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'Copyright 1987 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 95, Issue 93
I 'cs-' 5 V
I i -L. S j,
v DTHJulie Stovall
Tree for two
Freshmen Paul Dawson and Lee Anne Coggins weather by skipping their English class to climb
decided to enjoy Monday's unseasonably warm a tree in front of the Alumni Building.
Deadly AIDS vires originated M Africa, scientists say
By DONNA LEINWAND
State & National Editor
In 1979, a New York man first
noticed purplish splotches on his
arms and legs. In 1980, this young
That same year, two other young
men developed the odd splotches,
accompanied by fatigue and fever.
One had swollen lymph glands.
Doctors diagnosed the spots as
Kaposi's sarcoma, a rare but mild
cancer found usually in older men of
Mediterranean descent. Soon after
the diagnosis, the two young men
When the Centers for Disease
Control (CDC) in Atlanta published
a bulletin noting the outbreak of five
cases of another rare disease, Pneu-
NCNB official says
are misleading, false
By JUSTIN McGUIRE
Charges by anti-apartheid activists
that NCNB Corp. has "close ties"
with the government of South Africa
and other foreign governments are
not true, an NCNB official said
Rusty Page, a senior vice president
at NCNB, said some of the claims
made by Action Against Apartheid
members during a protest Friday are
misleading, while others are lies.
Members of AAA picketed outside
NCNB's Franklin Street office Fri
day, and they are asking bank
customers to withdraw their accounts
As reasons for their action against
the bank, the group members alleged
that NCNB has $73 million in out
standing loans to South Africa,
maintains an NCNB office in Johan
nesburg and has made loans to the
governments of Guatemala and El
Monday: Defining the virus
Tuesday: Tracing its origin
Wednesday: One man's story
Thursday: Teaching the risks
Friday: The politics of AIDS
mocystis pneumonia, in Los Angeles,
doctors began to notice that the
unusual diseases affected people with
depressed immunity, a syndrome now
But in 1981, doctors didn't know
what to call it.
A tragic clue came in August 1981,
But Page said these allegations are
"NCNB has done no new business
in South Africa since 1985 and we
have no office in South Africahe
said. "So why are these people
walking in circles around our bank?"
NCNB still has $73 million in
outstanding loans to South African
businesses because the South African
government has placed a moratorium
on companies' repayments of princi
pal loans, Page said.
"The money owed to NCNB is not
being repaid because the government
will not let them pay it back," he said.
But AAA member Dale McKinley
said NCNB has restructured the
loans, giving the South African
companies more favorable terms of
repayment. McKinley said these facts
have been confirmed by the National
See PROTEST page 7
the King of Rome, and above
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Tuesday, November 10, 1987
when the CDC reported 70 more
people who contracted the two
diseases. Gay and bisexual men
accounted for 94 percent of the cases.
Doctors found few links between
the victims other than homosexuality.
Most were young men who showed
signs of weak, or depressed, immune
systems. The men lacked the immu
nological mechanisms to fight two
diseases that rarely threatened the
Researchers, clinging to the only
common factor they had, quickly
stamped it GRID Gay Related
"At that time, the gay community
was so in the dark, there may have
been some belief that it was (a gay
disease)," said Mark Donahue, editor
Dr. Ruth Westheimer speaks
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Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By STEPHANIE MARSHALL
The Student Television station
manager said Monday that he plans
to sign a contract with National
College Television by Friday, a move
that will allow STV to offer more
hours and variety in programming.
Starting Jan. 18, STV viewers will
be able to watch eight additional
hours of programming, according to
Don Harris, STV station manager.
STV currently offers three hours of
programming a week.
Executive Producer Tim McMillan
said the new programming schedule
will go into effect Jan. 18.
Harris said the additional broad
cast time will increase student aware
owe roolke stn
for sfadeirt's attacker
By LYDIAN BERNHARDT
Chapel Hill police said Monday
they have no suspects in their inves
tigation of an assault against a female
UNC student at the Beta Theta Pi
fraternity house this weekend.
"It's really too soon in the inves
tigation to have any definite leads,"
Capt. Ralph Pendergraph of the
Chapel Hill Police Department said.
"There is .a lot of incomplete infor
mation from the investigation."
A tall, black man assaulted a 19-year-old
sophomore early Sunday
morning . in the basement of the
According to a fraternity member
who asked to remain unidentified, the
assault occurred between 3:30 a.m.
and 4 a.m. Sunday. The victim was
checked into the emergency room of
of Lambda, the Carolina Gay and
Lesbian Association's newsletter. "I
don't think any gay activists thought
it was a disease that evolved because
of their gayness. It didn't have to be
labeled (by the doctors) to have the
stigma stick to the disease. Just
because of the start-up point, people
thought of it as a gay disease."
But more than five years later, as
the same diseases threaten the hete
rosexual population, scientists have
discarded the notion of a gay disease.
