Daily Tar Heel (Chapel … /
April 1, 1992, edition 1 /
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4Thc DaUy Tar HeelWednesday, April 1, 1992
Levy accuses Shamir
of ethnic discrimination
JERUSALEM The rift in the rul
ing Likud bloc widened Tuesday after
Foreign Minister David Levy accused
Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir of wag
ing an ethnically oriented vendetta
against him and his supporters.
Levy warned that Likud would suf
fer in the June 23 elections. He said he
would not quit the party but would stick
to his announced plan to resign his post
to protest Shamir's "conspiracy."
Levy, born in Morocco, said ethnic
slurs were made against two of his
Ashkenazi supporters, Michael Kleiner
and Dan Tichon.
He said Kleiner was told he would be
punished "because of the smell of that
Moroccan, David Levy, that is sticking
to him," Levy said. Tichon was asked,
'How you support this Frank?"' he said.
"Frank" is an offensive term for
Sephardim Jews who immigrated
from Middle Eastern and North African
countries. Ashkenazi are Jews from
middle and eastern Europe.
If Levy leaves Likud, as many of his
supporters urge him to do, it seriously
could undermine Likud'sappeal among
Sephardim, whose unhappiness with the
opposition Labor Party resulted in
Likud's takeover 15 years ago.
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House Post Office audit
shows more corruption
WASHINGTON A surprise audit
of the troubled House Post Office last
week found an unlocked vault stacked
with $100 money orders, personal and
public money mixed together and em
ployees ill-equipped to handle stamps
The General Accounting Office au
dit also said there were money short
ages and a House member's $580 ex
pense account with an unexplained "Do
not process" note attached.
No written findings were issued, but
key House officials were briefed by the
GAOon Monday. The Associated Press
obtained the results from the detailed
written notes of a staff member who
attended the session.
Mismanagement at the House mail
facility has become a major embarrass
ment for the House Democratic leader
ship, along with bad checks written at
the chamber's former bank.
Three former post office employees
have pleaded guilty to embezzlement
and a fourth who has admitted sell
ing drugs is awaiting trial..
Allegations of illegal loans using
postal funds have been published, and
separate investigations are under way
by a federal grand jury and the House
The surprise audit was ordered by
House Clerk Donald Anderson, who
was asked by Speaker Thomas Foley to
take control of the post office pending
the naming of a new postmaster.
The Associated Press
(FUES TRIAL PAD)
Downtown Chapel Hill
(Professional Services Not Included)
a sick or injured
Food Lion stores under investigation
By Tara Duncan
Food Lion, the grocery store chain
that claims to save you money, might be
saving itself money these days as some
of its employees work "off the clock."
Executives of Food Lion Inc., a
Salisbury company with stores in 12
states, testified before the House Sub
committee on Employment and Hous
ing March 25, after members of the
United Foodworkers Union complained
that some workers had been forced to
stay on the job after Clocking out.
"Occasionally, we have cases of
Lion spokesman Mike Mozingo.
"People will come forward and say that
someone forced them to work off the
" We try to pay them for their time if
this is found to be true."
By Brian Mcjunkin
The state's growing prison over
crowding problem has triggered recent
efforts to avoid a "prison population
emergency" and provide alternative
methods of punishment and rehabilita
tion. Under the 1987 Emergency Prison
Population Stabilization Act, a prison
population emergency is declared when
the number of state inmates is more than
19,986 for IS consecutive days. Once
an emergency is declared, the State Pa
role Commission must reduce the prison
population to 19,782 within 90 days or
risk a federal takeover.
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Research Triangle Institute ConcordPortex
Wilson Trucking Company American Television & Communication
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Federal Deposit Ins. Corp. Curtis Media Group
Federal Government Radio Shack
Business Dress Recommended!
University Career Planning & Placement Services
Division of Student Affairs
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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According to federal law, an em
ployer must reimburse an employee for
work done without punching in on the
time clock or after punching out.
Employers found to have violated
this law can face stiff monetary fines
and can be forced to pay back wages
plus an additional amount to the worker,
Dean Speer, director of the division
of policy and analysis for the U.S. De
partment of Labor.
Employers that continuously over
look off-the-clock hours can receive as
much as a $1 ,000 fine for repeated vio
lations, he said.
