COMPUTER COLD: Virus strikes PCs nationally at UNC CAMPUS, page 3
FALLEN HEELS: 2 losses knock Carolina off ivory tower.........SPORTS, page 5
100th Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
1992 DTH Publishing Corp. All rights reserved.
Volume 99, Issue 162
Tuesday, February 25, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
TODAY: Rainy; high low 60s
WEDNESDAY: Rain; high around 60
it a i? o it 0 4 o a o "A
Day care trials strike fear
in hearts of wary parents
By Rebecah Moore
With sex abuse trials like the ongoing Little Rascals Day
Care case splashed across newspapers daily, worried parents
are caught between fearing for their children's safety and
having no place to leave them during the work day.
Seven months of graphic testimony in the sexual molesta
tion case of Little Rascals Day Care owner Robert Kelly has
severely damaged the credibility of child-care centers.
But hard economic times have forced many protective
parents to risk entrusting their children to the hands of
"Parents are shocked, angry and feel their trust is under
mined when these (types of) cases occur," Drell said. "They
feel guilty about sending theirchildren to day care while they
go off to work."
Robert Kelly, his wife Elizabeth Kelly and five center
employees were indicted on charges of sexually molesting
more than a dozen children in their Little Rascals Day Care
Center in Edenton.
Although Robert Kelly's trial, the longest in N.C. history,
has raised questions about the safety and quality of day-care
programs, child-care centers have seen a dramatic increase in
enrollment in recent years.
'The number has definitely increased, but parents are
being much more cautious," said Maddie Wardsworth, direc
tor and owner of Happy Day Day Care Center in Chapel Hill.
"Parents want more open door policies and guarantees their
children are safe."
Any trial where a trusted day-care worker is charged with
molesting or harming children naturally will cause parents to
question the safety of their children, said Martin Drell, head
psychiatrist of the infant, child and adolescent psychiatry
division at the Louisiana State University Medical School.
But unfortunately for worried parents, the ideal situation
of keeping children at home with a parent until they reach
school age is rare. In many families, both parents must work
to acquire the needed income, said Roberta Polk, program
director for Family Day Care at the-Family and Child Ser
vices of Washington, D.C.
"The old days of leaving children with a grandma, auntie
or trusted neighbor are gone," Polk said. "Day care is a
necessity, not a luxury."
The current recession and the rising cost of living have
turned day care into a much-needed option for many parents,
"Forty years ago it was unheard of to place a child in day
care," he said. "With the economy the way it is, people have
to trust their children to strangers."
The nation's sagging economy also has affected salaries in
the child-care industry. Despite a rise in the number of
children enrolled in day cares, center owners still are not able
to raise their workers' wages. As it has with many elementary
and secondary school teachers, dropping salaries have led to
a decline in the number of qualified day-care workers.
"People are paid abysmally, so (the industry) doesn't
always attract the best and the brightest," Drell said. 'Taking
care of the next generation is not a profession that is taken
The Little Rascals trial and other recent sexual abuse cases
involving day-care centers have prompted re-evaluation of
the employee selection process. Presently, a center's director
has the prerogative to choose employees without considering
any government-approved standards.
Hiring processes can range from an application and back
ground check to interviews and supervised trial periods.
"My process is application, but the employee must do
substitute work first," Wardsworth said. "I also rely on
previous employers, not just the last one on their application,
and personal references."
Barry Lawson, co-director of the Small Wonder Learning
Center Inc. in Winston-Salem, said he conducted a series of
interviews to observe an applicant's personality.
See DAY CARE, page 2
Students to cast final votes in run-off elections
Today is the big day for student candidates and the last day
for campus elections.
Voters will cast the deciding bal lots in run-off elections for
student body president. Daily Tar Heel editor and senior class
president and vice president.
Juniors also may write in candidates for the office of senior
class treasurer, and dormitory residents will choose area
governors for Granville, Morrison, Mangum, Morehead and
Scott Residence College.
Graduate students can cast write-in ballots to fill congres
sional districts 2 through 10 based on their department. All
graduate students can vote in a special election to fill the two
new at-large District 1 1 seats.
Candidates in the run-off for student body president are
Rashmi Airan and John Moody.
Daily Tar Heel editor candidates are Matthew Eisley and
The senior class president and vice president teams in the
run-off are Art Gallagher and Yvette Rieger and Bob Paty and
The six poll sites remain the same as in the Feb. 1 1 general
election. The rain site for the Pit location is 205-6 Union.
