high of 60
Clear until Friday, highs
in the 60s
3 p.m. in the Morehead
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 97, Issue 27
Wednesday, April 12, 1989
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
News Sports Arts 962-0245
Business Advertising 962-1163
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By JAMES BURROUGHS
Assistant University Editor
Almost 1,300 state employees
receive yearly salaries below the
federally defined poverty level, and
many University housekeepers,
groundskeepers and food service
workers are experiencing hard times
as a result, an N.C. representative said
Anne Barnes, D-Orange, met
recently with Clementine Jones, a
UNC housekeeper with 14 years of
service. Jones is an advocate of higher
wages and more respect for all UNC
housekeepers. A single mother of four
children, Jones works from 3:50 a.m.
to 11:50 a.m. cleaning a floor in
Rosenau Hall every weekday. But she
By MARK FOLK
A ramp to aid students in wheel
chairs will be built in the Pit this
summer under a new agreement
reached by Student Stores and the
Office of Student Affairs, officials
The ramp, which will be placed
over the steps of the Pit in front of
the main door of the Student Stores
building, was originally included as
part of the renovation plans for the
building last year. But the ramp,
along with some other projects, had
to be dropped from the plans because
of funding problems.
By JENNIFER WING
Departments in the College of Arts
and Sciences do not emphasize study
abroad programs, and UNC students
have fallen behind foreign students
in corporate world competition
because of their lack of international
experience, UNC officials said
According to an article in
December's Chronicle of Higher
Education, fewer than 50,000 of 12
million U.S. college students partic
ipate in study abroad programs, and
the majority of those are financially
secure, white, female liberal arts
This number is low when compared
to the 350,000 foreign students listed
in the article as studying in the United
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Back to the drawing board
Nick Judson, a senior English major from
Nantucket, Mass., puts the finishing touches on
takes home only $10,000 a year, or
$329 every two weeks, she said.
The federal government sets the
poverty level for a family of four at
$11,600 a year, a level which is
constantly increasing with inflation,
"These are valuable employees, and
they perform a valuable service to the
state. I think it's a disgrace for any
full employee of the state to make
salaries below the poverty level. We
should be sensitive to the quality of
life of our employees."
Jones complained first to her
supervisors and University officials
about the low wages of housekeepers
but finally contacted Barnes in March
about her problem, Jones said.
be coirostacltedl Dim Pitt
Donald Boulton, vice chancellor
and dean of student affairs, said the
idea of building the ramp was taken
out of the plans so that several
projects essential to the renovation
process could be completed.
"We had agreed on the plan to
build the ramp a year ago as part
of the renovation process. But the
bids for the renovation came out to
be a lot higher than expected, and
some things had to be cut."
When Boulton learned there was
a funding problem, he met with
Rutledge Tufts, general manager of
the Student Stores, to discuss alter
native ways to pay for the ramp,
tt(m(Q(eiH)tt parttnaiaattom) dud foireo
States. These students are usually
more academically diverse, majoring
in fields like engineering and the
sciences, the article said.
Cynthia Dessen, academic adviser
for the UNC study abroad program,
said students who travel abroad often
do so through foreign language
departments, which encourage study
ing abroad. "The fact that we have
strengthened language programs has
encouraged students to go abroad."
The higher number and diversity
of foreign students studying abroad
stems from an emphasis on non
liberal arts fields, the article said.
Many students come to the United
States because of advanced programs
American universities offer in these
Dessen said foreign students
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Nature, as we
"What can the supervisor say?
They can't do anything. We're still
talking to people. They know we need
more money, but what can we do?
We're going to the General Assembly
Jones said her paycheck almost
disappears after she purchases groc
eries for herself and her two children
at home. One of Jones' sons attends
St. Augustine's College in Raleigh on
financial aid, and her daughter will
begin college this fall, she said.
Jones has not qualified for welfare
or food stamps for more than 16
years, she saia. "They say, 'You're
making too much money. "
Although she worked a second job
for four years, Jones now works only
Boulton said. Under their agreement,
Boulton said the Student Stores
would build the ramp as planned,
with Boulton finding ways of provid
ing the additional funds if necessary. .
"I want it (the ramp) very much.
We all have been wanting it from the
beginning, and now it definitely will
Thomas Shumate, consulting
architect for the UNC Facilities
Plant, said the ramp would probably
cost about $18,000. Despite the high
cost, the idea of building a ramp in
the Pit is something that has been
talked about for a long time.
"It's always been something we've
tended to be wealthier than American
students. They also consider foreign
education more important than
American students do, she said.
Another reason for the low number
of American students studying
abroad is students' ignorance about
the need for foreign studies, Dessen
said. "Americans have always been
much more isolated from European
countries. Until recently, we per
ceived ourselves as leaders in the
There are other reasons why more
foreign students are traveling abroad.
"All the other countries are sensitive
to the interdependence," said Joseph
Tulchin, a history professor and
director of the office of international
programs at UNC. While foreign
education systems are responsible for
DTH David Surowiecki
his drawing for art class Tuesday afternoon
outside Hanes Art Center.
know her, is no
for the University. The difficulty of
finding a better job has prevented
Jones from leaving her job, but she
hopes to acquire a high school
equivalency diploma to assist her, she
"The way jobs are going now, and
IVe been with the state for so long,
I just got to go back to school before
I can find something else."
But a lack of respect for house
keepers makes the low wages seem
even worse, she said. "It seems like
to me that people want to put me
down just because I'm doing this.
