PHONE HOME: Regional calling plan cuts charges ......CITY, page 3
KING OF THE HILL; Baseball beats Mountaineers SPORTS, page 5
WEDNESDAY: Cloudy; high mld-
Christian Laettner, Duke
Tom Gugliotta, N.C. State
Rodney Rogers, Wake Forest
Bryant Stith, Virginia
Walt Williams, Maryland
Dr. Peter Lamptey will speak
on "The AIDS Pandemic" at 7
p.m. in 100 Hamilton.
Pick up summer school reg
istration books in the base
Hubert Davis, 2nd team
George Lynch, 3rd team
ment of Hanes today.
IOOth Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
0 1992 DTH Publishing Corp.
All rights reserved.
Volume 100, Issue 2
Tuesday, March 10, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
TODAY: Rain; high mldOs
Preschoolers' day care
integrates therapy, play
By Robin Lowe
Early morning in a local day care: Two-year-old children
paint pictures and help their teacher recall the Three Little
Pigs story. The 3-year-old children have gone outside to
enjoy the nice spring weather and romp on the playground.
Downstairs the infants prepare for their morning nap.
Sounds typical, doesn't it?
. At first glance, the Frank Porter Graham Child Develop
ment Center may appear to be an ordinary, average day-care
center, but take a closer look.
Among the energetic play of the 4-year-olds, a group of
three children put together a color-coded puzzle at the in
struction of their teacher a lesson in sharing and patience
The children do not realize that the activity is one boy's
therapy session. He has Down's Syndrome, and the exercise
was designed especially for him. To the children, it's just
another game, but the boy is learning todistinguish colors and
patterns with the help of his friends.
Instead of removing children with special needs from the
classroom setting for therapy, families and teachers decide,
based on the individual child, whether to integrate therapy
with everyday activities with other students.
Donna Bryant, director of the FPG-CDC family-child care
research program, said, "It's really just a balancing act
between providing the best services to all the children and
accounting for individual needs."
About one-third of the center's children have special
needs. By placing these children with average preschoolers,
they are "main streamed."
The center also strives to serve a broad range of families
with both high and low incomes. The cost of the day care
depends on the family's income and is worked out between
the administration and the family. The lower the income, the
lower the cost to the family.
All of the center's children not just the ones with special
needs receive an individualized curriculum mixed with
group learning. The parents meet with the teachers to choose
the focus for each student. If a child has accelerated intelli
gence, the teachers will help to cultivate that. If a child falls
behind in reading, his teachers will work to improve that area.
The unique aspect of the special needs curriculum is that
most of the children participate in therapy with the members
of their class. The researchers do not remove the children
from a normal day-care environment if at all possible. But
some therapy must be done away from the classroom.
Maura Doran, a graduate student in speech pathology,
works with six children with developmental delays at the
center. She integrates five of them into the classroom.
"It works for some kids and not for others," Doran said,
adding that integrated therapy has its pros and cons.
"It really depends on the needs of the children," she said.
"The advantage of having the therapy in class is that it fosters
social interaction. You get other kids involved and can work
in a natural environment instead of yanking them out of class.
A lot of times when you take them out of class then put them
back, they don't use what they've learned in therapy."
Having individual therapy sessions away from the class
room allows for one-on-one attention and less distraction so
goals become clearer to the children, Doran said.
"In class, (therapy) results are more unpredictable," she
said. "You never know how the other children will react or
what kind of mood they are in."
Don Bailey, director of early childhood research, said the
results of the therapy sessions have not been evaluated.
However, Bailey said the parents' responses have been
basically good. "You always have some parents who are
asking themselves, 'Would my child be getting better treat
See FPG, page 2
Audit; examines athletic officials
Probe of worker misuse may result in changes, Swofford says
By Michael Workman
A University auditor is investigating allegations that state
employees did personal work for high-ranking athletic de
partment officials while being paid state funds.
Dick Baddour, senior associate athletic director, and Willie
Scroggs, an assistant athletic director, said they did not
intentionally misuse the services of state employees.
Athletic Director John Swofford characterized the audit as
a response to several misunderstandings between department
officials and workers and said it might result in procedural
changes in the department.
But John "Pete" Wright, a groundskeeper supervisor, said
the audit was a response to concerns he had raised in a
grievance filed in July.
Wright filed the grievance after he and another employee
were fired for switching tires from a surplus University
vehicle to Wright's own van. The employees were later
rehired by the University.
He said he had compared his actions to those of high-
ranking athletic department officials in the grievance. Wright
said his actions were no worse than the actions of the
Ronald Johnson, a worker in the outdoor facilities opera
tions department, said he was paid state funds to make
improvements on the car of Scroggs' daughter. Scroggs
served as coach of the UNC men's lacrosse team for 12
seasons, leading it to three national championships.
