I !r.i S!!:c!y, just possible
Cloudy. High 87.
Copyright 1987 The Daily Tar Heel
Vc'.uma 95, Issue 56
Tower of power
T. . ... v.. w. : , . .v.
Clouds drift over Carrboro on Wednesday afternoon, as seen
through the framework of a Duke Power electric line tower
By MICHAEL JACKSON
Memorial Bell Tower will ring
today for 200 seconds to honor
the bicentennial celebration of the
signing of the U.S. Constitution
on Sept. 17, 1787.
The bells will be played at 4 p.m.
by Maj. John Yesulaitis, director .
of the Marching Tar Heels. Yesu
laitis will play a medley of patriotic
songs including "America the
Beautiful," "This is My Country,"
"America" and "God Bless
Lastly, he will play "Hark the
Sound" to tie in the celebration
with the University, he said.
"It's a great privilege for me (to
play the bells)," Yesulaitis said.
"It's wonderful to be a part of such
a great country and to celebrate
with the rest of the United States
to show our joy."
QNC pffoffeoff to
m Boirk committee
By SHEILA SIMMONS
A UNC history professor will
testify Friday before the U.S. Senate
Judiciary Committee during hearings
on Judge Robert Bork's nomination
to the U.S. Supreme Court.
William Leuchtenburg, a William
Rand Kenan professor and one of the
nation's leading authorities on 20th
century American history, will testify
on the importance of the legacy of
civil rights to the nation over the past
But the 64-year-old professor said
Wednesday he's reserving the end of
his testimony for a personal
denouncement of Bork's nomination.
"A good Supreme Court justice
should be open-minded to the sense
of history of the court and sensitive
to the claims of a number of minority
groups," he said.
According to Leuchtenburg, Bork
does not possess these qualities.
"This is a man who has his attitudes
turned backwards," he said. "His
The UNC Department of Bus
iness and Finance arranged for
Yesulaitis to play the bells, follow
ing a request from Chancellor
Christopher Fordham to com
memorate the signing of the
"Everyone has to learn about
liberty and the precious freedom
we enjoy," Fordham said Wednes
day. "I'm glad the University is a
part of this great national celebra
tion of our Constitution."
The bells in the 77-year-old
tower have not been played for
such an occasion since the Olym
pic Torch was carried through
Chapel Hill for the U.S. Olympic
Festival this summer. At that time,
Yesulaitis played the bells for two
Churches and institutions
across the nation have planned
similar events to recognize the
opinion of the court stands outside
the expansion of civil liberties we
have accomplished over the past 60
years. It would be an unfortunate
Some liberals consider Bork, a
conservative, to be a threat to civil
liberties and to the progress blacks
and women have made during the
past three decades.
A former Yale Law School pro
fessor, Leuchtenburg has worked for
a prestigious private law firm and
served on the U.S. Court of Appeals
for the District of Columbia since
Leuchtenburg, who has been teach
ing at the University for the past five
years, was invited to speak by Sen.
Joseph Biden, D-Del., committee
chairman and presidential contender.
A former Duke University and
Columbia University professor of
constitutional law and history,
Leuchtenburg has testified before the
committee on other occasions. He
was part of a 17-member committee
believed as many as six impohible things bejbre br
is a way of Me fe" &s3 sdeoits
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, September 17 , 1987
standing near the Old Well apartments. Today should be partly
cloudy, with a high of 87 degrees.
UppaM time arageacs campiuis police
By KRISTEN GARDNER
Five of the campus police officers
who attended a grievance hearing last
Wednesday said they thought they
would be paid for their time spent
there, even though they were off-duty.
They were especially upset after
discovering that the 12 officers whose
promotions they were protesting
would be paid for time spent in a
meeting about the matter earlier the
But the officers, who have charged
By LAURIE DUNCAN
- Staff Writer
The Soviet Union is on the brink
of radical economic reform that
would take decision-making from the
hands of government managers and
put it into the hands of workers, said
Vassili Presnyako, part of a three
man delegation from the Soviet
Academy of Sciences.
Presnyako spoke Wednesday to
more than 60 students and professors
in Carroll Hall about "Perestroika:
Radical Economic Reform in the
USSR," a plan to improve produc
tivity in the Soviet economy.
appointed in the early 1970s to decide
if certain papers of U.S. senators
should be made public.
His writings about the Supreme
Court have appeared in several law
"I'm not going to speak directly
about Robert Bork," Leuchentburg
said. "I'm going to speak about the
role the Supreme Court has played
in extending the Bill of Rights."
Most Americans, even lawyers, do
not realize that as late as the 1920s,
the Bill of Rights did not guarantee
various freedoms such as freedom of
speech and the press, he said.
