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World AIDS Day
Information fair today
1 1 ;30 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 98, Issue 92
Thursday, December 1, 1988
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Partly cloudy today
Lows in mid 20s tonight
- Friday: partly sunny,
Highs in the 40s
MS l I 1 f I II 1 i
Stop! Look! Listen!
Jonathan Ivins, circulation supervisor of the Hill Hall music library,
prepares to play an interactive video disk. The disks, which combine
By DANIEL CON OVER
Chapel Hill assistant town man
ager Ronald Secrist refused to con
firm or deny reports Wednesday that
Pittsburgh public safety director
Glenn Cannon is the top candidate
in the town s search for a director of
public safety. ,
The Pittsburgh Press reported
Tuesday that Secrist had phoned
Cannon and told him he would be
offered the Chapel Hill job this week.
The report quoted Cannon as
saying that Secrist told him he was
the leading candidate for the job, with .
only one other competitor remaining,
and town officials would phone him
with more details.
Secrist refused to comment on the
reports and said it is not the policy
By SUSAN HOLDSCLAW
Education policies of the Reagan
administration get mixed reviews
from state and federal educators, who
say he deserves a "C" grade overall.
Some educators interviewed
recently criticized the president for
simply doing nothing for education
during his eight years in office, while
others noted his downfalls, especially
in federal spending. But a few praised
his efforts to improve the schools
through the "Nation at Risk" report.
The actual amount of federal
money for education increased during
the:Reagan years, but the percentage
of the budget earmarked for educa
tion Vent down, said Nancy Kochuk,
a communications officer with the
National Education Association
(NI-A). In Reagan's two terms, the
By BETH RHEA
It's" no secret that law enforcement
is not a run-of-the-mill, nine-to-five
jobIt takes a certain commitment
tafindle the stress and to face the
risks but the challenge does not start
wit . wearing the uniform. The
training beforehand is the real test.
: Aspiring North Carolina police
officers must first pass 451 hours of
N.C; I Basic Law Enforcement Train
ing; This amounts to 12 weeks of
rigorous preparation for all the
situations an officer might face on the
; Officer Kenny Rickman had just
completed his basic training when he
; "To me it was like four years of
law put into three months," he said.
; The training involves eight to nine
h omami may be top choice foir towim post
of the town manager's office to release
the names of candidates for positions.
He would neither confirm nor deny
that Cannon was among the
candidates. - : v
"There are several candidates
under consideration," Secrist said. He
said town manager David Taylor
would select the director in about a
But Cannon said this week he
planned to come to Chapel Hill with
his family to discuss details of the job
before the Christmas holidays.
The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
reported that Cannon applied for the
job to test his value on the national
job market after former Pittsburgh
Mayor Richard Caliguiri died six
"I felt it was important that I had
The Reagan Legacy
number of federal dollars for educa
tion dropped from 9.2 percent of the
total budget to 6.2 percent.
"It's a duality," she said. "We're
spending more, but a lot of programs
are not fully funded. "
Remedial programs for children
who have difficulty in a regular
classroom have suffered the greatest
cuts, she added, so students who need
help the most aren't getting it.
Eleanor Morris, director of UNC's
Student Aid Office, also cited federal
funding problems. In recent years,
there has been no increase or decrease
in grant, funding, she said, but the
cost of living and the cost of edu
cation have risen. "The emphasis has
hours of class each day, and those
who miss more than 10 percent of
their class hours are dropped from
The curriculum covers everything
from using firearms and searching
buildings to dealing with deviant
"They teach you how to get infor
mation from them (mentally ill
people)," Rickman said. "A police
officer can intimidate the heck out
Once the state basic training has
been completed, the field training
period begins, during which each
officer spends two weeks on each of
three shifts at a police department.
This is followed by four phases of
additional training under the super
vision of a field training officer.