Polls will be open today from noon to 6 p.m. Any under
graduate or graduate student may vote with a valid student ID
and registration card.
Chris Bracey, Elections Board chairman, said he could not
turnout for the run
"Last week there
were 3,164 total
year's total and is
more than we ex
pected." Election returns
will be counted in
room 209 Manning
beginning at 7 p.m.
Bracey said offi
cials would tabulate
the results by mid
night at the latest. "Two weeks ago, we were unable to get
results until mid-day on Wednesday," he said. "This time
should go more quickly."
Most students questioned said they planned to vote, but
many had unanswered questions about the voting process.
Whitney Lewis, a freshman from Atlanta, said she didn't
understand why election officials eliminated poll sites.
'Two weeks ago, it was really tough to get to the polls,"
Lewis said. "The lines were terrible, and the whole process
took much longer than I expected. I think it would have been
much easier with more poll sites."
Tommy Koonce, a freshman from Fayetteville, said he
Student Body President
Daily Tar Heel Editor
Senior Class PresidentVice President
Bob PatyElizabeth Mitchell
Arthur CallagherYvette Rieger
would vote, even though he hadn't been pleased with the
elections so far.
"I don't think they ran smoothly at all," Koonce said. "The
candidates were too concerned with getting elected and not
concerned enough with the school."
In a DTH poll, 80 students said they planned to vote today,
while only 28 said they did not plan to vote. Only a handful
of students said they did not know where to vote.
Students surveyed also split down the middle between the
candidates for DTH editor and student body president.
Airan and Eisley held slight advantages in the election two
weeks ago. Eisley had 1290 votes to Wallsten's 1023. Airan
had 792 votesto Moody's 719.
Student Election Poll Sites
Pit (rain site, 205-6 Union) All students
Carmichael dorm Dist. 17 residents only
Granville Towers basketball court
Granville residents, off-campus residents
Law School Graduate students only
Chase Hali ..South Campus undergrads, all grads
Health Sciences Library
Off-campus undergrads and grads
ir ' "
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Sam Newsome, the tenor sax player for the Terence Blanchard Jazz Quintet, performs in Memorial Hall Friday
night. Blanchard composed the music for Spike Lee's "Jungle Fever" and "Mo' Better Blues."
to act on BCC
By Ashley Fogle
Assistant University Editor
A coalition of student activists de
manded Monday that Chancellor Paul
Hardin address three proposals for im
proving the University community, but
Hardin said he refused to respond to
The Black Student Movement, the
Campus Y, student government and the
housekeepers movement outlined plans
for a new black cultural center, an en
dowed chairfor the late Sonja Stone and
concessions for UNC housekeepers.
Hardin has until 4 p.m. March 1 1 to
respond to the groups' demands, said
Arnie Epps, BSM president. Epps de
clined to comment on what action the
groups "would take if the chancellor
refused to address their concerns by the
But Hardin said he was concerned
that the requests were "couched in terms
"This is familiar rhetoric, but I will
make a decision based on reasoned ar
guments, not demands," he said. "I will
not respond negatively or positively to
Epps said Monday night that the term
"demand" was used by the coalition to
convey a sense of urgency. "These are
issues that we feel strongly about, and if
the chancellor fails to respond by the
date and time indicated, he should be
prepared for direct action," he said.
Hardin must commit to finding an
on-campus location for a free-standing
Sonja H. Stone Black Cultural Center,
The UNC Board of Trustees in 1989
approved a search for a permanent home
for the center.
Hardin said he supported the BCC as
a program. "However, I do not agree
with a free-standing center," he said.
"I am in favor of something like we
have now, but I realize that space is too
small. It should be part of a campus
development for student activities rather
than a separate, outside structure."
The groups demanded that the new
structure cover at least 23,000 square
feet in the area bounded by South Road,
Franklin Street, Raleigh Road and
Pittsboro Street, as proposed by Facility
Planning officials in 1989.
The coalition also demanded that one
of 40 endowed chairs to be funded by
the Bicentennial Campaign be named
in honor of Sonja Stone.
Hardin said he had no control over
donations to the B icentennial Campaign
and could not name the endowed chairs.
"The chairs are established by donors
that request to honor a certain person."
