2The Daily Tar HeelWednesday, September 27, 1989
World and Nation
Soviets to cot chemical weapons
From Associated Press reports
UNITED NATIONS On Tues
day Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard
Shevardnadze accepted President
Bush's call for extensive U.S.-Soviet
chemical arms cuts and challenged the
United States to make cuts further and
Shevardnadze said the Soviet Union
will "radically reduce or completely
destroy" its chemical weapons, halt
nuclear tests and stop making weapons-grade
plutonium and uranium
all if Washington reciprocates.
Shevardnadze, speaking to the U.N.
General Assembly, said the two gov
ernments have narrowed their differ
ences, and predicted that by the U.S.
Soviet summit next spring or summer,
"we may have passed the last turn on
:the road" toward a treaty reducing stra
tegic arms by 50 percent.
He also said that if NATO countries
agreed to start talks on tactical nuclear
weapons, the Soviet Union would re
spond by making further unilateral cuts
in its tactical nuclear missiles in Eu
rope. He repeated his government's call
for a nuclear test ban and said Moscow
was considering extending a 1 963 treaty
to cover underground nuclear explo
sions. Secretary of State James Baker later
praised Shevardnadze's nearly hour
long address as "a good speech, an
interesting speech." He said it was "very
responsive to the president's statement"
on chemical weapons.
But Viktor Karpov, the Soviet
Union's chief arms control expert, told
reporters, "Our proposal is a wider one"
and does not wait to destroy all weap
ons or halt production until all nations
capable of producing them have signed
"It will not be sufficient only to get
rid of old weapons if the United States
is going to produce new chemical
weapons," Karpov said.
Bush told the General Assembly on
Monday that the United States would
destroy more than 80 percent of its
chemical weapons, before signing an
international treaty banning use of the
weapons, if the Soviet Union would
reduce its arms to a similar level. That
would mean greater cuts by the Soviet
Union, which has a larger stockpile.
Bush said in the first eight years of a
chemical weapons treaty, the United
States would be ready to destroy 98
percent of its arsenal if the Soviet Un
ion joined the ban. The United States
would destroy all chemical weapons
within 10 years once every nation ca
pable of building the weapons signed
the treaty, he said.
Shevardnadze said, "The Soviet
Union is ready, together with the United
States, to go further and assume mutual
obligations prior to the conclusion of a
The Soviet Union offered to: cease
production of chemical weapons, as it
says it already has done, including more
sophisticated binary weapons; renounce
the use of "those barbaric weapons"
under any circumstances; and institute
rigorous verification of the cessation of
Shevardnadze praised the U.S.-Soviet
dialogue and said progress had
been made in recent talks.
"These talks have demonstrated the
increasing awareness by both sides of
the need to cooperate for the benefit of
mankind and the growing confidence
that such cooperation is possible."
Agreement to hold a summit meet
ing next year, he said, "shows that we
have moved quite far ahead in solving
a number of major bilateral and inter
But he said extraordinary efforts at
the highest level would be needed to
conclude an agreement on a 50 percent
reduction in strategic offensive arms.
"Our partners have accommodated us
on mobile intercontinental balistic
missiles. Positions on other outstand
ing problems have become closer to
Press conference shows Chinese hard line
: From Associated Press reports
BEIJING Communist Party leader
Jiang Zemin took a hard line Tuesday at
his first news conference, insisting that
those arrested in the spring democracy
! movement were criminals and refusing
to rule out more executions.
Asked by a reporter if the Tiananmen
; tragedy could have been avoided, Jiang
; said: "We believe it was not a tragedy.
; Tiananmen was a counterrevolution
; ary rebellion opposing the Communist
; Party leaders and seeking to overthrow
; the socialist system."
'r- Premier Li Peng, who also took part
;'in the news conference, reaffirmed the
; party's determination to end rampant
; corruption and said new limits on offi
; cial perks would be announced in a few
; The 62-year-old Jiang, whose high
' est prev ious post was head of the Shang
hai party committee, was catapulted
into the national leadership in June
after soldiers retook Beijing's Tian
anmen Square by force from student
led pro-democracy protesters, killing
hundreds and possibly thousands of
people en route to the square.
His predecessor, Zhao Ziyang, was
accused of supporting the protests and
Jiang took a mild tone toward Zhao
on Tuesday, saying he was leading a
"comfortable life" and receiving full
salary. He said Zhao was still under
investigation but did not suggest he
might face further punishment or be put
The unusual news conference, for
both local and foreign reporters, ap
peared intended to demonstrate the
solidity of the new party leadership in
time for the 40th anniversary of the
,1 1 I .I.I l ,,1 . 1 I I .1.111 lllll 1 III! I III I II
' 1 ' ' ' ' ' ' ' '
founding of Communist China on Oct.
