80 chance of rain, high
Cloudy, cooler Saturday
beginsl p.m. at the Pi
Kappa Phi house
Serving the students and the Universuy community since 1893
Volume 97, Issue 19
Friday, March 31, 1989
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
News Sports Arts 962-0245
Business Advertising 962-1163
x p e trt
Phyllis Schlafly, Constitutional law expert
UNC system imicreases
By STEPHANIE VON ISENBURG
The UNC system failed to meet its
prescribed goals in minority recruit
ment, but the system has improved
recruitment and has the second
highest percentage increase in minor
ity enrollment in the nation.
The, pca&cxibed goals were part of -a
consent decree between the federal
courts and the UNC system to
improve minority recruitment and
The UNC system had until the end
of 1986 to meet the requirements in
the consent decree, and the Board of
Governors (BOG) extended the
decree for two more years. The
commitments involved in the agree
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CIA Action Committee member
'. ' ..il
DTH David Minton-
ment have been continued as a matter
of policy, said Archie Irvin, assistant
to the vice chancellor of UNC-system
The BOG will continue its consent
decree efforts to increase minority
enrollment for five more years, said
Nathan Simms, vice president for
student services :,and special
The consent decree has fulfilled its
main purpose in increasing minority
enrollment, he said.
The consent decree was successful
because of the efforts put forth by
the individual schools, Simms said.
"The schools have to have that
commitment, and they did."
Irvin said minority enrollment had
Graham Entwistle speaks against
It's better to
By JENNIFER WING
Sarah Weddington, the successful
attorney in the 1972 Roe vs. Wade
case, and Phyllis Schlafly, an expert
on Constitutional law and a leading
opponent of the Equal Rights
Amendment, met Thursday night
before an emotional audience in a full
Memorial Hall to debate controver
sial issues surrounding abortion.
The debate was filled with cheers,
laughter and sounds of disapproval
from the audience for both the pro
choice and pro-life opinions
expressed at the debate.
Weddington began her defense by
explaining how she, as an individual
raised in a conservative atmosphere,
became an integral factor in the
Supreme Court decision to allow
women the right to terminate a
pregnancy. While living in Texas, she
began to research why Texas only
allowed women in physical danger to
Through her research, she discov
ered that many states had reversed
their decisions on the issue, and this
convinced her to present a case to
the courts in Texas.
Weddington used Jane Roe, a
young pregnant woman who had not
graduated from high school, as her
The Supreme Court ruled in 1972
that pregnancy was a fundamental
right and a form of the right to
privacy, and that the government
should not interfere in a woman's
decision in the matter.'
Schlafly began her defense of the
increased at all the UNC institutions.
"There has been an upswing in
minority student enrollment (at
UNC-CH) percentage-wise in
the past three years."
The increased minority enrollment
at UNC-CH is due to its many
minority recruitment programs, he
"There are a number of efforts
designed to identify, contact and
eventually recruit minority students
Recruiters from UNC-CH visit all
high schools in the state as part of
the regular recruitment efforts, he
More than 40 percent of the
students who attended last summer's
on-campus CIA recruitment
burn out than
..siw:-;W":: J -y:., f,
pro-life side of the issue by declaring
abortion as one of the great mysteries
of the 20th century. She compared
abortion to the mass killings per
formed during Adolf Hitler's Holo
caust, because Hitler's motive was to
eliminate those people whom he
found unworthy to be alive.
"He wanted to build a master life,"
Schlafly said. "This concept was
accepted by physicians and lawyers."
The government has a responsibil
ity to protect life, Schlafly said. The
1972 ruling, making abortion the
mother's decision, was "the worst
decision ever made in the Supreme
Court" she said.
"The Supreme Court invented this
new right. They claimed they saw this
in the shadow of the 14th Amend
ment." The 14th Amendment pre
vents state governments from inter
fering with the rights of a U.S. citizen.
Schlafly further criticized the Roe
vs. Wade decision by saying that
abortion was not something to be
considered under the right to privacy
amendment. She said there was
nothing private about abortion
because of the number of people
involved in the process.
A woman now has the choice to
terminate her pregnancy for whatever
reason she chooses and at any time
she feels is appropriate, Schlafly said.
"It is very, very sad. There are many
people who are willing to accept this
and refuse to admit there is a human
Weddington refuted Schlafly's
See DEBATE page 2
minority recruitment program ap
plied to UNC-CH, he said.
The consent decree is only effective
if the University can retain minority
students, said Kenneth Perry, former
president of UNC-CH's Black Stu
The minority programs offered at
,UNC-CH are. good , but should - be
expanded to retain these students, he
.said. : " ""v--'
Minority recruitment at N.C. State
University has risen 16.3 percent from
last year, said George Dixon, director
of undergraduate admissions at
NCSU. Minority enrollment at
NCSU is now 9.7 percent.