They shouldn't do stuff like that."
, Barnes has pursued the issue of
See SALARIES page 3
tried to incorporate. I actually did a
layout for it several years ago, but
there were some other handicapped
priorities on campus that needed to
be taken care of first."
Shumate said the ramp would be
T-shaped, descending from the top
step of the Pit to a horizontal
platform and then to the Pit's ground
level. In addition to providing a place
for wheelchairs to make easy turns
in either direction, the horizontal level
would also provide an ideal location
for speakers in the Pit.
Although the ramp will add to the
See RAMP page 3
this knowledge, the U.S. education
system has not ignored this reality;
it just has not emphasized it in the
same ways, he said.
But increased pressure from busi
nesses to be familiar with foreign
languages and affairs is changing
liberal arts majors' attitudes about
studying abroad, Dessen said.
Tulchin said the Department of
International Studies has several
programs for its students, but there
are no programs organized by the
history department. "But individual
faculty encourage it if they are
connected to the (UNC) programs."
While faculty members have
always supported study abroad
programs, the programs have not
usually been an activity outside of the
romance languages department, Tul
Sunny T -
By DANA CLINTON LUMSDEN
About 30 Chapel Hill merchants
have signed a letter supporting
Johnny T-Shirt in its charge that
UNC monopolizes area businesses.
Charles Helpingstine, the president
of Johnny T-Shirt, plans to send a
letter to Chancellor Paul Hardin with
the signatures of several Chapel Hill
merchants claiming the University
had no right to compete with the area
businesses under the Umstead Act.
"The Umstead Act states that the
University is here to supply for the
Woman files. lawsuit
against Duke 'doctors
By KAREN DUNN
Assistant State and National Editor
Duke University and several of its
physicians, face 14 claims against
them in a lawsuit that is being called
the biggest medical case in the history
of North Carolina.
Betty Jean Eldreth, a Hickory
woman whose right breast was
removed following a 1985 cancer
diagnosis, is filing the charges. A
biopsy of a growth on her abdomen
was performed at Duke University
Medical Center a year after the
diagnosis, and initial reports said it
was non-cancerous. A few days later
she was informed of a second pathol
ogy report that labeled the same
A hurried operation was done to
remove the potentially fatal mass, yet
the first diagnosis had been correct.
Studies of the mass after it was
saint. Ralph Waldo Emerson
Go Tar Heels!
Carl Bryan, this year's Mikeman, tries out for the 1989-90 position
Tuesday in Hamilton Hall. He was the only candidate.
chin said. People in other areas are
becoming more aware of the value
of overseas study, he said.
More employers are making for
eign educational experience a prereq
uisite for prospective employees,
Tulchin said. "We do know that the
number of students going abroad
with the programs in the University
is growing dramatically."
The history department is planning
to work with other departments to
increase the number of students who
travel abroad to study in areas other
than their majors, Tulchin said.
Many people still think only the
wealthy study abroad because the
programs were considered a luxury
in the past, Tulchin said. "Now it's
indispensible in certain pareers. In the
past, it was considered a vacation."
Shirt gains backimi
needs of students that aren't readily
available in the community," Help
ingstine said. "Obviously sweatshirts,
T-shirts and the like are readily
available within walking distance of
Steve Bullock, owner of Foister's .
Camera Store, sent a letter to Hardin
last September, and other letters
followed, Helpingstine said. "Steve
(Bullock) sent a letter to Hardin
which stated that the University or
any government agency had no right
to be tied so deeply in business. .
"Steve attached a photocopy of an
removed showed it was benign.
The confusion surrounding the
diagnosis of the growth forms the
basis for Eldreth's lawsuit, which is
being handled by Raleigh attorney
A Duke physician's study of the
conflicting pathology reports showed
an experimental antibody was used
to determine if the tissue was can
cerous. Eldreth and her doctors did
not ask for the experimental test to
be used, and they were unaware of
its significance in her diagnosis.
The claims Eldreth and her attor
neys are making against Duke include
two types of fraud, intentional
infliction of emotional distress,
negligence, conspiracy and liability.
When the diagnostic antibody test
called B72.3 was used on Eldreth's
See LAWSUIT page 2
DTH David Surowiecki
Rollie Tillman, director of the
Institute for the Study of Private
Enterprise in the UNC School of
Business, said study abroad programs
were becoming a higher priority in
the business school.
"It hasn't been on the front burner
in the past. But the business world
just thinks in international terms."
Tillman said much of the credit for
increased interest should be given to
Paul Rizzo, the new dean of the
business school, who used to work
in international relations at IBM.
The school should begin study
abroad programs to give business
students a competitive edge in the job
market, he said.
Cesareo Bandera, chairman of the
See STUDY page 2
ad that he ran selling photos 'Buy
two, get another one for half price'
and the Student Stores ad, which,
ran the same day, that said, 'Buy two;
photos, get one free The University'
is clearly violating the Umstead Act,:
which is a criminal violation." -
After Bullock sent the letter to
Hardin, Helpingstine sent a harsher
version in February. "The letter that
Hardin sent back basically thanked;
Steve for being a good citizen. I;
wanted to be more direct. The-
See JOHNNY T-SHIRT page 2
Get a safe trip home any
time of night.... ....3
Federal government might
take your student loan 4
Shop for used clothes in a .
new place 4
Focus On Race Relations:
Progress and pitfalls 5
Stake your claim for on
campus parking ..6
Enjoy an entertainment
Duke fouls up against UNC
baseball team .7