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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Q'Vopyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 96, Issue 70
Thursday, October 27, 1988
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1163
Tomorrow: chance of
rain, high 63
By STAG COX
'Assistant State and National Editor
XThe Soviet Union will release all
.of-its political prisoners by the end
'of this year, West German Chancellor
'Helmut Kohl announced Wednesday
after talks with Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev. But who will be consi
dered a political prisoner and how
many will be released is not clear.
"It's unclear at this time what the
release would mean because earlier
this month Soviet prison officials
stated they have only 12 political
prisoners," said Steve Herrick, direc
tor of1 the Southern Region of
Amnesty International, U.S.A.
. Amnesty estimates that there are
about 150 "prisoners of conscience"
interred in the Soviet Union, Herrick
By SiMONE PAM
UNC students had a chance to
learn about opportunities to study in
foreign countries at Wednesday's
Study Abroad Fair, sponsored by the
UNC Study Abroad Program.
The fair was designed to inform
students about the programs avail
able at UNC and to allow them to
speak with representatives from
foreign universities about other
programs, Heather Brown'director
of the fair, said Wednesday.
UNC's Study Abroad Program
gives students a chance to spend an
academic year studying at a foreign
university while remaining enrolled at
UNC. Students earn academic credit
Murray Weidenbaum, former chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors, speaks about the U.S. economy Wednesday night
By LACY CHURCHILL
The Chapel Hill Coalition for
Freedom to Dissent (CFD) will hold
a rally in front of South Building
today at 12:30 p.m. to demand that
UNC Chancellor Paul Hardin "take
a stand" on the Graduate Student
Court's trial of Dale McKinley.
The rally will be a plea to the
University to reconsider its position
on freedom to dissent, said Lisa
Hughes, CFD member. The group
Will present more than 600 petitions,
said in a telephone interview Wed
nesday. Until the prisoners are
actually released it is impossible to
say who they will be, but Amnesty
welcomes the release of any such
prisoners, he said.
Although the numbers are uncer
tain, there is little doubt the Soviets
will release some prisoners by the end
of December, said Joel Schwartz,
UNC professor of political science.
The Soviet Union wants to maintain
friendly relations with West Germany
and would not risk embarrasing Kohl
by not releasing anyone, he said.
"I think that it would make the
person that announced this look quite
ridiculous if it is not legitimate,"
The State Department announced
at their host schools that transfers to
UNC, said Rachel Lattimore, office
assistant for the program.
Some of the countries affiliated
with the University's program include
Australia, Brazil, China, Denmark,
England, France, Germany, Israel,
Italy, Japan, Mexico, Peru, Scotland,
Spain and the Soviet Union.
UNC's programs for foreign study
are geared to academics, but the office
can also provide information about
internships, employment and
research opportunities, Lattimore
said. . '
The office recommends that stu
dents go abroad for a year, Lattimore
said, but there are semester programs
also. The summer session also spon
which were signed by students,
community members and faculty,
saying that the UNC campus should
be more democratic. The group
presented about 200 petitions at a
rally last Friday.
CFD member Christina Kendrot
said, "Once there's a student outcry
about a policy, the. University has a
duty to review it. The University is
students, not the Board of Trustees
McKinley, a member of the CIA
Action Committee, was brought
It is a very Grand thing to be an
fo o r
Wednesday that it had received
assurances from the Soviet Union
similar to those given to Kohl, said
Ben Justesen, a State Department
press officer, in a telephone interview.
State Department spokesman Cha
rles Redman said the United States
estimates there are 200 political
prisoners incarcerated in Soviet labor
camps, prisons and psychiatric insti
tutions, Justesen said.
"What the definitions are could
become an issue," he said.
The number of prisoners of con
science is a gray area between Soviet
estimates and Western approxima
tions, Schwartz said. The number of :
political prisoners in the Soviet Union
has decreased dramatically over the
sors summer study abroad programs,
One of the biggest advantages of
UNC's study abroad programs is that
in most cases, credits and grades are
' transferable and cah bev .used, to fulfill
major and perspective requirements
at UNC, Lattimore said.
Students who receive federal finan
cial aid are also eligible for the same
assistance for exchange programs,
Lattimore said. Most scholarships are
- also transferable, she said
Students must have a 3.0 rade
" point average to participate in study
abroad programs and usually must
be upperclassmen, Lattimore said.
Students must apply to be accepted
to a program.
before the graduate court on charges
of obstruction of official University
business, trespassing and disorderly
conduct related to a Feb. 23 incident
at the University Motor Inn and an
April 15 protest against the presence
of a CIA recruiter in Hanes Hall.
McKinley walked out of his grad
uate court hearing last week after the
court ruled not to allow him to discuss
CIA activities as evidence in his
Kim Deans, CFD member, said the
rally would be similar to the last CFD
last few years, and even the highest
estimates quoted, are well below the
numbers from a few years ago.
"(The release of political prisoners)
certainly would not have happened
if Gorbachev was not in charge,"
Releasing the prisoners not only
sends a positive message to the West
but also to the average Soviet citizen
whom Gorbachev tries to bring into
his policy of "perestroika," he said.
"Gorbachev has to convince his
people that there will be no political
repercussions from following his
plan," Schwartz said. "They need to
know what guarantee they have that
someone like Stalin isn't going to
reappear and theyH pay for it with
their lives just following orders."
