Writer Low SAT scores, poor graduation rates and exceptions to admission standards were among the problems a special committee of the UNC Board of Governors ?found in a study of academic requirements for student athletes in the UNC system. The BOG approved a policy Friday to deal with the problems, calling for no changes among the 15 institutions with sports programs in the UNC system. The proposal was made by the BOG's special committee on intercol legiate athletics. The committee left the responsibility of coping with the problems to the chancellors of each institution. Each athletic director is responsible for the administration of that institution's athletic department, but the chancellor of the institution supervises the athletic department, which has been a policy for about 30 years, the report stated. Samuel H. Poole, chairman of the committee, said the report was initiated because BOG members wanted to know more about athletics in the UNC system. The committee found that athletics in the UNC system are in good shape, Poole said. t(mdent activism targets apartheid, divestment By KAREN YOUNGBLOOD Staff Writer Sit-ins, demonstrations and arrests mark a new age of activism on university campuses, as more students around the nation get involved in the dispute over apar theid and divestment. Students at Stanford University are trying to get the university to totally divest its funds from South Africa, said Mike Collins, a member of Stanford's council of presidents. Collins estimated that Stanford had between $200 and $600 million in its investment funds. So far, student protest has been in the form of civil disobedience. "It's like the '60s all over again," Collins said. "Stanford is very involved with the apartheid issue. This weekend we had nine students arrested for civil disobedience, and four are filing police brutality complaints. "The most popular form of civil disobedience is sit-ins, especially in the bursar's (college treasurer) office after hours," he said. "The police . . . issue citations telling you to leave, and if you refuse, they haul you off to jail." Collins said students at Stanford had created two groups, Stanford Coalition Against Apartheid and Students Out Of South Africa, which were educating people about apartheid. "SOOSA has speakers who have been to South Africa, and it plainly v 9 J U U "We didn't find any of the horror stories that you read about in the papers about scandals," Poole said. But the report did state "that in many instances there are some serious prob lems associated with our programs, and that some of these have the potential, to lead to gross abuses that could seriously impair institutional integrity unless the problems are faced and firmly dealt with." Poole said, "What we did for jthe initial action on this issue is to prepare a shopping list for the chancellors and then have the chancellors report to their respective boards of trustees." Each institution's chancellor also will have to submit an annual report to the UNC system president, who reports to the BOG. Allowing the chancellors to handle the matter is the best way to deal with the problems, Poole said, because it . gives the BOG a method of accounta bility, it involves the trustees more and it maintains the chancellor's role as supervisor in the issue. Poole said the chancellors had been very cooperative throughout the study because "they were no longer on their own in dealing with the situation." Poole said the committee chose not to require the athletic departments to increases the civil disobedience because of its high visibility kind of protests," he said. "SCAA has more graduate students, and it's more of an educational process." Collins said the administration was not cooperative with the divest ment movement. "IVe spoken with Tom Kennedy, the president, and he says the university will not divest and that protests against apartheid must come from Washington, D.C.," Collins said. "The University uses the excuse that divestment is not going to help end apartheid." Barbara Ransby, head of the Free South Africa Coordinating Commit tee at the University of Michigan, said students there were protesting for total divestment. "Our demands are that the Uni versity of Michigan totally divest," she said. "They are 99 percent divested, and we are encouraging that they divest the $500,000 left in investment." Ransby said students were trying to get the university to play a more active role in the anti-apartheid movement by making a moral state ment against apartheid. "We are also demanding that the university give an honorary degree to Nelson Mandela (jailed South African anti-apartheid activist)," she said. "In principle, the university says it agrees with us, but in words, not See APARTHEID page 3 The ultimate censorship is the flick of the dial mance of the Louisville Ballet For Elizabeth Ellen's review on page 3. Graduation Institution Percentage University of North Carolina at Wilmington 50 University of North Carolina at CrmpeHill b 48 fc Appalachian State University " 42 University of North Carolina at Charlotte 36 Western Carolina University 24 North Carolina State University 23 North Carolina A&T State University 22 East Carolina University 19 Graduation percentages for student with full grants-in-aid, all sports: Fall take action because such a position would be hypocritical to the past policy of allowing the chancellor to be respon sible for the athletic departments. Arthur Padilla, associate vice pres ident of academic affairs, said, "I think the main finding in the report is that we have an