Edwin Capel, Internal Audit Department director and head
of the investigation, questioned Johnson about installing a
car radio and fixing a dent in the car, Johnson said.
Capel could not be reached for comment. Scroggs said
Monday he could not comment on the radio installation.
"I'd like to speak out (about the incident), but I've been
asked not to comment about it until Capel has completed his
report," Scroggs said.
Swofford confirmed that Johnson was on state time when
he installed the radio, but he said Scroggs did not know the
worker was being paid by the state. "Willie's understanding
was that the worker was not on state time," he said.
Johnson said he also repaired a dent in the cur of Finley
Golf Course superintendent William Fowler on state time.
Fowler refused to comment Monday night.
Capel contacted four workers in the outdoor facilities
operations department, including Johnson and Wright,
Johnson said. The two other employees could not be reached
for comment Monday.
Baddour said Capel questioned him about acabinet Baddour
had delivered by a state employee to his house.
Baddour said the cabinet, which he described as "a ply
wood box with shelves," had been thrown away and was
going to be destroyed.
The cabinet was delivered to his house, but the worker who
delivered it was not paid with state funds, he said.
Capel did not ask him about other incidents, Baddour said.
Swofford said he thought the incidents were isolated
"I have a lot of confidence in Willie Scroggs and Dick
Baddour," he said. "I don't think there is any pattern."
T z. M-
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Reading in the rough
Martha Cockrell, a sophomore from Columbia, Md., takes advantage of the beautiful weather Monday to read
her anthropology text in the Arboretum. Students across campus basked in the 70-degree spring weather.
near Bolin Creek
State environmental agency hopes
moratorium will spark local action
By Chris Goodson
Heavy rains this weekend caused
overflowing along the Bolin Creek
sewer line, but a state agency hopes a
moratorium placed on hookups to the
line will prompt local authorities to
remedy the long-time problems.
Everett Billingsley, Orange Water
and Sewer Authority (OWASA) execu
tive director, said rains Friday night
caused the line to overflow east of Air
port Road near Bolin Heights.
Rainwater, not sewage, spilled into
the area, Billingsley said. He added that
OWASA officials disinfected the site
after the water subsided.
'This is primarily a rainwater prob
lem, and we've got to find where it's
coming from," Billingsley said.
Arthur Mouberry, an N.C. Depart
ment of Environmental Management
official, said the DEM moratorium
would prevent new hookups to the Bolin
Creek line until overflow problems were
The moratorium could delay con
struction on area projects, including
plans for the new Chapel Hill Public
DEM officials enacted the morato
rium after they reviewed overflow prob
lems that occurred during January and
February on the Bolin Creek sewer I ine,
Although DEM officials knew
OWASA had begun repairs to the Bolin
Creek Line, the magnitude of the over
flow problems made a moratorium nec
essary, Mouberry said.
"I think our moratorium caught them
off guard," he said.
Billingsley said OWASA hopes to
have enough repairs made In three or
four months to ask the DEM to lift the
"We've got everyone we can trying
to find and correct the problems,"
OWASA can have the moratorium
lifted in one of two ways, he said.
One way would be a special order by
consent that would allow limited sewer
access in specific cases. The DEM and
OWASA would have to agree on the
special cases, he said.
Otherwise, OWASA must fix the
problems in the Bolin Creek line,
But Billingsley said OWASA started
improving the Bolin Creek line before
the moratorium was imposed.
"We have a program which we have
been involved in for several years to
improve that line," he said.
The moratorium was surprising be
cause DEM officials knew OWASA
was repairing problems in the Bolin
Creek line as officials found them,
"It is an unusually stringent action
they have taken," he said.
Large sections of the sewer line al
ready have been replaced or repaired,
Bush, Clinton eye ovemhelniing wins in Super Tuesday races
By Eric Lusk
President George Bush and Arkan
sas Gov. Bill Clinton could take major
leaps toward their parties' presidential
nominations in today's Super Tuesday
primaries despite the furious challenge
each has faced from a surprisingly strong
"By every poll, it's Bush and
Clinton," said Bruce Buchanan, profes
sor of government at the University of
Texas at Austin.
Conservative columnist Pat
Buchanan and former U.S. Sen. Paul
Tsongas continue to present serious
challenges to the two candidates that
political analysts have dubbed the front
runners going into the middle stages of
the 1992 race.
Super Tuesday was designed by
Southern Democrats in 1 988 as a way to
increase the influence of moderate re
gional voters in national party politics.
Hard economic times and the less-than-dramatic
impact of 1988's 21 -state Su
per Tuesday led to the creation of a
scaled-down version in 1992.
