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' Copyright 1987 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 95, Issue 75
Seniors and other students gathered on Cameron Avenue
Monday night to watch Chancellor and Mrs. Fordham and senior
Candlelight vigil to protest
By SMITHSON MILLS
Staff Writer "
As part of a nationwide protest to
urge divestment of all funds from
South Africa, a candlelight vigil will
be held tonight at 8 p.m. in front of
the Chapel Hill post office on Frank
The vigil, the brainchild of third
year UNC law student Joel Segal, will
also be held to support political
prisoners, detainees and those slated
for execution in South African jails.
arford gives keynote speech
at University Day ceremonies
By LYNNE McCLINTOCK
The role of the University is to
change the climate of fear and
establish a new era based on courage,
Sen. Terry Sanford, D-N.C, told
about 1,000 people in Memorial Hall
"It is time for us to abandon our
fears," Sanford said. "It is time for
us to use our strength to set the
agenda for peace."
Sanford was the featured speaker
at the University Day Convocation.
The convocation commemorated the
194th anniversary of the laying of the
cornerstone of Old East on Oct. 12,
A new era of courage and new
foreign policy based on courage, not
fear, has come, Sanford said.
History will record that the United
States is at the end of an era, he said,
and a swing toward freedom and
democracy is near.
By MARK FOLK
National and local research offi
cials agree that research fraud is a
potentially lucrative crime, given the
millions of dollars funneled into
research projects each year.
But in recent interviews, research
officials said they dont think fraud
is much of a problem at most
"Research fraud is very, very rare,"
said Jim Brown, director of the
National Science Foundation's Div
ision of Molecular Biological Scien
ces. "I've seen maybe five cases of
fraud in 20 years."
Of these five cases, Brown credited
the fraud in each one to carelessness.
It will call for divestment from
Namibia, a territory of South Africa.
About 50 similar vigils will take
place simultaneously at colleges
across the country.
Segal, a member of the protest
group Action Against Apartheid
(AAA), said students from other
North Carolina schools and com
munities are expected to participate
in the Chapel Hill vigil.
AAA member Dale McKinley said
representatives from the South Afri
"We must have a courageous, not
a fearful, foreign policy," Sanford
"America is not a nation of weak
lings," he said. "We are strong enough
to take the risk. We are strong enough
to accept Gorbachev in good faith."
Sanford said the Soviets have had
to face the failure of communism. "Ir
has failed because our idea was better
than their idea."
The Soviet Union has concluded
that it can never be a first-rate nation
without freedom of people and of
enterprise, Sanford said.
The communist failure has "created
an unparalleled opportunity for the
United States," Sanford said, and the
United States can use the opportunity
to help the Soviet Union ease into
world economics on U.S. terms.
"We (politicians) must learn there
is no reason for Americans to be
afraid of the Soviet Union or anyone
else," he said.
Research at UNC
Monday: Past and Present
Tuesday: Funding and Fraud
Wednesday: Private Industry
Thursday: Student Researchers.
Friday: Conflict with Teaching
"In just about all of the five cases,
the researchers got themselves in
trouble by not re-checking their
findings enough," Brown said. "I feel
that carelessness is probably the main
People have one thing in common:
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Tuesday, October 13, 1987
class officials present the 1988 graduating class gift to the
University spotlights for the Old Well.
can Namibian JSupport Group, the
Rainbow Coalition and the Black
Student Movement may participate
in the vigil.
The vigil has a dual strategy,
"One strategy is to release political
prisoners in South African jails," he
said, "and the other strategy is to call
attention to the entrenched racism
that takes place in this country."
See VIGIL page 5
"The prospect of universal freedom
is so dazzling that we could only think
of it in a moment of disbelief."
Sanford said his concern is that as
a nation, the United States does not
quite believe that freedom is an
attainable worldwide goal U.S.
citizens do not quite believe in
"Is there no courage left?" he asked.
He said it takes no courage to
brandish arms, to show military
strength to "beat up on a little nation"
or to send the U.S. Navy to seas where
oil supplies are not being endangered. ,
Arms are needed only to make
attacking the United States unthin
kable, Sanford said.
He received a standing ovation at
the conclusion of his speech.
During the convocation, members
of Action Against Apartheid entered
Memorial Hall carrying signs and
See SANFORD page 3
rare at most eniiversiitiies9 oitraals say
reason why most fraud is committed
Tom Scott, director of the Univer
sity's Office of Research Services,
agreed. He said he hasn't seen a case
of fraud at UNC since he came here
19 years ago.
