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Copyright 1986 The Daily Tar Heel
i i i II
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 94, Issue 41
Wednesday, April 23, 1986
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
II o XI
Their 9 flnffe snifter
By DENISE MOULTRIE
Life after Carolina is not as hard as
people make it out to be, said Billy
Cunningham Tuesday during the first
senior class convocation.
Cunningham was on a panel that
included Gillian Cell, Carl Fox and
Richard Jenrette. UNC system Presi
dent Emeritus William Friday was the
Cunningham, a 1965 UNC graduate
and former UNC basketball player, said
graduates should meet new people, set
goals and priorities. "They may change
from year to year, but you have to put
them in the right order," he said.
Meeting people while attending the
University ". . . helped me get to where
1 am," he said. WI found out about
myself. I realized that I was a goal
oriented person and found goals for
Cell, dean of the College of Arts and
Sciences, said the class of 1986 marked
the beginning of a generation that
would take working women for granted.
Some women students talk about
how they will balance roles as wives and
mothers, but they never think about sex
discrimination, she said.
"No matter how liberated you are,
you are still a part of this culture and
you have absorbed its values whether
you want to or not," she said.
Women should be able to choose
between having or not having careers
without being condemned for either
decision, Cell said.
"Not enough of you recognize what
it will mean to your future," she said.
"The changing world of women changes
the world of men, and men will begin
to feel the effects on their lives."
The age of women and men in
separate workplaces has died, she said.
Carl Fox, Orange County district
attorney and a 1975 UNC graduate, said
students entering the real world should
not be afraid of new situations. "Try
to develop a new support system for
"It will be lonely sometimes. Take the
challenge to go out of that loneliness
and meet new people," he said.
The most difficult decision is whether
a career choice was the right one
because of the new set of values facing
graduates, he said. "Now, it's all for 1,
and me for me."
"It is important to be honest with
yourself," Fox said. "It's difficult to look
in the mirror and wonder if the person
you see is the one you knew the day
Students should find a philosophy of
life and stick to it, even if it means
standing alone, he said. "Don't let your
life go by without standing for some
thing." Richard Jenrette, a 1951 UNC grad
uate, member of the Board of Trustees
and former Daily Tar Heel editor, said
education didn't end when students
leave college. The first job may not be
the right one, he said.
He said students shouldn't spend too
much time playing when they leave
college. "You lose momentum and when
you decide to start your career youH
find it hard to do," he said. "Really think
carefully before you go off stargazing
Before settling in a career, students
should decide who they are so they
won't get stuck in a pattern, he said.
"The worst thing to do in business
is surround yourself with people just like
you, because there needs to be some
new direction, he said.
"Try to develop some philosophy of
life because you need to have some
reason for being on the earth," he said.
Senate Face spendim;
typkal; IBroyWl ie lead
By RACHEL STIFFLER
N.C. Republican candidates for the
U.S. Senate continue to lead Demo
cratic candidates by a landslide in
fundraising, according to Federal
Election Commission reports.
Rep. James T. BroyhiU's campaign
organization has raised $1,035,674.84
and spent $986,942.42 as of March 31,
said Doug Haynes, communications
director for the campaign.
"Approximately two-thirds to three
fourths of that money comes from
individual contributors," Haynes said.
"I think the amount of money we have
raised shows we have strong support
in our state. We have a broad base of
support in North Carolina."
Karen Finucan, public affairs special
ist for the commission, said FEC reports
do not show whether individual con
tributors are in-state or out-of-state.
BroyhiU's reports indicate that approx
imately $308,935 has been given to his
campaign by political action commit
tees and that $5,184.21 was his own
money, she added.
Haynes said he did not think that the
congressman's campaign had spent an
"It's nowhere near what was contrib
uted in the 1984 Hunt-Helms Senate
race," he said. "This is more of a typical,
traditional Senate race. WeVe raised
about what we expected."
David R. Funderburk, former U.S.
ambassador to Rumania and Repub
lican candidate for Senate, has also
raised much more than any of the
Democratic candidates, according to
figures given by Calvin M. Kirven, his
Kirven said the campaign has raised
$868,922.21 and spent close to that
amount, including about $26,000 in
PAC contributions and a $15,000
second mortgage on Funderburk's
home, Kirven said.
Kirven said he did not think Broy
hiU's advantage in fundraising had any
direct correlation with his support
"If you look at individual contribu
tors in North Carolina, we're probably
ahead in the number of people contri
buting," he said. "We average about $25
a person. He (Broyhill) probably
averages $500. We probably have more
contributors. I don't think that corre
lates at all with who will win."
Democratic fundraising is being led
by T.L. "Fountain" Odom, a Charlotte
lawyer and Mecklenburg County com
missioner. Odom's campaign has raised
$351,000 and spent $355,000 as of
March 31, according to a report last
week in The News and Observer.
Finucan said most of Odom's money
came from contributions by individuals.
