TODAY: Cloudy; high mld-60s
HIGH MARKS: Magazine ranks graduate programs..,......uCAMPUS, page 3
UNBALANCED: Lawmakers fault system in scandal .....NATIONAL, page 5
THURSDAY: 70 percent chance
ITCA Men's Tennis Poi
of showers; high mld-50s
Send-off for men's basket
2. Texas Christian University
4. Southern California
7. Mississippi State
8. (tie) UNC
ball team at 5:30 p.m. outside
Forum about student de
mands from 7 p.m.-9 p.m. at
100th Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
C 1992 DTH Publishing Corp.
All rights reservad.
Volume 100, Issue 13
Wednesday, March 25, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By Warren Hynes
HILLSBOROUGH The trial in
volving Carmen Edward Catullo', a
University student charged with first
degree rape, began Tuesday with two
different sides starting to tell two differ
Jury selection, opening arguments
and direct examination of the
prosecution's first witness Catullo's
accuser took place in Orange County
Catullo, 22, of 1-3 Kingswood Apart
ments, is a former member of the UNC
wrestling team. He was suspended from
the team after the charges were filed
against him Sept. 25.
By Steve Politl and Birch DeVauIt
University Editor and Assistant Editor
A stampede at a Great Hall party
early Sunday morning has prompted
University officials to reconsider its
event policy and to cancel all parties for
the remainder of the year.
About 1 ,000 people flooded the Stu
dent Union's lobby, many yelling that
someone had a gun. As the crowd dis
persed into the street, a fight between
University football players and players
from N.C. Central University's team
broke out on South Road, according to
Carolyn Elfland, acting police chief,
said every on-duty University police
officer and all but one on-duty Chapel
Hill police officer were needed to break
up the fight.
"The officers are literally afraid,"
Elfland said. She added that signing up
to monitor a Great Hall party was like
"volunteering to be a Kamikaze pilot.
"It's a myth that police can keep
fights from breaking out," she said.
Elfland said she would not send any
more officers to parties this year, add
ing that all Great Hall parties have been
canceled for the rest of the year.
"My recommendation ... is that we
just call a halt to it," she said. "I don't
know that it's controllable."
Angela Crisp, Carolina Union president-elect,
refused to comment.
Elfland said: "These disruptions are
almost a routine. I'd say in my one year
and four months (as vice chancellor for
business), there have been six or so, so
they're fairly frequent.
"Saturday's was the grand finale."
The University's present policy is
inadequate, Elfland said. "We have un
fortunately fallen into a vicious circle
with these parties."
University officials and leaders of
campus groups have met on several
occasions to iron out kinks in the Great
Hall party policy. But previous policy
See FIGHT, page 5
Brown upsets Clinton;
Bush captures big win
The Associated Press
HARTFORD, Conn. Challenger
Jerry Brown scored a startling upset
over Bill Clinton in the Connecticut
presidential primary Tuesday night to
slow the front-runner's march toward
the Democratic nomination.
President Bush swept the Republi
can victory over dormant rival Patrick
Buchanan and the nagging protest vote.
He said the victory added to his opti
mism in "a screwy year."
The Democratic verdict, a two-point
victory for Brown, surprisingly stalled
the Clinton campaign despite the Ar
kansas governor's claim that he'd ex
pected a tight contest.
Turnout was low in the three-man
count: Brown, 37 percent, Clinton 35
percent, and former Massachusetts
Sen. Paul Tsongas, who quit the cam
paign, 20 percent.
The Connecticut upset instantly
raised the stakes in the New York
primary, the next major contest, two
weeks away . Clinton can't afford more
Clinton called Connecticut "a small
setback." Brown described it as "a
rape trial begins; accuser testifies
three-hour jury se
lection produced a
jury of eight
women and four
men. Eleven of the
jurors are white,
and one is black.
In the opening
Carl Fox and
Catullo's attorney, Barry Winston, gave
the jury different reports of what the
evidence in the trial would show.
Said Fox: "The state will show that
this defendant, Mr. Catullo, forcedhim
self on her, that he had vaginal inter
Doin' the soccer shuffle
Students compete in an intermediate soccer class scrimmage recent weeks has afforded many physical education students the
Tuesday afternoon on Carmichael fields. Sunny weather in opportunity to trade in their sweat pants for shorts.
By Amber Nimocks
and Tiffany Ashhurst
The Carrboro Board of Aldermen
defeated an ordinance Tuesday night
that would have prohibited public pan
handling despite the addition of an
amendment that defined panhandling
Alderman Hilliard Caldwell switched
a decision he made last week support
ing the proposal and voted against the
"I just hope the people will respect
my decision," Caldwell said, explain
ing that he considered both the human
Number ol delegates won in parentheses.
