High around 50
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DTH Interest Meeting
4:30 p.m., Union 208-9
8:30 p.m., Union 205-6:
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 83, Issue 122
Monday, January 14, 1991
Chapsl Kill, North Carolina
Soviet troops attack
Lithuanian TV station
VILNIUS, U.S.S.R. The Soviet
army imposed a curfew on Lithuania's
capital Sunday after troops seized
broadcast facilities in an assault that
Lithuanians said killed 13 people.
Thousands rallied in Vilnius, chanting
The military crackdown, in which
protesters were shot by soldiers or
crushed by tanks they tried to stop, was
the harshest measure yet taken by Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev against
the Baltic republic that declared inde
pendence in March. -
The deaths were the first at the hands
of Soviet troops in the republic, which
was forcibly annexed by Moscow at the
start of World Warn.
Interior Minister Boris Pugo said on
the evening news show, "Vremya," that
the incident claimed at least 1 0 lives and
injured 1 30. Lithuanian officials put the
number of dead at 1 3 and injured at 1 40.
The European Community con
demned the attack, and Belgium's for
eign minister said it could jeopardize a
planned $1 billion emergency aid
package to Moscow.
As the curfew began at 10 p.m.,
however, few people appeared to leave,
and the crowd began chanting, "We
don't believe! We don't believe!"
Voters to say if life
begins at conception
CORPUS CHRIST!, Texas The
fate of an amendment that declares hu
man life begins at conception will be
decided this week, bringing to a head
the abortion battles that have consumed
this Gulf Coast city for more than a
Voters will decide Saturday whether
to include the "Human Family
Amendment" in the Corpus Christi city
The proposal has its share of influ
ential supporters in this predominantly
Roman Catholic and Hispanic city of
300,000, that derives its name from the
Latin phrase meaning "body of Christ."
They include Catholic Bishop Rene
Gracida, who has excommunicated two
abortion clinic employees and a doctor
who performs abortions, and Sheriff
Last year, Hickey announced that he
would never send deputies to assist city
police removing anti-abortion protest
ers from clinic doorways.
Barbara Bush breaks
leg while sledding
WASHINGTON Barbara Bush
broke a bone in her left leg Sunday
when she hit a tree while sledding at
Camp David, the White House said.
The mishap occurred on an icy hill
while the first lady was in a sledding
party with President Bush, several
grandchildren, actor Arnold
Schwarzenegger and other guests.
The 65-year-old Mrs. B ush was taken
by ambulance to a hospital in
Hagerstown, Md., where X-rays re
vealed "a non-displaced fracture of the
left fibula bone," her press secretary,
Anna Perez, said.
Doctors said the minor fracture would
take five to six weeks to heal completely,
Perez said, adding that Mrs. Bush was
experiencing some pain but didn't re
"She was in very good spirits. She
laughed about it," Perez said.
From Associated Press reports
UNC-system BOG decides to limit
number of frills coachss can get. ..3
Containers for collecting recyciables
added on campus 3
Sophomore Reggie Harris runs away
at GMU to quality for nationals ..J 0
Campus and City ;.,.,.,3
Classifieds .,,.........,..... 6
Comics ;. 7
Sports Monday ...JO
1 990 DTH Publishing Corp. All rights reserved -
iBffldiredls protest jpossJMe
Lisa Krehbiel and Milo
Hiring jGreese may Impede UNC operation
By STEVE P0UTI
Filling job openings at the University
will be difficult because of a hiring
freeze issued Thursday on vacant po
sitions in all state agencies, said Ben
Tuchi, vice chancellor of business and
The freeze is an executive order issued
from Gov. Jim Martin that is designed
leaves Davis statoe
with heavy damage
By MATTHEW EISLEY
Assistant University Editor
Vandals severely damaged one of
the most controversial statues in "The
Student Body" sculpture in front of
Davis Library on Saturday night.
The figure of a male African
American student athlete spinning a
basketball on his right index finger was
knocked down. The bronze basketball
was broken off and carried away.
A second figure, a female African
American student walking with a book
balanced on her head, showed signs of
abuse but was not damaged.
The two statues have been the focus
of the debate surrounding the group of
seven figures that were installed near
the entrance to Davis Library Oct. 23.