Only $1,000 was received from PACs,
Odom's campaign organization also
reported that the candidate loaned the
See SENATE page 6
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Workers hoist Silent Sam from his base after 73 motionless years
DTH Dan Charlson
Silent Sam heads North
By GUY LUCAS
Silent Sam, that venerable old guardian of North
Campus, is ailin', so he's being taken to Cincinnati,
Ohio, for an $8,200 restoration after 73 years of
standing watch on McCorkle Place at the University's
Since the statue was unveiled in June 1913, Sam
has slowly suffered the effects of weather, tannic acid
from the leaves of nearby trees, the emissions from
cars on Franklin Street and paint from vandals, said
Grace Wagoner, the University's property officer and
chairwoman of Chancellor Christopher C. Fordham
Ill's Advisory Committee on Historic Property. Now
Sam is green instead of his original bronze color.
"We have very few visible historical sites, like the
Old Well, Silent Sam and the like, and it's very
important to preserve them," Wagoner said.
The chancellor's advisory committee was formed
three years ago to take an inventory of the University's
historic sites and determine any repair that might be
needed, she said.
Sam was lifted by crane from his pedestal Tuesday
afternoon and loaded into a truck by Eleftherios
Karkadoulias, who the University hired to do the
restoration. Karkadoulias is nationally known for his
32 years of restoration work, which includes all of
the statues at Union Square in Raleigh and many of
the monuments at Gettysburgh, Pa.
Karkadoulias will repair all holes, cracks, pits and
broken or damaged parts using the same alloy in which
Sam originally was cast, said Karkadoulias's wife
Mercene. That's not always easy since the older statues
do not always have a uniformly mixed alloy throughout
the entire statue, she said.
Karkadoulias also will remove all Sam's grime,
pollutants, encrustations and foreign matter, treat his
corrosion and deterioration, remove makeshift patches
such as lead plugs, and restore his interior.
The statue was erected by the N.C. Division of the
United Daughters of the Confederacy as a monument
to the UNC students who fought for the Confederacy.
As much as 40 percent of the student body entered
the Confederate service.
But Wagoner said she saw nothing ironic in Sam
being restored in Ohio.
"It's not ironic because the person who posed for
it was a yankee," she said. In fact, Silent Sam is a
Confederate memorial posed for by a Bostonian,
sculpted by a Canadian, and being restored in Ohio
by a Greek. Canadian sculptor John Wilson created
Sam for $7,500, using Harold V. Langlois of Boston
as a model.
Local legend has it that Sam's gun will go off if
a virgin walks past him. Sam's gun remains silent so
- far. - " JVv'..
Sam Is scheduled to be back in about six' months,
but Mrs. Karkadoulias said it was hard to estimate
how long restoration would take until it was started,
since some old statues were put together worse than
Wagoner said she hoped Sam would not be as much
of a target for vandals once he's restored.
"It's not always UNC students who do these things,"
she said. "It's, well, those other people at those other
Next year, Karkadoulias will restore the Caldwell
Monument, which marks the grave site of former UNC
President Joseph Caldwell, his wife and stepson, for
Mrs. Karkadoulias said she and her husband enjoy
restoring statues so future generations would be able
to see the monuments and know about America's past.
"These statues, they cannot talk and they cannot
scream and say, 4I need help,' and someone gets their
hands on these and says, 'I'm a conservationist,' " and
destroys the statues with amateur restoration work,
she said. "We feel almost like doctors taking care of
these bronze monuments."
Yack 9 editors absent & taflgelt passes
By TERESA KRIEGSMAN
The Yackety Yack budget was passed Saturday by
the Student Congress without discussion from the
Lisa Motsinger, 1986-87 editor, and Kathy Kramer.
1985-86 editor, left the budget hearing before the
yearbook's budget came up for consideration.
The editors had discovered a tax miscalculation in
the budget and planned to present the congress with
a revised calculation and a salary increase request.
Neither editor was present when the yearbook's budget
was discussed and the Student Congress passed the
Motsinger. Kramer and Jody Beasley, finance
committee chairman, agreed lack of communication
caused the problem.
"The lack of communication and correspondence
is the point where everything broke down," Beasley
said. . .
The editors had failed to check the time for their
budget hearing, but they said they knew the yearbook's
budget was the last to be discussed. Motsinger and
Kramer said they left the budget hearing and went
to the Yackety Yack office, but checked the meeting
.every 20 minutes to see if the Student Congress was
discussing their budget.
Budget hearing rules require each organization that
plans to speak before the congress to be at the meeting
at the time their budget is scheduled to be discussed.
and stay until the congress gets to their budget. The
Yackety Yack budget was scheduled for 8:00 p.m., and
the time was posted in Suite C Thursday morning.
Beasley said the meeting was running late, and the
congress did not get to the yearbook's budget until
10:15 p.m. He said one of the editors should have
told a congress member that she wanted to speak but
would be in yearbook office until the budget was
discussed. He said it would have been possible for
someone to get the editors when the yearbook's budget
Kramer said she knew she and Motsinger should
have stayed at the meeting.
