70 chance of rain
7 p.m., BCC
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 97, Issue 92
Thursday, November 16, 1989
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
roll peiins. coweireiHic
radio slatS omi
By WILL SPEARS
Assistant University Editor
Student Congress voted Wednes
day night to allot $3,778 to WXYC
to help the radio station purchase
new equipment and upgrade existing
The station will buy two new reel-to-reel
tape machines, valued at
$6,778; improve its studio-to-transmitter
link to comply with newly
adopted Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) regulations; and
fix its emergency broadcast system,
which has been out since last spring,
said Todd Mormon, station manager.
The reel-to-reel machines are the
station's top priority, Mormon said.
The price quoted to the station is a
bargain, and the station must buy the
machines now to get the low price, he
The FCC recently adopted new
regulations concerning studio-to-transmitter
links, and the links must
be upgraded by July 1 , Mormon said.
'The FCC thing was just dumped in
our laps three weeks ago. It is a
major, unexpected expenditure."
The links are WXYC's second
priority because the sooner they're
purchased, the cheaper they'll be,
Mormon said. "The links will be in
high demand as July approaches;
prices will rise the nearer we get to
The station first asked for $5,778,
but that figure was reduced with the
Graduate Student Coturt
By NANCY WYKLE
All Graduate Student Court charges
against campus activist Dale McKin
ley have been dropped, according to a
letter from Graduate Student Attorney
General Todd Harrell to McKinley,
bringing to a close more than a year and
a half of hearings, appeals and legal
In a letter Tuesday, Harrell said the
charges ' which stemmed from 1988
protests against CIA recruitment on
campus had been dropped because
of the University Hearings Board's Nov.
8 ruling that McKinley had not re
ceived a fair and impartial hearing.
Harrell refused to comment Wednes
day. The McKinley case involved two
By ROBERT BERRY
A statewide crackdown on drunk
driving is making a difference, accord
ing to statistics released this week by
law enforcement officials.
Operation Eagle, now finishing its
second year, is a collaborative effort
Cambodian exile recounts experiences
Dith Pran tells about his
understanding that WXYC would
use more of its proceeds from fund
raising to help purchase and up
Some congress members objected
to the large amount of the expendi
ture. Rep. Jiirgen Buchenau (Dist.
3) said the $5,778 figure was too
substantial a part of the congress'
budget of about $10,000. "Can we
afford to spend nearly 60 percent of
our surplus now if (the studio-to-transmitter
link) is not needed until
The station can't wait until the
spring budget process to receive
funds from the congress because
orders for the links often take at least
two to three months to process, and
if the links aren't in place by July,
the station will have to go off the air,
Rep. Jill Gilbert (Dist. 17) said
WXYC was important to students,
and the congress should appropriate
the funds. "I can't see taking the
chance of having XYC off the air."
In other business, the congress
failed a resolution supporting the
rights of individuals to interview
with the CIA, opposing attempts to
restrict those rights unlawfully and
supporting the rights of individuals
to express dissatisfaction with the
CIA and its activities.
Rep. Tom Wyatt (Dist. 4) voted
see FUNDING, page4
protests by McKinley and other stu
dents. McKinley and six others were
charged with campus code violations
as a result of protests in February and
The Undergraduate Court found five
of the students guilty in October 1988.
McKinley walked out of his first hear
ing later that month when the Graduate
Student Court refused to admit evi
dence regarding alleged CIA wrong
doings. McKinley's second hearing, in
November 1988, was ruled invalid by
the court because the prosecutor had
passed the N.C. Bar exam, although he
was not a lawyer. The case was then
delayed until this semester because
McKinley left UNC for Zimbabwe.
The court found McKinley guilty at
involving the N.C. Highway Patrol and
Alcohol Law Enforcement (ALE), said
Renee Hoffman, public affairs repre
sentative for the N.C. Department of
Crime Control and Public Safety.
