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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 97, Issue 41
Tuesday, September 5, 1989
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Hard Dim seeks UNC fimiainicDal freedom
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Chapel Hill residents Jennifer Arberg and Liad
Lazarus perform as clowns Monday on Franklin
By MIKE SUTTON
A hearing to address the grievances
of the University police department's
only black female police officer, who
accused the department of racist hiring
practices, has been postponed for one
month because of a scheduling con
flict. Officer Keith Edwards said Friday
that her Step 4 hearing before a state
administrative law judge was pushed
back from Sept. 1 1 to Oct. 9 because
to oegBO auuo oros
By JASON KELLY
The UNC School of Medicine will
be one of more than 50 test sites around
the nation to begin testing the effective
ness of a new AIDS-fighting drug.
Scientists hope the new drug, called
dideoxyinosine or ddl, will be less toxic
but as effective as AZT the only
other drug approved by the Food and
Drug Administration for AIDS treat
ment. UNC was selected as a test site for
Town council needs
Liaison position created
New student office to
Gallery display raises
eyebrows, awareness 5
State news 3
University news 4
By NANCY WYKLE
UNC Chancellor Paul Hardin Friday
proposed several new initiatives that
would help the University gain more
financial autonomy in its dealings with
"Our present quality is threatened by
restrictive managerial problems in the
state," Hardin said in a report to the
Board of Trustees. "We are now a world
class university. We won't be in 10
years if we rely on state appropria
tions." Hardin said greater University con
trol over finances could possibly lead
to a tuition increase. But student lead
ers and BOT members said Hardin's
proposals would not be implemented
for a long time, delaying any tuition
increase for at least a few years.
Street during the Labor Day inauguration of the
Chapel Hill-Carrboro trolley.
the lawyer appointed by the N.C. attor
ney general's office to represent UNC
had to handle another case.
Edwards is one of eight University
police officers who charged that dis
crimination played a part in a decision
to promote 13 white officers in June
1987. Edwards is the only officer who
has continued with the grievance past
the Step 2 level.
"It has taken me since 1987 to get
where I am now too long," said
Edwards, who filed her Step 1 griev
n rrv r 11
the three federal studies because of
existing facilities, said Charles van der
Horst, assistant professor of medicine
and director of the UNC AIDS Clinical
Trials Group. "We received a grant
about two years ago from the U.S.
Government to become a member of
the AIDS Clinical Trials Group.
"We test many new drugs both
against the HIV (AIDS) virus and the
various malignancies which result from
the disease," van der Horst said. Duke
University will also participate in the
testing of ddl.
Colin Hall, director of the UNC AIDS
Dementia Center, will be the national
coordinator for one dimension of the
testing that examines the ability of ddl
to prevent a dementia resulting from
The studies will take up to two years
to complete, but researchers hope to
have some preliminary results within
six months to a year. Both UNC and
Duke expect to have around 100 volun
teers involved in the testing, van der
Horst said. "The tests will involve about
1 ,800 patients nationwide. We will have
between 100 and 105 patients here."
All three of the studies will be double
blind, so neither the physician nor the
patient will know what drug is being
This research will be the first wide
scale study to compare the effective
ness of ddl and AZT. The studies, which
are planned to begin by October, will
follow several small tests that suggested
that ddl may be more effective and less
Better know nothing
Hardin recommended that the Board
of Governors appoint a blue-ribbon
panel to investigate possible ways of
easing budget restrictions on the 16
different campuses in the UNC system.
Hardin also recommended that the
BOT request the BOG to do the follow
ing: develop written goals and policies
on faculty and staff compensation at
ask the N.C. General Assembly to
revise regulations and allow state uni
versities to keep all funds generated by
grants to support academic and research
activities. UNC-CH and N.C. State
University, the two research institu
tions in the UNC system, now must
return 30 percent of the overhead re
ceipts from the grants to the state;
study tuition policy and pricing at
ance more than two years ago. "When
I received the news (of the postpone
ment), it was on my birthday. I was not
A Step 1 grievance is filed with an
employee's immediate supervisor. If it
is rejected, the employee can continue
to Step 2, the UNC employee relations
division, and Step 3, a hearing with the
University Staff Employee Grievance
Committee. Edwards's grievance met
rejection at all three levels. Step 4 is an
appeal to the N.C. State Personnel
toxic than AZT. The results of a Na
tional Institutes of Health study involv
ing 26 patients infected with the AIDS
virus showed that ddl had fewer and
less severe side effects than AZT.
The serious side effects of AZT,
which include damage to bone marrow,
prevent some 30 percent of AIDS pa
tients from using the life-sustaining
drug. Until ddl, these patients had no
treatment for AIDS.
The major side effects of ddl may
include liver damage and nerve dam
age to the feet and legs, van der Horst
said. "Some patients on very high dos
age developed neuropsy (severe pain)
in their feet, and there was some evi
dence of liver damage. But often it is
hard to separate whether something is
due to the drug or to HIV."
If the testing concludes that ddl is
less toxic than AZT but as effective, it
could become the primary AIDS-fighting
drug and be prescribed to those
patients who cannot take AZT.
The first study will involve 1,000
patients and will compare the individ
ual effects of ddl and AZT on patients
who have received no prior treatment.
A second study will compare the two
drugs in about 500 patients who have
been taking AZT for at least one year.
The third study, including 300, patients
will try to determine the effectiveness
of ddl on patients who cannot take
AZT. Two dosage levels of ddl will be
used in the experiments to determine
the most effective dosage.
than half know many things.
UNC system campuses.