See YACK page 6
Pol sSnows NoCo residents support capital piimislhimeM
By SHARON SHERIDAN
Two-thirds of North Carolinians support the
death penalty and 37 percent believe the death
penalty may be appropriate for crimes commit
ted by people under age 18, according to the
Spring 1986 Carolina Poll.
Sixty-seven percent of North Carolinians said
they favored the death penalty, while 22 percent
said they opposed it. These results are similar
to those of the Spring 1984 Carolina Poll, which
indicated 65 percent of North Carolinians
favored the death penalty.
"It doesn't surprise me a whole lot," said Larry
Vellani, co-director of the N.C. Prison and Jail
Project. "I think opinion on the death penalty
. . . only changes slowly and over time." The
N.C. Prison and Jail Project belongs to a
statewide coalition working for death penalty
reform and, ultimately, abolition.
The School of Journalism and Institute for
Research in the Social Sciences at the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill sponsored the
Carolina Poll. Journalism students interviewed
585 adults throughout the state by telephone
for the spring 1986 poll. Poll results are accurate
within plus or minus five percentage points 95
out of 100 times.
N.C. Support Lower Than South's
The percentage of North Carolinians favoring
the death penalty according to the Carolina Poll
is smaller than the percentage of Southerners
supporting the death penalty according to a
January 1985 Gallup Poll. The Gallup Poll
indicated 74 percent of Southerners supported
the death penalty, while 19 percent opposed it.
Joan Byers, special deputy attorney general
for the appellate section in North Carolina, said
she thought the 67 percent of North Carolinians
favoring the death penalty in the Carolina Poll
sounded low. This figure may have been smaller
than the percentage indicated by the Gallup Poll
because 1 1 percent of those interviewed for the
Carolina Poll expressed no opinion about the
death penalty, she said. In the Gallup Poll, 8
percent of those surveyed expressed no opinion
about the death penalty.
Vellani said he was encouraged to hear the
state percentage of death penalty proponents
was smaller than the regional percentage
indicated by the Gallup Poll. Agitation in North
Carolina against the death penalty during the
past 20 to 25 years may explain this, he said.
"We still have a long way to go," he added.
Death Penalty Inappropriate For Minors
The Carolina Poll indicated 37 percent of
North Carolinians thought the death penalty
might be appropriate for crimes committed by
people under age 18, while 44 percent said it
never would be appropriate. These results reflect
present sentencing practices in North Carolina,
Juries have a harder time sentencing to. death
someone who is young and immature, she said.
Age is a mitigating factor under the state death
penalty statute and the fair sentencing act, which
deals with felonies, Byers said. Currently, two
out of the 56 N.C. death row prisoners were
under age 18 when they committed the crimes
for which they received the death sentence.
Gov. Martin's And Political Party Position
N.C. Governor Jim Martin, a Republican,
supports the death penalty but has not yet taken
a position concerning sentencing people to death
for crimes they committed while they were
minors, said Tim Pittman, press secretary to
Eighty-five percent of North Carolinians who
consider themselves Republicans support the
death penalty, according to the Carolina Poll.
Sixty-two percent of Democrats and Independ
ents support the death penalty, the poll
The Republican Party officially supports the
death penalty, said Chris Shields, communica
tions director of the Republican Party of North
Carolina. He quoted the 1984 Republican
National Convention Platform: "The best way
to deter crime is to increase the probability of
detection and to make punishment certain and
swift. . . . We concur with the American people's
approval of capital punishment and will ensure
that it is carried out humanely."
Vellani said greater diversity within the
Democratic Party may explain the lower level
of Democratic support for the death penalty.
Who Supports The Death Penalty?
Fewer women and fewer blacks support the
death penalty, the poll indicated. This is not
surprising, since women and blacks traditionally
oppose the death penalty more often than men
and whites do. Shields said. "That's not a new
Seventy-seven percent of men favor the death
penalty, compared with 58 percent of women,
the poll showed. Also, 75 percent of whites said
they favored the death penalty compared with
28 percent of blacks.
"Historically, black communities have been
at the lead of criminal justice reform," Vellani
said. Although blacks are most likely to be
violent crime victims, he said, "At the same time,
the black community has borne the brunt of
our most inefficient and unfair punishment
Byers, however, pointed out that most juries
who pass death sentences include black
members. Although previous studies indicated
blacks tended to oppose the death penalty, she
said, "I think it's becoming less and less true."
Some variables apparently have little effect
on people's willingness to support the death
penalty. North Carolinians in rural and urban
areas show almost equal support for the death
penalty. So, too, do residents of the Piedmont,
mountain and coastal areas of North Carolina.
Similarly, how often people attend church
seems to have little bearing on people's opinions
about the death penalty.
"Every major Christian denomination is on
record as being publicly opposed to the death
penalty as a public policy," Vellani said. "Church
leaders are failing to get the message to their
lam afraid of the dark and suspicious of the future. Woody Allen