Statistics from the department show
4,259 charges issued during 1989,
compared to 1,111 during 1988. The
Cambodian experiences in Memorial Hall Wednesday night
By JEFF D. HILL
Billionaire industrialist H. Ross Perot
told an audience of about 2,000 people
to tear down the walls that are restrain
ing America in the field of international
Perot gave the keynote address of
the first Kenan Conference on Interna
tional Competitiveness Wednesday
night at the Smith Center. The confer
ence is sponsored by the Kenan Insti
tute and the UNC Masters in Business
Administration Students Association.
Perot, speaking with a pronounced
Texas accent, compared the symbolic
destruction of the Berlin Wall to what
America must do to regain its competi
tive advantage in the world market.
He said the United States must tackle
the education crisis, crime, illegal drugs,
the deteriorating family structure and
the budget deficit before the country
can hope to surpass the rest of the world
He compared the deficit to a crazy
aunt in the cellar. "Nobody talks about
it, but everybody knows she's there."
Perot warned that this generation is
living on its children's money. "We
want to feel good now at any price."
The debtor is always at the mercy of
the creditor, he said. If the earthquake
that hit San Francisco had hit Tokyo,
America would be in financial chaos
because the Japanese would have pu lied
out their investments to rebuild Tokyo.
Perot also said America has con
fused talk with action.
"As the rest of the world is going
through dynamic changes, we are liv
ing in the past standing still."
American industry must accept
blame for its second-rate status, Perot
"I can't ask you to buy American
his third hearing last month, but the
Hearings Board sent the case back to
the court Nov. 8.
McKinley said one reason the Hear
ings Board voted in his favor was be
cause of a Board of Trustees resolution
passed Feb. 26, 1988.
The resolution followed a protest in
which a CIA recruiter left campus after
CIA Action Committee members con
fronted him at the University Motor
Inn. BOT member John Pope authored
the resolution that said the University
would investigate and discipline stu
dents involved in the protest.
He also called the demonstration
activities "violent and terrorist acts."
The BOT approved the resolution 6-
"That resolution created a very preju
number of DWI arrests increased from
237 to 924.
Under the program, which selects a
different N.C. city for each two-day
operation, undercover ALE agents go
to bars and watch for obviously intoxi
cated customers, Hoffman said. When
those customers go to their cars, the
products, if they are not the best."
Perot, who spoke out against junk
bonds, warned the business students in
attendance to avoid them. "If you go to
this great business school and then go
out and sell junk bonds, you ought to
call an Orkin man and have him come
put you away."
Perot told the students that the best
place to start in industry is at the bot
tom. The only difference between an
MBA and a factory worker might be
that one got the opportunity and the
other did not. He said knowing the
basics of an industry is a must.
"We don't need managers; we need
The audience gave Perot the
evening's most rousing round of ap
plause when he said the problem in
American business was with manage
ment and not labor.
At an early evening press confer
ence, Perot, mixing Texas humor with
business realities, ripped junk bond
"We have turned corporate America
and our biggest, finest corporations into
a sandbox where a 28-year-old on Wall
Street can go down and play and do
America no longer makes things; it
plays with money and that is danger
ous, he said. "Any fifth-grade mathe
matician can figure out that these junk
bond deals don't work."
He also blamed American business
for the existing U.S. trade deficit. "Our
companies were complacent and as
sumed they (the Japanese) would go
Perot said if he were president, he
would tackle the trade deficit by saying
to the Japanese, '"You can set the rules;
but it's got to be the same both ways.'"
See PEROT, page4
dmoes actovisf s
diced environment from the beginning,"
McKinley said. It was responsible for
initiating several of the charges brought
against the protesters, he said.
The resolution should not have taken
place, he said. "It happened because
irresponsible people are on it (the BOT)
like John Pope. I and several others
believe Mr. Pope is an embarrassment
to the University. There is no way he
represents any majority of people here."
Pope refused Wednesday to com
ment on the decision to drop charges
Jeffrey Cannon, assistant dean of
students and judicial programs officer,
said he did not know how the outcome
of the McKinley case would affect
future cases involving student activism.
e eye catch 3
agents notify Highway Patrol officers
at nearby checkpoints who stop and test
the drivers for impairment.
