MOVIE MADNESS: Student takes camera in own hands.......CAMPUS, page 3
OMIMI'S BEST: Review of the year's highlights ...:....................:.......OMNIBUS
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Volume 99, Issue 135
Thursday, January 16, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
TODAY: Partly cloudy; high near 40
FRIDAY: Sunny; high upper 30s
Dealing from a cold deck
Ashley Hayden, left, a sophomore from Elmira, N.Y., braves the sophomore from Summerfield, Wednesday afternoon on thewall
cold weather to play a game of gin rummy with Amy Weller, a of Coker Arboretum. Weller won this hand.
Local merchants fare
Business leader to introduce plan encouraging local spending
By Maile Carpenter
Newly elected Chapel Hill Chamber
of Commerce Chairman Joe Hakan
hopes to initiate a campaign encourag
ing local spending at a chamber board
of director's meeting this morning,
Hakan said Wednesday.
Hakan said the chamber would work
with the Orange County Economic De
velopment Commission to encourage
local residents to spend their incomes in
The campaign is a response to local
Editor's note: This is the first of a
continuing series profiling the presi
By Rebccah Moore
Bill Clinton, the five-term governor
of Arkansas, has emerged as the front
runner in a presidential campaign that
finds Democrats fighting to erase the
political scars left by Michael Dukakis'
Clinton, 45, has raised the hopes of
Democratic leaders who remember the
poorly run campaign of Dukakis, the
former Massachusetts governor who lost
a landslide election to President Bush
after being dubbed a liberal.
"(Clinton) possesses all the elements
to be successful," said David Mason, a
political analyst for the Heritage Foun
dation, a Washington, D.C., think tank.
After their 1988 defeat. Democrats
now believe they must focus on acandi
date who leans to the moderate side and
carries widespread appeal. Once voted
the most effective governor in the na
tion, Clinton may be the Democrat most
capable of paving the way to the White
" . v .
. f ..
... A v 4
economic losses caused by the national
recession, Hakan said.
"I think everyone is suffering to some
degree," he said.
Some Chapel Hill businesses did not
suffer significant losses because of the
recession, shop and restaurant owners
Carolina Coffee Shop owner Bryan
Freeman said his small restaurant, lo
cated on East Franklin Street, did not
lose business during the recession.
"I can't see a whole lot of differ
ence," he said.
Freeman also said his business col
... " -
y ; .
lead in race for Democratic nomination
Clinton's boyish good looks, his sin
cere Southern drawl and picture-perfect
family have already helped him
win supporters. Also a scholar, Clinton
graduated from Georgetown Univer
sity and won a Rhodes Scholarship.
"Regardless of anyone's race, back
ground, or gender, Clinton will appeal
to all Americans," said John Bunzel,
senior research fellow at the Hoover
Institution, a research group in Stanford,
"Governor Clinton is the person the
White House agrees will run the tough
est and closest race against President
Clinton, a candidate with a proven
record on domestic issues such as un
employment, welfare and the economy,
hopes to send voters a morale-lifting
The only thing wrong with the world is the people. Anonymous
S s W
lected record earnings in November.
Hakan said the recession may not
have hit Chapel Hill as hard as other
towns because of the University.
"Most university towns fare better,"
he said. "People are still investing in
school. Restaurants are doing well be
cause of basketball games and other
Chapel Hill Stock Exchange owner
Meg Telterton said the recession actu
ally helped increase her store's earn
ings last year.
See RECESSION, page 7
message of national unity, Bunzel said.
The governor also strongly believes in
ending racial and gender discrimina
tion, he said.
"Clinton has a basis of ideas similar
to Martin Luther King Jr.," B unzel said.
"He believes that we are all Americans
and wants blacks and whites to come
Many Clinton supporters praise the
Arkansas governor's leadership quali
ties. "Bill Clinton has the ability to look at
the bigger picture, the ability to see
problems and find solutions," said
Catherine Moore, a press secretary for
the Democratic Leadership Council, an
organization of Southern Democrats that
Clinton once chaired. "He believes in
expanding and exploring new ways to
The council has not endorsed any of
the Democratic candidates, said Moore,
who worked with Clinton when he
chaired the organization.
Since the recent recession will be a
major issue in the presidential cam
paign, Clinton has proposed introduc
ing an anti-recession policy if elected.
fee-setting power safe
By Heather Harrekl
The General Assembly has no plans
to take fee-setting power from the UNC
Board of Trustees, despite concerns
voiced by some University officials,
two N.C. senators said Wednesday.
Sen. Roy Cooper, D-Nash, said the
General Assembly passed a bill that
granted the UNC Board of Governors
the authority to limit the amount of
student fees, which are set by each sys
tem school's board of trustees. The bill
also directed the BOG to review the
amount and purpose of all student fees.
"Wedidn t give ourselves any power
at all," Cooper said.
The General Assembly was con
cerned with the overall rise in student
fees, especially fees requiring students
to pay back money used to f nance debts
Drug to help AIDS victims
not produced by company
By Jon Whisenant
A type of pneumonia called PCP is
the leading cause of sickness and death
among people with AIDS, and UNC
researchers may have discovered a drug
that would save the lives of those af
flicted with PCP.
But the future of the drug is uncer
tain. The patent for DMP, the drug that
has proven effective against
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in lab
studies, was sold by University officials
to Fujisawa Pharmaceutical Corpora
tion in Deerfield, III. From there, the
company has made no effort to develop
or market the drug, said Dr. Richard
Tidwell, one of the drug's creators.
