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From museums to campsites,
we've got your Spring Break
It's only a
week 'til Bruce.
Happy Thursday anyway.
Partly-sunny. High 42.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
-e Copyright 1988 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 95, Issue 138
Thursday, February 25, 1988
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Ringing in the year
To celebrate the Chinese Year of the Dragon, students from
Taiwan and mainland China performed the traditional Chinese
Professors concerned abort
By HELEN JONES
Inadequate University faculty
salaries and fringe benefits are
making it hard to recruit and main
tain good professors at UNC, accord
ing to the Faculty Welfare Committee
William Turnier, UNC law profes
sor, said Wednesday he is also
concerned that senior professors may
feel forced to continue working
because their retirement benefits are
A law eliminating1 a mandatory
retirement age will go into effect in
1994, so more senior professors may
continue teaching out of economic
necessity, Turnier said.
Having a large number of faculty
beyond conventional retirement age
Report recommends more
By LYDIAN BERNHARDT
To fight a shortage of black faculty
members at UNC, the University
should work to recruit more black
students for doctoral degree pro
grams and provide competitive salar
ies for black faculty members, accord
ing to a report released by a Faculty
The report, prepared by the
Faculty Council's Committee on
Black Faculty, was presented to the
council at a meeting last Friday.
BSM holds Pit rally
to promote activism
By LAURA PEAY
Black student activism at UNC has
declined in the last year and must
increase, Black Student Movement
(BSM) President Kenneth Perry told
about 125 students at a rally in the
Perry said the rally served two
purposes: To make students aware of
the activities this weekend for Dis
covery, and to motivate black stu
dents to become more active.
"We need to get everyone back to
the fuel pump again," he said.
Ever since the BSM march to
South Building for divestment in
South Africa on April 3, 1987, the
largest black protest in UNC history,
activism has declined, Perry said. He
said he does not want black students
to be perceived as apathetic.
"We need to pull up to the pumps
again for energy," he said.
At the rally, Perry played Martin
Luther King's "I Have a Dream"
j speech, and then introduced the
' members of the Discovery committee.
jThis program the BSM's largest
of the year may motivate black
students to become more involved,
Amanda Thompson, coordinator
of Discovery, said that the rally will
could significantly lower the level of
creativity and innovation in the
classroom, Turnier said.
Also, paying senior faculty
members would cost the University
more than hiring new junior profes
sors, he said.
But faculty at retirement age
cannot be expected to stop working
if the benefits are inadequate, Turnier
Timothy Sanford, director of
institutional research and faculty
benefits, said Wednesday that UNC
faculty members are split equally
between the two types of pension
plans they may choose.
The Teachers' and State
Employees' Retirement Service
(TSERS) is the plan offered to all
state employees in North Carolina,
Like black student enrollment,
percentages of black faculty members
at UNC are very low compared to
the percentage of blacks in North
Carolina's population, according to
an Affirmative Action report on
minority faculty for 1984-87.
There are 55 black faculty members
at UNC, 18 of whom are full pro
fessors, according to the Affirmative
Campbell McMillan, a pediatrics
professor who is acting chair of the
Committee on Black Faculty,
motivate people and make them
aware of their plans for the weekend.
The Discovery program will take
place Feb. 26-28 and is aimed to make
black students more aware of the
contributions of black culture to
On Friday, Feb. 26, there will be
showings of the film "Hollywood
Shuffle" at 6 and 9 p.m. Robert
Townsend will be present to discuss
his role in the making of the film.
Janet Roach, coordinator of the
black film series, said the film deals
with discrimination against blacks in
the film industry.
"Townsend addresses the negative
protrayals of blacks in film," she said.
"He does a satire of that in his movie
'Hollywood Shuffle.' "
On Saturday, Feb. 27, there will
be a full day of events, including
discussions on blacks in education,
media and politics. On Sunday, Black
Women United will sponsor a
The Discovery program is four
years old, but this is the first year
that the events will last for more than
one day. She said that the purpose
of the program is for alumni and
students to plan an agenda for future
How wonderful opera would be if
a w r tut
lion dance in the Student Union's Great Hall Wednesday night.
The audience also enjoyed a Chinese dinner.
and the University contributes 11.2
percent of the employees' salary for
benefits, Sanford said.
The pension amount for the
TSERS plan is based on the length
of service and the highest average 48
months' salary, Sanford said.
The other pension plan offered to
faculty members is the Teachers'
Insurance and Annuity Association
College Retirement Equities Fund
(TIAA-CREF), he said.
With this plan, the University
contributes only six percent of the
employee's salary toward a pension.
The money is then invested by TIAA
CREF, a nationwide, private non
profit corporation that provides
pensions for college faculty.
One of the reasons some professors
choose TIAA-CREF over the state
expressed concern over the low
"About 25 percent of the North
Carolina population is black, so to
have perfect representation, 25 per
cent of the faculty should also be
black. Now, well under five percent
of the faculty is black," he said.
Academic departments should
work to ensure that at least 50 percent
of black students in doctoral pro
grams at UNC graduate, the report
said. It also said that 10 percent of
each class entering graduate school
Mike Crawford (center) sits with
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pension plan is that the nationwide
network allows them to transfer their
benefits to another state if they leave
UNC, Sanford said.
