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Copyright 1986 The Daily Tar Heel
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 94, Issue 94
Wednesday, November 5, 1986
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By RACHEL STIFFLER
and TOBY MOORE
Democrat David Price defeated
Republican incumbent Bill Cobey in
a tight race for the 4th District
congressional seat Tuesday, adding
another player to North Carolina's
Democratic team in the House.
The Duke University professor,
surrounded by jubilant supporters at
the Democratic election headquar
ters at the North Raleigh Hilton,
gave his acceptance speech at 10:15
At that time. Price was ahead of
Cobey 58 to 42 percent with about
60 percent of the precincts reporting.
As Price stood before the crowd,
supporters raised pro-Democrat
banners and chanted his name. After
quieting the crowd, he asked, "Does
anybody know of a nice apartment,
not too expensive, in Washington?
"Tonight we celebrate a new
beginning in North Carolina politics.
Almost two years ago we set two
goals: to recapture politics from
negativism and name-calling (and to
restore it) as a way to put our best
ideas to work.
"Tonight we've achieved that
goal," he said. "We set out to begin
a fight for leadership on issues so
important to the people of the 4th
Price took the lead in the begin
ning of the race, and led throughout
the night. With 21 percent of the
precincts in, he was leading Cobey
by about 6,000 votes, receiving about
58 percent of the vote.
Earlier in the evening, Price said
his organization had tried hard to
run a campaign without negative
advertising. "I think we've given the
people the kind of campaign they
desire," he said. "I certainly hope this
will encourage cleaner political
campaigns in the future."
Price press aide Margaret Lawton
agreed. "We did everything right,"
she said. "We ran a clean campaign
based on the issues."
But Cobey attributed much of his
loss to negative advertising used by
Price's campaign. "It definitely was
See CONGRESS page 4
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Sauford scoots by
By DONNA LEINWAND
and JEANNIE FARIS
Democrat Terry Sanford emerged
as the victor over incumbent Repub
lican Sen. Jim Broyhill in a dead heat
U.S. Senate race Tuesday night,
winning by a small margin.
Sanford held 51 percent of the
vote for most of the evening, but
refused to claim victory until at least
90 percent of the precincts reported
their votes, according to media aide
Ed Bristol. Although 98 percent of
the precincts reported, Sanford
made no formal acceptance of
victory despite holding 52 percent of
Sanford has scheduled a press
conference for 10 a.m. today, during
which he is expected to make a
Broyhill, who garnered 48 percent
of the vote, said he would not
concede the victory until all the
results were in.
"What you see here is a winning
team," he told supporters at the
Hilton in downtown Raleigh,
Republican election night headquar
ters. "I just want you to know we're
not conceding. We're going to wait
until the last box is in and we're going
to win this election."
Sanford arrived at the North
Raleigh Hilton, Democratic election
night headquarters, shortly after
Dan Rather of CBS news predicted
a Democratic Senate victory based
on exit polls. CBS made the predic
tion at 8:15 p.m. after 3 percent of
the precincts had reported and
Sanford had an 8 percent lead.
Sanford said he would take a "wait
and see" attitude.
"I'm going to wait for the count,"
he said. "At 8 percent it's too early
to tell. It feels very good to be in
the election all along. I'm having a
Sanford remained true to his
word. At 11 p.m., shortly after
See SENATE page 4
DTH Charlotte Cannon
Sensing victory, state Demo
crats gathered in the ballroom
of the North Raleigh Hilton
Hotel to hear the results of
Tuesday's elections. Terry San
ford (above) prepares to
speak to his supporters after
taking a convincing lead in the
race for the U.S. Senate seat.
Candidate for 4th District
House seat David Price (right)
and his wife, Lisa, leave center
stage following Price's victory
speech. James Exum was
also on hand to acknowledge
his win in the race for
Supreme Court chief justice.
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In chief justice race,
voters rale for Exum
DTH Charlotte Cannon
By SHARON KEBSCHULL
Democrats kept control of the
N.C: Supreme Court Tuesday as
Democrat James Exum defeated
Republican Rhoda Billings for chief
Exum, a former associate justice,
received 54 percent of the vote,
compared to 46 percent for interim
chief Billings. She was appointed to
the position by Gov. Jim Martin in'
September after Joseph Branch
"We worked hard," Exum said
Tuesday night at Democratic cam
paign headquarters at the North
Raleigh Hilton. "We ran a good
campaign, emphasizing my qualifi
cations, experience and the quality
of my work since I've been judge.
"North Carolina realized which
candidate had the most judicial
experience, the knowledge of the
court system and the person who was
most able to lead the judicial system
of this state. (The voters) decided I
was that person."
During the campaign controversy
arose over an.ad hoc group, Citizens
for a Conservative Court, which
campaigned for Billings, although
she did not support them. The group
criticized Exum's vote on death
penalty cases. Both candidates said
they did not feel it was a central issue.
The state's judicial Code of Con
duct prohibited the candidates from
attacking each other or the issues.