"This is out of our hands," said
Tidwell, a UNC School of Medicine
professor. "The (pharmaceutical) com
pany has probably chosen not to de
velop DMP. It's not going anywhere."
major industries during recession
Trade agreement with Japan may end
By Pete Slmpklnson
Are you better off than you were four
As the 1992 presidential race heats
up and voters continually ask them
selves this question. President Bush is
introducing several economic plans
designed to get the country's economy
back on its collective feet.
Last week. Bush carved out a trade
agreement with the Japanese, who have
agreed to buy American cars and auto
mobile parts in order to cut the trade
Clinton would focus on long-term eco
nomic goals only after digging the
economy out of its current slump, B unzel
On the social front, Clinton proposes
to improve national welfare policies,
unemployment benefits and health care
"He is insistent on helping the m iddle
class and finding jobs," Bunzel said.
Though Clinton has received praise
for his domestic ideas, the governor's
inexperience in foreign affairs will be
his greatest handicap, Mason said.
"His lack of foreign policy experi
ence will be his weak force," Mason
said. "Bush has the advantage in for
eign affairs that Clinton won't be able to
None of the Democratic contenders
have had to deal with international policy
decisions on a day-to-day basis, Bunzel
"(Clinton's) biggest problem is (hav
ing) no foreign experience, but none of
the Democrats are experienced," he said.
"The Democrats, as governors and sena-
See CLINTON, page 7
accrued by campus construction, he said.
"We were also concerned that uni
versities were building these buildings
and then hitting students with the fees."
The BOG now has the authority to
review student fees annually, to set lim
its on student fees and to require system
schools to provide an estimate of the
effect of bond-financed construction on
Chancellor Paul Hardin and BOT
Chairman Robert Strickland expressed
fears during a Dec. 12 BOT meeting
that the bill was the first step in an
attempt by the General Assembly to
take over the fee-setting process, in
stead of allowing the BOX to continue
determining student fees.
But Angela Bryant, BOT member,
said she had no fears of the General
Assembly seizing any power from the
BOT in fee-setting procedures.
DMP is an improved version of
Pentamidine, a drug that is used to treat
PCP, Tidwell said. The drug was tested
intravenously and orally on lab animals
and has proven to be 10 times better at
fighting off PCP than Pentamidine.
Researchers also believed DMP would
. be less harmful to humans.
John Whisnant, medical director at
Fujisawa, said officials from his com
pany and University officials "needed
to meet and discuss what they wanted to
release to the public," before Fujisawa
could make a statement about DMP.
He said Fujisawa was committed to
working toward the treatment of AIDS
Tidwell said he was not sure why the
drug had not been developed. He specu
lated that Fujisawa may have found
DMP to have dangerous side effects
during tests required by the Food and
Also, dollar signs may have had some
thing to do with the decision, he said.
imbalance between the two countries.
Congress will debate the merits of the
agreement when it reconvenes Jan. 23.
The United States also has been work
ing with Japan and the 12-nation Euro
pean Community on a program dubbed
General Agreement on Tariffs and
Trade. Under GATT, all tariffs between
the participating countries would be
slashed by 30 percent, further opening
up international markets for U.S. busi
nesses. Despite these advances, the country
continues to debate whether the
economy is in a depression, in a reces
Born: August 19, 1946 in Hope,
Ark. Education! Bachelor's degree
from Georgetown School of
Foreign Service, 1968; Rhodes
Scholar at Oxford University,
1968-1970; Law degree from Yale
Law School, 1973. Career: Law
professor at University of Arkan-sas-Fayetteville,
Arkansas Attorney General,
1976-1978; Arkansas Governor,
1979-1980 and 1983-present;
attorney, 1981-82. Family:
Married to Hillary Rodham
Clinton, 43. One child: Daughter
"1 don't feel scared about what they
might do," Bryant said.
There are no indications of a power
struggle between the BOT and the Gen
eral Assembly, and Hardin and
Strickland may be overly concerned
about the legislature's study of student
fees, she said.
"I trust that the chancellor and the
chairman are scared, as they say," she
said. "I feel like their concern is prema
ture." Hardin and Strickland were out of
town and unavailable for comment.
Matt Heyd, student body president
and BOT ex-officio member, said he
shared their concerns.
"They're concerned fees remain
based on campus fees and not be cen
trally decided," Heyd said.
See FEES, page 2
Fujisawa would have to pay royalties to
the University when sales of DMP be
gan. "Pharmaceutical companies are less
likely to proceed with development of a
drug if they are forced to pay royalties
to the creator," Tidwell said.
Competition from drugs created by
larger firms like Burroughs-Wellcome
could have been too much for DMP,
Tidwell said. Also, newer drugs that are
comparable to DMP may have been
deemed more promising by Fujisawa,
"Thousands of compounds are com
peting just to get as far as DMP did," he
Tidwell said although he was disap
pointed that DMP may not prove to be
a widespread treatment for AIDS pa
tients suffering from PCP, AIDS re
search at the medical school was mov
See AIDS, page 7
U.S. economic woes
sion or on the road to recovery.
"We're at the end of a recession with
a recovery in the wings," said John
Pfister, vice president of Chicago Title
Insurance Company. "We're now in the
process of a turnaround. Don't believe
the figures on the unemployment rate."
Consumer confidence is lower than
during the worst periods of the 1 980-82
recession and continues to hold the
economy in shackles, Pfister said.
CTI reported that construction started
on 24.2 percent fewer houses in Char-
See ECONOMY, page 7
"...it is this generation's
responsibility to form a new
covenant for more opportunity
for ail, more responsibility from
everyone and a greater sense of
common purpose. Together we
can make America great again.''
Gov. Bill Clinton
Clinton, the JFK look-alike with
the Southern drawl, has quickly
emerged as the Democratic front
runner. Clinton's moderate image
may help convince voters to forget
the Dukakis debacle of 1988.