"It is the employers' and the employ
ees' responsibility and duty to accu
rately pay and keep account of all hours,"
Mozingo said that although some
Food Lion workers had chosen to work
lateafterclocking out, no one was forced
overcrowding hits emergency levels
Corrections seeks alternatives
Last Thursday, the state prison popu
lation increased to a single-day record
20, 1 36 inmates. The total has remained
above 19,986 every day since then.
Because of recent overcrowding in
N.C. prisons, the parole eligibility of
certain inmates has been moved up by
six months, although convicted mur
derers, drug and sexual offenders, kid
nappers and drunk drivers are inel igible
for this consideration.
"It's a mess," said Jim Woodall, an
assistant district attorney for Chapel
Hill. "If they had space for 20,000 more
(prisoners), I guarantee it would be filled
within a year."
During 1991, 28,536 convicts were
admitted into state prisons, said Bill
with purchase of shorts
to work without pay.
Testifying against Food Lion were
two former employees, a former store
manager and two current employees.
Four of these witnesses were from Food
Lion stores in Winston-Salem,
Asheville, Pinehurst and Morganton,
but they were unavailable for comment.
One of the witnesses was from a
Camden, S.C., store.
Food Lion executives have not been
informed of any other meetings with the
subcommittee and do not know where
the testimonies will lead, Mozingosaid.
"Apparently the subcommittee is in
the middle of a fact-finding exercise,
and we don't know what the ultimate
goal will be."
Mozingo said that the company was
not under an official investigation and
that the committee called the execu
tives in the hope they could serve as an
example of problems in the Labor
Poston, the head of public information
for the Department of Corrections.
In contrast, only 16,370 prisoners
entered state facilities in 1985, and
1 2,655 were locked up in 1 980, he said.
The state's prison population shows
no sign of dropping.
During the last year, prison admis
sions have increased by 20 percent,
But the rise in the number of admis
sions does not mean prisoners are serv
ing their full terms, he said.
A recent state Department of Correc
tions study showed that most inmates
serve only about 29 percent of their
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Department's enforcement of wage and
"It was a fact-finding mission," he
said. "We were invited to talk about
how we handled hours off the clock
policies, scheduling and employee time
Former and present employees also
testified that Food Lion routinely asked
employees to work without pay.
Sometimes employees get off their
shift, clock out and then are asked to
continue helping because the store is
busy or because there is something that
has to be done immediately, Mozingo
There also have been occasions where
one employee would ask another off-the-clock
employee to fill in for him or
her. This could end up being work with
out pay that store officials were un
door sense of criminal justice in North
Carolina," said Thad Beyle, a UNC
political science professor. "Being in
prison is not a major problem (for many
offenders). It's a short penalty, and then
you're back on the street."
Many state prisons are clogged with
inmates charged with less severe crimes,
Beyle said. These prisoners take up
space better suited for more serious
criminals, he said.
"We send too many people to jail,
people who are only hurting them
selves," he said.
With the state's recent overcrowding
problems and economic woes, law en
forcement officials increasingly are
searching for alternatives to incarcera
tion. In addition to releasing prisoners ear
lier, officials have been utilizing house
arrest procedures and have been explor
ing the idea of rehabilitation camps,
modeled after military boot camps.
Alternative punishment techniques
would save the state a great deal of
money, Poston said.
In addition to the overcrowding prob
lem, N.C. prison officials recently have
begun addressing the poor quality of
living in most state prisons.
Most N.C. inmates are educated
poorly and some have histories of drug
abuse, Poston said.
Until 1987, when several lawsuits
were filed against the state, prisons had
very few programs designed to deal
with these problems.
Today, the N.C. penal system has a
statewide drug rehabilitation program
and provides vocational education op
portunities for inmates, Poston said.
The state even offers prisoners a way
to earn a high school diploma, he said.
Participation in the drug rehabilita
tion and educational programs can earn
inmates good-time credits, Poston said.
Each good-time credit reduces an
inmate's sentence six days for each
month they are scheduled to serve, he
Along with efforts to provide alter
native penal programs, state lawmakers
plan to construct more prison facilities
to alleviate overcrowding, Poston said.
"The legislature has issued $112.5
million in general obligation bonds to
finance the construction of (facilities)
for 3,298 additional inmates," he said.
"We hope to have inmates in them in
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