When Zhao took office in 1987, he
was the first party leader to hold a hews
conference with foreign reporters in
more than a decade.
But while Zhao shook hands and
joked with the reporters, Jiang sat be
hind a table in the Great Hall of the
People and answered most questions
with well-worn phrases from official
speeches and editorials.
He appeared relaxed, however, and
ventured a few personal remarks,
complimenting two young Taiwanese
reporters on their Mandarin Chinese.
Mandarin is the official language of
both the mainland and Taiwan, but many
older Chinese speak regional dialects.
In an apparent effort to emphasize a
collective leadership, Jiang was joined
by Li and the four other members of the
Politburo Standing Committee, the
partys top body. Each answered at
least one question.
Song Ping, in charge of party organi
zation, and Yao Yilin, in charge of
economic planning, read their answers,
indicating the questions they were asked
were arranged in advance.
The leaders' comments held no sur
prises, reiterating the party emphasis
since June on opposing Western bour
geois influences and promoting tradi
tional socialist values.
Jiang said the party was understand
ing toward most students and others
who took part in the massive pro-democracy
marches of the spring and
would seek to "unify and educate
"The youth are the hope of the fu
ture," he said. "We are full of warmth
toward them ... But there is no denying
that there have been some conspirators
who acted with ulterior motives to
overthrow the Communist Party and
Asked if he could rule out that dissi
dents who advocated nonviolence, such
as student leader Wang Dan, would be
executed, Jiang said it was up to the
courts to decide.
"We cannot substitute the party for
the government or for the judicial sys
tem," he said.
i i i 11
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Former HUD leader declines
to testify in House hearing
From Associated Press reports
WASHINGTON Former De
partment of Housing and Urban
Development (HUD) Secretary
Samuel Pierce Jr. refused to answer
questions Tuesday from a House
panel investigating housing scandals,
citing his constitutional right against
self-incrimination. He contended he
had been "prejudged by this body."
Pierce, compelled to appear by a
subpoena, accused the subcommit
tee of trying to rush him into testify
ing without adequate preparation and
said he hoped to tell his story later.
His refusal to testify came at a
dramatic meeting of a panel that has
been investigating allegations of
billions of dollars worth of fraud,
mismanagement, influence peddling
and political favoritism at HUD,
which Pierce headed throughout the
Environment protection pledged
WASHINGTON The head of
the World Bank, responding to long
standing criticism, pledged Tuesday
that his agency would make protec
tion of the earth's resources a top
priority in the 1990s.
"In the coming decade, it will be
impossible to improve the quality of
life in developing and industrial
countries alike unless we do much
more to conserve our global environ
ment," World Bank President Bar
ber Conable said in his opening
address to the annual meetings of the
World Bank and the International
Over the years, environmental
groups have attacked both interna
tional lending organizations for ig
noring the environmental threats
posed by the loans they made to the
Third World for development proj
ects. Genetic defects may cause cancer
NEW YORK Researchers have
identified precise abnormalities in
News in Brief
an anti-cancer gene linked to lung
cancer, raising the possibility of early
diagnosis and better treatment for
the 150,000 people who get lung
cancer each year.
During the last several years, re
searchers have found indirect evi
dence that defects in at least six genes
can contribute to the formation of
A new study has pinpointed pre
cise chemical changes that should be
useful for identifying people at high
risk of getting lung cancer, or for
predicting how deadly a particular
case of lung cancer will be, said the
author of the study's findings, Dr.
John Minna of the National Cancer
Institute-Navy Medical Oncology
Branch in Bethesda, Md.
Smoochers to split top prize 7
RENO, Nev. Three couples
have been declared winners in the
first annual Great American Kiss-.
Off, but their lips are sealed about,
what they'll take home for their ef
forts. The six contestants agreed to divvy I
up the $10,000 top prize after !
smooching for 42 days, then hiring a i
lawyer to legally unlock their lips. '
"I'm just glad it's over," Fernando !
Gonzales said Tuesday, one day af
ter all parties embraced the pact.
He and his wife, Karen, were '
declared the official first-place fin
ishers after they and two other couples
outlasted 1 1 other pairs who entered
the contest sponsored by a furniture '
company. The company agreed to let ;
the three top couples split the $ 1 0,000 ;
as they pleased.
