From museums to campsites, we've got your Spring Break It's only a week 'til Bruce. Happy Thursday anyway. Be optimistic Partly-sunny. High 42. L1T 1 PP 1) Serving the students and the University community since 1893 -e Copyright 1988 The Daily Tar Heel Volume 95, Issue 138 Thursday, February 25, 1988 Chapel Hill, North Carolina NewsSportsArts 962-0245 BusinessAdvertising 962-1163 i V lb - i I II Ringing in the year To celebrate the Chinese Year of the Dragon, students from Taiwan and mainland China performed the traditional Chinese Professors concerned abort By HELEN JONES Staff Writer Inadequate University faculty salaries and fringe benefits are making it hard to recruit and main tain good professors at UNC, accord ing to the Faculty Welfare Committee chairman. William Turnier, UNC law profes sor, said Wednesday he is also concerned that senior professors may feel forced to continue working because their retirement benefits are inadequate. A law eliminating1 a mandatory retirement age will go into effect in 1994, so more senior professors may continue teaching out of economic necessity, Turnier said. Having a large number of faculty beyond conventional retirement age Report recommends more By LYDIAN BERNHARDT Staff Writer To fight a shortage of black faculty members at UNC, the University should work to recruit more black students for doctoral degree pro grams and provide competitive salar ies for black faculty members, accord ing to a report released by a Faculty Council committee. The report, prepared by the Faculty Council's Committee on Black Faculty, was presented to the council at a meeting last Friday. BSM holds Pit rally to promote activism By LAURA PEAY Staff Writer Black student activism at UNC has declined in the last year and must increase, Black Student Movement (BSM) President Kenneth Perry told about 125 students at a rally in the Pit Wednesday. Perry said the rally served two purposes: To make students aware of the activities this weekend for Dis covery, and to motivate black stu dents to become more active. "We need to get everyone back to the fuel pump again," he said. Ever since the BSM march to South Building for divestment in South Africa on April 3, 1987, the largest black protest in UNC history, activism has declined, Perry said. He said he does not want black students to be perceived as apathetic. "We need to pull up to the pumps again for energy," he said. At the rally, Perry played Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" j speech, and then introduced the ' members of the Discovery committee. jThis program the BSM's largest of the year may motivate black students to become more involved, he said. Amanda Thompson, coordinator of Discovery, said that the rally will could significantly lower the level of creativity and innovation in the classroom, Turnier said. Also, paying senior faculty members would cost the University more than hiring new junior profes sors, he said. But faculty at retirement age cannot be expected to stop working if the benefits are inadequate, Turnier added. Timothy Sanford, director of institutional research and faculty benefits, said Wednesday that UNC faculty members are split equally between the two types of pension plans they may choose. The Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement Service (TSERS) is the plan offered to all state employees in North Carolina, Like black student enrollment, percentages of black faculty members at UNC are very low compared to the percentage of blacks in North Carolina's population, according to an Affirmative Action report on minority faculty for 1984-87. There are 55 black faculty members at UNC, 18 of whom are full pro fessors, according to the Affirmative Action report. Campbell McMillan, a pediatrics professor who is acting chair of the Committee on Black Faculty, motivate people and make them aware of their plans for the weekend. The Discovery program will take place Feb. 26-28 and is aimed to make black students more aware of the contributions of black culture to American society. On Friday, Feb. 26, there will be showings of the film "Hollywood Shuffle" at 6 and 9 p.m. Robert Townsend will be present to discuss his role in the making of the film. Janet Roach, coordinator of the black film series, said the film deals with discrimination against blacks in the film industry. "Townsend addresses the negative protrayals of blacks in film," she said. "He does a satire of that in his movie 'Hollywood Shuffle.' " On Saturday, Feb. 27, there will be a full day of events, including discussions on blacks in education, media and politics. On Sunday, Black Women United will sponsor a banquet. The Discovery program is four years old, but this is the first year that the events will last for more than one day. She said that the purpose of the program is for alumni and students to plan an agenda for future events. How wonderful opera would be if a w r tut lion dance in the Student Union's Great Hall Wednesday night. The audience also enjoyed a Chinese dinner. and the University contributes 11.2 percent of the employees' salary for benefits, Sanford said. The pension amount for the TSERS plan is based on the length of service and the highest average 48 months' salary, Sanford said. The other pension plan offered to faculty members is the Teachers' Insurance and Annuity Association College Retirement Equities Fund (TIAA-CREF), he said. With this plan, the University contributes only six percent of the employee's salary toward a pension. The money is then invested by TIAA CREF, a nationwide, private non profit corporation that provides pensions for college faculty. One of the reasons some professors choose TIAA-CREF over the state expressed concern over the low figure. "About 25 percent of the North Carolina population is black, so to have perfect representation, 25 per cent of the faculty should also be black. Now, well under five percent of the faculty is black," he said. Academic departments should work to ensure that at least 50 percent of black students in doctoral pro grams at UNC graduate, the report said. It also said that 10 percent of each class entering graduate school Mike Crawford (center) sits with rr-.-rr .... v 1 , m If f lt"BniliirtnMMililiii'TnMiMiii iiiirritfMiinirri?'