The Daily Tar HeelMonday, September 18, 19895
Gviill .case dismissed asaiinstNGCU no dooro murder
By JULIE GAMMILL
A civil case filed against N.C. Cen
tral University by the mother of a stu
dent who was murdered in his resi
dence hall was dismissed by a Durham
Superior Court judge Wednesday.
. Asking for $10,000 in damages, at
torneys for Mazelle Bullock of Oxford
said the university breached a contract
with her son. Anthony Wayne Bullock,
20, was found dead in a stairwell of his
residence hall on Aug. 30, 1986, with a
bullet wound in his face.
As a resident of Chidley Hall, the
only men's dorm on the NCCU cam
pus. Bullock had to pay a $100 fee to
Pill to allow some N.C. students to take
By JENNIFER BLACKWELL
vThe N.C. General Assembly passed
a";.bill recently which will allow all
eighth- through lOth-grade students to
take the Preliminary Scholastic Apti
tude Test (PSAT) free.
' The legislature has authorized the
N.C. Board of Education to allocate
$365,000 for fiscal year 1989-90 and
$396,000 for fiscal year 1990-91 to
administer the test.
The General Assembly hopes stu
do Soy them tornado activity
By WAGNER DOTTO
The U.S. House of Representa
tives recently approved an amend
ment that will provide $650,000 for
an academic research program to
help meteorologists forecast and
understand why tornadoes have been
occurring in North Carolina and other
Southeastern states more frequently.
North Carolina has averaged 10
tornadoes a year in previous dec
ades, but 36 tornadoes were reported
this year to the National Severe Storm
Last November an unexpected
j tornado hit northwest Raleigh kill-
ing two people, seriously injuring
several others and damaging or de
stroying hundreds of homes, busi
nesses and cars.
"The increase in severe storm ac
far Heel State popular
By JESSICA YATES
Assistant Arts Editor
I The heroine suddenly slaps her in
sensitive but charming lover. The en
tire audience gasps.
! Well, everyone except the North
Carolinian, who turns to his friend and
says loudly, "Hey, I pass that place
going to work every day!"
; OK, maybe he doesn't say it aloud,
but it's not uncommon for North Caro
linians to recognize the streets and
buildings in movies.
The state now ranks third in the na
tion (behind California and New York)
for the amount of revenue $297
million which video production
brings to the state annually, according
to Bill Arnold, director of the N.C. Film
i Popular films such as "Dirty Danc
ing," "Bull Durham," "The Color
Purple" and "Weekend at Bernie's"
have been made here, and many more
are to follow, he said.
'Two movies that were shot here
early this year have already been called
strong candidates for the Academy
Awards," Arnold said, referring to "The
Handmaid's Tale," shot in Durham,
arid "Everybody Wins," shot in
Wilmington. Both are due for release
late this year.
In addition, the films "Loose Can
nons" and "Living Monsters" both
shot in North Carolina should be
released in the next month, he said.
More producers are considering
Nprth Carolina for shot locations in
their quest for quality, money-making
films. The N.C. Film Commission is
talking with a number of future movie
prospects for the Triangle and for
Greensboro, Arnold said. The names of
the film companies cannot be released
until final decisions are made.
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help fund security guards for the resi
dence hall, said Bill Goldston, one of
Mrs. Bullock's attorneys. On the night
of his murder, there were no security
guards on duty in Chidley.
The guards that were paid for with
the Chidley security fees were in fe
male dorms at the time of the murder,
Goldston said. Residents of other
campus residence halls were not
charged a fee for security guards.
"If they followed the security plan
that was in place before Wayne Bul
lock was killed, this could have been
prevented," Goldston said.
N.C. Assistant Attorney General Lars
Nance, NCCU's attorney in the suit,
dents will become more comfortable
and more prepared for the SAT by
taking the PSAT.
"We hope all students who want to
take the SAT will take the PSAT," said
Kay Williams of the state superinten
dent of schools office.
The bill states that every student in
the eighth through 10th grade who has
completed Algebra I, or who is in the
last month of Algebra I, will be given
the opportunity to take the PSAT one
time at the state's expense.
tivities in the Southeastern states makes
the research program vital," said Rep.
Tim Valentine, D-N.C, in a press re
lease. Valentine and Rep. David Price,
D-N.C, proposed the amendment.
The money for the research was part
of a $863 million bill for the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra
tion (NOAA). The research will be
administered by NOAA and some
Southeastern universities with quali
fied research capabilities. No institu
tion has been chosen yet, according to
sources at NOAA.
Tornadoes in North Carolina and
other Southeastern states have been
particularly devastating because they
occur under weather conditions that
make detection and advance warning
In Southeastern states, storm cells
are smaller and are harder to detect.
While most producers would agree
that the state lacks the glitter and glam
our of Hollywood and New York City,
the advantages of cost and geography
attract many to the Tar Heel state.