Several of the UNC officers said
if J V
visual and audio material, are increasingly being put to use in
academic settings (see story, page 8).
a safety net," Cannon said. But
Cannon said he is now comfortable
with new Pittsburgh Mayor Sophie
Masloff and is unsure whether he
- would take the Chapel, Hill jcb if it
is offered. ! 1
The new position offers a starting
salary between $42,729 and $51,936
depending on prior experience, he
said. The director can earn up to
$61,927, Secrist said. Cannon's salary
as Pittsburgh director of public safety
is $57,450. His salary is scheduled to
increase to $60,347 on Jan. I.
Masloff has already given Cannon
her approval to take the Chapel Hill
job. "It's his choice," she said. "I won't
stand in his way. If he chooses to go,
he has my blessing."
Leaders of police and fire unions
in Pittsburgh say they want to start
been on allowing loans to fill up the
gap that exists in needs," she said.
But the changes cannot be attrib
uted directly to Reagan's policies, she
"Each year, he has proposed less
for student aid," Morris said, "but
Congress, in its wisdom, has managed
to keep funding stable."
Emmett Floyd, superintendent of
the Catawba County school system
and N.C. Superintendent of the Year,
said not all the blame should fall on
Reagan's shoulders. "There is some
collective blame between Congress
and the administration. But a lot can
be said for the relationship."
Ellis Page, a professor of educa
tional psychology at Duke University
who has worked with several presi
dential administrations, cautioned
critics of the federal government's
they had started their law enforce-'
ment careers at other departments
and had since moved to UNC. Several
officers cited the high salary level as
a reason for coming to UNC. A study
of 30 colleges and universities ranked
UNC as the highest paying in security
work, Rickman said.
But money is not the only draw.
Several officers said they enjoyed
UNC police work because of the
unusual nature of the community.
"There are people from all over the
world, different nations you have to
deal with," Capt. Ronnie Ashley said.
"It's complicated, but it's interesting.
They still have the same basic prob
lems that we have."
Officer Clay Williams said police
work at UNC becomes stressful when
unexpected situations occur. "You
might be calm one minute and then
all a lost generation. - Gertrude Stein
looking for another director whether
Cannon takes the job in Chapel Hill
or not. The unions have complained
that Cannon has not backed them in
-disputes for political reasons. "--
A press source in Pittsburgh said
Cannon, who has a background in
emergency medical administration,
was opposed by top police officers,
who felt they lost power when they
had to report to him instead of
directly to the mayor.
Secrist said the search would
continue until the best candidate is
found. The new director's prior
commitments will determine when he
can begin work, he said.
"There's no deadline set in concrete
any place," he said.
The search to fill the newly created
public safety director position began
education spending policies. "Budget
cuts are not a measure of leadership,"
Reagan has also been criticized for
his appointment of William Bennett
as secretary of education. .
Bennett's attitude toward public
school policy was "extremely pro
voking," Floyd said.
"He 'talked at' educators and
pointed out what they were doing
wrong," he said. Bennett, who
resigned recently and was replaced by
Lauro Cavazos, said educators
policies worked on paper but not in
Bennett's appointment was very
Controversial, Kochuk said, because
he didn't want to work with educators
to improve schools. "He was a critic
See EDUCATION page 3
be thrust into a highly stressful
situation the next," he said.
Recently the University police were
called upon to assist the Chapel Hill
Police Department with an automo
bile accident near N.C. Memorial
Hospital. Officer Kathy Moorefield
said she was the first officer to arrive
on the scene.
"Chapel Hill (Police Department)
was busy they were short of help,"
she said. "All four of ours (officers)
Moorefield found an accident
victim, a man who appeared to be
injured but alive. The man was taken
away in an ambulance and was later
declared dead, she said.
"After a couple of days, you think,
wow . . . you know?" she said.
See POLICE page 4
By DANA CLINTON LUMSDEN
UNC Student Health Service will
offer students free, anonymous test
ing for the AIDS virus beginning on
the first day of classes next semester,
SHS officials said this week.
The testing, to begin Jan. 17, 1989,
will be offered in response to the
national epidemic of acquired
immune deficiency syndrome, said
Dr. Judith Cowan, SHS director.
