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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 96, Issue 85
Thursday, November 17, 1S88
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
News Sports Arts 962-0245
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By BETHANY LITTON
: The United States should be a
leader in the human rights effort
because it" has already overcome
many struggles as a nation, Atlanta
Mayor Andrew Young told a
Memorial Hall crowd of about 1,000
. Young was the keynote speaker of
Human Rights Week 8, sponsored
by Campus Y.
' "The human rights movement that
flows forth from this country flows
forth not from self-righteousness but
because we want to save our brothers
and sisters from the kind of violence
we have experienced," he said.
Young, mayor of Atlanta since
1982, served as a U.S. congressman
from 1972 to 1977 and as the U.S.
representative to the United Nations
during the Carter administration.
; He said the United States is on its
way to a mutual acceptance of
By SIMONE PAM
Staff Writer '
The Black Student Movement is
distributing questionnaires to find out
how much black students know about
the problem of minority retention on
BSM members handed out ques
tionnaires in the Pit on Wednesday
and will continue handing them out
through Friday, said Kim McLean,
Minority Retention Task Force co
chairwoman. If students aren't aware there is
a problem, then they can't do any
thing about the problem of reten
tion," McLean said.
By NANCY VYKLE
After about an hour of debate
Wednesday, Student Congress voted
to appropriate $200 to help fund
today's Human Rights Week '88
speech by former CIA agent Philip
Several congress members opposed
the fund allocation because they said
the speech was political. The Student
Constitution prohibits congress from
Death penality cr5t5cizec
a ineffective aimd
By CHRIS LANDGRAFF
The death penalty in America
has more to do with politics than
truth or justice, said Joseph Ingle,
director of the Southern Coalition
of Jails and Prisons, in a speech
"There are over 2,200 prisoners
on death row and most are in the
southern United States, as over
1,200 prisoners are on death row
in the states of the old Confeder
acy," he said.
There are no convincing argu
ments that support the death
penalty, he said. "There is no study
which substantiates that the death
penalty is a deterrent to the crime
Though many support the death
penalty because they think it is
cheaper than incarceration, execu
tions are actually more expensive
than imprisoning someone for life.
. "Florida, which is second in
(modern) executions only to Texas,
spends approximately $5 million to
execute one person, according to
a recent study. Life in a penitentiary
is much, much less expensive," he
By describing the case of con-
Human Rights Week
"What we've seen in our society in
the last 200 years is an evidence of
a society that has learned to respect
and protect the differences that make
us," he said.
Young .said understanding of dif
ferences is the key to equality.
"The differences that exist in this
auditorium are right now creating
wars," he said. "Yet we're here right
now, side by side, a beautiful array
of God's children."
Young talked specifically about the
experience in the southern" United
States. A race riot, such as one that
occurred at the University of Mas
sachusetts, would never happen here
because of the "wholesome multira
cial experiences that we now take for
granted in the South," he said.
"We're a stronger and healthier
region of our nation because we have
Once the questionnaires have been
returned, the information will be
compiled and the BSM will attempt
to institute programs to educate
students about the problem of minor
"Our first step is to establish some
type of avenue to increase minority
retention," said Qwendolyn Brown,
the task force's co-chairwoman. "We
hope to find out what we need to
worry about in terms of educating
The survey was divided into three
sections, McLean said. The first
section asked minority students, if
they knew UNC has problems retain
Congress to (help fioimcfl
funding events of "political partisan
nature" without a two-thirds vote.
Congress Speaker Neil Riemann
ruled that the Agee speech was a
partisan political event and that a
two-thirds vote was necessary. The
fund allocation passed 16-8-2.
Agee, author of several books
concerning the CIA, has been a vocal
opponent of the CIA, and some
congress members said they opposed
giving money to a speaker who would
Human Rights Week
victed murderer Willie Darden in
detail, Ingle illustrated the ways in
which a prisoner can become a
victim of the politics of the death
Though Darden had an eyewit
ness who saw him far away from
the the murders at the time of the
crime, the all-white jury found
Darden, who is black, guilty, Ingle
"He was the 18th person to be
executed in Florida since the death
penalty was made legal in 1977.
Though this happened in Florida,
it is not so far away since Darden
was born in Greene County, N.C.,"
"The death penalty has little to
do with deterring crime and a lot
to do with getting elected into
office," he said.
The 'politics of death' mean that
candidates cannot afford to oppose
the death penalty or grant stays of
execution because they would
The death penalty is also a racist
penalty, relating not only to the
forced ourselves to accommodate and
appreciate the differences in the
region," he said.
Atlanta's unprecedented economic
growth is a positive result of a stable
social climate, he said.
Independence of the judiciary,
freedom of speech and the protection
of First Amendment rights have
made Atlanta "the booming metro
polis" that it is, he said.
"Good race relations turns out to
be , very good business," he said,
"Those places that are developing are
the places where human rights are
being respected and protected."
Specifically, he said the non-violent
nature of the 1960s civil rights
movement made it possible for this
country to be a model for others.
"Because we were able to go
through all of this tension and all of
this turmoil with a minimum of
violence, we are able now to be
See YOUNG page 2
eawaireiroess of miowiroty '
ing minority students. The second
asked whether they were aware of
support groups available, like the
BSM. The third attempted to focus
on the problem of retention and to
pinpoint if a lack of studying is one
of the causes of low-minority.
Some of the specific questions
asked in the survey included the
graduation rates for black and white
students after five years, the name of
the director of the Black Cultural
Center, the number of organizations
in the Black Greek Council and the
average number of hours spent
studying each night.
not provide a well-rounded view of
the CIA issue.