DTH Graphic by Rick Statile
shocking upset" that would propel his
anti-establishment campaign. He said
Clinton doesn't own the Democratic
nomination, the people do.
Brown said he won Connecticut
because "people want change, I'm a
vehicle for that.
See PRIMARY, page 2
Never accept a
course with her against her will and that
she suffered serious mental injury as a
Said Winston: "Not only did she en
gage in consensual sex with Mr. Catullo,
but afterward, she then had consensual
sex with another young man."
The defense would attempt to show
various inconsistencies in the accuser's
story, one being her statement of ex
actly how many people had raped her,
Winston said. "The evidence will show
that she told at least one person that she
was assaulted by three men and raped
by two men," he said.
Catullo was indicted Nov. 4 by an
Orange County grand jury on second
degree rape charges. But Fox sought
and was granted an increased charge of
. v . ' ' - - a
and legal aspects of the proposal.
Alderman Frances Shetley offered
an amendment to the proposed ordi
nance that would have outlawed "ag
gressive panhandling." Shetley's
amendment defined aggressive panhan
dling as repeated solicitation for money
and touching or blocking the path of an
individual while soliciting.
But Mayor Eleanor Kinnaird said
she thought the actions described in the
amendment were covered under exist
ing laws prohibiting assault and harass
ment. Aldermen Randy Marshall, Tom
Gurganus and Shetley voted in favor of
Kinnaird and Aldermen Jacquclyn
Black culture shaped
Editor's note: This is the third in a
five-part series dealing with black reli
By Jackie Hershkowitz
When Africans were uprooted from
their homeland, they were instructed to
take no more than they could carry.
They actually brought much more, said
black cultural center director Margo
"The slave ships were packed with
thousands of people with cultural bag
gage," Crawford said. "Whenever you
bring a people somewhere, yoa bring
their baggage with them."
The most lasting African cultural
holdover was spirituality and affinity to
religion, she said.
"Without a doubt, the importance of
religion in the African-American com
munity has been an African carryover,"
Crawford said. "Given the reality of the
slave system, this was the only element
of culture that was not denied."
"Spirituality was the least threaten
ing to white masters. Masters appreci
ated slaves singing spirituals because it
indicated that slaves were happy, docile
chattel," she said.
The black church quickly adopted a
multi-functional purpose, both as a
drink from a urologist Erma Bombeck's father
first-degree rape by a grand jury Feb.
First-degree rape, which carries a
mandatory life sentence, is defined as
forced vaginal intercourse with another
person against that person's will, in
volving either serious personal injury,
weapon use or more than one offender.
The accuser, a 19-year-old UNC stu
dent, was the first witness for the pros
ecution. She answered Fox's direct ex
amination questions, telling how one
horrid night has since produced many
She remained composed until Fox
asked questions about how her life had
changed since the early morning hours
of Aug. 25, when the incident report
&&Jb.: - .jg.-.-.v. .v.v.
panhandling fails in
Gist and Jay Bryan joined Caldwell,
voting against the ordinance.
The board voted 4-3 last week in
favor of an ordinance that defined pan
handling as soliciting monetary dona
tions from another individual for per
sonal benefit. The proposal failed to
pass because on a first reading, a two
thirds vote is needed toenact ordinances.
But a simple majority vote in favor of
the ordinance would have adopted it on
its second reading Tuesday night.
Before the vote, Sherry Toler, a
former employee of Chapel Hill's Inter-Faith
Council community house,
urged the board to defeat the proposal.
"It's really a sad day when somebody
can be picked up or arrested for uttering
house of worship and as a refuge from
"The church has also been a sanctu
ary where people could gather. It is
more than just a place for expressing
feelings for God," said Chuck Stone,
Walter Spearman professor of journal
ism. Crawford said the church and the
black community mutually supported
each other. "The community has sup
ported the religion, and the church has
supported the aspirations of blacks to be
full members of society," she said.
Part of the gospel many black
churches have preached is the attain
ability of social and economic libera
tion. Many blacks had their first taste of
leadership in the church, Stone said,
citing Martin Luther King Jr., former
New York Congressman Adam Clayton
Powell and former Atlanta Mayor and
U.N. Ambassador Andrew Young as
examples of church leaders who even
tually rose to national prominence.
Crawford said ministers tradition
She said she has not slept well. "I
have nightmares still about that night.
Sleep's really difficult to come by."
She said she had been unable to keep
up with her classes at UNC in the fall
semester and had dropped from 17 to
nine hours. This semester, she said she
began classes but took a medical with
drawal after four weeks of classes.
"I still could not focus or concentrate
on school," she said.
The accuser said she often gets nau
seous when she eats and does not care
about eating. She said she had dropped
three dress sizes.