: The cost varies from country to
country, Lattimore said. Certain
expenses, such as transportation, are
usually not included in the tuition and
fees. In some cases, students have the
option of Uvin : with, a, family or. in
a university d'ohn'she'said;. '' ls.
Lattimore, who studied at the
University of Bristol in England, said
she enjoyed the "opportunity to meet
people with totally different back
grounds and the opportunity to do
so- many- unusual- things that - -you. .
could not do in this country."
Students interested in spending a
year or a semester abroad can contact
the Study Abroad Office in the
basement of Caldwell Hall or call 962
rally, held Tuesday. "Originally, we
had planned to deliver the petitions
to the chancellor in person, but since
he won't be present, we will issue
some statements and read what is in
the petition," she said.
The statements will advocate the
CIA Action Committee's right to
dissent and will attack aspects of the
honor court system. Deans said the
final statement would ask Hardin to
take a position on McKinley's case,
because Hardin knew the case was
urgent and chose not to deal with it.
Para mis oanue
into bid oil:
By JAMES BURROUGHS
Staff Writer -
The chancellor's ad hoc parking
committee, a staff committee
appointed by the chancellor to
examine campus parking issues, is
in the final stages of preparing its
report, committee officials said
Garland Hershey, vice chancel
lor of Health Affairs and chairman
of the committee, said the group
will submit its report to Chancellor
The report deals with many
parking issues, Hershey said, and
"attempts to at least give some
attention to all those issues." The
committee does not make conclu
sions concerning the problems but
gives the chancellor usable infor
mation, he said.
There are different aspects to
the parking crisis, and the com
mittee's proposals could change as
more information becomes
known, he aid.
Hershey said the committee is
still debating the option of elim
inating sophomore parking on
campus. Last month the Trans
portation and Parking Advisory
Committee, a standing student
and faculty committee, suggested
the option and several others to
alleviate UNC's parking problems.
,The '-"ad hoc cornmittee7 formed'
last spring by former Chancellor
Christopher Fordham, consists of
Hershey; Wayne Jones, acting vice
chancellor of business and finance;
and Dennis O'Connor, acting
Financial ; expert
By DAVID BALL
; The lack of a long-term outlook
and problems such as the trade deficit
are underlying problems for Amer
ica's economy that the next president
must make hard decisions about, the
author of "Rendezvous with Reality"
said in Memorial Hall Wednesday
Murray Weidenbaum, ' the first
chairman of the Council of Economic
Advisors under President Reagan,
spoke on "The Policy Agenda for the
New President," for the UNC bus
iness school's Kenan Enterprise
Now the director at Washington
University's Center for the Study of
American Business, Weidenbaum
said Reaganomics leaves a legacy for
the next president, who will have to
try to enhance American competitive
ness in the global economy.
He began with a summary of
economic progress made during the
Reagan administration, giving what
he called a "non-partisan Republican
version of the pluses and minuses."
"Reaganomics is now a legacy, for
good or for ill," he said. Lowered
inflation and interest rates, lowered
unemployment rates, lowered tax
Hardin has taken two separate
positions, Deans said. First, the
chancellor said he was not involved
because the arrest occurred before he
became chancellor of UNC, and then
he called McKinley's case "nonsense."
"We just want him to take a stand
and stick with it," she said.
Group members said they tried to
set up a meeting with the chancellor
so they could talk with him in a non
threatening, non-disruptive way, but
his secretary said he would not have
time to meet with them until
provost. The committee works
directly with the Office of Facil
ities Planning and Design.
Fordham formed the committee
following the proposal of a South
Campus parking deck, said Gene
Swecker, associate vice chancellor
of facilities management. Students
protested the idea after learning
that the price of parking permits
would rise dramatically to accom
modate the construction costs, he
The committee differs from the
Transportation and Parking Advi
sory Committee, Hershey said.
The ad hoc committee is
appointed to "digest and collect
some of the information and
suggestions that are coming from
a number of people on campus,"
The advisory committee sub
mits its report to the ad hoc
committee, which compiles a
report for the chancellor.
Although the two committees are
independent, the differences
between the two proposals will be
small, Hershey said.
5, The Transportation and Park
ing Advisory Committee submit
ted its six-point proposal to the
ad hoc committee at the end of
September and added a seventh
pjoint last week, Roger Lotchin,
committee' "chairman; - sard
Recommendations in that
report include moving all sopho-
See PARKING page 2
rates, and "labor peace" were suc
cesses. But the larger presence of the
federal government in the economy,
the increased budget deficit, and the
focus of spending on "current con
sumption" were failures, he said.
Weidenbaum also cited the govern
ment's inability to make "tough
choices" as one reason for the budget
deficit's continued growth.
"If you look at any public opinion
poll ... you see that the American
people want a balanced budget," he
said. "The same public opinion polls
show that they don't want to pay for
the decreased deficit by increasing
taxes or cutting spending."
Weidenbaum's own plan for
enhancing American competitiveness
includes improving education, chang
ing the priorities used in governmen
tal reform and reducing the budget
"We're literally consuming more
than we produce," he said. "I think
the time to pay the piper is rapidly
Weidenbaum proposed making
education a higher national priority,
with emphasis placed on how the
money is spent rather than how much
See WEIDENBAUM page 5
"We were very upset to know that
he didn't even have 10 to 15 minutes
for a student concern," Deans said.
The chancellor will be unable to
attend the rally because he will be
meeting with the UNC Board of
Group members will also hold a
political theater production at noon
today in the Pit. It will be an
improvisational production dealing
with the right to dissent.