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Last night's clouds will likely
be around for part of the
day, allowing only a high of
f Copyright 1985 The Daily Tar Heel "
Volume 93, Issue 83
Serving the students and the Universit y communit y since 1X93
Wednesday, October 16, 1985 Chanel Hill. North Carolina
; Is that all the N.C.
pornography law targets?
Take a look at our new law
and some of its early results.
Three stories, page 3.
' ' ' - - ; Business Advertising 962-1163
Yelena Kravchenko and Aleksey Krugelov discussing debate strategy in Memorial Hall Tuesday night
By KATHY NANNEY
The debate topic focused on the role
of the United States and the Soviet
Union in Third World countries, but
debaters from UNC and the U.S.S.R.
clashed on a wide range of Soviet
American issues Tuesday night.
"We have common problems ....
Instead of arguing, let us try to find
a common approach and let us not
blame each other for everything," said
Yelena Kravchenko near the end of the
debate. Krabchenko is a graduate
student in the Department of Modern
and Contemporary History at the
University of Moscow.
Kravchenko, Vladimir Meshcherya
kov, a graduate student at the Inter
national Studies Institute in Moscow,
and Aleksey Krugelov, representative to
the Praesidium for the Committee on
Youth Organizations, completed their
seven-university debate tour in Memor
These debates, on the topic of "What
are the responsibilities of the U.S.S.R.
and the USA for assisting the economic
and political stability and growth of
developing countries?" were sponsored
by the Speech Communication of the
United States and presented by the
Special Projects Committee of the
Carolina Union at UNC.
Speaking in heavily-accented Eng
lish, the Soviets said that Soviet policy
in Third World countries was aimed at
fostering economic development. Mil
itary aid was provided only to countries
fighting for national rights, not as a tool
for Soviet expansion, they said.
The UNC students, Jeremy Ofseyer,
a political science major from Dallas,
Paul Rosenthal, a graduate student in
speech communications from Reading,
Massachusetts, and Michael Egues, a
junior economics major from Dallas,
argued that Soviet involvement in Third
World countries resulted in Soviet
intervention in the internal affairs of
those countries. U.S. aid included an
element of conscience, which Soviet
policy often lacked, they said.
"To provide economic aid is one
thing," Egues said. "To supply arms
instead of food and provide genocide
in Afghanistan is another."
The Soviet Union's primary concern
in lesser developed countries is eco
nomic development, responded Mesh
cheryakov. The Soviet Union has 1,800
industrial projects in lesser developed
countries and -plans, to build another
1 300, he said: "
Soviet industrial projects include oil
and mining projects as well as agricul
tural projects which have provided 4
million new acres of farmland, he said.
Meshcheryakov said Afghanistan
was not a case of Soviet expansionism,
but that the Soviet government had
responded to a request for assistance
form the Afghani government.
"Our troops were sent in Afghanistan
in response to the 15th request of the
Afghan government. And 1 do not
know why there is such a scream in the
United States press over this action,"
"I wish I could see a copy of one
of these invitations," Ofseyer
. responded. "Even if they were invited,
I'm sure the checkout time was five
years ago," he added.
Both teams of debaters referred to
Ethiopia, attempting to prove diverse
points. Ethiopia was an example of the
failure of Soviet aid, Ofseyer said. The
country' was also an example of the non
political aid the United States could
provide, he said.
"In Ethiopia, we were hardly sym
pathetic to their political system ... yet
we decided that was an irrelevant factor
when starvation was the issue," he said.
Kravchenko said Ethiopia was an
example of Soviet and American
cooperation in the Third World. Of the
food provided by the United States, 80
percent was transported through the
country by Soviet vehicles and machin
ery, she said.
While the Americans attacked Soviet
policies in Afghanistan and Poland, the
Soviet debaters attacked American
policies in Nicaragua and South Africa.
- "I do not think it is moral to provide
aid to regions such as South Africa and
Somoza's regime in Nicaragua where
there is oppression," Meshcheryakov
"Why did the American administra
tion refuse to take part in the second
world conference which condemned
racism in South Africa?" Kravchenko
The three UNC debaters said that
while they did not totally agree with
the Reagan administration's policies in
those countries, the United States was
attempting reform, proof of a policy of
conscience, they said.
"There is a great deal of disagreement
as to the best methods to achieve that
goal," Rosenthal said. "But there are
better methods than calling a group of
disgruntled nations in a hall with coffee
See DEBATE page 7
By MIKE GUNZENHAUSER
HILLSBOROUGH Alton Eugene Harris Jr. was
sentenced to life in prison Tuesday for the March 16 stabbing
murder of UNC sophomore Freshteh Golkho.