"The service should be set up by
the first of next year," Cowan said.
"We plan to keep it an anonymous
program for students only."
UNC is the only university in North
Carolina that offers this kind of
testing program, according to
DeVetta Holman, SHS assistant
director of health education. "We are
in the forefront of this kind of
Cowan said the testing service plan
was developed after the UNC AIDS
in 1987 when Chapel Hill Police Chief
Herman Stone retired. The town
council decided to create the new
position after Stone's retirement, and
the town has been looking for a
qualified person to fill the post ever
In January 1988 the search began
again after the top candidate for the
job withdrew, and the town mana
ger's office decided the other two
applicants were unqualified, Secrist
The job was advertised again in
May. Secrist said 1 16 candidates have
applied for the position.
Previous experience with the public
safety concept is a key qualification
for applicants, Secrist said. Chapel
Hill has been under a public safety
system since 1975.
KSM votes against
space for center
By JENNIFER WING
Black Student Movement
members decided during Wednes
day nighfs general body meeting
not to request an interim space for
the Black Cultural Center from
University officials. Instead, they
will concentrate on its permanent
location, despite disappointing
results from black student surveys
dealing with the level of student
enthusiasm about BSM and BCC
Several sites were being consi
dered for the interim spot, with
the hope of establishing it by next
fall, said Kenneth Perry, BSM
But many students at the meet
ing voiced their concerns that the
interim space could possibly take
the place of the permanent cultural
BSM parliamentarian Sabrina
Evans said, "Our objective should
be in getting a permanent spot,
and we should take nothing less."
Other doubts about the interim
space included concerns that the
University might withdraw the
plans for the new cultural center,
justifying the move with the
presence of a larger interim space.
If the BSM refuses to request
the interim space, then the admin
istration may think the present
location is adequate, inferring that
students feel the same way, Perry
But the members voted down
Task Force, a group formed to
address and research AIDS issues on
campus, found that students felt a
general need for AIDS testing at the
The testing will be anonymous and
free, Cowan said. Those performing
; the tests will not even know the names
of the students being tested, she said.
Holman said students will be
. required to show their UNC identi
fication and registration card to verify
that they are students. The cards will
be placed in a specially designed
sleeve, so that only the pictures and
validation stickers will be visible.
SHS will not keep statistics on the
number of students who are tested
or who test positive, Cowan said. "It
is primarily regarded as a service for
students, for people who need this
kind of service which is normally
offered by the county."
See AIDS page 3
ynder the public safety concept,
front-line police officers, firemen and
emergency medical technicians
(EMT) are cross-trained to do the
work of all three departments.-
Not all candidates for the job have
experience with the public safety
concept, Secrist said.
A 1985 audit noted that the town
had achieved its goal of integrating
all its front-line police, fire and EMT
workers into the public safety system,
Secrist said, and it recommended that
a director of public safety be hired
to develop the administrative portion
of the program.
"We're meshed now at the foot
it's time to mesh at the head," he said.
The Chapel Hill police and fire
See DIRECTOR page 6
the proposal, deciding instead to
discuss a permanent space with the
administration. "There is ho way
to be absolutely sure (about
getting the BCC)," Perry said.
The BSM could use a written
contract for a larger BCC space
to request a permanent site by a
fixed date, Perry said. "It's very
possible that we will not get the
cultural center as quickly as we
thought," he said.
Many members said they did
not trust the administration to
follow through on a contract. But,
Perry said,. "If they break the
contract, then the students who are
still here can bring a lawsuit
against the University."
Perry criticized the BSM
members and the other black
students on campus for their
apathy about the group's plans.
He said the administration might
not see a reason to build a new
BCC if such a low activity level
exists among black students.
Only 12 of the 269 black stu
dents surveyed by the BSM on
Nov. 17 got all seven survey
questions correct. "The results
were discouraging," Perry said.
Although 86 percent of the
respondents knew where the BSM
meets, the result was still negative
because student turnout at the
meetings are comparatively low.
Students scored the second
. See BSM page 2