Today's races comprise primaries in
Florida, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mis
sissippi, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Ten
nessee and Texas and caucuses in Dela
ware, Hawaii and Missouri.
Clinton has topped preliminary polls
in most of the Super Tuesday states and
could take a giant step toward the nomi-
nation on a day when 783 Democratic
delegates are at stake. In contrast to the
Northeast, where Tsongas' quiet, intel
lectual style of politicking played well,
the South presents a major opportunity
for Clinton, an Arkansas native and a
leader in the movement to create Super
Tuesday four years ago.
"Clinton is experienced in governing
Southern electorates," UNC political
science Professor William Keech said.
"This is not good territory forTsongas."
Tsongas grabbed early momentum
in the Democratic race by winning the
Feb. 18 New Hampshire primary. But
even with a major victory in Maryland
last week, the former U.S. senator from
Massachusetts has lost ground since the
Despite being plagued by accusa
tions of adultery and draft-dodging,
Clinton has managed to amass the great
est amount of p re-primary support from
Southern voters. Recent reports that
Clinton participated in a real estate in
vestment with the owner of a failed
savings and loan still could damage the
Arkansas governor's campaign.
"Clinton's got the organization and
the money," Bruce
"But there are a
ber of undecided
than 20 percent of
in Texas remained
voters could play
if hi i ir in tl
a major role in the Florida primary.
Clinton supporters say they are worried
that many undecided Floridians could
side with Tsongas.
"The make-up of Florida is North
eastern in part," said Elizabeth Belkin,
a press secretary in Clinton's Tallahas
see office. "It's going to be a different
turnout. The state is not entirely South
em. Former California Gov. Jerry Brown,
who has surprised many observers with
his strong showings in recent primaries,
including victories in Maine, Colorado
and Nevada, stands as the wild-card
candidate now that the Democratic field
has been narrowed down to three legiti
"(Brown) has surprised so many
people of late," Bruce Buchanan said.
"It's really hard to read Brown now. He
might do well (in Texas)."
Brown appeals to the younger, envi
ronmentally conscious and non-main
stream voters, he
U.S. Sens. Tom
Harkin and Bob
Kerrey, both of
whom were ex
pected to be major
players in the 1992
dropped out of the
In the Republi
can arena, Bush
still faces amajorchallenge from Patrick
Buchanan, the brash right-wing com
mentator whose candidacy was consid
ered nothing more than a protest several
But Pat Buchanan has surprised both
Bush and political observers by win
ning between 25 percent and 35 percent
of the vote in several GOP primaries.
"(Pat) Buchanan can win a substan
tial vote," said Blease Graham, an asso
ciate professor of government at the
University of South Carolina. "So far
he's not winning many delegates, but
certainly he can be a thorn in the side of
Many voters say they have sided
with Pat Buchanan as a protest against
the president's failure to solve domestic
problems like the nation's stagnant
economy. In the South Dakota primary
three weeks ago, more than 30 percent
See PRIMARIES, page 2
N.C. voters must wait for chance
to choose presidential candidates
By Eric Lusk
Although the budget crunch has
forced N.C. voters to be spectators
rather than participants in this year's
Super Tuesday primaries, the state
still could play a key role in deciding
the Democratic nomination.
21 states to hold a primary or caucus
on what politicians have named Super
: Tuesday. But last year, the General
Assembly voted to move the state's
presidential primary to May 5 to coin
cide with races for other state and
Alex Brock, executive director of
the State Elections Board, said the
decision not to hold two separate pri
maries should save the state about
Although the change in primary
dates was not designed to make North
Carolina a more important campaign
stop, state voters could help decide the
eventual nominee if the Democratic
race goes down to the wire, Brock
"By the time our primary rolls
around, it will be more meaningful
standing alone," he said. "By that time,
you'll be getting tothe very fine points
... of the complicated delegate proce
dure." But if Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton
dominates today's Super Tuesday
races as many polls suggest he will,
the importance of the N.C. primary
will be negated, and candidates could
decide not to invest time and energy in
state appearances, said N.C. Rep. Rob
ert Hunter, D-McDowell.
"If we'd been able to afford it, we
would have been assured to have some
impact on the electoral process," he
said. "Super Tuesday and the impor
tance of the South is still there, but
North Carolina won't be a part of it."
Moderate Democratic leaders origi
nally designed Super Tuesday as aday
on which Southern voters could make
a lasting impression on a given presi
dential race. Younger Southern politi
cians including Clinton and U.S. Sen.
Albert Gore, D-Tenn., originated the
concept of Super Tuesday in the mid
1980s. Gore, who announced last fall
that he would not be running in 1992,
finished first in North Carolina in 1988.
A little madness in the Spring is wholesome even for the King. Emily Dickinson