"I came here in 1 980 to make films to
save 30 percent of my budget since this
is a 'right-to-work' state," said Chuck
Ison, owner and chairman of the board
of Creative Network, a production stu
dio in Charlotte. "There are no union
Arnold agreed, explaining that the
cost of living in general is less in North
Carolina. "Labor is relatively cheap,
such as in hiring actors, extras and
Geographic variety and climatic
stability also make the state an attrac
tive place for film makers. "It's basi
cally good weather all year round, with
the exception of the mountains in the
winter," Ison said.
Arnold further explained the bene
fits of filming in North Carolina. "We
have the highest mountains in eastern
America and more than 300 miles of
coast line. A film company that wants a
European or New England look can
come here instead."
Most North Carolina residents love
not only the excitement of . the film
process, but also the employment op
portunities film companies bring into
"When producers first started com
ing hen?, they were hesitant to trust
local people, and they didn't expect to
find competent technical people and
actors," Arnold said.
But many changes have taken place
in the past 10 years.
"Crew people have proven them
selves," Arnold said. "Some of ours are
even being called to work in other
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requested the dismissal on grounds the
court did not have jurisdiction in the
case, said Edwin Speas, N.C. special
deputy attorney general.
The written version of the dismissal
will probably be released sometime
this week, Speas said.
An appeal will be filed after the
written dismissal is released, Goldston
said. He said he would probably not try
to file suits against specific NCCU
employees because the claim of negli
gence in Bullock's death has already
been pursued in other legal arenas.
Mrs. Bullockreceived$ 100,000 from
NCCU and the UNC system last April
in a negligence suit brought before the
Rep. David Diamant, D-Surry, hopes
the free tests will encourage more stu
dents to take the exam. But he said there
is no way to tell if more students will
take the test.
North Carolina is the first state to
offer to give the PSAT for free, said
Suzanne Money, a researcher for the
Princeton College Board, the organiza
tion that administers the test.
In 1988, 24,259 juniors in North
Carolina took the PSAT, and 40,000
took the SAT as seniors. The General
said Rachel Perry, a spokeswoman
for Price. Traditionally, tornado and
severe weather research has been
limited to the Midwest, where severe
weather is more prevalent.
The research will help meteorolo
gists understand more about these
weather phenomena and enable the
public to take necessary safety pre
cautions, Price said in a press release.
"It is clear that weather patterns
are shifting and that North Carolina is
suffering the consequences. It is more
critical than ever that we focus on
these unique Southeastern storms and
develop research to better understand
them," Price said.
The bill must be considered by a
House-Senate conference committee,
and if the research program remains
intact, funds should be available after
According to. Arnold, it may take
time for other elements in the business
to fully develop here.
Ison is highly selective in choosing
employees, but he said he has found a
lot of talent in the state. "A lot of my
key people are local, but a lot of that is
due to people relocating. People come
here to work on a project and decide to
stay, so it sort of breeds into the com
munity." Even so, Ison has a staff ratio
of about three local workers for every
As well as offering a supply of skilled
employees, North Carolina has more
studios and sound stages than any state
with the exception of California, Ar
nold said. There are studios in Wilming
ton, High Point, Shelby and Charlotte,
and plans for building others in Caswell
County, just north of Burlington, he
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N.C. Industrial Commission, said Alex
Chums, another of Mrs. Bullock's at
torneys. The Industrial Commission usually
hears worker's compensation cases
against state agencies, but it also hears
tort negligence cases against the state,
said Diane Sellers, chief deputy com
missioner. One trial judge reviews cases when
they first come before the commission,
Sellers said. If appealed, cases are sent
to a three-member Industrial Commis
sion board, known as a full commis
sion. An appeal of the full commission's
decision would be forwarded to the
N.C. Court of Appeals, she added.
Assembly is trying to help close the gap
between the number that takes the PSAT
and the SAT. The gap is the largest
among the Southern states.
"We're not going to know what
impact it is going to have until we look
at the strategies for getting the students
in to take the test," Money said. The
number of students who take the PSAT
in the eastern part of the state is espe
cially low, she noted.
The General Assembly has also set
up a task force that will set up programs
for students to help them raise their
scores. In 1987, the state began funding
remedial summer school programs to
help students with the SAT.
There is no way to determine right
now if the summer school program is
helping students raise their scores since
it is still in its early stages, said Rep.
Aaron Fussell, D-Wake, a former state
superintendent of schools and former
Study predicts professor shortage
By KYLE YORK SPENCER
UNC officials have begun to evalu
ate the potential problem of a national
shortage of professors in the next dec
ade. Shortages may develop on the na
tional level in the humanities and social
sciences because of a decline in stu
dents entering graduate school in these
areas, according to a study released
Tuesday by William Bowen, former
president of Princeton University, and
Julie Ann Sosa, a Princeton graduate.
