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Serving the students apd the University community since 1893
Volume 97, Issue 72
Wednesday, October 18, 1989
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Animal rights pamphlet
targets UNC lab reform
By BETH MECKLEY
People for the Ethical Treatment
of Animals (PETA) has made UNC's
labs the topic of a newsletter recently
distributed in North Carolina.
The national animal-rights group
recently distributed 96,000 pamphlets
describing alleged cruel treatment of
research animals at UNC, said PETA
National Director Ingrid Newkirk.
The newsletter included reports of
electrically shocking animals, heat
ing cats to 115 degrees Celsius to
study respiration, paralyzing animals
and making them run by placing elec
trodes in their heads, and other pain
ful procedures. Animals are being
taken from animal shelters and used
for research tests instead of simply
being put to sleep, the report said.
Statistics from 1987 show that 770
dogs, 623 cats, 111 primates, five
goats and tens of thousands of rats,
mice, guinea pigs, hamsters, as well
as ferrets, pigs, sheep, chickens, geese
and ducks were used at Chapel Hill
Task force meeting focoses on
Student Stores profit loss
to cut scholarship funds
By MIKE SUTTON
A severe drop in Student Stores' net
profits this year from about $1 mil
lion in fiscal 1988 to $600,000 means
that substantially less money will be
available for the stores to donate to
ward undergraduate scholarships, a
University official told the Financial
Aid Task Force Tuesday.
'The decline took us all by surprise,"
said Ben Tuchi, vice chancellor for
business and finance.
He said that traditionally Student
Stores had given 50 percent of each
year's net profit about $500,000
Organizers seek participants
for UNC College Bowl 3
Greenville officials vote to
cancel festivities 4
Focus on drugs and the perils
of addiction 5
City and campus... 3
s - -4.-? "
enters Bingham Hall for his hearing Tuesday
that year, the pamphlet said.
Animal research is common in the
rest of the country, said PETA member
and UNC student Andrew Peterson,
but to his knowledge UNC has the
worst standards of any university in the
Unless Chancellor Paul Hardin faces
this issue soon, "we're going to lose a
lot of credibility really fast," Peterson
But Provost Dennis O'Connor said,
"I think the animal treatment on this
campus is excellent and has followed
all of the standard norms."
O'Connor said, "Chancellor Hardin
has faced their issue. They simply have
different opinions about how that should
PETA's main purpose is to show
that using animals for medical research
purposes is wrong and should be
stopped, Peterson said.
Most of the animals are being used
by graduate students who are perform
ing experiments that have already been
done and are unnecessary, Peterson said.
to the UNC Office of Scholarship and
Financial Aid. Of that total, about
$290,000 has gone to undergraduate
need-based scholarships and $210,000
to graduate and professional school
Tuchi said that factors such as recent
extensive renovations, increased labor
costs and the Umstead Act had contrib
uted to the drop in profits. The Umstead
Act is an N.C. statute that prohibits
state institutions, such as Student Stores,
from competing with private enterprise.
The Student Stores are now banned
from selling non-University-related
items such as greeting cards and stuffed
However, this year only $300,000
was available for scholarships. Eleanor
Morris, director of the Office of Schol
arship and Financial Aid, said graduate
and professional students would "re
ceive the lion's share" of the money,
because Provost Dennis O'Connor said
he could not make a commitment to
dividing the $300,000 in the same pro
portions. "In short, Mr. Chairman," Tuchi told
Student Body President Brien Lewis,
who presided over the task force meet
ing, "that's not a good message. I guess
I'm a better problem framer than
The University distributes about $1
million in need-based scholarships each
year, Morris said. About 25 percent of
that comes from Student Stores and
trademark licensing. Student Stores
have been the largest single source of
unrestricted undergraduate scholar
See STORES, page 4
remember to phrase your answer
"No worthwhile research is coming
out of it."
One alternative PETA proposes is
experimentation with tissue cultures.
This would not only stop animal
research, but would also cost less
money, Peterson said.
But James Pick, director of labo
ratory animal medicine, said animal
use in research was sometimes nec
essary. "Any scientist who has an
alternative method will use it; but if
an alternative method does not exist
then they can't."
O'Connor agreed with Pick.