; District Attorney Carl Fox had asked for the death penalty
for Harris, 20, of 801 Estes Drive, Chapel Hill, found guilty
Friday of first Klegree murder and attempted firstiegree rape.
Fox said he was somewhat disappointed with the sentence.
"It was a very vicious and brutal crime, maybe the worst
I've ever seen," he said. "IVe learned to accept the verdicts
of the jury."
J. Kirk Osborn, Harris' attorney, said he would appeal
the case to state Supreme Court.
The jury of 11 women and one man recommended life
imprisonment after deliberating about four hours. The jury
decided against the death penalty because mitigating factors
presented by the defense sufficiently outweighed the
aggravating factor that the murder was especially heinous,
atrocious and cruel.
Among the mitigating factors the jury cited was that Harris
grew up in poverty without, adequate parental supervision
or discipline. Another factor was that Harris suffered from
a mental disorder when the murder was committed.
Testimony Monday indicated Harris experienced periodic
blackouts because of drug and alcohol abuse.
Judge Edwin S. Preston said he did not give Harris an
additional sentence for attempted first-degree rape because
the jury decided its guilty verdict based on the felony murder
rule, which allows a jury to find a defendant guilty of first
degree murder if he or she commits murder while committing
another felony, in this case, attempted rape.
Fariba Golkho Homesley, Golkho's sister, said she was
satisfied with the sentence.
"I feel he will be punished," Homesley said. "I'm glad
to see justice work."
Her husband, Cliff, said, "Harris has not shown any
remorse toward the victim's family. I find it hard to imagine
that he is remorseful at all." " jyi'J!.'
Homesley said he hoped people remembered the brutality
of the murder when Harris was brought up for parole in
20 or 30 years.
"I plan to keep up with this case always," Mrs. Homesley
Members of Harris' family would not talk to reporters
after the trial.
Carrboro police found Golkho stabbed to death in the
dining room of her "J-1 Royal Park Apartment. A wallet
found near her body contained an identification card for
Harris, who was arrested March 17.
Blood found on Harris' pants and jacket was consistent
with Golkho's blood, SBI agent Jed Taub testified during
the trial. SBI forensics experts found no evidence of hair,
sperm or semen transfer between Golkho and Harris.
In his statement to police after his arrest, Harris said
Golkho had run into the knife. Chief Medical Examiner
Page Hudson said Golkho had been stabbed 18 times.
Harris had been dating Loretta Petty, one of Golkho's
roommates, at the time of Golkho's death.
Golkho, a native of Tehran,' Iran, lived in Jacksonville
for about 10 years before entering UNC in the fall of 1982.
She took a year off from school and returned in the fall
of 1984 as a sophomore.
CondemBed house to he soldi
to ratorafe 'Greek omsimzation
By LINDA MONTANARI
Halloween is just around the corner,
but UNC's best-known old abandoned
house will soon be changing its status.
The national chapter of Pi Lambda
Phi has agreed to sell its condemned
-Fraternity Court house to Phi Kappa
Sigma a, fraternity which .regained -its
charter after leaving campus for four
Phi Kappa Sigma President Jack
Rohrer said the group received word
last Monday night that the offer they
made three weeks ago had been
The house has been empty since
December 1983, when Pi Lambda Phi
was in the process of disbanding, said
Frederic W. Schroeder, dean of
If the house had not been sold before
Nov. 22, the house would have gone
up for public tax auction.
Ron Duncan, a member of the
housing corporation for Delta Tau
Delta, said his fraternity also competed
for the condemned house.
Duncan said he was dissatisfied with
the way Pi Lambda Phi handled the
"They opened our bid in advance,
gave everyone else an extension and
apparently lied about the amount of the
bid," he said. "Otherwise, no one would
have bid so high (as Phi Kappa Sigma)."
Duncan said he thought Pi Lambda
Phi underestimated the cost of renova
tion to Phi Kappa Sigma and neglected
to tell them how low earlier bids on
Jthe house-had beeiu.
"It would make me happy if the Pi
Lams got out of this with nothing," he
But Roger Bernholz, attorney for Pi
Lambda Phi, said it was not illegal to
withhold other purchase offers from a
"I don't know what everyone is aware
of. All I know is that no one made an
acceptable offer," he said.
