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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1988 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 96, Issue 48
Friday, September 23, 1988
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
It's the second
day of Fall
Believe it or not
Sunny, high 88
.: .Vh. X 11 1 :a 7
V J s 1nUVa
C.G. Dais, sophomore, argues with George Uribe, national field director of Students for America
By HELEN JONES
Plans for the proposed $13.7
million UNC performing arts center
are on hold until the General Assem
bly determines how the project stands
in relation to the needs of the entire
UNC -system, Carol Reuss, assistant
to the provost, said Wednesday.
And several faculty members said
they are concerned about the project
because of the proposed location of
the center and the need for funding
other construction projects.
The proposal will be considered
Speaker addresses essoe
of harassmmemit on campus
By JAMES BENTON
Sexual harassment, a major prob
lem in the classroom and the work
place, is becoming more confusing
because of a discrepancy between
what harassment is and what people
perceive it to be, Bernice Sandler told
about 80 people Thursday night in
the Hanes Art Center Auditorium.
Sandler, director of the
Washington-based Project on the
Status and Education of Women,
spoke about sexual harassment in
universities, what it is and what can
be done about it if it happens.
Sexual harassment is prohibited by
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of
1964 but was not legally challenged
until 1977, when students at Yale
University brought suit against
faculty members, Sandler said. Since
then, colleges and universities have
written anti-harassment statements
and begun policies to combat harass
ment, she said.
Sexual harassment remains a
problem because men and women
have different views of what harass
ment actually is, Sandler said. Men
may consider harassment to include
Only physical overtures, but it actually
includes a wide range of activities,
Racial tensions persist Dim Robeson County, students attest
By ERIC GRIBBIN
Political tensions have eased some
what in Robeson County since last
February, but the situation for
minorities has not substantially
improved, according to college stu
dents from the area.
N.C. Gov. Jim Martin ordered a
special task force in February to look
into alleged racial injustices in
Robeson County, which is evenly
divided between blacks, whites and
Indians. The investigation followed
an incident Feb. 1 in which Eddie
Hatcher and Timothy Jacobs, who
say they are members of the Tusca
roran faction of the Lumbec Indians,
with other items for the 1989-1991
UNC-system budget at next
summer's General Assembly session,
Dennis O'Connor, acting provost,
said the plans presently call for an
auditorium with a traditional stage
that , would Jseat, about 950. The '
primary site being considered for the
center is just off N.C. 54, near Finley
Golf Course Road.
Gordon Rutherford, UNC's direc
tor of facilities planning and design,
said Thursday that the $450,000
appropriated by the General Assem
including verbal abuse, suggestive
remarks and sexual pressure, in
addition to physical assault, she said.
Harassment may also be a problem
because of a lack of protection. Many
university policies are written to
protect only faculty and staff from
harassment, not students, she said.
But some types of harassment, like
burst into a Lumberton newspaper
office, took 17 hostages and
demanded to speak to Gov. Martin.
Hatcher and Jacobs released the
hostages 10 hours later when the
governor promised to establish the
"There haven't been any noticeable
changes (since the task force)," said
Ccdric Woods, a sophomore from
Pembroke. "Time itself has caused
the tensions to die down with the trial
shall be able
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bly in 1987 to fund the planning of
the arts center will probably be spent
after all the designing is complete.
Such amounts are not unusual for
a project of this kind, Rutherford
said, because of complexities such as
designing the lighting, acoustics and
stage rigging. . ... .
Some faculty members have ques
tioned the wisdom of locating the
proposed center off N.C. 54 because
of the distance from campus, and
others have raised concerns that other
proposed buildings need to be com
"power relationships" incidents
between faculty and students or
tenured and untenured faculty or
"peer harassment" incidents
between students are not reported
because of the power the harasser
may have over the harassed, or
because the harassed fears a loss of
credibility, she said.
Sandler said power relationships
can create a "chilling atmosphere" in
learning or working situations
because of the tension they produce.
"The student may be wary of what
is going on," she said.
"The pressures created may be
intense enough to make the student
drop the course, change majors,
change schools or even discontinue
their education because of the harass
ment involved," she said.
Peer harassment is a problem
which affects a large number of
female college students but receives
little attention, Sandler said. "Most
colleges may not take peer harass
ment seriously because administra
tions may fear a bad reputation or
do not feel the problem is important,"
Peer harassment is misunderstood
See HARASSMENT page 2
(of Hatcher and Jacobs) and every
thing. Their actions kind of brought
about an awareness in the police
"The governor's task force came
about more because of the publicity
than anything else," Woods said.
"Nothing formal has changed,"
said Brian Brooks, a junior from
Pembroke. "A lot of the tension has
subsided. Sure, there's discrimination
anywhere and everywhere within the
The mood of the area is slightly
more optimistic, said John Jacobs (no
relation to Timothy), a senior from
Prospect. "That the government
proved that they wanted to look into
to rest one minute after I die.
