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campus safety -Page6
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 96, Issue 88
Tuesday, November 22, 1988
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1163
High in mid 50s
Wednesday:. high around 50
40 chance of rain
t a n
Arthur Schleslnger speaks
By AMY WAJDA
The transfer of trademark royalty
funds from the UNC endowment
fund to an institutional trust fund for
the Student Aid Office will take place
sometime this week, possibly today,
UNC investment officer Wayne
Morgan said Monday.
"The investment office will wire for
the transfer of money from First
Wachovia back to the University,"
Morgan said. "The physical transfer
will take place this week, probably
The transfer of funds, approved by
the UNC Board of Trustees (BOT)
at its Oct. 28 meeting, has been
Uinioveirsotty to eodose.Airboiretyimifoir might safety
By LACY CHURCHILL
The Arboretum will be closed to
pedestrians from dusk until dawn as
a safety precaution within the next
four to six weeks, Physical Plant
officials said Monday.
Herbert Paul, director of the
Physical Plant, said some sections of
the Arboretum will be fenced in, and
other sections will be closed off by
a cable that will be removed during
the day. A sign indicating that the
Arboretum is closed will hang from
xperts analyze Kennedy's role'
By STACI COX
Assistant State and National Editor
Even though he served fewer than
three years as U.S. president, John
Fitzgerald Kennedy remains a hero
to" the Americans he served and to
a "new generation that wasn't even
alive when he was assassinated 25
: "I admire President Kennedy for
his strong stands on defense and
national security," said Peter Hans,
executive director of the UNC Col
; Kennedy represented a Democratic
party that no longer exists, Hans said.
People want a hero, but in the last
two decades no one has filled that
void, so later generations admire
Kennedy, said Daniel Pollitt, Kenan
professor of law at UNC.
Xpollitt, who worked for the
Kennedy administration for about a
year, said the president was a youthful
idealist who spoke for the underdog
find involved Americans in their own
government. Kennedy is best remem
bered for his war on poverty, the
JPeice Corps and his support of civil
He was a glamorous do-gooder,"
jfyflitt said. "When you look at his
predecessors, it isn't hard to figure
w"hy he's still a hero."
in Memorial Hall Monday
and ttra4 to ceceove t-irade'inroairk
delayed until now because of the
investment office policy to make such
transfers during the third week of
each month, Morgan said.
The trademark royalties program,
created by the BOT in 1982, was
designed to allocate half the revenues
from products that use the UNC logo
for athletic department scholarships
and the other half to the Student Aid
Office. But a bureaucratic oversight
sent the Student Aid Office's half to
an unrestricted endowment fund.
An investigation by the student
. government committee Students for
Educational Access (SEA) prompted
the board's action at the last meeting.
The board had always intended for
Sgt. Ned Comar of University
police said the action is intended to
alert people that the Arboretum is not
the best or safest route to walk at
"This is just giving the message in
a subtle, well-mannered way," he
said. "It will not keep the insistent
ones from still entering the Arbore
tum after dark."
Closing the Arboretum at night is
an effort to make it appear as safe
as possible, Comar said.
The presidents since then, from
Lyndon Johnson to Ronald Reagan,
have been involved in questionable
activities or have been perceived as
dull and inept, Pollitt said.
"I was lucky," Pollitt said. "I grew
up under FDR and with all the other
heroes of the time. There is no one
like that living today."
Many people consider Kennedy's
term as the last period of American
innocence before the Johnson years.
Kennedy's death seemed a sign that
the nation was falling apart, said
Kenan professor of history William
"In 1964 you had the first of the
great race riots that would tear the
country apart in four of the next five
summers," he said. "In 1964, invol
vement in Vietnam was accelerated,
and in 1964 Berkeley happened, the
first of the campus riots."
Pollitt said Kennedy was the first
president to suggest federal funding
for arts and humanities, the first to
emphasize increased funding for
education and the first to set up
internships to get students involved
in government service.
Pollitt said: "Kennedy could walk
down the streets in the ghettos, and
people would come out and applaud.
Johnson had to hide out on Air Force
can evade questions without help; what I need is answers John R Kennedy
Dim AmeirDcain poilotioc
By SANDY WALL
American politics are marked by
a 30-year "cyclical rhythm" that
alternates between conservative and
liberal moods, said Arthur Schlesin
ger, author, historian and special
assistant to President John F.
Schlesinger spoke to about 900
people in Memorial Hall Monday
night on the Kennedy legacy in an
event sponsored by the Carolina
Union Forum Committee.
"There is nothing mystical about
this 30-year cycle," he said, because
that is the span of one generation.
The swing occurs when people yearn
to repeat the mood of the country
as it was when they grew up.
For example, the Reagan years are
a re-enactment of Eisenhower and the
1950s, Schlesinger said.