In the report, Hardin also called for
the BOG to initiate a study of future
means for financing the University
system, noting the role of tuition policy
"It's prevention," he said. "You can't
wait until you have a total disaster and
The BOT approved Hardin's recom
mendations and will send them to the
Although Hardin's proposal included
giving individual campuses more au
tonomy, he said he did not advocate
dismantling the UNC system.
"I don't feel in competition with the
other campuses in the system. Our rise
doesn't have to mean their fall," he
said. Greater financial independence
would enable the campuses to set tui
By NANCY WYKLE
Earl N. "Phil" Phillips Jr. was elected
unanimously as chairman of the UNC
Board of Trustees Friday when former
chairman Robert Eubanks stepped
"I think this board and this Univer
sity have great opportunities facing it in
the next few years," Phillips said. The
time is right for exciting things to hap
pen in the next few years."
UNC must strive to stay competi
tive, Phillips said. "Things are very
good here, but I think they can be a
whole lot better. We're still less than
our competition, and we must seek a
way to narrow that gap."
A strategy should be developed to
recruit faculty members and maintain
the faculty now at UNC, he said. "We
need to work with the Board of Gover
nors and develop a plan to get the
Higher pay is one way to help in the
recruitment, motivation and mainte
nance of UNC faculty members, Phil
lips said. The University's bicentennial
will offer the opportunity to raise sev
eral hundred million dollars, he said.
Phillips, who was elected BOT vice
chairman in 1987, received a B.S.
degree in business administration from
d for UNC police
Edwards said she often felt like giv
ing up during the lengthy grievance
process, but added: "I just might as well
take it all the way and make it my last
fight. The issues are just too important
to let go.
"It's a human rights issue. I feel that
my grievance will have an impact on
other employees besides myself."
She said she was more optimistic
about her chances for winning her
appeal at the Step 4 level. "You don't
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Mayor Jonathan Howes and Downtown Commission President Joe Hakan cut the trolley ribbon
Trolley service to start today
By TOM PARKS
Chapel Hill's mayor cut the rib
bon Monday for the town's two new
teal $150,000 trolley shuttle buses
scheduled to begin service today.
"Downtown Chapel Hill is not
tion, have more control over how their
money is spent and manage daily af
If the state cannot meet the needs of
the University, increasing tuition is the
Solution, Hardin said. "I am not a high
If tuition were raised, it would im
prove the status of the students by help
ing improve the quality of the Univer
sity, Hardin said.
BOT member John Pope was the
only dissenting vote in the board's
approval of Hardin's report.
"Our mission is to provide the best
education for the least amount of money,
not necessarily to be a great univer
sity," Pope said.
"The people of North Carolina are
doing their fair share for higher educa
tion in North Carolina," he said. "I do
UNC in 1962 and an M.B.A. degree
from the Harvard Graduate School of
Business Administration in 1965. His
term expires in 1991.
Phillips is president of First Factors
Corp. in High Point, the largest inde
pendent factor in the Southeast. A fac
tor buys other firms' accounts receiv
able, or debts owed to them, at a dis
count and takes the risk and responsi
bility of collecting the debts.
Before forming First Factors, Phil
lips was an investment banker in New
York. At UNC, he is a member of the
Board of Trustees of the Endowment
Fund and the Board of Directors of the
Business Foundation of North Caro
lina Inc. He is former president of the
Educational Foundation, or Rams Club.
Phillips commended Eubanks on his
performance as chairman. Eubanks
faced many challenges during his term,
including finding a replacement for
Chancellor Christopher Fordham, Phil
"The last two years have been years
of transition and change," Eubanks said.
In the future, the board must work
together to address problems success
fully, he said.
Gene Davis, Student Congress
speaker, said Phillips would be able to
have anyone directly affiliated with
UNC running the hearing. It's no longer
Edwards said she planned to take the
case to federal court if the Step 4 appeal
'That's where I wanted to go all
along. Had I known it would take this
long, I would have gone that route
Edwards also filed a complaint with
the UNC Affirmative Action . Office
Aug. 22. Her letter to Affirmative
dead," Mayor Jonathan Howes said
at the Labor Day celebration attended
by almost 1,000 people. "It is not
dead. But we're going to make it
The trolley will run from 1 1 a.m.
to 2:30 p.m. on weekdays along a
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not think we can ask the people of
North Carolina to spend more on higher
Hardin said providing an excellent
education at a low cost was the
University's first aim. "The non-negotiable
is a high-quality superb educa
tion. Cost must be negotiable."
UNC ranks third in faculty pay for
public universities nationally. Pope said.
N.C. public school systems and
community colleges are in need of
money, Pope said, adding that UNC-
ix suuuiu gti uiuwcy iiuiii supple
ments solicited from alumni.
Low faculty pay at UNC-CH was
also addressed in the report. "If you
don'tpay them (faculty members), there
are a lot of people that will take them,"
See BOT, page 4
Earl N. 'Phil' Phillips Jr.
unify the board because he worked well
with a wide spectrum of people. His
ideas will allow for a more thorough
examination of information and more
prudent decisions from the the board,
Other officers elected were Eliza
beth Dowd as vice chairwoman and
William Darity as secretary.
Action Officer Robert Cannon said: "I
have seen 15 white females hired in my
15 years of service (here). Many of
these females were less qualified than
some of the black female applicants ...
I know I have been hired by the Univer
sity police department to be a token
black and visual advertisement for the
Cannon wrote back Aug. 29 that his
office had begun an inquiry into her
See HEARING, page 2
circuit from Morehead Planetarium
to Crook's Corner to North Caro
lina Memorial Hospital.
Trolley stops are marked by teal ;
signs, and passengers will be;
See TROLLEY, page 2
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