In 1931 the Supreme Court began
striking down state laws for violating
rights mentioned in the Bill of Rights,
Leuchtenburg said. Since then, the
court has taken an increasingly active
role in protecting and extending
individual freedoms of the American
"The real question about Bork's
See PROFESSOR page 4
Chapel Hi:!, North Carolina
DTH David Minton
the campus police" department with
racism and favoritism in granting the
promotions, were told they would not
be paid because their attendance was
not mandatory, one of the protesting
officers said Wednesday.
"Why shouldn't we get paid for it?"
asked Officer Keith Edwards. "It
involves the job."
Edwards said she logged the two
hours she spent in the meeting on her
time sheet, but it was returned to her
with a note saying that she could not
be paid for those hours because the
"The main changes in our country
deal with the private, individual
activities of our people," Presnyako
said. By initiating a system of inde
pendent enterprises, people who work
hard can make a profit and will have
money to spend, he said.
The plan, announced by Soviet
leader Mikhail Gorbachev in June
1987, is not a free-enterprise system
like that of the United States. These
businesses must follow strict regula
tions set by the government, said Joel
Schwartz, UNC professor of political
science, after the speech.
"What you're talking about is a
By MARK FOLK
Concerned with high textbook
prices, members of the Black Student
Movement voted at their meeting
Wednesday night to boycott the
Student Stores during the week of
Oct. 2 to 9. '
"The Student Stores are ripping us
off," BSM President Kenneth Perry
said. "Students pay $40 for a $20
book, get $15 back at the end of the
semester, then the stores sell it for
The reason textbook prices are so
high, Perry said, is to allow the
Student Stores to make a profit. After
the profit is made, he said most of
it goes into the University's scholar
"Now, I don't want to do anything
to hurt anybody's scholarship
money," Perry said. "But the Student
Stores are using our money for
someone else's scholarship."
Rutledge Tufts, Student Stores'
general manager, said the store
usually gives $503,000 to the Univer
sity's scholarship fund each year. This
figure, Tufts said; is about half of the
University's Staff Personnel Admin
istration Guides (SPAG Manual) did
not authorize payment.
The manual states that employees
cannot be paid for time spent at
training sessions or other voluntary
meetings, whether they are on- or off
duty. ' But the manual also says "attend
ance is considered required when an
employee is led to believe his or her
working conditions or continued
employment would be adversely
affected" by missing the meeting.
oviet economic Fefform
half-baked free-enterprise system," he
A law was passed that allows
people to form cooperatives and go
into business, giving other citizens
something to spend their profits on,
Cafes are a popular private bus
iness that are attractive to consumers
because their quality is higher than
state cafes, he said.
"(The Soviet Union) is trying to
give more independence to enter
prises," Presnyako said. "As a result
we would like to see more
. . ..-XlWiV."v-Vi-.'
;- v? f
Professor Leuchtenburg In his Hamilton
Today is the 200lh
birthday of the
with the chimes
News Sports Arts 962-0245
store's yearly earnings. The rest of the;
profits are retained by the store.
"The University expects us to.
perform three jobs: pay our way;
provide textbooks and provide scho-I
larship funds," Tufts said. "We try
to be as reasonable as we can about
our book prices." v
Textbook prices are high, . Tufts
said, because book sales make up the
store's only income. He said -he;
thought BSM members should;
explore the issue more fully before,
boycotting the stores. ... I
"I can imagine how they can have
a good grasp on the issue, since they:
haven't done much research on it,"
Tufts said. "There are definitely other:
channels they could go through
before boycotting." ;
He said the BSM should consult
him, or meet with the Student Stores;
Advisory Committee or other cam-:
pus organizations, before implement
ing a boycott.
"We are definitely willing to sit
down with the BSM or any other
jroup and talk to them about this
See BOYCOTT page 7
Although she was told attendance
at the meeting was voluntary,
Edwards said she considered attend
ance to be required because it was
the only way she and the other officers
could hear the University's response
to their grievances.
Robert Sherman, UNC director of
security services, said Tuesday he was
aware that the 12 "appointees" the
officers who received promotions
were being paid for time spent
See POLICE page 4
Under the current Soviet system,
Gosplan the top level of the tiered
government issues directives to
enterprises, which comprise the lower
level of government, said Steven
Rosefielde, UNC professor of eco
nomics, who helped interpret por
tions of Presnyako's speech.
The upper tier issues market
decisions through the directives, such
as pricing and production quotas for
the enterprises, he said.
Under the reforms, Gosplan direc
tors would make suggestions to the
See SPEAKER page 4