"I'm not saying that research fraud
isn't a big problem; I just haven't seen
it here," Scott said. "Although a lot
of research fraud is probably caused
by carelessness, I'm sure some of it
is done intentionally."
Scott cited tenure, ego and prestige
as reasons why some researchers may
commit fraud intentionally.
"Since scientists are so enormously
competitive, they tend to do things
not in their best interests," Scott said.
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
tuidents to vote
in congress ram-off electioin
By JUSTIN McGUIRE
A run-off election between
sophomores Christopher Gould
and James Horton will be held
today to determine who will repres
ent District 15 in Student Congress.
Julie Miller, chairwoman of the
Elections Board, said the run-off
is necessary because neither candi
date received 50 percent of the vote
in last Tuesday's election. A poll
Chancellor Fordham and U.S.
"They may do these things as a way
to get ahead of the rest of their field."
Although there have been several
research fraud cases in the past few
years, one of the more recent ones
involved a psychologist at the Uni
versity of Pittsburgh. After a three-and-a-half-year
investigation, a panel
appointed by the National Institute
of Mental Health found that the
psychologist "knowingly, willingfully
and repeatedly engaged in deceptive
practices in reporting results of
Many fraud cases, such as the one
involving the psychologist at Pitts
burgh, never receive national atten
tion since they are uncovered at the
local level. Scott attributed this to the
they are all different. Robert
By SHEILA SIMMONS
Reports released last week by 13
UNC-system schools show a general
improvement in admission policies,
academic preparation and graduation
rates of student athletes.
"The progress continues," accord
ing to a memo from the UNC system's
General Administration office.
The batch of reports, which out
lines the operations of intercollegiate
athletics, stemmed from the Board of
Governors' concern that an excessive
number of student athletes were being
admitted as exceptions to the min
imum admission requirements that
apply to all freshmen.
Since the Board of Governors
(BOG) investigated the situation in
1985, UNC-system schools have
worked to decrease the number of
student athletes admitted as excep
tions to the admission standards set
by each school.
site will be open from 10:30 a.m.
to 7 p.m. for voters in Ehringhaus
Run-off elections in three other
districts were possible, Miller said,
but will not take place for various
In District 18, nine candidates
received one write-in vote each,
Miller said. All nine were con
tacted, and only juniors Clyde
Moore and Charles Balan
Sen. Terry Sanford lead the University Day procession Monday
many steps involved for research
proposals to reach the agencies that
At UNC, a researcher's proposal
for a project must first receive
clearance from the department
involved. After clearing the depart
ment, the proposal is sent either to
the vice chancellor or to the provost.
Then it goes to the Office of Contracts
and Grants and, finally, to Scott's
research office for final approval.
"Virtually every research proposal
that leaves this University comes
through my office," Scott said. "If
something isn't caught before it gets
out of the particular department, then
we will usually catch it."
Once a proposal clears the Univer
News Sports Arts 962-0245
From 1980 to 1984, UNC-Chapel
Hill annually admitted an average of
17 student athletes as exceptions. The
number decreased to eight in 1986
and to seven in 1987.
East Carolina University and N.C
State University showed admission
exception averages of 25 and 14
respectively, from 1980 to 1984. ECU
admitted 11 exceptions in 1986, but
15 in 1987. N.C. State reported seven
exceptions in 1986, and the same
number in 1987. v
Arthur Padilla, associate vice
president of academic affairs at UNC
CH, said in a university memo the
trends were "similarly encouraging"
for other schools in the system.
Some of the schools reported
tremendous declines in percentages of
freshmen football and men's basket
ball players whose math and verbal
SAT scores totaled less than 700.
See REPORTS page 3
"expressed a desire to run. Balan has
since conceded the. election to
Senior H.F. Watts, with 22
write-in votes, and senior Scott
Rankin, with six write-in votes,
would have competed in a run-off
for District 17, but Rankin con
ceded the election to Watts.
Watts said he plans to address
See RUNOFF page 3
sity, it then goes to the appropriate
agency. Scott said that each agency
has a different process for deciding
whether or not to grant the proposal.
Samuel Joseloff, chief of the
National Institute of Health's Office
of Grant Inquiries, said the NIH uses
a dual review system for deciding
which proposals to grant.
"We bring in experts in the field
about three times a year not only to
review the proposal for scientific
merit, . but also to see if it is in our
best interests to fund it," Joseloff said.
"If there is fraud in any proposal sent
to us, then we will more than likely
See RESEARCH page 2 :
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