Bernholz said no cutoff date for
accepting offers on the house had ever
He said: "There wasn't any deadline
for bids. There were no 'bids.' What
everyone was told was that we were
eager to sell the house and that we were
going to sell it to the first people who
made an acceptable offer."
No former Pi Lambda Phi members
could be reached for comment.
Paul Bocchini, vice president of Phi
Kappa Sigma, said the terms of the sale
included a 45-day grace period for them
to submit a special use permit appli
cation to the town.
The special use permit would allow
fraternity members to live in the
building even though the land was
zoned commercial, he said.
Pi Lambda Phi accepted an offer
v from Phi Kappa Sigma,lastJMarch but
was'not willing to wait the 45 days to
close, he said.
"The Pi Lams wanted cash on the
barrelhead, and we couldn't do it
' because we didn't have the manpower
to get our permit filled," Bocchini said.
"Before our housing corporation
would allow our financing to come
through, they wanted to see that we
could actually live (in the house)," he
J. B. Culpepper of the town planning
department said each special use
application was reviewed by the devel
opment staff and the planning board
before being approved or disapproved
by the city council.
Culpepper said in order to be
approved, the proposed use must
promote public health, safety and
welfare; comply with local ordinances,
See HOUSE page 3 '
School -off Edycattioim provides
irespecftafonllofty amid opporftyiniHty
Editors' note: This is part of an extensive series
focusing on University academic departments.
By RACHEL STROUD
Staff Writer . , i
Although the School of Education is one tf the
smaller schools on campus, the degree of
commitment, enthusiasm and job opportunities are
high for students and faculty in the School of
Education, according to interviews with students
and faculty members. -
Ranked first in the Southeastern United States
and 18th nationally, the School of Education has
many graduates recruited each year, faculty
members said. The school has 400 undergraduate
Students said an education degree from UNC
was more respected that one from other schools
"We probably have one of the best departments,"
said Laura Willes, a junior education major from
Charlotte. "Other schools, like ... (East Carolina
University), have . . . (more) education graduates,
and it isn't as meaningful."
About 80 percent of the education majors take
a job in education, said Frank Brown, dean and
professor of education. Some get married, some
go to graduate school and some take positions
in industry. Students here have no problems
finding a job, he said. v
William I. Burke, associate dean for academic
administration in the School of Education, agreed.
"There is a teacher shortage that is more
widespread and in more teaching areas."
Recruiters are looking for math and science
teachers, foreign language teachers and English
teachers, as more emphasis is placed on writing
and communication, Burke said. There also is a
renewed need for early childhood teachers, he
In addition, a lot of school systems outside the
state are recruiting UNC graduates, Burke said.
The School of Education's job fair in March
allows recruiters to meet students and attracts
recruiters from throughout the Southeast, Burke
The School of Education takes 110 school
systems, and the spaces are filled by the end of
November or December, he said.
Students with a bachelor's degree can expect
a salary of about $18,000, and with master's and
doctorate degrees in education and a location in
a positive district, salaries can rapidly increase to
$40,000 to $50,000 annually, or more than $ 1 00,000
for superintendents, he said.
But teaching is not always well-respected, faculty
members and students agreed.
"People used to be eager to go into teaching,"
said Hunter. Ballew, director of the Mathematics
1 and Science Education Center. "It was seen as a
great profession and then it started going downhill.
People don't respect teachers as much as they used
: to." .v-"-"'-;. .-V. ; ; v
Education majors said they had seen this attitude
in their peers.
"The profession is looked down on a lot," said
Kelly Garret, a junior education major from
Chapel Hill, "People are always asking 'Why are
you doing this?' "
Education majors also said they felt other people
perceived education as being an easy major.
William S. Palmer, an education professor, said:
"The mindset has to be broken down that it's an
easy degree to come here. It's not true. It's a
Univerisity fallacy." '
Palmer and education majors agreed that the
demands placed on teaching were extremely high.
There is a tremendous amount of planning and
a lot of pressure, Palmer said.
Kevin Clary, a senior education major form
Walnut Grove, said the curriculum was difficult
but it was not always hard to get a good grade
because the classes were interesting and provided
a good incentive to learn.
Faculty members said they thought students who
v See EDUCATION page 7
f- : i 5
f 'AL. I
Mary Stewart, a freshman from Boone, and Carl Oulton, the
new director of the Carolina Annual Fund, providing musical
entertainment near Vance Hall Monday. The pipe music set an
airy mood for a hot, sunny afternoon.
Capital punishment . . . has always been a religious punishment Albert Camus