100th Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
C 1992 DTH Publishing Corp.
All rights reserved.
Volume 100, Issue 45
Thursday, July 16, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BiuinatfAdvcnMnf 962-1 16)
lawmakers: BOG must prepare plan for student fees
By Peter Wallsten
-. State legislators said this week that
they were not convinced that the UNC
Board of Governors was committed to
keeping student fees low at its member
schools and that UNC-system officials
pressured them to approve a fee-supported
athletic complex at UNC-Charlotte.
; "I've been around here 13 years, and
I've fought every year to keep tuition
low," said Rep. Martin Nesbitt, D
Asheville. "When you fight that war
you hate to see the costs increase. It's
not a distrust of the Board of Governors,
but I'm not sure what they're policy is.
"There's no one really to advocate
for the students but us."
A bill pending in the N.C. House of
Representatives Wednesday states that
the BOG "may not increase any re
quired fees at the constituent institu
tions until the board adopts rules to
limit the amount of student fees that
may be charged to retire debt at each
Activists charge ArtsCenter
with ignoring minority artists
Local activists, concerned that the
Carrboro ArtsCenter does little to reach
out to minorities in the community,
have launched a petition drive and cam
paign against the ArtsCenter for its al
leged lack of funding for minority art
ists. Freda Ramey, a self-described "art
istactivist," is organizing North Caro
linians Against Unfair Spending in the
Arts to look at how North Carolina's
arts councils use state and federal grants.
, "The local arts communities receive
money but it somehow doesn't trickle
down to the artists at the grassroots
level," Ramey said. "I want to chal
lenge those arts groups to pull in local
people who live right down the street."
Ramey said the group's research
would be a major project and would
involve all of the counties and arts coun
cils in North Carolina. "This process is
constructive, not destructive," she
Ramey said she was concerned that
minority groups in the Chapel Hill
Carrboro community as well as cities
and towns all over the state were ex
cluded from performances and exhibits
at arts councils.
"The African-American minority arts
community has been disenfranchised,
just as with schools and businesses,"
"We have few venues and often times
don't get fair participation."
Eileen Helton, general manager of
It's official: Legislature
approves tuition increase
By Peter Wallsten
Students attending UNC in the fall
should expect to receive supplements
soon to their tuition bills, which were
mailed out earlier this month.
: After weeks of disagreement, the
General Assembly finally approved
revisions to the state's $8.2 billion
budget, which include additional tu
According to the budget, in-state
students' tuition will increase 6 per
cent, from about $774 a year to $820,
and tuition for out-of-state students
will rise 11.5 percent, from about
$6,642 a year to $7,405.
"I feel that given the tremendous
pressure we were under we were able
to hold it down somewhat," said Rep.
Joe Hackney, D-Orange.
The original proposal in the House
would have increased tuition S percent
for in-state students and 1 5 percent for
This session's tuition hikes come
on top of last year's increases. A year
ago lawmakers raised the price of at
tending doctoral schools like UNC
CH by 20 percent for in-state students
and 25 percent for out-of-state stu
dents. " The budget adopted by both cham
bers last week also includes pay raises
for state workers, a pay cut for the next
governor, a salary scheduled for teach- ;
ers and more spending on education
and mental health programs.
' The Senate voted 30-1 3 to approve
the budget agreement and the House
The BOG would not be allowed to
adopt therulesbeforeApril 1, 1993,and
the UNC system would have to send the
rules to every leg islator before the mora
torium is dropped.
By press time, the bill's status in the
House still was unknown.
At UNC-Chapel Hill, annual required
fees totalled $439 in 1991-92. UNC
Greensboro students, who pay $718 in
fees annually, paid the highest amount.
Meanwhile, at UNC-Asheville and
Elizabeth City State, the annual required
fees exceeded in-state tuition last year.
Nesbitt said the proposal to nearly
triple fees at UNC-Charlotte to build a
$26.3 million athletic complex had
caught the attention of many legisla
tors. The BOG approved the plan at the
tail end of UNC-system President CD.
Spangler's one-yearmoratorium on stu
dent fee increases.
Rep. Joe Hackney, D-Orange, criti
cized the proposal to freeze fee increases,
but agreed that the BOG needed to
complete its planning.
"I think the Board of Governors
should continue with their planning on
the ArtsCenter, said she agreed with
Ramey's complaint that minority art
ists do not get enough funding. But
about one-third of the performances at
the ArtsCenter feature black artists, she
Ramey said young people and poor
residents seldom were represented in
the arts community in North Carolina.
"Rural, poor whites started the tradition
of country and folk music, and they are
excluded from the arts in our commu
nity," she said.
"The ArtsCenter serves a small, cliqu
ish minority. Youth are also not often
included, and when they are included,
the programs are set up in the style that
adults would have it."
B ut Helton said the ArtsCenter's spe
cific discipline committees were open
to any member of the community. "This
is a way for minorities to have direct
input to our board," she said.
