-or your ears only:
Martin Luther King
at noon in the Pit
if or me area - page 4
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 96, Issue 100
Wednesday, January 18, 1989
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1163
Mostly sunny today
High of 55
Tonight: Low in the 20s
lack male emurollmmemiidlowini miattioraiiy
By SUSAN HOLDSCLAW
A national study found that the
number of black men enrolled in
college has declined, but this trend
does not hold true in the UNC system,
The results of the study are not
reflected in the state, said Richard
Cashwell, director of undergraduate
A show ofhands
UNC students, faculty and staff
commemorate the birthday of
By NANCY WYKLE
Representatives from the chancel
lor's office and the UNC School of
Medicine have denied charges made
by animal rights groups that animals
are being mistreated at a UNC
But animal rights group members
called the responses "indirect" and
Responses from the UNC officials
came as a result of a December
incident in which five members of
People for the Ethical Treatment of
Animals (PETA) entered a UNC
animal holding facility, where anim
als used in laboratory research are
kept, and claimed animals were being
Dr. Stuart Bondurant, dean of the
School of Medicine, which operates
the holding facility, responded to the
complaints in a Dec. 16 memo to the
medical school's faculty.
"Our facilities will continue to meet
I , .. " "'
uidelomies for merit pay
By AMY WAJDA
If the N.C. General Assembly
passes UNC-system President CD.
All candidates for student body
president, Residence Hall Asso
ciation president, Carolina
Athletic Association president,
editor of The Daily Tar Heel or
senior class offices wishing to run
an announcement in The Daily
Tar Heel should contact Justin
McGuire at the DTH at 962-0245
Candidates should notify the
DTH at least two days prior to
the day they would like the
announcement to appear.
If you steal from
admissions at UNC. With the excep
tion of New York, the UNC system
boasts the largest black enrollment in
the nation, he said.
Co-authored by Reginald Wilson
and Deborah Carter of the American
Council on Education, the report said
enrollment of black men fell by
34,000, or 7.2 percent, between 1976
and 1986. It represented the largest
join hands in a symbol of unity to
civil rights activist Martin Luther
abye charge deimied
all appropriate standards," Bondu
rant wrote in the memo. "We will not
accept the judgment of those in
PETA and others of like mind who
wish to stop all biomedical research
involving animals, though we can
expect their indirect efforts to have
us do so will continue."
After the December incident,
PETA members, in conjunction with
UNC's Students for the Ethical
Treatment of Animals (SETA), the
North Carolina Network for Animals
and a number of other groups,
expressed concern about the condi
tion of the animals in the facility.
The groups charged that there was
no sign of medicine for animals
infested with earmites, and some of
the animals appeared sick. The
Animal Welfare Act says "programs
of disease control and prevention,
euthanasia, and adequate veterinary
care shall be established and main
tained under the supervisions and
assistance of a doctor of veterinary
Spangler's proposed budget, the
faculty merit pay raises included in
the budget should be administered
within clear guidelines, UNC Faculty
Council chairman Harry Gooder said
at the Dec. 16 council meeting.
Also at the meeting, Timothy
Sanford, director of the Office of
Institutional Research, announced
plans for a survey of fringe benefits
for UNC-CH employees.
Spangler's decision to make the
majority of the faculty salary
increases 12 percent the first year
and 8 percent the second year merit
awards distributed by chancellors
would be a new method of distribut
ing the pay raise.
In the last decade, the UNC system
has usually had across-the-board
salary increases with "a modest sum
of merit increases," Gooder said.
Gooder said the across-the-board
increases were often "less than the
one another it's
decline for any racial or ethnic group.
During the same period total
college enrollment grew by more than
1 million students. Black women
maintained their proportion of col
lege enrollment at about 5 percent,
but black male enrollment levels fell
from 4.3 percent to 3.5 percent.