-3rft-V'il r m fallal DTHElizabeth Morrah benefits pension plan is that the nationwide network allows them to transfer their benefits to another state if they leave UNC, Sanford said. Harry Amana, associate professor of journalis.n, said Wednesday that he thinks there is a consensus among most faculty members that the Uni versity's salary and benefits system is very poor. He said he is particularly concerned about the limited insurance coverage and the lack of sabbatical programs. '?If you added a comprehensive dental plan and a sabbatical, 1 think you'd hear cheers across campus," Amana said. Most universities allow tenured professors who have worked five to See BENEFITS page 5 recraitieg of black faculty in doctoral degree programs should be black students. About 30 doctoral degrees were awarded to blacks out of 311 total degrees granted in 1987. Blacks comprised five percent of graduate school enrollment. The faculty report outlined three approaches to increase the number of black faculty members at UNC in this year's report, which is similar to one that was released last year. . First, the report recommended that black faculty who already hold DTHElizabeth Morrah protesters in front of South Building there were no "Ednacatioini ffacimlty wMSn leaders By BARBARA LINN Staff Writer At an emotionally-charged School of Education faculty meeting Wed nesday, faculty members expressed anger and frustration at the Univer sity administration and the school's leadership. In response to the faculty's frus tration, Frank Brown, dean of the School of Education, said he was "shackled" by University administrators. Julio George, School of Education professor, said, "There is concern with a dean who admits his function is to do what his superiors tell him to do. Is that the role of a dean?" The frustration arose after faculty members said revisions to a 1987 administrative task force report were ignored due to a lack of commun ication and strong leadership within the school. The report, conducted by an 11 member task force from within the School of Education and other departments, recommended organi zational and leadership changes in the School of Education. The task force, chaired by political science department chairman Richard Richardson, recommended changing the mission of the school to focus on education in grades kindergarten through 12. It also suggested eliminating some graduate programs and reducing the number of graduate students enrolled in the school. Provost Samuel Williamson said at the meeting he planned to accept the recommendations made in the orig inal report. doctoral degrees be recruited from other institutions. This is particularly important since the number of black doctoral graduates is so small, the report said. Vacancies in the depart ments of biology, English and history are excellent opportunities to recruit distinguished black faculty, the report said. Also, the report recommended that the University identify the depart ments where black faculty members are needed and recruit qualified black students for doctoral programs in Students, employees protest parking costs By JENNY CLONINGER Staff Writer UNC students and employees met in front of South Building Wednesday to protest the high cost of parking permits and the limited parking space at UNC, but feelings and turnout were not very intense after recent administration response to the problem, protest organizers said. After the UNC administration announced plans to hold public opinion forums and to contract for a study of the parking system, the need for the protest was not as immediate, said Peter Schledorn, a University employee involved in the protest. "Some people may step back and wait," Schledorn said. "We thought the University would be unbending. The message is differ ent now. "We were asking for the admin istration to take a close look at the parking situation and use of parking permit fees, but hopefully that's going to take place anyway." Although parking causes prob lems for students and staff. Uni versity employees have the worst end of the situation, Schledorn singers. Rossini aura "The program recommendations of the (Richardson) report offer the most appropriate ways for the School of Education to achieve excellence," he said. Brown said the chancellor and the provost leaned on him heavily to endorse the Richardson report. After the report was issued, faculty members were given permission to "reconceptualize" the recommenda-; tions made by the report. ; The faculty proposed combining' some educational programs to form; new ones instead of eliminating them, : said Tyndall Harris, president of the School of Education's Graduate Student Association. The faculty revisions to the Richardson report were then reviewed by the school's Administra tive Board, consisting of members both from within and without the School of Education. One of the faculty's proposed revisions, which had been approved, by the faculty w ith a vote of 23-0 and one abstention, was not endorsed by the board. Williamson said although he accepted the Richardson report, revision of programs that were slated for elimination was not ruled out. But the revision had to go through the proper channels. "We were told there were certain procedures we had to follow (to respond to the report)," said Dixie Spiegel, School of Education asso ciate professor. "We did that. We shared our responses with the dean, with the faculty, with the provost. See FACULTY page 5 those departments. The recruitment effort should be advertised nationally, and competi tive monetary awards should be offered, the report said. Black students have not been encouraged to enroll in doctoral programs, and this has restricted the pool of suitable black candidates for faculty positions, McMillan said. "The faculty would do well to encourage black students to think See RECRUITING page 6 said. "Employees deal with parking problems year-in and year-out," he said. "For students, who are here for only a few years, the bad feelings don't pile up as much as they do with a 10-20 year employee." Public forums are a positive development, Schledorn said. "In the past, decisions were made without student or employee input," he said. "Everyone needs to have a hand in these decisions." Costs are also a major concern of employees who were involved in the protest, Schledorn said. "In the past 15 years, parking fees have gone from nominal to astronomical," he said. UNC has contracted for a study of the parking system to explore alternatives and financing options, said Claude Swecker, vice chan cellor for business and finance. The results are scheduled for release in May. "1 don't think anybody thinks one single action will solve the parking problem," Swecker said. But parking decks, park and ride See PROTEST page 6 V v fcifTr'fffitfrTT

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