2 The Daily Tar HeelWednesday, September 23, 1 987
By LEE ANN NECESSARY
Scientists and public health experts
must communicate with the media to
spread health information to the
public, media and health experts told
about 100 people at a day-long public
health symposium Tuesday at the
"It (the symposium) was an effort
to get people who are in the health
sciences to realize that they have to
let people know what they're doing,
and they need to do that through the
mass media," said Carol Reuss, a
UNC journalism professor who
participated in planning the sympo
sium, "Health Risks in the News.
Using AIDS and passive smoking
as examples, health and . media
experts discussed the news media's
ethics, style and responsibility in
covering health topics.
The conference, sponsored locally
by the UNC School of Journalism
and School of Public Health, began
By MATT BIVENS
When the Southeast Compact
Commission meets Friday, North
Carolina delegates will demand
assurance that other member states
will not break their commitment to
the compact, a delegate said.
The compact is scheduled to meet
Sept 25 in Columbia, S.C. to discuss
the states' commitment to sharing the
responsibilities for building addi
tional low-level nuclear waste dispo
George Miller, one of two N.C.
delegates, said members will discuss
an N.C. law that binds to the com
mission any state using the N.C. waste
site for more than 30 days.
By MATT BIVENS
Although banned 25 years ago
from the UNC campus by former
N.C. Gov. Dan Moore, Frank Wil
kinson has returned.
Forbidden to set foot on the
Carolina campus because of his,
American Haart ffT)
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A Macintosh computer.
And the hand on the right is gripping pure, simple,
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Because Macintosh can help you write term papers,
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of pork-belly prices, compile computer code, and talk to other
And the first 250 people on campus who get behind a
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So head over to your campus computer center today
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journalists discuss issues during symposium
at 9 a.m. with the panelists discussing
the problems involved in covering
passive smoking stories.
During the afternoon session, a
moderator presented a hypothetical
scenario of an AIDS story to the
Some panelists assumed fictitious
roles, including journalists and health
officials, to discuss how the people
might handle the AIDS story.
This technique, called Socratic
dialogue, is used to help people talk
about problems from different angles,
rather than expressing their opinion
only, Reuss said.
The use of role-playing and
answering questions helps to put
these experts in "somebody else's
shoes," Reuss said.
Joe Graedon, WUNC-Radio med
ical talk show host and moderator,
opened the afternoon session with a
scenario of a fictitious school prin
cipal who tested positive for AIDS
anti-bodies. Upset parents asked the
commission meets Friday
Under the law, each state in the
commission has one year to enact
legislation guaranteeing their com
mitment to remain in the commission
after North Carolina opens the
second facility in 1991, Miller said.
A facility is now operating in South
"I think the other states will accept
the North Carolina statute," he said.
If the one-year deadline is not met,
North Carolina will consider it an act
of bad faith and may withdraw from
the commission, he said.
The commission is a group of eight
regional states that have agreed to
maintain a single low-level radioac
tive waste disposal site for the entire
region, moving it to a different
give speech on FBI surveillance
criminal record, Wilkinson gave
speeches to students while standing
just a few feet off campus.
"Hundreds and hundreds of people
turned out," Wilkinson said. "I
probably wouldn't have had a tenth
of them if I hadn't been banned."
Today at 3 p.m. Wilkinson will tell
his story from within the walls of
Manning Hall in a speech sponsored
by the Carolina Committee on Cen
Q Test drive a Macintosh.'fcu may
principal to resign.
The news experts said they would
focus their coverage on the events of
the school board meeting during
which the principal was asked to
resign. The health officials said they
wanted the journalists to explain in
their stories that a positive blood test
does not mean the principal has
Avery Comarow, assistant manag
ing science and technology editor for
U.S. News and World Report,
offered a compromise between the
two by suggesting that a report on
the public meeting be published with
a sidebar about what national health
officials say on the subject.
While fielding questions from the
audience after the scenario discus
sion, the panelists discussed how
reporters who are educated on the
health topics provided more credible
"Having a beat reporter who
knows the topic may be the most
important solution to the problem
member state every 20 years. North
Carolina was selected to replace
South Carolina as the next host state.
The commission's eight members
are North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Missis
sippi, Tennessee and Virginia.
Committees of the compact have
recommended other legislation to
ensure a smooth transition from one
facility to another.
The Host State Identification
Committee voted to require that the
next state be given at least 10 years'
notice before it has to open a new
waste facility for the region, Miller
The Technical Advisory Commit
tee suggested legislation that would
Wilkinson said he will discuss FBI
surveillance of peace activist groups
that oppose the Reagan administra
tion's Central American policies, and
a lawsuit brought against the FBI for
Wilkinson, 74, said the FBI has
been following him from 1942 to
1975. He estimates that they have
spent $17 million following him
throughout the years.