Many students have said the figures
project racist and sexist stereotypes.
University police investigated the
vandalism Sunday but had no leads,
said Capt. Willie Bell.
. "I think it's just vandalism, or either
somebody was upset about the ball,"
"I don't think it was about the war,"
he said, referring to the Persian Gulf
U.N. chief, Saddam meet
From Associated Press reports
The U.N. secretary-general met with
Saddam Hussein for more than two
hours Sunday in a bid to avoid military
conflict in the Persian Gulf and said
later that "God only knows" if there will
In an earlier radio address, the Iraqi
leader reiterated that his country is ready
to fight to keep conquered Kuwait.
Javier Perez de Cuellar, the U.N.
chief, left Baghdad immediately after
his 2-hour meeting with Saddam. The
talks took place two days before the Jan.
15 U.N. deadline for Iraq to withdraw
from Kuwait or face possible attack.
"I'm neither a pessimist or an opti
mist, but as a secretary-general I must
be optimistic," Perez de Cuellar told
reporters before leaving for Paris, where
he was to meet with President Francois
Mitterrand, and then New York.
hope war is getting smaller as a
oil i,, .
Pyne of Durham hold a banner as they
to lower the state budget shortfall. North
Carolina's budget has a shortfall of
$360.8 million this year, which is $100
million more than expected.
The University now has more than
300 open positions that are frozen, and
it is difficult to predict how many more
positions will become vacant during the
hiring freeze, Tuchi said. The Univer
sity lost 119 positions last semester
Various groups have protested the
$65,000 sculpture, a gift from the Class
of 1985. One group, which called itself
Good Morning UNC, protested U.S.
intervention in the Kuwaiti conflict by
placing garbage bags over the statues
on Dec. 5 and referring to the sculpture
as "The Student Body in Body Bags."
Another group, the Community
Against Offensive Statues (CAOS),
asked Chancellor Paul Hardin to remove
the sculpture to a less public location on
Junior Dana Lumsden, CAOS orga
nizer, said he was disappointed by the
"Had they been in a different location
from the start, a location where people
had a choice of viewing them, chances
are this wouldn't have happened," he
said. Lumsden said CAOS had been
disbanded, but members were organiz
ing a group to address other minority
issues on campus.
Hardin said Sunday night that he was
shocked and outraged by the vandalism.
See STATUE, page 4
"God only knows if there will be
peace or war in the gulf," he said. Asked
for details on the talks, he said only,
A day earlier, the U.N. chief said he
carried no specific proposals to the Iraqi
Secretary of State James Baker met
with officials in Ankara, Turkey Sunday
and was expected to discuss use of an
air base near the Iraqi border in case of
war. He is on a tour of nations in the
Iraq has said that if attacked by the
U.S.-dominated multinational force, it
would strike first at Israel. Israeli De
fense Minister Moshe Arens said Sun
day Israel would respond to any Iraqi
attack despite reported U.S. appeals for
it to exercise restraint.
Washington has reportedly urged
restraint because it wants to keep to
lead Saturday's protest
when its budget was cut.
"Economic decisions in the area af
fect the turnover rate," he said. 'To
predict how many positions will open
up is very difficult."
. University employees are displeased
with Martin's decision, Tuchi said.
"It's been a common discussion topic
since yesterday," he said, "There's a
real sense of frustration. There's no
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The damaged statue, robbed of its basketball, seems to point to
gether the alliance against Iraq, which
invaded Kuwait on Aug. 2. Arab states
such as Saudi Arabia, Syria and Egypt
are part of that alliance.
Appeals for Saddam to leave the
occupied emirate came Sunday from
the pope, Saudi King Fahd and Libyan
leader Col. Moammar Gadhafi. On
Saturday, Syrian leader Hafez Assad
urged Saddam to withdraw and thereby
spare Arabs a destructive war.
Earlier Sunday, Perez de Cuellar met
with PLO leader Yasser Arafat and
explained the proposals he would make
to Saddam, according to Arab diplomats.
After the meeting, Arafat told a news
conference he did not believe war would
break out on Jan. 15.
"Jan. 15 is only a date like all other
dates," he said.
See WAR, page 3
trend. Col. Potter, "MASH"
By JO ANN R0DAK
About 1,100 people gathered in
McCorkle Place Saturday to protest U.S.
involvement in the Middle East.