"It is important to note that over
12 percent of the freshman class has
By WILL SPEARS
and NANCY WYKLE
v Carrying signs with such slo
gans as "Your Taxes Pay for
Rape, Torture and Murder in
Central America," and "CIA Has
Got to Go," members of the CIA
Action Committee (CIAAC)
addressed students in the Pit
Thursday to protest interviews
CIA representatives were con
ducting at the law school.
The protesters also demon
strated at the law school, where
they met with Richard Link,
acting dean of the school.
CIA representatives were inter
viewing law students for summer
1990 internships. CIAAC
members, who contend that the
CIA is a criminal organization
that should not be allowed to
recruit at a state university,
demonstrated in protest.
The CIAAC, formed in 1987,
has held several protests resulting
in arrests, condemnation by the
Board of Trustees and five Cam
pus Code violation convictions.
Thursday's protest, however, was
The protest began at 12:15 p.m.
in the Pit with an informational
and question-and-answer session,
and moved to the UNC law
school at about 12:40 p.m.
CIAAC member Joey Tem
pleton said the University should
not allow the CIA to recruit on
campus because its presence
violates the Campus Code, which
states that only lawful organiza
tions can recruit on campus.
Former UNC law student Joel
Segal addressed a crowd in the
Pit. "At this very minute they
(CIA representatives) are at the
Jaw school. You know how I
know? They're walking around
with walkie-talkies; not very
covert, is it?
See PROTEST page 2
to fade away.
. DTHDavid Minton
Sarah Weddington, winning attorney in 1972 Roe vs. Wade case
been minority students for the past
five to six years," Dixon said.
"The goal ( 10.6 percent enrollment)
has not been realized because we have
grown in total enrollment while
increasing enrollment of African
JCSU's success in recruitment
results from the efforts of the entire
campus, Dixon said.
Each of NCSU's academic colleges
has a minority coordinator, he said.
"There has been a strong African
American student body for several
years. This word-of-mouth helps
The admissions office has not
changed its recruitment efforts in the
past five or six years, Dixon said.
focus of discussion
By JASON KELLY
A lack of education is one of the
fundamental problems facing Amer
ican Indians today, said Bruce Jones, .
a representative of the six federally
recognized Indian tribes in North
The Carolina Indian Circle (CIC),
a support group for American Indi
ans on campus, held a discussion
panel concerning the problems Indi
ans still face in the United States. The
forum was part of Native American
The four members of the panel
talked about their experiences in the
struggle to bring American Indians
up to the educational and economic
level of white Americans without
sacrificing their Indian culture to
A key focus of the discussion was
the American Indian experience with
higher education, because all of the
panelists agreed that college was an
instrumental part of the cure for
contemporary American Indian
"It's easy to identify the problems
that Indians face today, but not the
solutions," said Cedric Woods, CIC
vice president and the moderator for
the discussion. "These are not new
problems, they've built over centuries,
and they aren't simple to fix.
"We want to create awareness of
the situation facing the American
Indian student, and we want to serve
as a social outlet for Indians on
campus. College students will be the
future public leaders, and they need
to be aware of the problems in the
To promote awareness, CIC has
sponsored a week of activities,
including an Indian fashion show
Wednesday, Indian games in the Pit
today, and a cultural festival in Great
Kerry Byrd, a 1986 UNC graduate
and the market director for the
There are special programs
directed for the recruitment of minor
ity students as well as scholarships
for the most gifted black students, he
There has been an increase in the ,
number of white students at N.C.
Central University in Durham as Well
said Robbie Schultz, assistant direc
tor of admissions, who coordinates
Schultz attributes the rise of white
enrollment to increased awareness of
the programs offered at NCCU.
The flexibility of scheduling and
the low cost also appeal to older
students who wish to continue their
education, he said.
Guilford Native American' Associa
tion, said the educational problems
facing the American Indian were
caused by poverty and the inadequate
school systems in the rural areas
where most Indians live.
"Students who have the ability
don't get the encouragement and
finances to attend college," he said.
Indian students who get to college
encounter .even tougher problems,
Byrd said. "A lot of Indian students
have trouble dealing with the size of
college. Most Indian communities are
small and tight-knit, so the students
have trouble adjusting. I know I did;
and this affects academics.
"Once they get to college, they're
not performing up to par, not as well
as they are able."
Byrd attributed this to the "cultural
abandonment" that American Indian
students sometimes feel. "Students
either lack support or don't know it
See FORUM page 3
Get information on drugs, .
alcohol............... '. ..4
Recycling pays off for these
Retracing the steps of
Hinton James ...4
Walk for Humanity
Final note to sound on
director's days at UNC 6