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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 96, Issue 93
Friday, December 2, 1988
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1163
By JUSTIN McGUIRE
Assslanf University Editor
;. The ballot for campus elections
may include a referendum asking for
K substantial rise in student fees to
ay for a proposed $3.5 million
Student recreation center adjacent to
Fetzer Gym, student leaders said
Carolina Athletic Association
president Carol Geer spoke to Stu
dent Congress Wednesday night
jibout the proposal. Congress
rqembers will decide whether to put
$e referendum on the ballot.
Kpeer said Thursday that she is not
sre exactly how much of a fee
Increase would be necessary, but that
itvwould probably be about $10 to
i$ 15 per semester.
The proposed center, which would
house a weight room, an aerobics area
dnd a wellness support area, will be
for. student use and would be open
'Ham n odd
By BETH RHEA
In an effort to establish com
munication between students and
the Town of Chapel Hill, the
Chapel Hill Planning Board met
with about 15 students Thursday
night at Hamilton Hall to field
questions about the board's
recently drafted Strategic Report.
Planning Board Chairman Alan
Rimer and planning staff member
Brad Torgan showed a slide
presentation outlining the report,
which evaluates the town's
strengths and weaknesses in six
key areas and proposes solutions
for existing problems.
"You're a third of the commun
ity, and that can't be discounted,"
he said. "You have a lot to do with
the way we decide things." -
The students who attended were
members of the Executive Branch,
Student Congress and the Grad
uate and Professional Student
Federation. Trey Loughran, stu
dent liaison to the Chapel Hill
Town Council, said that Torgan
had called him to set up the
meeting. Torgan requested a small
group of 1 5 to 25 students, Lough-
Graduate student Dale McKlnley will complete his dissertation In Zimbabwe, Africa
I'm sure I'd feel much worse
during the normal hours of Fetzer
and Woollen gyms, Geer said.
The center would be controlled by
students rather than the athletic
department, so students could use its
facilites on their own schedule, she
"This is not an attack on the
athletic department," Geer said. "But
this way students can decide how it
can best be run. It's not in anyone
A fee increase would be worked
out so that only one class that didn't
use the facility would have to pay.
Geer said she would like to have
the center run by a programming
board, similiar to the one that runs
the Carolina Union. The Intramurals
Office would coordinate and super
vise the activities, she said.
Geer said she has been working
with administrators including
Donald Boulton, vice- chancellor and
ran said, and asked that the three
groups" be contacted along with
other organizations Loughran
thought would be interested.
"I'm very encouraged," Lough
ran said. "This shows the town is
starting to respect students now."
The Strategic Report is the 1988
Comprehensive Plan for Chapel
Hill, "the latest in a series of
continuing refinements of Chapel
Hill's blueprint for the future,"
according to the report's
The report summarizes six
separate informational reports on
demographics, natural environ
ment, transportation, community
facilities, housing and design
guidelines. Each topic in the report
is discussed in terms of the present
problems and proposed solutions
for that area.
After the presentation, Rimer
and Torgan opened the field for
questions and suggestions.
"I think it went well," Student
Body President Kevin Martin
said. "They (the students) were all
anxious to talk longer than we had
See REPORT page 3
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dean of student affairs, as well as
facilities planning and design
"They have been very responsive
and very helpful," she said. "They
seem to see it as a worthwhile
The center would be built in the
courtyard area next to Fetzer Gym,
Geer said. The courtyard would be
relocated to the area nexV to its
The first floor of the center would
be 10,000 square feet and would
contain a weight room. The weight
room would include a nautilus, a
universal, free weights, exercise bikes,
a rowing machine and treadmills.
"It's very all-purpose," she said.
"It's not just for hard-core weight
The second floor would house an
open space with a hard spring floor
for activities including aerobics,
Nattiive Americans coittociize UNC
By WILL SPEARS
UNC's Native Americans want the
University to recruit Native Ameri
cans more actively and to take steps
to help make them feel more com
fortable once they enroll, students
and University officials said
- About 66 NatiyeAmerican under
graduate students are enrolled at "
UNC, said Carlton Mansfield, Carol
ina Indian Circle (CIQ president. Of
those, 30 are CIC members, he said.
The problems Native American
students face are much the same as
those faced by black students, but
because there are so few Native
By ERIC GRIBBIN
Ronald Reagan is primarily
responsible for the $150 billion
budget deficit, but Congress and the
Carter administration share part of
the blame, according to three econ
omists interviewed recently.
"There are a couple of core expla
nations for the budget deficit. said
Robert Reischauer, a senior fellow at
the Brookings Institution. "We cut
taxes way, way back in 1981 and
accompanied these tax cuts with
modest spending cuts, and then said
we'll do more later but the
American public was not willing to
do more later."
The president should have told the
OTH Steven Exum
if I weren't under
dancing and martial arts, sh? said.
The center would also house
UNC's Wellness Center support
services, containing office space,
small conference rooms and fitness
measuring testing equipment.
Relocating the wellness center
would make more students aware of
its existence, she said.
"The majority of the student body
doesnt even know we have it," Geer
The Wellness Center can help
students design workouts, and fea
tures programs on health and phys
The center will also have psychol
ogists on duty to help students who
may be having problems. "This will
be a more convenient and less
intimidating place (than Student
Health Services' mental health sec
See CENTER page 6
American students they are often
overlooked, Mansfield said.