The demonstration was one in a string
of rallies taking place nationally.
Protesters marched from the
Morehead Planetarium to Hardee's on
West Franklin Street carrying banners
and posters reading, "This war is
sponsored by HEFTY, the world's
producer of Body Bags," "How much
blood do you want in your gas?" and
"Send Neil Bush."
The line of ralliers stretched at one
point from Morehead Planetarium to
Columbia Street, slowly marching
through the street with police escorts.
Chants of "One, two, three, four, we
don't want your bloody wan five, six,
seven, eight, negotiate, negotiate!" and
"What do we want? Peace! When do we
want it? Now!" filled Franklin Street.
UNC, Duke and N.C. State students
and people from the Chapel Hill,
Durham and Raleigh communities spent
two and one-half hours listening to
speakers and expressing their opinions
of the pending war.
Jim Warren, of the UNC Community
for Peace and the Triangle Coalition for
Peace in the Middle East, was one of the
chief organizers of the event.
"We've been trying to gather sup
port," he said. "This has been planned
for a month." The coalitions were or
ganized months earlier, he said.
Warren said he opposed President
George Bush's military policy. "This is
an insane policy totally illogical," he
said before the rally began. "The facts
willingness to solve the economic prob
lem; that's not the issue. The issue is the
difficulty in coping with the way the
decision is mandated."
Kay Winjberg, a district delegate and
former president of the State Employ-.
ees Association of North Carolina, said
this was the first time faculty positions
had been frozen.
"No previous freeze to my knowl
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Cell in running for post
in Tulane administration
From staff reports
Gillian Cell, dean of the College of
Arts and Sciences, is one of six can
didates for the position of academic
vice president and provost at Tulane
University in New Orleans.
Cell will be interviewed in a faculty
forum on Jan. 29 during a two-day
visit to the private school. Four of the
other five candidates will visit the
Tulane campus between Jan. 16 and
Feb. 8, at which time they will par
ticipate in separate forum discussions.
One candidate, James Kilroy , is acting
academic vice president and provost
at the university.
Cell said the position of academic
vice president and provost functions
and issues stand strongly against the
policy, but people feel they should
support a president no matter what.
"This has nothing to do w ith Kuwait,"
Warren said. "(The United States) was
just looking for an enemy after the Cold
War wound down." .
Evelyn Mattern, a delegate from the
Fellowship of Reconciliation, spoke
about her recent visit to Iraq. She called
officials in Washington, D.C., "leaders
deciding how to propitiate the war gods
The Rev. Buddy Olney of the Com
munity Church in Chapel Hill said he
was sad and angry about the situation
because no one was able to stop war and
the U.S. foreign pol icy was hypocritical
on war issues.
"It's all right if President Bush is
inflexible. It is not all right if Saddam
Hussein is inflexible," Olney said,
drawing a roar from the crowd.
"The hypocrisy, it will drive you
crazy," Olney said. "It won't be long
before we're screaming again, 'America
love it or leave it!'
"And some of us would if we thought
for a moment there was someplace
better, but the truth is that the whole
world stinks when it comes to peace and
justice. To leave America is to concede
to those who value wealth more than
life, racism more than justice, war more
Warren interrupted the speeches to
announce that the Senate had just voted
53-46 to support Bush's proposal for
using any means necessary to get Iraq
out of Kuwait.
See PROTEST, page 4
edge have faculty positions ever been
frozen," she said. "That's clear evidence
of the seriousness of the problem.
"It's my understanding that we have
a 20 (percent) to 25 percent turnover
rate on an annual basis. We'll see a lot
of vacant positions by the end of the
fiscal year if that trend continues."
See FREEZE, page 4
the entrance of Davis Library
as the chief academic officer at Tulane.
It is the same as the position of provost
at UNC, she said.
"The deans of all the schools at
Tulane, other than the medical school,
report to the provost," she said.
The candidates were nominated for
the position. But Cell said she did not
know who nominated her.
The other candidates are from
Pennsylvania State University, the
University of Notre Dame, Tulane,
S warthmore College and Texas A&M
Cell is the only female candidate,
according to a memorandum sent to
Tulane faculty members Jan. 7.