By WILL SPEARS
The Strategic Defense Initiative is
imperative to U.S. national defense
and the government must provide
funding, retired Maj. Gen. J. Milnor
Roberts said during a Students For
America (SFA) rally in the Pit
Roberts, president of the pro-SDI
group Americans for the High Front
ier, said he favors the so-called "Star
Wars" defense because it will protect
the U.S. from nuclear attack, specif
ically by the Soviet Union.
"Which country has done the most
exploitation of space?" Roberts asked
"The USSR," answered about five
The Soviet violation of the Anti
Ballistic Missile treaty is an example
of Soviet aggression in the nuclear
arms race, Roberts said.
Throughout Roberts' speech, anti-
Harold Andrews, director of
undergraduate studies for the Depart
ment of Music, said Thursday that
although the department's faculty do
not oppose the center, they are
particularly concerned about the
distance of the proposed location
from campus. ,
"We simply don't know much
about it and dont feel we were
consulted much about it," Andrews
However, Andrews said, Chancel--lor
Paul Hardin seems to be open
to faculty concerns, based on Har
i M T?
1 iff- I 1
J -r IT-
Governor Jim Martin accompanies the Orange
High School band at Thursday 's grand opening
it, where no one had before, brought
about a little more positive outlook."
But one sophomore said she didn't
notice any differences in the attitudes
"Yeah, it's (discrimination) there,"
said Athena Locklear of Pembroke.
"I guess you get used to it. YouH walk
into a store and know you're not
wanted, or youll go into a restaurant
and get seated in the back.
"As far as the law system goes, I
think it's crooked. Say, if it comes
to stopping a white man or an Indian
for speeding, it's always the Indian
who gets the ticket. I haven't seen any
Two students at Pembroke State
SDI protesters continually inter
rupted him with questions and
statements about SDI.
Roberts speech was followed by a
presentation by George Uribe, SFA
national field director.
"For you liberals out there, you're
wrong (for not supporting SDI)," he
said to the audience gathered around
the Pit. "How about protecting what
weVe got from the Communists? We
need to spend money on defense, not
SDI is the U.S.'s only hope for
defense from nuclear attack and has
been proven effective and capable of
being deployed within the next few
years, Uribe said.
The rally turned into a shouting
match between pro- and anti-SDI
forces. As the rally ended, protesters
began chants of "disarmament."
"How realistic is disarmament?"
Uribe said. "Do you love this coun
try? Then protect it! Nicaragua
etd c3 e ir scrattoouy
din's comments on the center at a
recent meeting of the faculty of the
College of Arts and Sciences.
Thomas Bowers, associate dean of
the School of Journalism, said
Thursday that he was concerned
about the needs for maintenance and
construction - of new buildings for
several departments. '
"It isnt so much a matter of being
against an art center as (favoring)
putting the money toward other
things first," Bowers said.
For example, Bowers said, a
request was submitted several years
Am- 1 niirimlnftii
University in Robeson County said
they, saw no significant changes
"I guess things have cooled down
a little since the Eddie Hatcher
incident," said Jeff Hart, a sopho
more from Charleston, S.C. "But I
haven't seen any real changes. I have
a frat brother whose sister was one
of the hostages, so things were pretty
tense around here.
"I'm not an Indian, and whenever
I go downtown, I feel resentment, like
I'm invading their turf. I'm not here
to invade anyone's turf, I'm just here
to get an education. I see a lot of
discrimination around here. It's not
too pleasing to look at."
Pope Pius XII
thought like you! Now they're fleeing
the country! If you love your country
youH defend it against nuclear war!"
Other protesters called for spend
ing the money on other projects, such
as housing for the homeless. "If we
don't protect what weVe got," Uribe
answered, "Communist infiltration
will take over the world. Nuclear
attack is a reality. If you don't worry
now, youil worry in 20 years.
Protesters accused Uribe of being
a fascist. "I am a patriot," Uribe
responded. "I care about my country.
White, black, it doesn't matter. I care
Uribe concluded his speech by
asking, "Are there any more ques
tions, besides the ones from the liberal
Uribe and sophomore C.G. Dais
had a face-to-face confrontation in
front of Uribe's podium.
See RALLY page 5
ago to the administration for a single
building to house the School of
Journalism and the Department of
Radio, Television and Motion Pic
O'Connor said the request for a
mass media building will be consi
dered this year and nextv and a new :
building for the School of Business
Administration may come about in
However, O'Connor is expecting
the University to receive construction
See CENTER page 5
of the Interstate 40 link between U.S. 15-501
and New Hope Church Road.
The political climate worsened
after an Indian, James Earl Cum
mings, was killed by the sheriffs son,
who was a deputy sheriff, in what he
said was self-defense, said Pamela
Locklear, a junior from Fairmont.
Indians called for an investigation
into Cummings death, as they have
for the death of Julian Pierce, an
Indian leader and judicial candidate
who was killed in a domestic dispute,
although the death was first assumed
to be a political assassination.
"People here in Robeson County
are proud people," Locklear said.
"We want to unite here. We want to
See TENSIONS page 2