"I learned at. the age of 67 that I
we've been discussing," Comarow
Although reporters should be
knowledgeable about the topic,
health officials should refrain from
using loaded words and scientific
jargon, said Cristine Russell, a
Washington Post science
"It is not the news media's respon
sibility to educate the entire world on
AIDS, but it is our responsibility to
inform and not to misinform,"
Health officials need to learn how
to use electronic media for their
purposes, said Dr. Bruce Dan, senior
editor for the Journal of the Amer
ican Medical Association.
"What we haven't been able to do
very well is get across our message
in the allotted 15 seconds," Dan said.
"As a health official you have instant
credibility. You totally tear down that
credibility by using medical jargon
the public doesn't understand."
require each state in the commission
to gather data on how much low-level
nuclear waste is generated and
disposed of annually, he said.
Miller said both proposals give
continuity to the periodic relocation
of the waste site.
"You've always got to be looking
for the next site (for waste disposal).
It has to be an ongoing process,"
The commission will consider both
proposals at the meeting, he said.
Fears of desertion have not pre
vented North Carolina from estab
lishing a 15-person committee that
has begun a three-year search for a
suitable disposal site, he said.
had been under political surveillance
since I was 28," he said.
Wilkinson served a year in jail in
1958 when, on First Amendment
grounds, he refused to discuss his
political affiliations with members of
the House Committee on Un
American Activities. He is a founder
and former director of the National
Committee Against Repressive Leg
islation, an organization dedicated to
prptecting civil liberties. 7
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Nicaraguan government may
agree on truce with contras
From Associated Press reports
President Daniel Ortega said
Tuesday the government would
start a partial truce and withdraw
troops to designated areas to open
the way to a total cease-fire with
U.S.-supported contra rebels.
"We are working on concrete
actions to make known the first
zones where the cease-fire will be
declared," Ortega said.
The leftist government also
announced that Radio Catolica,
the Roman Catholic Church radio
station, could reopen immediately.
Iran vows to avenge U.S. attack
UNITED NATIONS Iran
ian President Ali Khamenei fumed
at the U.S. "arch-Satan" before the
United Nations Tuesday and
swore Iran would avenge a U.S.
attack on an Iranian ship in the
The U.S. delegation stalked out
in protest after the black-robed
and turbaned Khamenei indicted
the "bullying" United States and
"This is . the beginning for a
series of events, the bitter conse
quences of which shall not be
restricted to the Persian Gulf.
"I declare here, very unambig
uously, that the United States shall
receive a proper response for this
abominable act," the gray-bearded
cleric said in an hour-and-20-minute
speech in Farsi.
Hundreds of angry, dissident
Iranians demonstrated against the
fundamentalist Tehran govern
ment outside the United Nations
building, shouting "Expel Khame
nei from the U.N.! Down with the
criminal, murdering regime!"
"I do not intend to sit by
passively when our country is
insulted, our president pilloried
and the truth trampled," Deputy
U.S. Ambassador Herbert Okun
U.S. defends Naval attack
WASHINGTON U.S. mil
itary forces had shadowed the
For the Record
In a Sept. 4. story, "President,
Congress struggle for influence in
Bork nomination," The Daily Tar
Heel incorrectly reported that Sen.
Terry Sanford, D-N.C, opposed the
" mm f mm---m I
a Honda Scooter.
News in Brief
Iranian ship they attacked Mon
day night for days, waiting for
conclusive evidence the vessel was'
laying underwater mines, Pen
tagon officials said Tuesday.
The officials, who requested
anonymity, said the vessel Iran Ajr
had been tracked by radar and air
for several days as it steamed
through the central gulf towards
Bahrain "because it had been seen
loading suspect devices" before
leaving an Iranian port.
"It was no accident" that U.S.
helicopters from the frigate USS
Jarrett were flying near the Iranian
ship Monday night, using infrared
sensors to monitor its activities,
one official added.
"When we caught them in the
act, we had the evidence we needed
and we moved in," he said.
The Pentagon said three Iran
ians were killed and two were listed
as missing in the attack, while 26
Iranians were rescued, four of
them wounded. It said a Navy
boarding party found 10 mines
aboard the Iran Ajr, a 1,662-ton,
amphibious landing craft.
President Reagan, meantime,
said the U.S. attack on the ship
was clearly authorized by law
because the boat was sowing mines
in international waters.
Hahn says her life is ruined
CHARLOTTE Jessica Hahn
ended two days of testimony
Tuesday in a federal probe of
money paid her following a sexual
encounter with PTL founder Jim
Bakker and said in a magazine
interview,"I hate Jim Bakker for
"You know, two men had me
in one day," Hahn said in a 31
page interview and photo layout
in the November issue of Playboy,
which is due out this week. "I hated
every second of it and it has ruined
nomination of Robert Bork to the
Supreme Court. Sanford had not
made a decision yet. The DTH regrets