"We thought it was going to be a -two-week
thing, but it turned into a
marathon," said Gonzales. "I'm
recovered now. But it still feels like
Filipino gunmen kill 2
in continuing violence
From Associated Press reports
MANILA, Philippines Gunmen
believed to be communist rebels am
bushed and killed two American civil
ians working at a U.S. military base
Tuesday, shortly before Vice President
Dan Quayle arrived to discuss the fu
ture of U.S. military installations here.
The victims were employees of Ford
Aerospace Corp., which contracts to
maintain an electronic warfare training
range at Camp O'Donnell. The camp is
a U.S.-run facility about 50 miles north
of Manila and 12 miles from the U.S.
Clark Air Base.
Ford Aerospace spokesman Norman
Black identified the victims as William
Thompson, 45, and Donald Buchner,
44. He said both were retired from the
U.S. Air Force. Their hometowns were
Also Tuesday, gunmen killed a
member of President Corazon Aquino's
presidential guard, about a mile from
where the president will meet with
Quayle on Wednesday.
The attacks followed a series of
bombings this month and came amid
growing opposition to U.S. military
installations in the Philippines.
The Americans slowed their car as
they approached a dump truck and a
jeep blocking a highway near Capas,
60 miles north of Manila, police said.
Six men sprang from the jeep and riddled
their car with gunfire, according to
police Lt Pepito Pimentel.
The assailants then opened the car
door and pumped bullets into the vic
tims, Pimentel said. The attack occurred
about 5 p.m. "We deplore this senseless
Legal Problems ?
Attorney at Law
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He are not only producing images either! Today's
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Hillel 1989 High Holv Davs
Vou are invited to "improve your image1
Radiologic Science by listening to the
options ava i I ab I e through the Bache I or
degree program in
Date: Wednesday, September 27, 1989
Time: 7:00 p.m.
Place: 106 Berryhill '
Call 966 - 5146 for more information
even if you cannot attend this meeting.
fo) ." 'i W.'m
Friday, Sept. 29, 7:30 p.m.
at THE HILLEL HOUSE
210 W. Cameron Ave.
Sat., Sept. 30, 9:00 a.m.
Sun., Oct. 1, 9:00 a.m.
at PAGE ATJDITORITJM.
West Campus, Duke UniK
Sunday, Oct. 8, 6:30 p.m.
at THE HILLEL HOUSE
Mon., Oct. 9, 9:00 a.m.
All day at PAGE AUDITO
RIUM, West Campus
and cowardly act of terrorism," State
Department spokesman Richard
Boucher said in Washington.
"Acts like this will not deter us in our
resolve to support the democratic gov
ernment in the Philippines."
Col. Florentino Amorabon, a spokes
man for the Philippine Constabulary in
central Luzon island, said the assassins
were believed to be members of the
New Peoples Army, which operates in
In April, rebels killed U.S. Army
Col. James Rowe as he was driving to
the headquarters of the U.S. Joint Mili
tary Assistance Group in Quezon City,
near Manila. In October 1987, rebels
killed three Americans in simultaneous
attacks outside Clark Air Base. 1.
The United States operates Clark
Air Base, the Subic Bay naval base and
four smaller installations in the Philip
pines, but there are increased calls for
an end to the U.S. military presence.
As Quayle arrived, hundreds of left
ists burned his effigy and an American
flag while chanting "Bases out! Quayle
go home!" '.
Quayle arrived in Manila about 7:30
p.m. from Japan for a visit expected to
focus on the future of the bases, which
operate under a lease that expires in
Acting Foreign Secretary Manuel
Yan said Quayle was bringing a letter
from President Bush believed to- in
clude a proposal to begin talks onxx
tending the lease. "
Two hours before Quayle's arrival,
about 150 members of the League of
Filipino Students and the Youth: for
Nationalism and Democracy reached
the airport terminal and began a noisy
demonstration against the visit. :
Protesters shouted "Quayle go home,
bases out!" and "Yankees go home!"
They carried banners reading "Quayle
After negotiations with police,: the
group agreed to pull back about a half
mile along the main road into Maoila.
Police estimated the crowd grew to
nearly 1,000 by the time Quayle: ar
im f m?j - m wr m
There will be a breakfast in the Duke Chapel
basement at the conclusion of Yom Kippur
J udea Reform High Holy Day services are
held at Chapel Hill High School For more in
formation on services and transportation,
DINNER AT -
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