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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 96, Issue 83
Tuesday, November 1 5, 1 988 Chapel HiSI, North Carolina
Kyi of 70
Wednesday: partly cloudy
Hh;h in the upper 60s
By AMY WAJDA
This year's average UNC freshman
scored higher on the SAT, is more
likely to be from North Carolina and
is more likely to be a minority student
than a freshman of a year ago,
according to UNC-system President
CD. Spangler's 1988 enrollment
report, presented to the UNC Board
of Governors Friday.
In-state freshmen average com
bined SAT scores rose from 1083 to
1084. Out-of-state freshmen scores
jumped from 1 179 to 1 189, the report
The rise in out-of-state scores was
due to an increase in out-of-state
& ffi. 1
- a Ui. V.
Tradition on stage
A local dance troupe performs authentic
Palestinian dances Monday night in Great Hall
Auymoiys docyse com
By HELEN JONES
Racial and social inequality and
U.S. foreign policy are still unre
solved issues, and Americans must re
evaluate the country's direction,
former Communist Party member
Junius Scales said in a speech Mon
"Eternal vigilance is the price of
liberty," said Scales, a 1947 UNC
graduate. "History shows how it
(liberty) can be bent, twisted and
' Scales, the only American ever to
be imprisoned for membership in the
Communist Party, spoke to an
audience of about 275 in Hamilton
Hall in a speech sponsored by the
Union Special Projects Committee as
part of Campus Y's Human Rights
Scales, a Greensboro native, joined
the New Communist Party in 1939
and became the only U.S. citizen to
be convicted and to serve time in
prison under the Smith Act, a law
that made membership in a group
that advocates the overthrow of the
By BETH RHEA
Students have the opportunity to
meet and evaluate candidates inter
viewing for the position of head of
the Office of Student Counseling,
officials said Monday.
The position has been vacant since
January when former Associate Dean
Hayden Renwick left to become
assistant to the chancellor at Fayette
ville State University.
:The office serves as an academic
arid counseling service for UNC
applicants, said Barbara Polk, asso
ciate director of undergraduate
MWe had more out-of-state stu
dents applying," Polk said. "The
competition was stiffer."
The average combined SAT scores
of in-state freshmen in the UNC
system is up from 922 in 1987 to 935
in 1988. The average combined SAT
scores of out-of-state freshmen in the
system is up from 972 to 998, the
The average combined score of
North Carolina high school students
taking the SAT last year was 84 1 . The
national average was 904.
Out-of-state freshman enrollment
as the second
Human Rights Week
He served 15 months of his six
year sentence in a maximum security
federal penitentiary before U.S.
Attorney General Robert Kennedy
arranged to have President John F.
Kennedy commute Scales' sentence in
Eleanor Roosevelt, Martin Luther
King Jr., and poet W.H. Auden were
among those who petitioned the
Kennedy administration for his
release, Scales said.
Scales said he was targeted for
prosecution as a Communist Party
member because of his prominence
in the group, which was strong in
North Carolina through its trade
His first conviction was overturned
in a 5-4 Supreme Court decision on
a technicality of the trial, but he was
tried a second time on similar charges
and convicted in 1960. The Greens
boro trial climate "would have
Three candidates have been inter
viewed so far, and two others are yet
to be interviewed, said Gillian Cell,
dean of the College of Arts and
Sciences. She said she was very
pleased with the candidates who had
been interviewed so far.
The search committee for the
position has designated times for
students to meet the candidates, said
Mark Appelbaum, a committee
member and UNC psychology
The meetings have a dual purpose,
he said. "They're for students to give
longer I live the
dropped from 17.5 percent to 17.1
percent at UNC-CH, but this does
not reflect an ongoing downward
trend in out-of-state enrollment, Polk
"Basically what we are shooting for
is 18 percent," she said.
Enrollment of out-of-state fresh
men in the UNC system dropped
from 3,574 to 3,311, a decrease from
16.5 percent to 15.2 percent. This is
the lowest out-of-state percentage
since 1981, when it was 14.9 percent,
the report said.
The overall number of first-time
freshmen and the number of both in
and out-of-state freshmen at UNC
CH rose over the last year, the report
day of Human Rights Week
convicted me of just about anything,"
"They simply did a better job the
next (second) time," Scales said.
"They nailed me securely."
the committee feedback on the
candidates, and for candidates to get
a feel of who they would be dealing
with," he said.
The meetings are helpful for the
candidates as well as the students,
Cell said. "They (the candidates) need
as much information as possible to
decide if this is the job they want,
and to get a sense of what the issues
are," she said.
Kenneth Perry, president of the
Black Student Movement (BSM),
said the meetings were open to all
students, but mostly BSM members
' - si
more beautiful life becomes.
Minority enrollment went up both
at UNC-CH and in the UNC system
as a whole. Enrollment of blacks at
UNC-CH is up from 1,703 to 1,838,
an increase from 7.48 percent to 7.83
percent of the whole campus. '
American Indian enrollment at
UNC-CH increased from 127 to 131.
The percentage remained at 0.56
The enrollment of black students
in the UNC system is up to 24,850
this year, an increase of 3.2 percent
over last year. Enrollment of Amer
ican Indian students in the UNC
See FRESHMEN page 3
By KATHRYNE TOVO
A plan to create a regional trans
portation authority in Orange, Wake
and Durham counties was presented
to the Chapel Hill Town Council
The proposal was written by a
subcommittee of the Transportation
Advisory Committee, which is made
up of representatives from Durham,
Chapel Hill, Carrboro and Raleigh.