"Tissue cultures can be very infor
mative, but I think that there are a
number of important research activi
ties that require animals."
Despite efforts by PETA, Hardin
has not acted to make any changes in
the situation, Peterson said. "It was
interesting in this case how Chancel
lor Hardin was not interested at all in
what they're doing."
See PETA, page 2
By SARAH CAGLE
The Office of Scholarships and Fi
nancial Aid is understaffed, and any
possible improvements in the financial
aid process must be preceded by staff
additions, Eleanor Morris, director of
financial aid, said Tuesday.
UNC's Financial Aid Task Force
met for about six hours to determine
ways to improve financial aid at the
University. The task force formed
by Student Body President Brien Le
wis and made up of students, adminis
trators and financial aid officials
will submit its recommendations to
Chancellor Paul Hardin next month.
The task force agreed that any pro
posals for improvement would require
additions to the financial aid staff. The
office already has had difficulty meet
ing deadlines in the application proc
ess. The office has a staff of six people
who must see about 12,000 students
every year and answer about 150 tele
phone calls daily, Morris said.
"Given our case load and the number
of calls we receive, we're not able to be
as effective as we would like."
Aside from processing applications
and determining award packages, the
office must comply with extensive
federal regulations. The office is sup
posed to verify every student's enroll
ment each month and interview all
students who receive a Guaranteed
Student Loan, she said.
Morris told members of the Finan
cial Aid Task Force the office needed
three more staff members to help proc
ess applications, make award decisions
and serve as counselors. More than
three new staff members are needed,
By AMY WAJDA
Assistant University Editor
The Graduate Student Court early
this morning found campus activist Dale
McKinley guilty of trespassing and of
willfully obstructing the operations of
the University in an April 15, 1988,
anti-CIA protest at Hanes Hall.
He was put on definite probation
through Spring 1990, meaning that he
can't represent the University in any
McKinley was found not guilty of
disorderly conduct during that protest
and not guilty of willfully obstructing
during a Feb. 23, 1988, protest at the
University Motor Inn.
"It really doesn't concern me whether
or not they found me guilty or not
guilty," McKinley said. "What does
concern me is that it contributes to an
environment where people are afraid to
speak out, to dissent, to challenge the
University. I do not regret what I did,
and I would do it again."
The five-member court including
chairman David Fisher deliberated
for about an hour after the nearly five
hour long hearing, which included tes
timony from six witnesses. They re
turned the verdict at about 12:15 a.m.
McKinley is the second CIA Action
Committee member to be found guilty
Meall card odea ditd diodes
d wim to win restaiQ raote
By JASON KELLY
Students may soon be able to devour
that late-night bucket o' bones on Mom
and Dad's account, Student Congress
leaders said this week.
Mark Bibbs (Dist.12) and Mark
Shelburn, co-chairmen of the Student
Congress Meal Card Subcommittee
an ad hoc subcommittee run by the
congress have started researching
the idea of having meal cards recog
nized by Franklin Street merchants.
Bibbs said he had been trying to find
a way to give students the option of
using their meal card downtown. "I
came up with the idea last summer, and
have been planning it this fall. Busi
nesses can connect with Marriott, like
Managers at the Rathskeller, Time
Out, Ben & Jerry's and Shoney's are
enthusiastic about the idea, Shelburn
said. "I talked to the managers of the
Rat and Time Out, and they were visi
bly excited about the idea."
The plan will only involve restau
rants, not other businesses, Shelburn
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Student Body President Brien Lewis chairs the Financial Aid
but the office is too small, she said.
The office is located on the third
floor of Vance Hall. Morris has also
requested additional space for the of
fice on the second floor.
Task force members also identified
a need to improve communication be
tween students and the financial aid
office. A monthly newsletter from the
office was recommended to inform
students about deadlines, changes in
financial aid policies and new financial
Another problem the task force
in the form of a
by a student court because of the April
15 incident in two days. The Under
graduate Court sentenced senior Jerry
Jones to probation Monday night.
Although McKinley pleaded not
guilty on all counts, he did not present
evidence contradicting the charges,
instead citing the illegality of the CIA
as justification for his protests. "I am
not here to dispute any technical evi
dence," McKinley said during ques
tioning by the court. "I am not here to
dispute what actually took place."