Ramey said she thought minorities
were inadequately represented on the
"The ArtsCenter gets token blacks,
puts them on boards, and says 'See, we
have black participation,'" she said at a
meeting of the UNC Black Student
Movement last week.
Fred Good, chairman of the
ArtsCenter board, said three out of the
board's 10 members were black. "There
is not rhuch substance to (Ramey's)
argument," he added.
As an example of programs that reach
out to the minority community, Helton
said the ArtsCenter was conducting a
joint program with Planned Parenthood
later voted 87-1 8 in favor of the com
promise. All those who voted against
the plan in both chambers are Repub
licans. Most of the budget was approved
last year when lawmakers wrote a two
year budget plan. But the revisions
: move some funds within that budget
and earmark $ 1 5 1 million that was not
s included in lastyear's budget calcula
tions. Meanwhile, the future of construc
tion bonds for UNC-system campuses
and the community college system
remained unclear by press time
Wednesday. If approved, the $398
mitlion issue would go before the vot
ers in the fall. The Senate approved the
bill last week, and it's still pending in
the House. UNC-CH officials hope
the bonds would fund, among other
things, a new social work building and
a new business administration build
ing. : Rep. Anne Barnes, D-Orange, said
budget conferees succeeded in hold
ing non-resident tuition down as much
"Although it increased in-state tu
ition a little bit, it did c ut back a bit for
these students coming in to do gradu
ate work," she said. "I'm just opposed
to tuition increases. We should keep it
as low as possible. We've done a good
job, but now we're just falling on hard
Jay Robinson, UNC-system vice
president for public affairs and the
system's chief lobbyist, said he was
See BUDGET, page 5
Separatism is not the American way.
this issue so we can have some orderly
growth," he said. "The feeling by those
who supported the freeze is the Board of
Governors didn't do enough to get fees
"There's some truth to that. If you
submit to the General Assembly a $ 1 30
increase, someone's not watching it."
Meanwhile, Rep. Anne Barnes, D
Orange, said freezing the fees would be
unfair to many of the campuses. But,
she said, "It's time we had a good plan
for management of student fees."
Basketball arena still supported
Despite concern in the legislature
about the UNC-Charlotte facility and
what lawmakers call unnecessary fee
hikes, the bill still allows for the contro
versial new building, which includes a
9,500-seat basketball arena.
Nesbitt said the complex was placed
favorably on the bill after intense pres
sure from UNC-system officials.
"I was opposed to it," he said. "Basi
cally the tremendous pressure was ap
plied by the greater university to assure
it would pass."
The program teaches minority chil
dren from ages 9 to 1 2 about the preven
tion of pregnancy and helps them use
the arts as a medium to communicate
what they have learned.
Donna Dedeaux, a black playwright
who heads the group New Plays Rising
at the ArtsCenter, said there was low
minority participation at ArtsCenter
"I've had very positive dealings with
the ArtsCenter, but I do believe that the
ArtsCenter does not have a large minor
ity turnout," Dedeaux said. "In my
group, we don't actively say, 'All mi
" norities or all whites come this way.'"
Dedeaux said she thought minorities
in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro commu
nity shied away from the ArtsCenter. "I
don't know why people might be of the
mindset that the ArtsCenter doesn't do
anything for minorities, but if a minor
ity playwright brought me an idea, I
would help by presenting the idea to the
board," she said.
"I tend to think that if you're a black
actor you'll go to Durham or Raleigh,"
Ramey said the lack of minority out
reach in the arts was a problem inherent
'This is a reflection of the division
between the races," she said. "Arts are
"What I want to see is, by way of the
arts, for class, age, racial and ethnic
groups to come together. We must have
a mixed group of people working to
gether, getting paid to produce art."
Defendants unsure about appealing
jury's verdict in discrimination case
By Anna Griffin
As Keith Edwards and her friends
and family celebrated the guilty verdict
against three former UNC administra
tors this week. University officials al
ready were deciding whether to appeal
David Parker, the deputy attorney
general defending the three former UNC
administrators John DeVitto, former
director of parking and transportation,
Charles Mauef , former police chief, and
Robert Sherman, former public safety
director said the defendants had not
yet made their decisions.
"It's being discussed," said David
Parker, the deputy attorney general han
dling the case. "The defense, Univer
sity officials and people from our office
all have to be in on the discussions.
Last week, a jury ordered the three to
pay $90,000 in punitive damages and
$26,000 in compensatory damages to
Edwards, an 1 8-year veteran of the UNC
police force. The jury ruled that the
three men violated Edwards' constitu
tional rights by committing racial and
gender discrimination against her.
The three men have 30 days to file an
Alan McSurely, Edwards' attorney,
said after the verdict was announced
last week that he expected an appeal.
'The University does not take discrimi
nation rulings against itself lightly," he
Edwards filed the lawsuit in Septem
ber 1990, accusing seven present and
former UNC administrators of discrimi
The General Administration has yet
to show legislators a definite plan about
student fees in the UNC system, Nesbitt
'The problem we saw after the mora
torium was that the first bill I saw was
raising Charlotte fees $ 1 20 forever," he
said. "When we asked them to look at
fees, that wasn't the outcome we ex
pected." Although the legislature has not seen
an official plan, the UNC system is in
the process of preparing a report, said
Jay Robinson, the system's vice presi
dent for public affairs and chief lobby
ist. UNC-Chapel Hill administrators said
this week they gave a local report to the
General Administration last year.
