v;cthr Laoidl EdoS SSpdeiniSs- Big gyys Suoidameoiriial , J-ast
Today: Mostly sunny. Low 26. High 52. w p N f nr n Z?2 f U3y
sir',o,,,,l,r,,,,h aiiseacorune-home-Pagea OGViO s wi!ii-Page4 . Toadd-ada
Copyright 1987 77)e Da7y far Heel
Volume 94, Issue 116
By FELISA NEURINGER
Assistant Business Editor
Following a national trend, many
companies recruiting at UNC are
now testing applicants for drugs
before making final job offers.
A recent survery completed by the
College Placement Council in
Bethlehem, Pa., reveals that of 497
national employers polled, 28.2
percent require drug screening of
applicants. Of those employers that
do drug screening, 88.6 percent said
they w ould not hire an applicant who
tested positive for drugs.
Three main factors have influ
enced many companies to resort to
drug testing of potential employees:
the increase of drug abuse among
prominent, white-collar workers, the
loss in productivity, and the risk to
fellow workers, said Les Garner,
assistant professor in UNC's Busi
Companies lose between 26 and
33 billion dollars annually because
of drug abuse by employees, accord
ing to The Career Development
Center at California State University
in Long Beach. Twenty-five percent
of the Fortune 500 companies are
screening for drugs before hiring and
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON - Higher
defense budgets are necessary to
meet the continuing Soviet military
buildup and because there is "no
prudent way to scale back American
interests around the world," Defense
Secretary Casper Weinberger told
Congress on Monday.
Weinberger's familiar message
came during his first appearance on
Capitol Hill before the new 100th
Congress, in support of President
Reagan's request for a 7.7 percent
increase in military spending at a
time when the administration pro
posed to cut many domestic
The requested $312 billion defense
budget would amount to an actual
3 percent increase after inflation, the
smallest hike sought thus far by
Reagan as part of his program to
Much of the hearing dealt with
U.S. military strategy rather than
specific items in the defense budget.
Sen. Sam Nunn, D-Ga., the new
committee chairman, has called a
series of hearings to try to outline
overall U.S. defense strategy rather
than debate specific weapons.
Still, Weinberger defended several
budget requests, chiefly the admin
istration's proposals to buy two more
Airlmes vie for Loedoo sate
By MICHAEL A. KOLB and
LEE ANN NECESSARY
The U.S. Department of Trans
portation began to hear testimony
Tuesday from four airlines vying for
one of two direct flights to London.
American airlines officials began
testifying in Washington on Wednes
day. Piedmont officials presented
their case, which was endorsed by
Sens. Strom Thurmond, R-S.C, and
Ernest Hollings, D-S.C, last
Two of the airlines serve North
Carolina. American Airlines, based
in Dallas, Texas, wants to bring the
London gateway to their planned
hub at Raleigh-Durham Airport.
Piedmont Airlines, based at
Winston-Salem, wants to bring the
gateway to Charlotte-Douglas Inter
Neither airline has been able to
gain the support of North Carolina's
"We see it as a battle between
Texas and North Carolina, and they
see it as a battle between N.C. cities,"
said Don McGuire, Piedmont spo
kesman. "It's understandable that
(state leaders) want to stay neutral
Piedmont does not have an inter
national flight, while American
90 percent of the remainder of those
businesses are considering a testing
program, according to the Center.
"Twenty to 30 percent of all
companies recruiting here at UNC
have drug-testing programs or at
least plans for one," said Marcia
Harris, director of University Career
Planning and Placement Services.
"The national focus on drug abuse
and Reagan's interest have sparked
a lot of this (drug testing)," she said.
Harris said there has been an 80
percent increase in companies using
drug testing as a part of the pre
employment process since last year.
"In the past, it was very unusual for
private businesses to use the testing,"
Drug testing by recruiters coming
to UNC became evident only at the
beginning of this academic year.
Usually the drug screening con
sists of a urinalysis test given as part
of a physical examination. An
applicant must pass the test before
receiving a job offer, according to
"Applicants are usually given
advance notice of when they'll be
tested," she added.
Numerous businesses that recruit
i&3 - - -- .-i? - a st
y& X -?
- i i y
lillllll: Jlli 1' " llipii-M.
Suzanne Kim, a freshman business and art major ing techniques with a friend in McCorkle Place
from Plymouth, practices some lacrosse throw- Monday afternoon.