This cyclical rhythm was also
responsible for the election of
Kennedy in 1960, he said.
"John Kennedy touched and
formed a generation in the 1960s,"
Schlesinger said. Kennedy learned
the funds to reach the Student Aid'
Office, said Stuart Hathaway, exec
utive assistant for SEA, as shown by
its unanimous approval of the reso
lution. "We can tell by their reaction
to it what their intention' was all
Hathaway attributed the misrout
ing of the funds, which he estimated
at $320,000 plus interest, to a bureau
"By the sheer volume of the
business they handle, it's hard to
catch clauses that could fundamen
tally change programs like this," he
Eleanor Morris, director of the
Student Aid Office, said a faculty
There have been no assaults or
rapes reported in the Arboretum this
semester, Comar said. The only
reported crimes have been cases of
indecent exposure during the day and
vandalism to the greenhouse on
Paul said some openings must be
left in the Arboretum to give main
tenance machines access.
"The Arboretum, by the nature of
the trees, is almost impossible to light
sufficiently, so someone could easily
hide in there," Paul said. "This is an
bases. And (Richard) Nixon, who at 8 p.m. Leuchtenburg will speak on
knows where Nixon hid." - the 1960 campaign, and video clips
Leuchtenburg said although polls from the president's life will be shown
say Americans think of Kennedy as at the meeting, which is open to the
the greatest president ever, historians public.
rank him as only average. Kennedy did not receive overly
But most historians say he would kind treatment from the press when
probably have been re-elected if he he was president, and he was heavily
had lived, giving him a greater chance criticized on a number of issues,
to implement his ideas and improve including the Bay of Pigs invasion,
his stature with historians, he said. Leuchtenburg said. But after the
Kennedy had just outlined his ideas assassination, the media treated his
for the war on poverty and had memory with uncritical reverence,
promised the nation to put a man "While press coverage was not
on the moon when Lee Harvey always kind, just getting his hand
Oswald shot him during a parade in some, appealing, attractive persona
Dallas. on the media made him increasingly
Perhaps most important to popular," he said.
Kennedy's popularity was his media Through media exposure,
and television presence, said Wayne Kennedy became the most popular
Goodwin, president of the UNC
"Television has had a lot to do with
the ongoing Kennedy legacy," Good
win said. "I remember back when
there was big media coverage of the
20-year anniversary and before that
the 15-year anniversary. It was the
first simultaneous audio-visual
tragedy. It goes back to the history
of television itself."
The Young Democrats will have
a memorial service lor Kennedy
tonight in Room 224 of the Union
from his mistakes and tried to "break
the crust" of the 1950s.
Kennedy's New Frontier was really
an updated version of Franklin
Roosevelt's New Deal and Harry
Truman's Fair Deal, Schlesinger said.
Kennedy, who was assassinated 25
years ago today, seized the imagina
tion of many but startled others,
Schlesinger said, with his new ideas
But his presidency was distracted
by foreign affairs, and his inaugural
address reflected that. The address
was mostly a response to a speech
given by Soviet Leader Nikita
Khrushchev that Kennedy saw as a
challenge, Schlesinger said.
Kennedy built up American con
ventional forces as part of his "flexible
response" plan. Under that system,
the level of military reaction could
be adjusted to the level of the threat.
The Eisenhower administration con
centrated on the buildup of the
nuclear arsenal. But Kennedy's plan
created a force that could be thrown
into Third World conflicts like
advisory committee would make
proposals about allocating the funds
once the funds are transferred.
"Once we know it (the money) is
here, we will have the scholarship
committee make a proposal on how
to spend it," she said.
Wayne Christiansen, chairman of
the faculty advisory committee on
scholarships, awards and student aid,
said the committee would exercise
caution in its suggestions. "We need
to find out what is a responsible level
to manage the money," he said.
Christiansen said the committee
would probably use part of the funds
to reach the average yearly student
aid spending level of $90,000, while
.attempt to discourage people from
walking through the Arboretum at
Paul said he is not sure who will
be responsible for closing the Arbore
tum at night. He said it would be
either the University police or some
one who works in the Arboretum.
The Physical Plant has already
begun construction, and Paul said the
project should be completed in four
to six weeks.
The "fencing in," which will cost
between $10,000 and $12,000, will be
leader in the world, Leuchtenburg
said. When he died, the sense of grief
was felt in Europe, Africa, Asia and
Latin America. '
"Television was terribly important
in uniting the nation during the
assassination," he said. "It was the
first time children saw their parents
Kennedy's political career was built
on his engaging personality, espe
cially after the 1960 Nixon-Kennedy
debates, Leuchtenburg said. "He was
born on TV and he died on TV." ,
Vietnam, Schlesinger said.
Kennedy never intended to escalate
the limited war in Vietnam, Schle
singer said, and in fact he set 1965
as a target date for disengagement.