Scientists, looking to Central
Africa for the origins of Acquired
Immune Deficiency Syndrome, have
found a virus resembling the AIDS
virus in African Green Monkeys.
"The most current theory is that
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
in Memorial Hall Monday night
ol&inis to iota
ness of STV. The STV staff hopes
to take advantage of that raised
awareness, he said, to raise more
funds for the purchase of needed
equipment and additional broadcast
STV now broadcasts from 10 p.m.
to 1 1:15 p.m. on Monday, and repeats
the show on Wednesday. The pro
grams broadcast by STV include
"Campus Profiles," a news and sports
show; "Off the Cuff," a comedy show;
and "General College," a campus
The NCTV network will provide
additional programming on Monday
and Wednesday from 6 p.m. to 10
p.m. STV will not have to pay for
the NCTV programming, which is
N.C. Memorial Hospital at 7:09 a.m.
and released at 2:30 p.m. after being
treated for bruises.
The victim was bruised and shaken
but not raped, Pendergraph said.
It's unlikely that an arrest will be
made immediately, Pendergraph
said. "These cases usually take a long
time," he said. "We have to walk a
fine line between the victim's welfare
and the progress of the investigation.
We will have to go back and question
the victim about his (the attacker's)
appearance and the details of the
incident later, when she has recovered
from the shock."
The progress of the investigation
depends on the victim's ability to
work with police, he said. "Caring for
the victim is our primary concern
The victim was found by two
(which causes AIDS) mutated from
a simian immunodeficiency virus,"
said Dr. Jared Schwartz, chairman
of the state Medical Society AIDS
Task Force and a physician at
Presbyterian Hospital in Charlotte.
"It was probably some mutation in
the African Green Monkey virus that
enabled it to be transferred to
Mutating viruses, though rare, are
not impossible, Schwartz said, citing
swine flu, which affected pigs in the
early 1900s. In the late 1970s, a strain
of flu resembling swine flu caused
problems for humans, he said.
Although the virus in monkeys
does not exactly mimic the AIDS
virus, it seems closely related,
By KIMBERLY EDENS
Assistant University Editor
Dr. Ruth Westheimer says sex
The more than 1,600 people in
Memorial Hall Monday night who
listened to the nationally syndi
cated sex therapist seemed to
"I believe human sexuality has
to be taught with humor," Wes
theimer told the audience. She
used that humor to address serious
sexual issues, such as AIDS,
abortion and birth control.
"I believe the more we educate,
the less we will need sex thera
pists," she said. "Sex is and ought
to remain a private matter. But we
have to start with the attitude that
it is natural and it is healthy."
Westheimer said she is opposed
to laws that would force author
ities to inform parents if their
children try to obtain birth
"If we get a 'squeal law' on the
books, it will be a catastrophe,"
sponsored by national advertisers.
STV operates on a tight budget,
Harris said, since it is not allowed
to raise money by selling advertising
spots on its student-produced
"We have so many students who
want to join and we have very limited
equipment and programs," Harris
said. "Our equipment is so old that
it is breaking down weekly."
He said he plans to ask Student
Congress to include a referendum on
campus election ballots in February
that would raise more funds for STV.
Although the referendum has not
been written yet, Harris said it would
See STV page 2
71 H O
fraternity brothers after the attack,
when she came upstairs from the
basement bathroom, crying. The two
men took her home, where the desk
assistant at her residence hall called
the area director and the police. She
was then taken to the hospital.
"Nobody really knows what to
think," the fraternity member said.
"Nothing even close to this has ever
happened here before. We're all
According to the source, the
basement is composed of a kitchen,
a dining room and bathrooms that
are usually used by women visiting
the house. The assault took place
close to the bathrooms.
The victim came to the fraternity
fairly often, the fraternity member
See ASSAULT page 2
He said people may have con
tracted the virus if they used the
monkey as a food source or came in
contact with its bodily fluid when
using it for scientific research.
A manhood ritual involving the
monkey blood may have introduced
the mutated virus into the Central
African population, said Dr. Don
Chaplin, a member of the state
Medical Society Task Force on
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and
Scientists believe the mutation
occurred in the early 1960s, and
diplomats, Peace Corps volunteers
and tourists carried it back to the
, United States, Schwartz said.
See AIDS page 4
she said. "The young person who
can tell his parent, '1 am going to
have sex and want to be protected,'
is not going to be affected. The
young person whose parent might
say, 'I'm going to kill you' or 'I'm
not going to pay your tuition' is
going to be affected, and we will
have rnany more unwanted
AIDS must be addressed as a
serious threat to society, rather
than as a disease caused by homo
sexuals, she said.
"I do not waste a moment of
my time blaming one group or
another," she said. "We must raise
money in order to find a cure and
to take care of those who are
afflicted with that dreadful
But AIDS should be part of
comprehensive sex education, she
"I do not want to see just AIDS
education," she said. "I want to
See DR. RUTH page 6