"It really has been a long and hard
campaign," Billings told her suppor
ters at Republican Party headquar
ters Tuesday night. "I do just want
to say we do appreciate the work
that you've done on the campaign."
In the races for Supreme Court
associate justice seats, Democrats
Harry Martin, Louis Meyer, John
Webb, and Willis Whichard won
with 56, 54, 54, and 53 of the votes,
In the race for the Court of
Appeals seats, incumbent Sarah
Parker won with 57 percent of the
See JUDGE page 5
University library system files away voluminous collections
By CHARLOTTE CANNON
UNC's seven miles of shelved books in
the 18 libraries on campus is a far cry
from the library in 1785, when it contained
only one book: "The Works of the Right
Reverend Father" by Thomas Wilson,
published in 1782.
The book, given to the University by
the U.S. Congress, presumably was still
here in 1795 when the first student arrived,
although 46 more books had been added
by that time, according to UNC library
history collected by Louis Round Wilson.
That collection was housed in such
places as the first University president's
home and students' rooms in Old East,
where it was moved around according to
who was responsible for its maintenance.
In 1853, Smith Hall, now Playmakers
Theatre, became the first University
library building. It also served as UNC's
ballroom. Later, the books were moved
back to Old East.
Today UNC's library system ranks third
in the Southeast and 2 1st in the U.S. and
UNC's library system
The system houses 3.5 million books,
1.8 million microforms, 9 million manus
cripts, 200,000 maps and more than 39,000
serial subscriptions. But to many students,
the libraries are most valuable as quiet
places to study.
Freshman Elizabeth Maroun of South
ern Pines said she had never used a book
in any of the University's libraries. "I just
come to Davis to study," she said. "This
library is quiet and better than the
Undergrad, which is dark and ugly."
The University's 18-library system is
divided into three groups: Academic
Affairs, Health Sciences and Law
"Every day the libraries are busy
ordering and receiving new volumes and
constantly binding journals," said James
F. Govan, University librarian. "We take
in an average of 130,000 volumes and
35,000 journals and newspapers a year."
Academic Affairs libraries
The Academic Affairs library system
' comprises Walter Royal Davis, Robert B.
House Undergraduate, Louis Round
Wilson and nine departmental libraries.
Davis Library opened in 1984, replacing
Wilson Library as the headquarters of the
library system. The Undergraduate
Library has fewer volumes and is directed
toward undergraduate students. Now
under renovation, Wilson holds special
collections, including rare books and
Housing most of the library system's
humanities and social sciences resources,
Davis Library holds more than 1.6 million
books, 2 million federal, state and
international documents and a million
Students can do research in Davis's
Business Administration and Social
Sciences Reference Department (BASS)
and the Humanities Reference Depart
ment. A document section of BASS
manages a depository collection of U.S.
government and U.N. publications, plus
other international, national and state
"By taking advantage of the references,
students and faculty members can do
more efficient research," said Karen
Seibert, assistant University librarian for
Renovations in the 57-year-old Wilson
Library began in June, 1984, and will cost
about $5.6 million, said Larry Alford,
assistant University librarian for finance.
Govan said the renovated library may
open its main doors late this spring. When
completed, Wilson will not only have
special collections, but also galleries,
reading rooms, a photographic services
section and stacks of lesser-used volumes
from Davis and the Undergraduate
Wilson will house the University's least
borrowed books, compiled from a com
puter check of Davis's and the Undergrad
uate Library's circulation records.
Wilson now houses four special collec
tions: the North Carolina Collection, the
Rare Book Collection, the Maps Collec
tion and the Manuscripts Department,
which includes the Southern Historical
Collection and the University Archives.
Most materials in Wilson Library are
unique items that cannot be removed,
Govan said, but people may check out
some volumes for short periods, depend
ing on the material.
Staff and budget concerns
In addition to the current 250
employees, Govan said the library system
needs approximately 30 more professional
librarians immediately. "Even more would
"We could also use more student
assistants; they are indispensable," Govan
said. With a larger staff, the libraries could
have longer hours.
He also said that, even if the libraries
could afford to hire more librarians, they
would be hard to find. "Librarians must
be specialized," he said. "We need
librarians who can serve as experts in each
departmental library, in addition to the
The 1985-86 annual report for UNC's
library system states that it spent more
than $13.9 million for everything new
books, salaries, paper clips. The previous
year's expenditures totaled more than
$12.9 million about 7 percent less than
the 1985-86 total.
An administrative council decides the
libraries' budgets, their acquisitions and
any critical decisions for the Academic
Affairs system, Govan said. The council
also ensures that at least one professional
librarian in each departmental library is
a specialist in an appropriate subject, he
The acquisitions department
In "the library system's acquisitions
department, there are specialists in the
languages of most regions of the world.
Other departments must have librarians
See LIBRARIES page 2
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The second-floor rotunda of Wilson Library
Conservatism is the maintenance of conventions already in force. Thorstein Veblen
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