She said her attitude toward people
also had changed. "I'm hostile toward
people," she said. "I'm hostile toward
my family. I don't like it when people
may lessen deficit
of Smith Center
By Shannon Crownover
Athletic department officials may use
revenues from post-season basketball
tournaments and football bowl games
to absorb a deficit in the Smith Center's
Officials took short-term measures
to cover state budget cuts last year that
amounted to $400,000, or half of the
Smith Center's budget. But a low num
ber of concerts, caused mostly by com
petition from Raleigh's year-old Wal
nut Creek Amphitheatre, will cause the
deficit to amount to more than pro
jected, said Jeff Elliott, Smith Center
"We will have some deficit this year
that the athletic department will have to
pick up," he said.
Athletic Director John S wofford said
each Atlantic Coast Conference school
should receive $700,000 from the
NCAA men's basketball tournament.
The department gives $200,000 of
the words 'Hey, buddy, can you spare a
dime?'" she said.
Carrboro interim Police Chief Ben
Callahan requested that the aldermen
create the ordinance to give police legal
recourse for what he described as a
growing downtown problem.
Police received 12 complaints of pan
handling in the last six months. "With
out the ordinance, we will be powerless,
legally," Callahan said.
According to Carrboro police records,
panhandling is most prevalent at the
post office, at the malls and in the down
"If panhandlers were (panhandling)
for food, there are plenty of places where
we can take them to get tree food,"
ally played pivotal roles in the black
community. "The real heartbeat of the
black community is not in its research
ers or writers but in the presentation of
Arnie Epps, president of the Black
Student Movement, said the church
helped shape his identity and apprecia
tion for black culture. "The church is
the foundation of the African-American
people," he said. "It's something
that has always been steady that has
brought faith and community."
Toija Riggins, BSM minister of in
formation, said that in addition to a
spiritual outlet, her church was a life
line, providing tangible assistance to its
members through scholarships, loans
and other programs.
"I was educated at the church's
school," she said. "When my family
moved away, we'd go a distance to be
part of that community. There was a
real sense of community among church
Epps said that although some blacks
abandoned the church, it remained an
important institution. "Whether they
show it or not, it still plays a role in their
lives," he said, adding that it would be
difficult to be part of the community
without some church affiliation.
Carol Brown, a junior from
touch me. I don't like people to come
that close to me.
"It's still there every day, and I can't
do anything about it."
While telling the story of Aug. 25,
the woman sat composed. She said that
in the early morning hours of Aug. 25,
she and some acquaintances went to a
late-night party at the Delta Upsilon
fraternity house. The group took a taxi
cab to the party, she said.
She said that at the party, she met
some men, three of whom introduced
themselves as Chris, Todd and Jake.
The accuser identified Catullo as the
man who had called himself Jake.
She said she spoke with the men for
See CATULLO, page 2
that money to the University for a gen
eral fund. Most of the money left over
will be needed to balance the Smith
Center's budget, Swofford said.
"In essence, it takes money away
from the athletic department," he said.
Martina Ballen, director for athletic
business and finance, said athletic offi
cials had known that the Smith Center
would not be able to cover all of its
operating costs and had set this year's
"We raised the price of basketball
tickets from $13 to $15," Ballen said.
"There also were not any salary in
creases this year."
Elliott said, "It costs $1.2 million a
year to operate (the Smith Center), and
the $400,000 cut in our budget was a
Swofford said: "This post-season's
basketball tournament will help make
up from that loss. It was awfully diffi
cult to make an adjustment at that point
See DOME, page 2
Gist, who voted against the ordi
nance last week, said Tuesday after- i
noon that panhandling should be dealt
with in a different way, not with an '
"I don't believe that legislation is the
way to solve the symptoms of social '
problems," she said.
Gist said she feared the police would
use the ordinance as a weapon against
people considered undesirable.
"I am real scared it will pass, and I
don't like what the ordinance is saying
about my community," she said. "They
are going for the short-term solutions
instead of solving the problems long
Pfafftown, said that when she was grow
ing up she did not know black children
whose families did not belong to a
But Riggins said she thought the black
community was moving away from the
church. The media have contributed to
the weakening of the church, she said. '
By not portraying the importance of
See RELIGION, page 2
The DTH is looking for a few good
men and women to join the staff.
Writers are needed to cover the Uni
versity, the town, the state, the na
tion, the world and beyond, or to
write features on any of these fasci
nating subjects, and copy editors are
needed to fill several evening shifts.
The paper also needs staffers for
the weekly summer DTH.
: Interested folks should attend one
of three interest meetings: at 6:30
p.m. Thursday in 2 1 1 Union; at 3:30
p.m. Friday in 208 Union; or at 7:30
p.m. Thursday, April 2, in 208 Union.