Beat Dook Parade
today at 3 p.m.
O O 4
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1987 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 95, Issue 100
Thursday, November 19, 1987
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1163
I've got sunshine
on a cloudy day
Mostly cloudy. High 55.
By LYNNE McCLINTOCK
Minority recruiting efforts at UNC need
to continue and improve, students and
faculty said this week in response to the
recently released Board of Governors'
report showing a decline in the University's
UI anticipate (that) with some sincere
recruitment efforts, enrollment will go up,"
said Kenneth Perry, president of the Black
But the University needs to concentrate
on attracting quality black students, not
just on filling a quota, he said.
Perry said UNC needs a program of
scholarship incentives for minority stu
dents. The BSM plans to submit a proposal
to Chancellor Christopher Fordham
suggesting scholarships for qualified
minority students, he said.
But Student Body President Brian
Bailey said minority recruitment is not the
answer to UNC's declining enrollment. The
campus needs to be integrated, he said.
"The friendliest campus to minority
students is where they are accepted," Bailey
said. "We've got to start with getting
everything well integrated."
Edith Wiggins, vice chancellor of student
affairs, said some universities offer minor
ity students special scholarships. But at
UNC, most minorities receive financial aid
through the student aid office, rather than
through specially tailored scholarships, she
"UNC is in competition for talented
black students," Wiggins said.
Retaining minority students is another
problem, she said. Although minority
students leave school for the same reasons
as white students, it's important to keep
all the minority students because fewer of
them enter school, she said.
"Once students get here, all of us can
make sure our environment is truly
receptive to a diverse student body,"
As more minority students graduate
from UNC with good experiences, she said,
more will want to come and experience
UNC for themselves.
See ENROLLMENT page 3
Year Black Total black
1980 1,650 21,205 7.78
1986 1,735 22,625 7.67
1987 1,703 22,775 7.48
Total Enrollment of the 11
Predominantly White Schools
1980 7,481 101,099 7.40
1986 9,434 . 111,903 8.43
1987 9,369 114,054 8.21
Source: University of North Carolina Fall
Headcount Enrollment by Institutions and
Race. 1972. 1980-1987. Released by the
UNC-system Board of Governors.
Pretrial Itoeairme tneld ie rape cae
By ANDREA SHAW
A district court judge will determine
today whether there is probable cause to
set a trial date for two UNC students
accused of second-degree rape of a female
student at the Sigma Phi Epsilon house.
The case will go to trial if the judge rules
that evidence indicates the alleged crime was
committed and that the men charged did
The hearing is continuing after a five
hour hearing Wednesday, when Bradley
Douglas Bowers, 20, and Frederick Har
rison, 20, both of 207 W. Cameron Ave.,
listened to testimony about the Aug. 20
. The plaintiff, a 20-year-old junior,
testified she was drunk at the time of the
rape. She said she was walking from West
Cameron Avenue toward Whitehead Res
idence Hall on South Columbia Street when
three men on the steps of the Sigma Phi
Epsilon house called out to her.
"I was walking and they started making
jokes, saying I was walking like through
a land mine," the victim said.
She walked over to the house and later
went inside with one of the men, whom
she said was Frederick Harrison. She said
she felt sick and went directly to the
See HEARING page 2
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Carolina Fever members Jennifer Miller the upcoming Beat Dook rally and
and Caroline Garden paint banners for Saturday's football game.
Aid cuts may force stadeets to FeiWok college Invoices
By HELEN JONES
State educational officials agree
that financial aid programs have a
future, but most are reluctant to
predict an optimistic one.
The proposed 8.5 percent cut in
federal financial aid, which Congress
will vote on at the end of this week,
may affect several important sources
of aid, according to Ann Berlam,
director of the Division of Federal
Assistance in the N.C. State Depart
ment of Public Instruction.
Berlam said programs whose fund
ing level is set by Congress each year
could be cut to help reduce the federal
deficit. Such programs include Pell
Grants, work-study and National
Direct Student Loans. v
The Guaranteed Student Loan
(GSL) program should be secure,
Berlam said, because a law must be
changed to alter the amount of money
appropriated for GSLs.
MI don't think Congress would ever
totally end these programs," Berlam
The financial aid issue raises
questions about who has the respon
sibility to pay for a student's college
education, what impact part-time
jobs have on the college experience
and how heavy debts affect students
Among students and officials
interviewed, opinions varied on who
is responsible for paying for a college
Senior Bryan Hassel, member of
Students for Educational Access, said
parents shouldn't be expected to pay
for everything. Society as a whole
benefits from education, so the
government should help pay for those
who need financial help to attend
school, he said.
Glen Martin, coordinator of train
ing for UNC's Student Development
and Counseling Center, agreed. The
government has a responsibility to
provide funds, he said, especially to
middle-class children who often must
pay for their own college educations.
"The things they do after gradua
tion benefit a lot of people," Martin
But Edward Bergman, professor of
the Department of City and Regional
Planning, expressed a different opin
ion. He said upper- and middle
income families should receive loans
rather than grants from the federal
The government has more of a
responsibility to low-income families,
he said. Spending more aid on
middle-income families is an unaffor
dable luxury, he said.