athletic program in the UNC system that makes a great contribution. It provides a lot of students with an opportunity to get a quality education," ; Padilla said. "It (the report) also shows there are some problems." The chancellors will report to the Soviiettstt By KATHY NANNEY Staff Writer Three Soviet graduate students will try to convince Americans that Soviet policies in lesser-developed countries are policies of good will during a debate tonight in Memorial Hall. The Soviets will face three members of the UNC debate team at 8 p.m. They will discuss "What are the responsibil ities of the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. for assisting the economics and political stability and growth of developing Nationwide By GRANT PARSONS Staff Writer Fairness in Media has created an offshoot organization", Accuracy in Academia, to monitor professor bias in colleges nationwide, but so far no cases have been reported at UNC. Accuracy in Academia, now two months old, aims "to promote greater accuracy and balance by encouraging students to question a bias or opinion when they hear it," said Les Csorba, executive director of AI A in Washington, D.C. The organization is not fully organized yet. The first newsletter has not been mailed and membership roles have yet to be compiled. Regional directors for AI A have not been selected. Nevertheless, AI A recieves calls everyday from interested students, Csorba said. "Mostly the calls have been from students wanting to know what we're about," he said. "There has been one student call from Chapel Hill, but no specific cases (of professor bias) have been reported (from Chapel Hill). Csorba said AIA was not engaged in ferreting out biased lectures on its own, but relies on students to report bias to AIA in Washington. "It's a resource they (students) can turn to," he said., "How it works is most regular students go to class, as they should," he said. "If they find a bias, they DTHCharles Ledford comments on the show, see - athletes who entered as freshmen 1978 - Fall 1981 BOG in July 1986 so the BOG can follow up on the problems on the individual campuses, Poole said. The committee will decide then if more action is needed, he said. The committee's report offered the first comprehensive look at college athletics of any major university in the nation, Poole said. Following are some of its findings: Athletes have been admitted below minimum admission requirements at all institutions studied except N.C. A&T and UNC-Asheville. Minimum require odd dlebatte Third World countries?" UNC is the last stop for the three students, who have debated the topic at six U.S. campuses. Americans are good-natured, good hearted and friendly, but they lack information and are misinformed about Soviet policies and goals, the three Soviets said in an interview Tuesday. During the debates, they have been asked questions indicating that Amer icans are not informed about the Soviet Union, said Yelena Kravchenko, a graduate student and faculty member organization know they have some recourse if they need it. "Right now, we're just a phone number somewhere, but we hope to expand," he said. AIA will not act unless it receives an actual example of a professor adding his own opinion and expressing it as fact, or slanting and distorting the facts, Csorba said. Then an AIA staff member will contact the professor and attempt to find out if the remark was taken out of context or is an accurate reflection of a particular bias. "Well usually do that by telephone," he said. "We dont have a large enough budget. I can't just fly to Phoenix or wherever to find out." If AIA decides that a remark truly reflects a bias, it will be noted in the organization's newsletter, which is to be published 10 times a year. Csorba said AIA advocated the use of tape recorders to analyze lectures. "The way I see it," he said, "a tape recorder is an honest man's best friend. Lectures are public forums and should be made available to all." George A. Kennedy, professor of classics and chairman of the UNC Faculty Council, said he might be hesitant to allow classes to be taped. "What I say in a lecture could be taken out of context if you don't consider the readings or previous assignments and lectures," Kennedy said. "Sometimes By MIKE GUNZENHAUSER Staff Writer HILLSBOROUGH District Attor ney Carl Fox requested the death penalty Monday for Alton Eugene Harris Jr., found guilty Friday of first degree murder and attempted first degree rape of UNC sophomore Fresh teh Golkho. Harris grew up in poverty without adequate supervision and discipline, and his father was an alcoholic, said family members presented by defense attorneys at a sentencing hearing for Harris, 20, of 801 Estes Drive, Chapel Hill. The 11 -woman, one-man jury will begin deliberating on a sentence for Harris at 9 a.m. today in Orange County Superior Court. Carrboro police found Golkho, 19, stabbed to death in her J-l Royal Park Apartment March 16. A wallet found near her body led police to Harris, who was arrested March 17. Because of strong emotions on both sides of the case, spectators at the hearing were required to pass through a metal detector before entering the courtroom. When the guilty verdict was announced Friday, Fariba Golkho Homesley, Golkho's sister, ran crying from the courtroom. Edna Harris, Harris mother, collapsed screaming and was taken away by an ambulance. The murder was especially heinous, atrocious and cruel, Fox said, an aggravating factor that the jury should find outweighed all mitigating factors presented by the defense. ments have been