Sosa predicts severe faculty short
ages between 1992 and 1997, a steady
ing out in the numbers of faculty
members and then a more severe short
age five years later. Such a shortage is
called a sellers' market, which can be
contrasted with the buyers' market that
A shortage of professors means
universities have fewer qualified in
structors to choose from, and that they
have to seriously compete with other
universities for professors. This is a
"This problem could have severe
implications for the cost and quality of
higher education," Sosa said.
This potential problem concerns
UNC officials. If the shortage does
occur, it is expected to have a negative
impact on UNC, said Donald Misch,
assistant dean of the College of Arts
If the University is unable to be
competitive in its recruitment of fac
ulty, it may have to settle for less quali
"We would no longer be one of the
top universities in the country," said
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NCCU and the UNC system have
filed an appeal of the Industrial
Commission's first decision, Goldston
A decision from the appeal will
probably not come out until the spring
Mrs. Bullock's attorneys pursued the
breach of contract claim because they
felt the first settlement was inadequate.
"Certainly $100,000 is no compensa
tion for a human life," Goldston said.
Bullock's murderer, Edward Teet of
Durham, was convicted of second
degree murder in June and sentenced to
life in prison. Goldston said Teet re
ceived the maximum penalty for that
chairman of the House's committee on
The General Assembly's task force
will begin investigating new programs
next month and will release its findings
in May. The new programs will be
implemented the following fall.
The state superintendent's office is
exploring the idea of coaching students
individually for the PSAT and SAT.
South Carolina started using a coach
ing program last year, and it was help
ful in raising some students' scores. No
statewide program exists in North
Carolina, but some individual school
systems and individual schools pro
vide preparatory classes.
The average combined SAT score of
N.C. students dropped to 836 this year,
putting the state in last place in SAT
But the free PSAT program was not
the result of the state's SAT scores.
"This problem (of a future professor
shortage) could have severe implica
tions for the cost and quality of higher
Julie Ann Sosa, Princeton graduate
Tim Sanford, director of the Office of
Institutional Research and Faculty
But the national problem does not
necessarily reflect what's happening
here at UNC, Sanford said. Some UNC
administrators hope the end of manda
tory retirement in 1992 will alleviate
this potential problem by decreasing
the number of new faculty members
hired each year. One hundred new fac
ulty members are now hired each year.
But because the university hired a
large number of professors in the 50s
and 60s, the problem may be inevi
table. Many of them will be ready to
retire in the next few years.
The University attracts students and
professors in the humanities area be
cause of its good liberal-arts reputa
tion, Sanford said.
Chapel Hill presently has an over
abundance of English majors, accord
ing to Joseph Flora, chairman of the
English Department. It is expected that
some of these students will choose to
If a shortage does develop, people in
those positions will be treated like
commodities and will need to be paid
more. The direct result of this could be
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Since Bullock's murder, security on
the NCCU campus has improved, said ;
Fred Seely, NCCU student body presi :
A night escort service staffed by
student volunteers will start Oct. 1,
Seely said. The university has also
increased the number of resident assis
tants and graduate assistants in the
residence halls and has positioned them
in strategic areas on each floor.
"Measures have been taken to limit
campus access to outsiders," said Seely,
who believes that much of the crime on
campus can be attributed to the com
munity surrounding the school.
"We've known all along that we haven't
had very good scores," Fussell said.
The budget was completed afewmonths
ago before the results of the scores were
The PSAT normally costs $9 for
At Chapel Hill High School (CHHS),
an average of 350 to 400 10th- and
1 1 th-grade students take the PSAT each '
Ruth Reid-Coleman, a counselor at
CHHS, doesn't think offering the PSAT
free will significantly increase the.
number of high school students taking
the test, but she said it will probably
increase the number of eigth and ninth
graders taking the exam.
The PSAT is a good indicator of how
well students will do on the SAT since
it exposes them to the type of questions
and the time constraints that are on the
SAT, Reid-Coleman said.
a rise in tuition and fewer class space
In the past the University's location,
climate, library and benefit packages
have all contributed to attracting some .
of the best professors in the country, ;
Misch said. ;
But more and more research areas ;
have arisen in the past 10 years, giving
UNC more competition. ;
If UNC continues to have budgetary" ;
problems, attracting professors could j
become even more difficult. For ex-
ample, there is a lot of concern about ;
the quality of the libraries, which were ;
recently strapped by funding cuts. A ;
declining library makes it more diffi-;
cult to attract professors particu- -larly
in the humanities, Flora said.
On a national level, the potential ;
shortage needs to be dealt with now,
Sosa said. Graduate schools need to
attract two-thirds more students and
double the number of graduate students
in the humanities and social sciences.
The attrition rate must also be de-;
creased; she said. An increase in gradu
ate students means an increase in pro
fessors. "Carolina is not addressing that part ;
of the problem," Sanford said.
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