The operation allows officers to stop
drunk drivers even without observing
erratic driving, Hoffman said. Other
drivers passing through checkpoints are
checked for driver's licenses, seat belt
By BRYAN TYSON
People must work together to ensure
that a tragedy like the bloody Khmer
Rouge rule of Cambodia in the 1970s
never happens again, Dith Pran, a for
mer prisoner of war, told several
hundred people in Memorial Hall
Pran, whose story was documented
in the movie "The Killing Fields,"
appeared as a keynote speaker of the
Campus Y-sponsored Human Rights
"We have a mission to protect, to
learn, to prevent the holocaust from
Pran, who escaped from Cambodia
to Thailand in 1979, downplayed his
role as a leader. "I am not a hero. I am
a Cambodian holocaust survivor and a
spokesman for the plight of the Cambo
Cambodia's involvement in the
Vietnam War began when communist
North Vietnamese troops crossed into
Laos and Cambodia in the late 1960s.
The troops set up an outpost in Cambo
dia from which to attack the South
In 1 970 a coup overthrew the ruler of
Cambodia, Prince Norodom Sihanouk,
who was out of the country at the time,
Pran said. Sihanouk took refuge in
China and appealed to the people of
H. Ross Perot speaks in the
"I would hate to speculate about the
future." Cannon said he could not
comment directly on the case.
The letter gave a chronology of
McKinley's case from the beginning of
the judicial proceedings through the
unanimous decision of the Hearings
Board, McKinley said.
Harrell acknowledged in the letter
that it would be in the best interests of
those involved not to pursue the case.
McKinley said he was concerned
before he received the letter about the
possibility of the court pursuing the
"I was a little concerned because
that's sort of been the track record in
Pursuing the case would have been a
waste of time, he said. "I think they
dry ok drivers
use and other possible violations.
During 1989, Operation Eagle was
conducted in nine cities: Raleigh,
Greensboro, Charlotte, Wilmington,
Asheville, Winston-Salem, Hickory,
Fayetteville and Greenville. The city of
each operation though not the spe
cific location was announced pub-
under Khmer Rouge
Cambodia to flee to the countryside
and join the guerrilla forces there. "He
said, 'You must go into the jungle and
join the resistance movement.' The
people didn't know they were joining
the North Vietnamese."
The Khmer Rouge, which existed
before communist activity, was reor
ganized, was strengthened through
Chinese aid and became very powerful
In 1973 the Khmer Rouge leaders
felt they were strong enough to operate
without North Vietnamese help. The
Khmer Rouge began a civil war and
more than one-half million Cambodi
ans were killed in the fighting.
On April 17, 1975,theKhmerRouge,
headed by Pol Pot, came to power after
taking over the capital city of Phnom
Penh. Pran said the original reaction to
the takeover was relief. "We were happy
because we thought, "That's it. The war
has ended.' But, in only two hours, the
Khmer Rouge turned themselves into a
The group forced people out of the
cities and into the countryside. Most
high officials, teachers, doctors and
other prominent citizens were executed.
Smith Center Wednesday night
McKinley said he had a strong case
because of his arguments about dissent
on campus. 'The University should
allow nonviolent, peaceful protest.
Charges of disruption were fairly bo
gus." Raising questions about the legiti
macy of a government agency like the
CIA caused the issue to be a sensitive
one, he said. That partially caused the
administration's "harsh reaction."
McKinley said he was pleased with
the decision to drop charges. "I think
after all this time the University drop
ping charges says that students should
not be intimidated by retribution on the
part of the University for actions.
See McKINLEY, page 4
1 icly beforehand to deter drunk driving,
An unannounced operation in
Raleigh the weekend of the Rolling
Stones concert alone netted 143 arrests.
Becky Bowman, state director of
See EAGLE, page 9
"All were killed."
Many citizens, including women,
children, elderly and members of reli
gious groups were also killed in the
conflict. "The Khmer Rouge killed their
own people 2 or 3 million. We didn't
understand why they did such a crazy
See DITH, page 9
Put up your dukes
Fraternity readies annual
"Beat Dook" parade 3
Town manager takes Cham
ber of Commerce post 5
Burning away the fog
The age-old mysteries of
preregistration explained ...4
City and campus 3
I , ,
have a dream
Martin Luther King Jr.