By LEE ANN NECESSARY
Kathleen Benzaquin, UNC
assistant dean of students, was the
winner of the "Land Us In Lon
don" essay contest sponsored by
the Greater Durham Chamber of
Commerce and the Raleigh
Durham Airport Authority Gate
way to London task force.
Benzaquin entered the essay
contest, which was to be an
explanation of why Raleigh
Durham Airport should win the
international gateway to London,
Airlines has several. Charlotte
Douglas officials argue that if the
DOT supports the Reagan Admin
istration's deregulation of airlines
plan, then Piedmont should have
their first international flight to
promote competition among the
Steve Meehan, spokesman for the
RDU to London Gateway task
force, a campaign by local business
people and residents to get a London
gateway, called Piedmont's argu
"It's a strange perspective on their
If they give you ruled paper write the o ther way. Jim Enez
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Tuesday, January 13, 1987
onuses drag-testieg rate to
Number of employers reporting
disqualification of applicants
through drug testing and
substance for which disqualified
Number of employers contacted: 140
Phencyclidine (PCP) 19
(Source: The College Placement Council
at UNC say that drug abuse hinders
the possibility of having a safe and
healthful work environment.
One such business, IBM, began its
drug-testing program in June 1984,
said Norman Drews, IBM's College
Relations Representative. "We're
trying to create a drug-free work
environment and we feel responsible
for the safety and health of our
employees," he said.
Texas Instruments, who imple
mented drug testing in October 1986,
to win the prize of two round
trip tickets to London to see Mary
Woodley, her pen pal of 23 years.
Wood ley, now of Cornwall,
and Benzaquin were matched up
at the World's Fair in New York
Benzaquin left for the trip in
November and toured London
for two weeks.
"The trip was very memorable.
We really enjoyed finally meeting
one another after all of these
years." Benzaquin said.
part, that a regulatory agency should
give them this gateway instead of the
decision being based on the airline
and airport that can present the best
case and the lowest prices for
customers," Meehan said.
The London flight is particularly
desirable because London is by far
the most popular European destina
tion, McGuire said.
American Airlines, which has nine
flights out of RDU, will have "about
a hundred flights a day" by Sep
tember of 1987 said Rich Kruszka,
area sales manager for American
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
has not had any applicants test
positive for drugs.
"The drug testing has really been
accepted by the students it's a non
issue with them," said George Berry
man, manager of Corporate College
Relations with Texas Instruments.
Government agencies have also
begun testing job applicants.
"The FBI has been testing only for
three months ever since the
Federal government came down
with the ruling (allowing drug
testing)," said Donna Mize, staffing
assistant for the Charlotte bureau of
Three or four North Carolina
applicants have tested positive and
subsequently were not hired, accord
ing to Mize.
Other businesses and government
agencies have not yet opted for a
A spokeswoman for North Carol
ina Memorial Hospital said that they
have no plans for implementing a
The University does not test for
drugs because incidence is too low
for drug testing to be considered,
said Dan Burleson, assistant person
nel director at UNC.
Airlines. American's RDU hub
should be completed by June 15,
Piedmont has ordered six Boeing
767-200 ER planes for this spring,
with options on another six if it gets
the gateway, McGuire said. The
Boeing 767-200 ER plane is an
extended , range aircraft that could
fly, for example, from Charlotte to
Moscow or Charlotte to Hawaii
nonstop, he said.
North Carolina has no direct
passenger flights to Europe from
either Charlotte-Douglas or RDU.
The "international" in Charlotte
Douglas's name comes from the
international freight flights that
arrive in Charlotte, McGuire said.
McGuire said that about 100,000
people would use the London gate
way from Charlotte in the first year
alone. He said the gateway would
serve six different states including
South Carolina, Tennessee and
Kruszka said that he expects the
DOT to make a recommendation in
about two weeks. The final decision
will be made in March by William
Kane, an administrative law judge
presiding over the hearings for the
DOT. The DOT could award just
one gateway or even hold back both,
but McGuire said that was unlikely.
r-M rf rK
Because of the age group of most
of UNC's staff (25 and over) there
have been no serious problems of
drug abuse, Burleson said.
The CIA still relies on polygraph
testing for background information
on its applicants, according to
Jonathan Kaplan, personnel repre
sentative. "1 don't believe we (CIA)
will (use drug testing) until a decision
is made by the courts," Kaplan said.
Not every company uses drug
screening, but drug-testing laborato
ries have noticed a definite increase
Compuchem Laboratories in
Research Park do urinalysis drug
testing for approximately 25 of the
Fortune 500 companies.