The report also said the proportion
of black students in college declined
.4 : jiv:v:-ii-SW
King. The chain of people encircled Polk Place Tuesday and was
part of a week-long salute to King.
In a letter to Chancellor Paul
Hardin, Bondurant said, "The facility
is regularly inspected not only by our
internal personnel but also by a
licensed veterinarian of the United
States Department of Agriculture,
both during scheduled and unan
nounced visits." Improper treatment
has never been reported at the facility,
The animal rights groups recently
held a press conference and sent
statements to the chancellor's office
listing changes to the facility that
should be made.
Requests made in the statements
included opening the facility to the
public, verifying Bondurant 's state
ments and eliminating all use of
animals acquired from animal
Susan Ehringhaus, assistant to the
chancellor, rejected the proposals on
Hardin's behalf with a Dec. 27 letter
to Christopher Smith, president of
cost of living." After a number of low
budget salary increases in the last
decade, Gooder said, a substantial
increase is "viewed by many faculty
as an attempt to make up back pay."
But Gooder said, "I don't think for
a moment that faculty on this campus
will question the propriety of merit
awards for exceptional
Noting that some departments may
not have established distribution
systems for merit awards, Gooder
said, "I hope the systems will be
developed before the funds, if any,
are received, and it is essential in some
areas that faculty salaries soar."
In addition to clear guidelines, the
distribution systems need feedback
mechanisms, Gooder said.
The allotment of merit awards
must also take into account the
See FACULTY page 5
plagiarism; if you steal from many, it's research.
from 8.8 percent in 1984 to 8.6 percent
in 1986. Blacks made up 14 percent
of the total U.S. population in 1986.
Wilson and Carter could not be
reached for comment on their report.
Cashwell said UNC didn't follow
the trend because of the time and
energy spent on recruiting black
students. But he said they would not
be satisfied until black enrollment on
DTH David Surowiecki
"Though the University is not in
a position to accept your proposals,
I note that the University is in
compliance with all applicable federal
standards in its use of animals in
research," she wrote.
Although responses were given by
both the chancellor's office and the
School of Medicine, members of the
animal rights groups said they were
Smith said all the groups were
disappointed with the manner in
which the chancellor's office
responded. "By having his assistant
send a very brief and general form
letter to each group, it is obvious that
the University feels that it doesn't
need to make any changes in the way
it conducts research with animals,"
SETA has requested more infor
mation about the Animal Care and
See ANIMALS page 5
found for Catt's
By KATHRYNE TOVO
If all goes according to plan,
Cat's Cradle will return to Chapel
Hill soon and will relocate in a
vacant building on West Franklin
Street across from Hardee's.
According to Debbie Dibbert,
executive director of the Down
town Commission, Cat's Cradle
owner Frank Heath is expected to
sign a four-month lease this week
with the developers of Westcourt,
who own the vacant building that
was once occupied by Southern
Cat's Cradle is a local night spot
that has offered an outlet for local
and up-and-coming bands. After
more than 15 years at 320 W.
Franklin St., Cat's Cradle closed
on Sept. 1, 1988, when the prop
erty owners refused to renew
all campuses is representative of the
black population in the state. Until
then, admissions officials will con
tinue to intensify their efforts to
increase black enrollment on the
Tracy Truitt of the University of
Virginia's admissions office also said
she had not observed a decline in the
university's black enrollment. Like
tt u d emits
By BRENDA CAMPBELL
As the line of students clutching
numbers representing their places in
line for N.C. State basketball tickets
snaked from the Smith Center ticket
windows past Koury Natatorium
Sunday, Carolina Athletic Associa
tion officers assured anxious fans that
if they were among the first 1,000 in
line, they would receive lower-level
When lower-level student seats
were gone after student number 555
picked up tickets, CAA officials were
just as surprised as the hundreds of
students still expecting lower-level
"Students were alarmed, and we
were very surprised," CAA President
Carol Geer said. "We thought the
students received more lower level
seats than were distributed."