McKinley said he wanted the trial to
be a place for people to learn about the
But Graduate Student Attorney
General Todd Harrell, the investigator
in the case, maintained in his closing
statement that the CIA should not be
the focus of the court's deliberation.
'The CIA is not on trial here tonight.
The question still is, did the defendant
in any way infringe on the rights and
opportunities of members of the Uni
Harrell called three witnesses, Ma
ria Poplin, a senior from Ahoskie and a
former CIAAC member; Amanda
Harding, director of placement at the
law school; and Sharon Wiatt, associ
ate director of UCPPS, to testify to
McKinley's presence at the protests.
Bibbs added that once the plan was
operational, with a few businesses
involved, the subcommittee would try
to expand the number of restaurants
accepting meal cards. "We're targeting
a few businesses now, but we hope to
expand it once it gets going."
Shelburn said he hoped the plan
would benefit everyone involved. "The
plan won't take away from Marriott
because if you want a Gambler (from
the Rathskeller) or Ben & Jerry's ice
cream, you'll go there anyway. Marri
ott will benefit because students will
use their meal cards more, and the more
their cards are used, the more they
"Restaurants cannot lose money on
this. No matter what happens, their
business will not fall, but only stands to
Chris Derby, director of Carolina
Dining Services, said he was not famil
iar with the plan. "I have not been
approached by any member of Student
Congress or any official at the Univer
sity level. It's hard to comment on
requests added staff
. i J. 'v
addressed is an increasing loan burden
and declining participation in work
study programs among UNC students.
Although the number of. UNC stu
dents taking out loans to finance their
education is decreasing, the amount
being borrowed is growing.
"Students are borrowing more money
than necessary," said Mary Garren,
director of work-study programs.
Undergraduate in-state students at
UNC borrowed a total of $3,300,753
this year, compared to last year's
$3,286,643. Out-of-state students have
question. Alex Trebek
Throughout the trial, Harrell also
tried to determine, with mixed success,
whether McKinley was leading CIAAC
during the protests.
Harding, who drove the first inter
viewee to the University Motor Inn for
the canceled Feb. 23, 1988, interviews,
said McKinley was the only student she
could recognize in the crowd at the
motel, but said that it was because of his
previous media exposure, not his be
havior. Wiatt, who asked CIAAC members
to leave during the April protest, said
McKinley's actions singled him out as
the group's leader. "I noticed you initi
ated the singing of songs," she said to
McKinley during questioning. "You
were doing 90 percent of the talking."
ButMcKinley said Wiatt's testimony
was "absolutely erroneous." He said
that he had never held a leadership
position in the CIAAC and that the
group does not have a hierarchical struc
ture headed by one leader.
Poplin agreed with this in her testi
mony. "Dale McKinley was not the
leader of the CIA Action Committee.
We had no leader."
The court recessed f or 1 0 m inutes to
determine the relevance of the testi-
See McKINLEY, page 2
something.I know nothing about."
The Marriott-Domino's relationship
is working well, Derby said, but Marri
ott is not actively seeking business on
Bibbs said the meal card plan would
encourage students to spend more on
Franklin Street. The meal card would
be better than getting money out of a
bank machine because subconsciously
you don't think you' re spending money.
And parents know the money is going
for food. Not many parents would deny
their kids food money."
Shelburn said the odds of the pro
posal succeeding were fairly good.
"This is not a crazy, off-the-wall plan.
It has precedent with Domino's, and
Marriott is very cooperative. This seems
like something that could get off the
The goals of the plan were to provide
more variety for the students, he said.
"It's like introducing capitalism. The
card will be somewhat like Duke's flex
card, which can be used to buy just
See MEAL CARD, page 2
Task Force meeting Tuesday
also borrowed more. money this year.
Statistics presented at the meeting
showed that $742,912 was borrowed
by out-of-state students in 1988-89,
compared to the $724,8 14 borrowed in
Meanwhile, the number of work
study participants has declined since
1986, from 1,034 to 676. Students who
choose not to participate in a work
study program instead are missing a
valuable experience, Garren said.
"Work-study jobs are often jobs a stu
dent could not get otherwise."
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