"The general interest level in drug
testing can be attributed to the media
attention on drugs (this summer),"
said Ted Shults, corporate council
Shults said one instance that
attracted media attention was the
death of basketball star Len Bias in
June of last year.
Shults said drug testing is here to
stay and the market place will
control the situation just like a
By KIMBERLY EDENS
The student judicial system was
given an "excellent" rating by more
than 60 percent of instructors who
reported Honor Code violations,
according to the judicial system's
Of the instructors who returned
evaluation forms within the last two
years before the cases they
reported were tried 13.1 percent
rated their overall impression of the
Student Attorney General, his staff,
and the Undergraduate Honor
Court as excellent.
After the cases were tried, the
percent of excellent ratings rose to
64.3 percent. But the percentage of
"very poor" ratings rose from 2.6
percent before instructors' cases were
tried, to 7. 1 percent after.
Increased contact with the system
explains the rise in faculty approval,
said Beth Furr, assistant dean of
students and judicial programs
officer. "The faculty comes out of
the cases with a great deal of respect
for the system, and they know there's
a lot of professionalism among the
students," she said.
Student attorney general Walker
Poole said his main goal is to
increase awareness of the judicial
system, especially within the faculty,
and to improve the perception and
the use of the system.
"What we've found is that people
who refer a case to the student
judicial system most times come
away feeling pretty good about it,"
By JEAN LUTES
Assistant University Editor
Student Body President Bryan
Hassel said Monday he will not run
for a second term so that he can
concentrate on specific issues,
instead of the bureaucratic duties of
"When I left for Christmas, 1 was
pretty sure I was going to run again,"
Hassel said. "I simply liked the job."
But although being student body
president has allowed Hassel to get
involved in student issues, Hassel
said his executive assistants were the
ones who could really concentrate
on individual projects.
"There's so much more to the job
than working on issues I'm interested
in," Hassel said, shuffling the piles
of papers on his desk in Suite C.
"Right now, 1 can be in touch with
a lot of different things, but I can't
take one thing and sink my teeth into
it," he said.
Business Advertising 962-1163
Roche Biomedical Laboratories in
Burlington has experienced a major
increase in companies requesting
drug tests, according to Paula
Wilkie, client services representative;
Although drug testing seems to be
a growing trend, it is creating plenty
of controversy. Some of the tests are
reliable and some are not, said Ellen
Peirce, professor of legal studies at
UNC's Business School.
The general urinalysis test is only
80 percent effective, Peirce said.
"Samples can be lost, tampered with
or mixed up," she said. "There are
even manufacturers that sell drug
free urine samples for people to use."
Garner said the courts could
decide that in certain cases, the drug
tests are unlawful and an invasion
of a person's privacy.
"Drug testing is a fad," Garner
said, "abuse is significant but the
drug tests are only inconveniencing
the majority (those applicants who
do not use drugs)."
For now, students in the job
search will probably have to comply
to companies' drug-testing policies.
No court orders have declared the
general testing by private businesses
to be unconstitutional.
-he said. "If such a situation comes
up again they're not hesitant about
using the system."
Furr also cited lack of awareness
as an explanation for the "poor"
responses. "The poor ratings before
the cases would reflect the media,
rumors and non-involvement," Furr
"About ten years ago the program
was overhauled, but some people are
still biased about what the old system
was like," she said.
Furr also said people gave neg
ative ratings after the proceedings
because they lost their cases. "The
people who check 'poor' or 'very
poor' is reflected in the court not
supporting what they believed," she
The faculty members who return
the evaluations are either very
disgruntled or very positive in their
support of the system, and the report
shows both opinions, Furr said.
Furr said she is working on a
major project to promote and
increase the respect of the judicial
system by holding meetings between
court members and instructors, and
informing new faculty members
about the system.
The court is also now working to
develop experts in different aca
demic departments for cases requir
ing specialized information, Furr
said. The experts would help inter
pret information for the court that
the professor would otherwise be
See COURT page 2
not to ran
Reorganizing the office of student
body president so the office-holders
don't have to do all the paperwork
while executive assistants do all the
project work was one thing Hassel
said he wished he had done during
"The problem is motivating people
to do some of the bureaucratic
tasks," he said. Hassel said he thinks
it's possible for a student body
president to concentrate on specific
projects, but only with the right
"If you could get people involved
to do a mix of jobs, it could work,"
When asked if he had any advice
for this year's student body president
candidates, Hassel said they should
have a theme to tell people why they
are running and what they want to
See HASSEL page 2