Students were allocated about
1,100 lower-level seats for the N.C.
State game, not including seats
allocated to student spirit groups.
This number was about 900 fewer
seats than student leaders had been
led to expect. Students had been told
from the early planning stages of the
Smith Center that they would receive
about 2,000 lower-level seats.
The discrepancy prompted Geer
and her staff to compile a history of
student seating since 1982, when
student seating in the Smith Center
was first discussed. Their findings
were presented to associate athletic
directors Richard Baddour and Paul
Hoolahan Tuesday night.
Baddour and Hoolahan listened to
Geer and three other CAA officers
discuss the student ticket allocation
for about two and a half hours but
declined to respond to their com
plaints until today.
For the first time, the new ticket
distribution system allowed the CAA
to count exactly how many lower
level seats were allocated to students.
It provided students with a number
to hold their spaces in line, in the
hopes of preventing cutting in line.
"We don't know how many tickets
go out to the students because we
don't see the tickets," Geer said. "But
when we thought about it and
Chapel Hill Town Council
member Art Werner said Cat's
Cradle will have to take steps to
ensure that it meets all town
building codes before opening in
its new location.
But if all town requirements are
satisfied, Cat's Cradle may be
ready to reopen as soon as mid
February, Werner said.
The matter was brought before
the town council in November by
Werner, who suggested the town
should help Heath in his search
for a new building.
One of the functions of the
Downtown Commission is to help
new businesses find vacant spaces
to rent in Chapel Hill.
After a six-week search that
began in November, the Down
UNC, Virginia sponsors special
programs and mailings to recruit
black students, she said.
The study also said overall minor
ity enrollment in colleges rose, with
Hispanics and American Indians
showing the greatest increases. But
Hispanics and blacks were more
likely than whites to drop out before
receiving their degrees.
considered the other student groups
like the band and the Carolina Fever,
we estimated the number of students
total sitting in the lower level for the
State game will be about 1,600.
"Considering that the lower level
seats approximately 9,000, I don't
think that is enough seats for
During the initial planning of the
Smith Center seating in 1982, the
student body president and the CAA
president were told students would
occupy sections 109-118 in the lower
level, or about 2,400 seats.
"At that time this (2,400 seats) is
what they were hoping for," Geer
said. "Nothing was promised, but that
was what they were working for."
Student leaders also were told they
would receive about 5,000 student
seats in the upper level, she said.
In the upper level, the total number
of seats is secondary to the location,
Denny Worley, former ticket distri
bution chairman, said Tuesday. "It
is quality of the seats that is more
important rather than quantity."
Geer said students often demand
more seating, when what they really
need is better seating. "This is a
misconception with the students," she
said. "They think we need more seats;
what we need is better seats. We rarely
sell out the tickets except for the Duke
and State games."
Between the 1986 and 1987 season,
the athletic department switched the
location of student seats in the upper
deck, although no one notified
student leaders. CAA officers disco
vered the switch during a game when
they noticed students were seated in
the highest three rows all the way
around the Smith Center.
"We noticed a change had been
made when students weren't sitting
in sections, but in rows W, X and
Y," Geer said. "When we realized a
change had been made, we counted
all the student seats for the Clemson
and Marquette games. After counting
the tickets, we found that a change
had been made."
During the switch, Geer said
students lost quality rather than
See TICKETS page 5
town Commission could not find
a permanent location for Cat's
Cradle, Dibbert said. But it was
able to find temporary space for
the club in a building that is part
of the Westcourt project.
If Cat's Cradle had not used the
building as a temporary site, it
would have remained vacant until
the Westcourt development plans
are redesigned and approved by
the town, Dibbert said.
Cat's Cradle will be able to use
approximately 10,000 square feet
in the building, which will allow
it to attract a larger number of
groups that have regional and
national recognition, Dibbert said.
"The best thing would have been
to find a permanent spot for the
Cat's Cradle, but this is a nice
interim solution," she said.