waived for athletes considered exceptional. Admission standards vary from campus to campus within the UNC system, but generally, the men's basket ball and football players accounted for the : majority of the" admission exceptions. For example, three of the four freshmen on the men's basketball team at East Carolina University were admitted as exceptions to the normal admission process; 22 of 74 freshmen in football; and 35 of 121 male freshmen in all varsity sports. Student athletes admitted as excep tions between 1980 and 1984 at ECU average 40 annually and represent some 15 percent of all exceptions at that institution. At UNC, 17 of the 21 men's sports exceptions were in football and basket ball over the 1980-84 period, 25 of 35 at ECU and 14 of 25 at NCSU. The percentage of student athletes in the UNC system scoring below 700 combined on the SAT were: 48 percent at ECU, 42 percent at NCSU and 41 percent at UNC. In addition, 35 percent at ECU, six percent at NCSU and 15 percent at UNC scored below 600 on the SAT. The percentages scoring above the institution's average SAT score for in the department of modern and contemporary history at Moscow State University. "I am often asked two crazy ques- 1 tions," she said. "They ask if I am afraid to visit the U.S., and will I become famous after I return. These questions show that some Americans do not have an adequate opinion about Soviet people and Soviet students." The American media incorrectly portray Soviets as beastly and cruel, an image encouraged by the Reagan to monitor professor bias Tom Smothers Golkho was stabbed 18 times, Fox said, and some of the wounds were especially deep. "The death penalty is the appropriate punishment in this case," he said. "Don't decide this case based on sympathy for the defendant," Fox said, "and don't decide this case based on sympathy for Freshteh Golkho." J. Kirk Osborn and Douglas Webb, Harris' attorneys, said the jury should consider Harris' age and immaturity. After his arrest, Harris made his statement in tears, Osborn said. "He said he did it," Osborn said, "albeit the best way he could." Mrs. Harris said that Harris grew up in a log house without indoor plumbing, and he had to share a bedroom with his brothers and sisters. Jimmy Young, Harris' former foot ball coach at Chapel Hill High School, said he had no problem with Harris, who was a leader on the team. Osborn recalled the testimony of chief medical examiner Dr. Page Hudson, who found no evidence of sexual assault. "We ask that you make a decision in favor of life, Alton Harris' life," Webb told the jury. "There is nothing you can do to bring (Golkho) back," he said, "including killing Alton Harris." Loretta Petty, one of Golkho's roommates, had been dating Harris at the time of Golkho's death. Golkho was a native of Tehran, Iran, and lived in Jacksonville, N.C., about 10 years before attending UNC. all freshmen were 22 percent at ECU, 13 percent at NCSU and 1 1 percent at UNC. The athletes' course loads and total semester credit hours were below those of other full-time students. 'Graduation rates -of the student athletes were much lower than the general student bodies at their institu tions. Regular students who do not graduate usually drop out of school during their freshmen or sophomore years while athletes that do not graduate usually play their four years of athletic eligibility, the report stated. Graduation rates among sports within an institution showed little variance, the report stated. Padilla said there was no worst problem among those listed, but they were all related. The BOG report also directs the chancellors to require drugs and gam- bling awareness programs for Division . I school athletes in compliance with a NCAA proposal, Padilla said. The report was compiled by the nine member committee through a series of meetings with chancellors, athletic directors, faculty chairmen, faculty committees on athletics, board of trustee chairmen and booster club chairmen. The special committee was formed in March 1985. administration, the Soviets said. "I know the movie Rambo is popular among teen-agers here," said Vladimir Meshcheryakov, a graduate student at the International Studies Institute in Moscow. "Rambo presents beastly Soviets on the screen. I would not commend the reel. We do not have any reel or book in the U.S.S.R. represent ing beastly Americans. "Bringing up children to hate Soviets See USSR page 2 I argue both sides (of an issue) on different days. I could be quoted as arguing only one side of an issue if only one day is taped." Kennedy said faculty members had discussed what to do about AIA and decided they did not want to overreact. "We decided to deal with it by not making a big deal of it," he said. "Well keep our ear to the ground and see what develops," Kennedy said. "If it (checking for bias) is done with restraint and respect, it can be a valued part of the educational experience. "I only have problems with it if it becomes disruptive," he said. "We cannot tolerate disruption of class." Kennedy also said he wondered if the reviewer could keep bias out of the review. "Since the review would be done by a human being, abuse and emotion could enter into it," he said. Lori Taylor, co-chair of Students for America, a conservative student group, said that someone from AIA had spoken to SFA, but SFA was not actively searching for bias at UNC. "I think I would know about it if they (SFA members) were monitoring lectures on Students for America's behalf," she said. "I haven't heard anything about it. They might be, but I really doubt it."