Harry Amana, associate professor
of journalis.n, said Wednesday that
he thinks there is a consensus among
most faculty members that the Uni
versity's salary and benefits system is
He said he is particularly concerned
about the limited insurance coverage
and the lack of sabbatical programs.
'?If you added a comprehensive
dental plan and a sabbatical, 1 think
you'd hear cheers across campus,"
Most universities allow tenured
professors who have worked five to
See BENEFITS page 5
recraitieg of black faculty
in doctoral degree programs should
be black students.
About 30 doctoral degrees were
awarded to blacks out of 311 total
degrees granted in 1987. Blacks
comprised five percent of graduate
The faculty report outlined three
approaches to increase the number
of black faculty members at UNC in
this year's report, which is similar to
one that was released last year.
. First, the report recommended that
black faculty who already hold
protesters in front of South Building
there were no
By BARBARA LINN
At an emotionally-charged School
of Education faculty meeting Wed
nesday, faculty members expressed
anger and frustration at the Univer
sity administration and the school's
In response to the faculty's frus
tration, Frank Brown, dean of the
School of Education, said he was
"shackled" by University
Julio George, School of Education
professor, said, "There is concern
with a dean who admits his function
is to do what his superiors tell him
to do. Is that the role of a dean?"
The frustration arose after faculty
members said revisions to a 1987
administrative task force report were
ignored due to a lack of commun
ication and strong leadership within
The report, conducted by an 11
member task force from within the
School of Education and other
departments, recommended organi
zational and leadership changes in the
School of Education.
The task force, chaired by political
science department chairman
Richard Richardson, recommended
changing the mission of the school
to focus on education in grades
kindergarten through 12. It also
suggested eliminating some graduate
programs and reducing the number
of graduate students enrolled in the
Provost Samuel Williamson said at
the meeting he planned to accept the
recommendations made in the orig
doctoral degrees be recruited from
other institutions. This is particularly
important since the number of black
doctoral graduates is so small, the
report said. Vacancies in the depart
ments of biology, English and history
are excellent opportunities to recruit
distinguished black faculty, the report
Also, the report recommended that
the University identify the depart
ments where black faculty members
are needed and recruit qualified black
students for doctoral programs in
protest parking costs
By JENNY CLONINGER
UNC students and employees
met in front of South Building
Wednesday to protest the high
cost of parking permits and the
limited parking space at UNC, but
feelings and turnout were not very
intense after recent administration
response to the problem, protest
After the UNC administration
announced plans to hold public
opinion forums and to contract for
a study of the parking system, the
need for the protest was not as
immediate, said Peter Schledorn,
a University employee involved in
"Some people may step back
and wait," Schledorn said. "We
thought the University would be
unbending. The message is differ
"We were asking for the admin
istration to take a close look at
the parking situation and use of
parking permit fees, but hopefully
that's going to take place anyway."
Although parking causes prob
lems for students and staff. Uni
versity employees have the worst
end of the situation, Schledorn
"The program recommendations
of the (Richardson) report offer the
most appropriate ways for the School
of Education to achieve excellence,"
Brown said the chancellor and the
provost leaned on him heavily to
endorse the Richardson report.
After the report was issued, faculty
members were given permission to
"reconceptualize" the recommenda-;
tions made by the report. ;
The faculty proposed combining'
some educational programs to form;
new ones instead of eliminating them, :
said Tyndall Harris, president of the
School of Education's Graduate
The faculty revisions to the
Richardson report were then
reviewed by the school's Administra
tive Board, consisting of members
both from within and without the
School of Education.
One of the faculty's proposed
revisions, which had been approved,
by the faculty w ith a vote of 23-0 and
one abstention, was not endorsed by
Williamson said although he
accepted the Richardson report,
revision of programs that were slated
for elimination was not ruled out. But
the revision had to go through the
"We were told there were certain
procedures we had to follow (to
respond to the report)," said Dixie
Spiegel, School of Education asso
ciate professor. "We did that. We
shared our responses with the dean,
with the faculty, with the provost.
See FACULTY page 5
The recruitment effort should be
advertised nationally, and competi
tive monetary awards should be
offered, the report said.
Black students have not been
encouraged to enroll in doctoral
programs, and this has restricted the
pool of suitable black candidates for
faculty positions, McMillan said.
"The faculty would do well to
encourage black students to think
See RECRUITING page 6
"Employees deal with parking
problems year-in and year-out," he
said. "For students, who are here
for only a few years, the bad
feelings don't pile up as much as
they do with a 10-20 year
Public forums are a positive
development, Schledorn said.
"In the past, decisions were
made without student or employee
input," he said. "Everyone needs
to have a hand in these decisions."
Costs are also a major concern
of employees who were involved
in the protest, Schledorn said.
"In the past 15 years, parking
fees have gone from nominal to
astronomical," he said.
UNC has contracted for a study
of the parking system to explore
alternatives and financing options,
said Claude Swecker, vice chan
cellor for business and finance.
The results are scheduled for
release in May.
"1 don't think anybody thinks
one single action will solve the
parking problem," Swecker said.
But parking decks, park and ride
See PROTEST page 6