Heather Lynch, Campus Y president,
presented several demands on behalf of
the housekeepers, who filed a Step 3
grievance against UNC in January.
The grievants must be allowed to
See DEMANDS, page 2
Wan convicted for raping UNC student faces prison term
An 1 8-year-old Chapel Hill resident
who pleaded guilty Friday to the second-degree
rape of a UNC graduate
student last summer faces 28 years in
James Franklin Chavis Jr. of 323-1 2
Brooks St. pleaded guilty to the charge
afteraplea bargain agreement with Carl
Fox, Orange-Chatham County district
Fox said he offered to drop a first
degree rape charge against Chavis,
which carries a life in prison sentence
and a kidnapping charge, in exchange
for a guilty plea of second-degree rape.
Chavis probably would serve only
10 years to 12 years of the sentence
before being paroled, Fox said.
JaneCousins, Chapel Hillpoliceplan-
ner, said the woman had been held at
knife point, gagged and raped in her
apartment after midnight July 2.
Chavis stole jewelry, the woman's
driver's license and other items before
leaving. Cousins said.
Chavis, who was 17 and on proba
tion at the time of thecrime, also pleaded
guilty to a charge of burglary and lar
ceny and was sentenced to three years in
prison, making his sentence a total of 28
years, Fox said.
Fox said the victim's inability to iden
tify with certainty Chavis as the man
who broke into her home on Columbia
Street was one reason for the plea bar
gain. "The victim saw a photo-lineup and
said she was 80-percent sure that Chavis
was the man who raped her," Fox said.
To sustain a charge of first-degree
rape in court, the victim must identify
with 100-percent certainty the defen
dant as her attacker. Because the victim
was only 80-percent sure that the man
she chose in the photo-lineup was her
attacker, she could only testify that he
looked like the man who raped her. Fox
Fox said police matched Chavis' fin
gerprints with those found in the victim's
apartment on a guitar and a credit card.
These fingerprints provided the evi
dence to arrest Chavis and link him to
the crime, he said.
The woman, a UNC doctoral candi
date, consented to the plea bargain, Fox
"Otherwise, I never would have en
tered the plea."
Robert Trenkle, the defense attorney
who represented Chavis, could not be
reached for comment.
English department mourns loss of
library contributor, Tennyson expert
By Birch De Vault
Assistant University Editor
"The tender grace of a day that is
dead I Will never come back to me"
Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
Harold Shapiro, an English profes
sor, died Saturday at UNC Hospitals
after a long battle with heart problems.
He was 60 years old.
' Laurence Avery, English department
chairman, said Shapiro had an energy
and a knowledge that would be sorely
"He was a man who could go on for
hours on any subject and never tire,"
Avery said. "He loved to debate and
rarely backed down from an argument."
Shapiro specialized in Victorian lit
erature and was a scholar in the works
of Tennyson and John Ruskin. He also
was a member of the English
department's library committee and
worked to expand the rare books de
partment of the library system by ac
quiring copies of each author's work
during his years at UNC, Avery said.
"Thanks to him, we have a definitive
collection of Tennyson's work which
will serve as the perfect basis for gradu
ate and scholarly pursuits."
Shapiro had a passion for Ruskin's
works and continued their acquisition
for the University until his death, he
See PROFESSOR, page 3
Residents of public housing may be evicted
if arrested on drug charges, council votes
By Brendan Smith
After listening to residents of
Chapel Hill public housing ask for
stricter regulations controlling drug
activity, the Chapel Hill Town Coun
cil unanimously adopted two resolu
tions to the town's public housing
; But council members sent a third
resolution, allowing tenants evicted
because of drug charges to be reinstated
if later found not guilty, to the Housing
Advisory Board for review.
One of the council's resolutions pro
hibits drug-related activity by tenants in
or near public housing. The other states
that the town's Housing Advisory Board
must prove tenants guilty of drug-related
or criminal activity by the greater
weight of evidence before evicting them.
Town Attorney Ralph Karpinos ex
plained that if tenants are to be evicted
on drug-related or other criminal ac
tivity, the board must establish the
greater weight of evidence at the
tenant's eviction hearing.
Because of differing burdens of
proof in civil and criminal proceed
ings, the same evidence used to evict
someone from public housing might
not be sufficient to find them guilty of
criminal drug charges, Karpinos said.
See EVICTIONS, page 3
Casting one's vote is commendable. Throwing it away is another matter. Anonymous