But President Lyndon B. Johnson
misinterpreted Kennedy's sending of
advisers to help the Saigon govern
ment as a desire to escalate the war
"I don't believe Kennedy would
have done it," Schlesinger said.
Schlesinger recalled Kennedy's
handling of the Cuban missile crisis
and said it was incredibly important
that the missiles be taken out of Cuba.
One plan had called for the bombing
of the bases. Attorney General
Robert Kennedy expressed opposi
tion to that plan, saying it was not
in the American tradition to bomb
"How much moral progress we
have made," Schlesinger said to
laughter from the audience. He noted
that military action against Grenada
and Libya are applauded today.
Kennedy's record on civil rights
was admirable, but was far from
the rest would be kept in reserve.
"We're not going to spend the whole
$300,000," Christiansen said.
"We want to make sure we keep
enough on reserve in case royalty
income 'drops a lot in one year," he
said. "We need to make sure we have
enough to carry over in lean years."
Christiansen also said the royalty
funds may be earmarked for special
Christiansen mentioned emergency
student loans and other merit schol
arships not based on financial need
as possible special expenses, adding
that "there are a lot of deserving
The committee is open to sugges
paid for by overhead receipts, Paul
Julia Greer, director of the SAFE
escort service, expressed doubts
about whether the restrictions will
actually prevent people from walking
in the Arboretum at night.
"It's an interesting thing, but I don't
know how effective itll be," Greer
said. "If people still wanted to get in
the Arboretum, theyH be able to. The
idea of what's restricted is always
more exciting than what's not re
stricted. The only thing that will truly
By PATRICIA BROWN
Some UNC professors were
playing golf, some were .teaching
and some were even students
themselves, but they all remember
exactly what they were doing on
Nov. 22, 1963. Although it hap
pened 25 years ago, most say tragic
remains the best word to describe
John F. Kennedy's death.
"I had a sense of having been
punched in the stomach," said
William Barney, a history profes
sor. "He was the perfect president.
-He was young, dynamic, energetic
and had a beautiful wife."
Barney, a Cornell University
undergraduate at the time, said
students and faculty were shocked
and saddened, "Things stopped in
the afternoon. There was a lot of
listening to small transistor radios,
and people were glued to their
television sets for the rest of the
Harold Langenderfer, a UNC
business professor who was an
associate professor in 1963, said
finished because of the congressional
coalition of Republicans and South
ern Democrats, Schlesinger said.
Kennedy wanted to run for a second
term and accomplish more during it
than during his first term, but he
needed more progressive Democrats
in the House of Representatives. In
1964, after Kennedy's death, the
Democrats gained 37 seats the
seats he needed. ,
If Kennedy had lived, he would
have defeated Richard Nixon and
finished his agenda, Schlesinger said.
Kennedy's assassination "liber
ated" Robert Kennedy, enabling him
to carry on the unfinished Kennedy
agenda, he said.
"His was a message of change,"
Schlesinger said, a message that
brought hope to some and fear to
The cyclical rhythm of politics is
shifting back to the left, he said.
"We will pass into a new phase after
the year 1990. When this time comes,
the Kennedy years will not seem
tions for allocation of the royalty
funds, Christiansen said.
The resolution passed by the BOT
also includes a provision for BOT
members to discuss a plan to perman
ent route royalty funds to the Student
Aid Office's account.
Christiansen said he expected the
BOT to approve a permanent routing
plan for the funds at its next meeting.
The proposal also included a
request that: the UNC Endowment
Board approve the transfer of the
royalty funds out of the endowment
But the BOT, not the Endowment
See ROYALTIES page 7
keep people out of the Arboretum is
either barbed wire or an electric
But Amy Kittner, RAPE Action
Project chairwoman, said she thinks
the fencing is a great idea.
"Showing that the Arboretum is
closed will be like an extra safety vent
to all the girls that use access
pathways around the Arboretum area
to get to their dormitories or sorority
houses," she said. "Anything pro
moting safety on campus is an asset
to all students and faculty."
the November afternoon was
-bright, cheerful and pretty just
the opposite of what most people
were feeling inside.
"I had been playing golf and
went into the golf house, where
I heard Kennedy had been shot,"
Langenderfer said. "I'll never
forget that day."
The campus was somber, he
said. "Everyone was in a state of
shock they couldn't believe this
had happened. Everyone was
Kenan law professor Daniel
Pollitt, also a UNC professor at
the time, said most UNC students
were pro-Kennedy. "Kennedy was
very popular. He had been on the
UNC campus when he was pres
ident and gave a speech at the
Pollitt helped organize a
memorial service for Kennedy on
Nov. 23, 1963.
"We had four or five speakers.
The hall was filled and very
See KENNEDY page 7
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