"It knocks out a hell of a lot of
student support if you only stand on
one side of an issue," Thomas Elliott
(Dist. 7) said. "We just open ourselves
up to charges of partisan funding
every time we pass an act like this."
An informed discussion on all sides
of an issue is necessary, Elliott said.
Several congress members said
representatives from the CIA had also
race of the accused, but also to that
of the victim. "A study conducted
in Georgia proved that the likeli
hood that a black will receive the
death penalty is between four and
12 times greater if he is accused
of killing a white than if he killed
a black," he said.
See PENALTY page 3
' ' '
: '-'A f).vi-,
; ' . '
Atlanta Mayor Andrew Young
"We want to see what their atti
tudes are. Maybe they are not aware
of the resources, available," said
Charles Lewis, a BSM member.
Tonya Blanks, BSM vice president,
described the survey as an instrument
to make students want to know more,
about the statistics and facts about
black students on campus.
"Hopefully, it will force, them to
take a closer look at themselves, as
well as the amount of time they spend
studying," she said.
Shannon Alston, a sophomore
from Greensboro, said the survey
asked black students if they were
aware of information that could be
been invited but had declined to
appear with Agee at a previously
publicized event. '
Jurgen Buchenau (Dist. 4), , co
author of the bill, said Agee's speech
was pertinent because of the ongoing
CIA recruitment debate on campus.
"We haven't had a chance to hear
from anyone who knows about it,"
he said. "It would be of tremendous
educational value to the University
Members of congress in favor of
the measure argued that the CIA is
a non-partisan organization because
it is a government agency.
But Elliot said he disagreed. "It is
political in that it involves the
indictment of a U.S. government
agency," he said.
for vice chaimcellor post
By BRENDA CAMPBELL
The committee searching for a new
vice chancellor of business and
finance has reached the interview
stage in its search, said Royce
Murray, chairman of the search
committee and Kenan professor at
"There are some outstanding can
didates that the committee is consid
ering," Murray said. "We are really
pleased in the sense that the search
is going well. We have reached the
stage where we are interviewing the
The committee is not working
under a specific time schedule,
"The chancellor (Paul Hardin) and
I want to see the position filled, but
it is important to the University that
we consider the-process carefully," he
said. "Because of this we have not
. DTH David Foster
gives the keynote address of Human Rights Week '88 Wednesday
useful to them but that the survey
also was too broad and didn't neces
sarily focus on black students.
"The campus should inform stu
dents on the population statistics," ,
said Kim Lea, a freshman from
Greensboro. ; " . . . ;
The University also has to help
black students deal with problems
that are unique to them, Lewis said
"The administration is also not being
active enough in making black
students more aware of the challenges
ahead," he said. "And it means more
than just getting blacks to come here."
Harold Wallace, vice chancellor of
University affairs, said black students
Ken Costner (Dist. 10) said that
Agee, in his book "On the Run," had
revealed names of CIA agents and
secret information, resulting in " the
passage of the Identities Protection
"I'm not sure this is the type of
speaker students would want us to
appropriate money for," Costner
said. "It's obvious he's pretty much
a traitor to the country because he
gave out state secrets."
Agee's background and the Stu
dent Constitution were both taken
into account prior to the introduction
of the measure, Buchenau said. Agee
speaks of the CIA's historical past,
not what they are doing now, he said.
Other congress members said that
because of his background, Agee
set an agenda or time table."
There are no requirements for the
position, but certain experience is
necessary, Murray said.
"We believe it is important that the
person has had previous senior
executive experience," he said. "At a
major research university the person
needs to have the strong experience
and leadership that it takes to balance
the needs of various elements of the
The person accepting this position
will be in constant contact with the
faculty, students and administration
on campus, he said.
"We would like someone who will
be accommodating to the faculty,
students and administration when
they come to discuss certain problems
and seek solutions," Murray said.
"That type of collegial attitude is
impressive to us."
already have support services avail
able to them. "There are a number
of avenues to assist minority students
in charting their way through their
career," he said.
There are 30 minority student
organizations available on campus,
like the summer orientation program,
peer counselors and career fairs,
The results of the survey will be
posted in the BSM office, Room 215,
Suite A in the Student Union. The
correct answers and percentage
distribution will be announced Nov.
30 at the next BSM meeting.
ooi CD A
would be able to explain the upheaval
on UNC's campus related to the CIA. ;
Some members of congress said the ;
$200 appropriation was avioken
amount to force congress to take a
stand in favor of anti-CIA sentiment.
Donnie Espbsito (Dist. 12) said
Agee's speech topic was in the spirit
of Human Rights Week. "I don't see
how this speaker can be isolated from
other speakers during the week," he
Gavin Sundwall (Dist. 16) said he
had talked to his constituents about
the bill before the meeting. They were
eager to have Agee speak even if they
did not agree with him concerning
the CIAj and they wanted congress
See CONGRESS page A
The University has three associate
vice chancellors that can help smooth
the transition, he said.
"It will help to bring a new person
into an organization that is already
running quite well," Murray said.
The job of the vice chancellor of
business and finance is very extensive
and involved in every aspect of the
University, he said!
The vice chancellor will be in
charge of granting contracts, the
operation of the physical plant,
overseeing University utilities like the
Carolina Inn, receiving funds from
students and the state, and budgetary
"The office of business and finance
is involved in every element of
University life," he said. "Whenever
a dollar passes from one hand to
another the office is involved in how
the transaction takes place and
There's no gnus like good gnus.