Patrick Simmons, the assistant
director of the state Public Transpor
tation Division, said the proposal was
created because now there is no single
unit of government which is respon- '
sible for public transportation.
The goal of the Public Transit
Authority Subcommittee is to create
an independent authority which will
be accessible and responsible to the
local governments, Simmons said.
The creation of a Public Regional
Transit Authority is necessary
because of the continuous population
growth which has heightened the need
for mobility, he said.
"The region is moving towards a
new center and it is important to have
a transportation system which will cut
across city boundaries," Simmons.
He does not regret the 18 years he
spent as a member of the Communist
Party in the 1940s and 1950s because
of the progress the group made in
fighting racism, he said.
"I think we made a significant
contribution as precursors to the civil
rights movement despite all of our
weaknesses," Scales said.
But he also said he was mistaken
in choosing to support the Commu
nist Party in his efforts to improve
the flaws he saw in American society.
The party's chief failure was its
"gooey-centered morality," which
had a flexible quality that could be
changed whenever party leaders
wanted to justify their actions, Scales
He said he also became disillus
ioned with the Communist Party
when its predictions of economic
crises in capitalism after World War
II never occurred.
Scales originally joined the Com
munist Party in 1939 because of the
group's violent opposition to Nazism
See SCALES page 3
"Unfortunately, we haven't been
getting a wide variety of students,"
said senior Eileen Carlton, a BSM
member who said she had met one
of the candidates.
The students who have attended
the meetings have been mostly blacks
and American Indians, Carlton said.
Allowing students to contribute to
the selection process seems to have
been successful so far, Appelbaum
See CANDIDATES page 4
UNC Freshmen Statistics
Total Percent Average
Freshmen In-State of Total SAT
3151 2599 82.5 1083
3293 2729 82.9 1084
Total Percent Average
Freshmen Out-of-State of Total SAT
3151 552 17.5 1179
3293 564 17.1 . 1189
toj to (Loyimcoii
said. "There is a need for a new entity
whose sole purpose is to plan and
provide services which will begin to
link the region."
There are a full range of public
transportation options that the
authority could implement, including
arranging carpools between the
participating counties and providing
access between Raleigh-Durham
International Airport and the towns,
"The area is characterized by cross
commuting, and in the early years the
project would create linkages between
the communities and concentrate on
getting a handle on those patterns,"
Long-term plans include the pos
sible creation of a light rail system,
a modern version of a street trolley
which utilizes existing rail corridors
and runs along at "grade level" along
After the proposal is presented to
the other local governments in the
three counties in the region, the
Public Transit Authority Subcom
mittee will reconvene and consider
the suggestions the local boards have
made, Simmons said.
By AMY WAJDA
UNC's Board of Governors last
Friday , approved a proposal to
establish an Institute for Arts and
Humanities at UNC-CH to help
attract and retain outstanding
Gillian Cell, dean of the College
of Arts and Sciences, called the
approval of the institute an
"upgrading of status" for the year
old Program for Arts and
In an Oct. 14 memo, UNC
system President CD. Spangler
described the center as "a new
approach for attracting, develop
ing, and retaining outstanding
faculty members through support
of research and artistic work in an
environment conducive to collab
oration across disciplines."
The institute's main program is
a faculty fellowship program.
Each spring, all arts and human
ities faculty members and most
social sciences faculty members
can submit a three-page descrip
tion of a research project they wish
to pursue for a semester, said Ruel
Tyson, a professor of religious
studies and head of the institute.
A 12-member board of "distin
guished faculty members" reviews
the applications, Tyson said.
Twelve faculty members were
chosen as summer fellows, Tyson
said. There are eight fellows this
semester, and seven have been
chosen for th spring semester.
Frank Lloyd Wright
The proposal will then be submit
ted to the Technical Coordinating
Committees and finally to the Trans
portation Advisory Committee. After
this review process, the resolution will
go back to the local boards for
endorsement, he said.
Finally, the proposal will be sub
mitted to the legislature for approval.
The proposal as written by the
subcommittee consists of a series of
options regarding governing and
financing the proposed public trans
u Council 'member ;David Pasquini
said when the proposal is resubmitted
to the council, it should include a list
of positive and negative effects that
it might have on the town.
Council member Jim Wallace said,
"There is an overboard and an
underboafd in this whole thing, and
we must preserve and conserve what
"The University and the town of
Chapel Hill are in the position to do
both, and we must proceed with
caution in relation to this matter, but
that is not to say that we should not
proceed at all."
The fellows meet once a week
for a lunch where seminars are
presented on their projects, Tyson
Giving a seminar to fellows
from other disciplines creates a
special teaching challenge for
them, Tyson said.
"Since we can't rely on a person
being from the same discipline, it
places us in a special problem
to communicate what we are
about in terms that are accessible
to our colleagues," he said.
The seminar is "a wonderful
rehearsal for teaching the new
research that they have done as
fellows in the classroom," Tyson
The institute will also sponsor
research conferences and annual
cultural events to present research
results to the public. These events
are a chance to "present to the
public a public demonstration of
what happens when you get the
humanities faculty and fine arts
faculty working out of a common
base," Tyson said.
Last spring, the institute spon
sored two films, a concert and a
scholarly conference in conjunc
tion with the PlayMakers Reper
tory Company's production of
John Gay's "The Beggar's Opera."
Next April, the institute will
sponsor a public event on "Mul
tiple Cultures in the South," which
Tyson called "a look at little
See INSTITUTE page 4