Many agreed that students who
work part-time, 10-20 hours a week,
benefit from the experience because
their jobs give them valuable expe
rience and teach them to organize
their time more efficiently.
However, Martin said working
more than 20 hours a week increases
stress and interferes with academic
Sometimes students who work
long hours are denied the benefits of
But junior history major Cleo
Manuel, who works part-time at the
Student Stores, said she likes the
independence her job gives her.
"I think it makes me take things
more seriously because I'm not
wasting my parents' money," Manuel
said. "I'd be wasting mine."
Michael Hunt, a UNC history
professor, said he has noticed a
definite increase in the number of
students working this year. And many
are putting in long hours, he said.
"I can't see how someone can carry
classes, have some kind of recre
ational life and work 20 hours a
week," Hunt said.
Another concern is the increasing
number of students who are forced
to borrow large amounts of money,
possibly producing a generation of
heavily indebted students.
Frederic Schroeder, dean of stu
dents, said students should be better
informed about payback schedules
for student loans.
Often students' first jobs pay less
than they anticipate, Schroeder said,
so they get a real shock when they
realize how much of their paychecks
must be used to pay off their loans.
M artin, a counselor who earned his
doctorate in 1982 and will not
complete his loan payments until
1992, said he and most of his friends
owe substantial amounts of money.
He also raised an interesting point
about his responsibilities to his
"How am I supposed to save
money for them when I'm still paying
for my loans?"
Middle-income families are hit
hardest by the need to borrow
heavily, according to Lee Monroe,
Gov. Jim Martin's senior education
New regulations make it much
harder to qualify for need-based aid,
Another important issue in finan
cial aid is the long-term effect of
educational budget cuts.
Monroe said the cuts in federal aid
could have detrimental long-term
effects. "The cuts tend to weaken the
internal defenses of our country,"he
Most people think in terms of
external defense, Monroe said, but
he said education is important to
maintain a country's resistance to
"A well-educated population will
be committed to the values and goals
of the country," he said.
Also, some officials say the cuts
have already reduced enrollment of
minorities and students from low
"If you believe in a society with
equal opportunity, that ought to
bother you," said Economics Depart
ment Chairman Stanley Black.
See STUDENT AID page 7
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- - -
Activist works to solve
the plight off the homeless
Mitch Snyder speaks to students in Hamilton Hall
By LYNNE McCLINTOCK
Political activist Mitch Snyder asked the
audience in Hamilton Hall Wednesday night
to imagine a large fire in New York City
that would drive 50,000 people from their
The community would band together to
make sure all the homeless had food and
a safe place to stay the night, he said. The
mayor would declare a state of emergency,
and the victims would not be homeless for
Today, at least 60,000 people are living
on the streets in New York City, Snyder said.
"What difference does it make how they got
out there?" r
He said those people have just as much
need to be housed as those in the fire
AH people have a responsibility to become
legitimately involved in efforts to house the
homeless, Snyder told the 200-member
"The question that all of us face is: 'What
does it take for each of us to do our share
in the creation of a better world?' " Snyder
Students cannot put off answering that
question, he said, because as soon as they
realize the difference between right and
wrong they have an obligation to act.
Snyder, who spoke as part of Human
Rights Week 7, takes his obligation to act
seriously. He gave up a lucrative position
as a management consultant on Madison
Avenue to live in shelters for the homeless
in Washington, D.C.
A member of the Community for Creative
Nonviolence (CCN V), Snyder was in the 1 1th
day of a fast to protest the building of a
wall around the subway stations in Washing
ton, D.C. The Gate of Shame would bar
homeless people from the station.
"We must be proximate to the people that
are suffering," he said.
Most people don't really see the homeless,
Snyder said. "If they did, they would have
to question who are these people and where
did they come from."
He said people must act as if the person
sitting out on the street in the cold is their
See SNYDER page 4
Few minorities work
in academic positions
at UNC9 report says
By SMITHSON MILLS
If you are a minority employee for
UNC, the odds are good that you
have a low-paying service or main
tenance job. According to a report
published in December 1986 by
UNC's Department of Institutional
Research, minorities fill more than 80
percent of the 833 full-time service
maintenance positions at UNC.
Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs
Garland Hershey, who oversees
about half of the academic positions
at UNC, acknowledges that minority
academic hiring at UNC is extremely
The University maintains contacts
with minority institutions and often
recruits for positions from institu
tions with large minority faculties,
Hershey said in a recent interview.
"We have recently given more
attention to encouraging minorities in
our own graduate and professional
schools to pursue academic careers
generally and at UNC specifically,"
he sa! "
UNC employs 1,555 minorities in
full-time positions. Forty-three per
cent 668 of them are employed
in service maintenance positions.
About 8 percent, or 121, are
employed as instructional faculty.
In fiscal year 1987, the University
had 108 minority faculty out of 1,687
tenured or tenure-track employees for
a 6.4 percent minority total, accord
ing to the September 1987 Faculty
Review prepared by UNC's Affirma-;
tive Action Office. All tenure or
tenure-track positions are held by
professors, associate professors or
Black Student Movement Presi-;
dent Kenneth Perry said the low.
minority faculty numbers were no
surprise to him and were a reflection
See REPORT page 6
Pray for the dead, and fight like hell for the living.