Native Americans are particularly
neglected in University recruiting,
Mansfield said. Although North
Carolina has the fifth largest Native
American population of any state in
the United States, the University does
not do enough to recruit Native
Americans, he said . i1Vt r ; ,
The minority recruitment brochure'
published by the University focuses
on blacks, Mansfield said. This
discourages Native Americans from
attending UNC because it indicates
that the University is not interested
in them, he said.
Mansfield said he contacted Uni
bDame Reagan for deficntt
The Reagan Legacy
public that these tax cuts were
contingent upon further spending
cuts, Reischauer said.
"The blame for the tax cuts is 80
percent Reagan's and 20 percent
Congress," he said. "Everybody
played the game."
The serious recession in 1981 and
in 1982 also helped the deficit grow,
Reischauer said. Inflation fell from
12 percent in 1981 to 3.8 percent in
1983, a much larger drop than the
one or two point annual decrease the
administration had predicted.
"Starting in 1982, we realized we
Sty dent acttovost plans rety m
By JUSTIN McGUIRE
Assistant University Editor
After more than three years of
making headlines as a campus acti
vist, Dale McKinley will quietly exit
Chapel Hill and the UNC political
scene at the end of the semester.
McKinley, a graduate student in
political science, has finished his
course work and will soon begin work
on his dissertation.
But he does not plan to live in
Chapel Hill permanently again, he
For the first time in three years,
he will return to his home in Zim
babwe, where he was born and lived
until he graduated from high school,
and "experience what being home is
like again," he said.
Whether he intended to or not,
McKinley has been the focal point
of campus activism during the past
few years. He was active in the fight
to get UNC to divest its holdings with
companies doing business in South
Africa and has more recently been
prominent in the effort to end CIA
recruitment on campus.
He has fasted, built shanties,
such heavy sedation.
Undergraduate student Union
Library . gj
Student i r4
Stores 1 - I . Lo
' I K iff Student 7
J) A l Recreation en src
STY l Center yi .
Site for the proposed student recreation center
versity officials last year about the
creation of a Native American
recruitment brochure and was told
that it was not possible because of
UNC recruits as many Native
Americans as possible, said Herb
Davis, associate director of Under
-"We go . to schools and we have
them talk with alumni . '. V" but
because the Native American popu
lation is very small, it is very difficult
to recruit them," he said.
About 60 Native Americans apply
to UNC each year, and about half
are accepted, Davis said.
In the UNC system, minorities are
were wrong and we started back
pedaling," he said. "In 1982 we began
cutting tax breaks granted in 1981.
The current deficit is a mere shadow
of what the deficit could have been
had we kept the tax laws passed in
The federal budget could be bal
anced, but that demands a strong
president, Reischauer said.
"It could take a long time," he said.
"It looks impossible now, but it can
be solved. It would take presidential
leadership, and we haven't had that."
Reagan deserves most of the blame
for the huge deficit, but Jimmy
Carter's administration left a deficit
of $20 million to $50 million, said
Stan Shipley, first vice president and
confronted CIA recruiters and Board
of Trustee members, chained himself
to furniture in Hanes Hall, helped to
occupy the business office in South
Building and been arrested several
times. In October, he spent nine days
in Orange County Jail.
In the process, he has become one
of the best-known names on the UNC
But McKinley said he didn't plan
it that way.
"All the things IVe done here I've
done as part of a group," he said.,
There's a great number of people out
there who've done so much work and
deserve to be given credit for it."
Dale McKinley's commitment to
fighting what he sees as injustice
started during his life in Zimbabwe,
living under what amounts to an
"Personal experience is a great
motivating factor," he said. "My
upbringing in Zimbabwe . . . made
me aware of the need for concerted
action aimed at justice and equality."
McKinley was born in what was
then Southern Rhodesia in 1962. His
parents, both American citizens, went
divided into two categories, blacks
and Native Americans, Davis said.
Other minorities, such as Hispanics,
Asian Indians and Orientals are not
recognized as minorities for admis
sions purposes, he said
UNC should make an effort to hire
Native Americans for faculty and
staff positions, Mansfield said. There
are no Native Americans holding
faculty or staff positions, hesaid. v v
"There's an 1 1-to-l jatio of stu
dents to faculty here," Mansfield said.
"Judging from that," there should be
six Indian faculty members."
The University does not have any
See MINORITIES page 5
senior economist for Shearson-Lehman-Hutton,
Inc. in New York
"Eighty percent of it is higher
interest rates," Shipley said. "No one
expected (former chairman of the
Federal Reserve Board Alan) Green
span to keep short-term interest rates
so high. I see the Reagan admini
stration as contributing 50 to 70
percent of the budget deficit."
The administration is also primar
ily responsible for the current U.S.
trade deficit, Shipley said.
"The dollar rose 50 to 70 percent
from 1980 to February 1985," he said.
"We just priced U.S.. manufacturers
See REAGAN page 4
to the country as missionaries in 1957
and remain there today,
In 1980, he came to the United
States to attend Furman University
in South Carolina. He came to UNC
as a graduate student in 1984.
McKinley said he sees an inherent
evil in the goals and priorities in
"On a broader level, a system that
functions on pursuit of property and
individuality is not particularly
compatible to what is good for;
everyone," he said. "There is a duty
morally and politically to respond to
injustices you see around you.
But this personal philosophy has
manifested itself in areas other than
the protests he participated in.
As a graduate student, McKinley
has taught five political science
courses at UNC. He has tried to
challenge his students to think and
not blindly accept what they are
taught, he said.
"I feel a need to challenge certain
pre-conceived notions," he said.
"Doing that is not very popular. It
See ACTIVIST page 3