Nesbitt: Fees bypass budget process
Nesbitt said universities were get
ting in the habit of using fees to bypass
the state budget process.
"All of us see fees as something
supplemental," he said. "That tradition
ally is what fees have been. They're
now becoming a vehicle to build build
ings and to become a fee to run the
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Special to the DTHWiaries Oveiteck
Charles Little (front) shares his bong with a friend Tuesday across from the Franklin Street
post office. Little and a half dozen others protested marijuana laws by openly smoking
the drug. Chapel Hill police officers issued Little a citation later in the afternoon.
nating against her. During the course of
the trial. Orange County Superior Court
Judge Gordon Battle dismissed the
charges against Chancellor Paul Hardin,
Ben Tuchi, former vice chancellor for
business, Charles Antle, former associ
ate vice chancellor for business, and
Dan Burleson, an official with the UNC
When the verdict was announced
Edwards broke down into tears and said
"thank you," to the 6-man, 6-woman
jury. Jurors deliberated for more than
eight hours before reaching their deci
sion last Thursday at about 6 p.m.
"I just didn't think this day was pos
sible," Edwards said. "God just meant
for it to happen."
University officials, including UNC
system President CD. Spangler and
Chancellor Paul Hardin, refused to com
ment on the case since an appeal could
"I believe that case is still a matter
under consideration of appeal," Spangler
said this week. "Therefore, it would be
inappropriate for me to comment on it at
Spangler said he could not comment
on calls that he conduct his own inves
tigation of the police force, adding that
"this entire matter is still in the hands of
In a statement issued last week,
Hardin said he wanted to see justice
done in the case. "I respect the legal
process," he said. "I want our police
department and our entire university to
be an exemplary workplace, absolutely
See APPEAL, page 4
former U.S. Rep. Barbara Jordan, D-Texas
general operations at the universities."
UNC-CH officials said legislators
shouldn't assume all fees were increased
to construct new buildings.
"When we look at fees we need to
look at the nature of the fee and not just
lump them together," said Wayne Jones,
UNC-CH vice chancellor for business
and finance. "We certainly aren't using
the fees to get around the budget pro
cess." Fee freeze could hurt UNC-CH
DonaldBoulton, UNC-CH vice chan
cellor for student affairs, said the bill
would break a long-standing trust be
tween the legislature and the state's
universities about spending.
"It's going to be devastating to us if
we can't get (the fees) to allow us to do
business," he said. "I've been here 20
years, and before I came here they said
the legislature, through tax funds, would
no longer give us unlimited funds. They
said, 'If you want more auxiliary ser
vices, then pay for them with money
See FEES, page 5
to future after
By Anna Griffin
v She's been called a fighter, a
troublemaker, a great officer and a
She's been hailed as a modern
day UNC-style David versus the
Goliath of the University, and re-
viled as a loud-mouth complainer
who mistakes fair personnel prac
tices for racism.
She's been dubbed a hero of the
modern civil rights movement, and
at the same time degraded as a bitter
woman with a chip on her shoulder
: andan incredible ability to mesmer
ize the media.
Seven days ago, a jury of six men
s and six women vindicated Edwards
by ruling that three former UNC
admimstratorsdidcommit racial and
gender discrimination against her
between the period of September
1987 and September 1990.
: The verdict, which may be ap- i
; pealed, capped five years of struggle
for Edwards, an 18-year veteran of
; the UNC police force who filed her
first grievance more than a decade
See EDWARDS, page 4
Appalachian '' '" ' $491
East Carolina $528
Elizabeth City " $594
N.C.A&T ' " $552
N.C. Central $493
N.C. School of the Arts
High School $472
N.C. State $464
UNC-Chapel Hill $439
Western Carolina $553
By Alan Ayers
Nursing school officials hope that a
summer program for high school stu
dents will be effective in changing stu
dent perceptions about men in the nurs
Thirty-six high school students par
ticipating in the second annual Triangle
Area Residential Nursing Program will
hear presentations from experts in the
nursing field, tour area health care fa
cilities and experience college life
through planned campus activities with
" undergraduate nursing students:
Douglas Lowe, a senior at Mt. Airy
High School, said he became interested
in nursing after taking a health class.
"Nurses make pretty good money and I
like helping people," he said. "This
program is definitely a deciding factor
in my future."
Program Director Peggy Campbell
said the nursing profession has diffi
culty recruiting male students because
it has traditionally been associated with
"When most people think of a nurse,
they think of the past a nurse is a
person who works in a hospital and does
what the doctor tells her to do," she said.
"Although our efforts to target the African-American
population have been
successful, wehaven't done such a good
job with males."
Campbell said male students have
the same types of problems as other
minority groups in nursing.
"There are more men going into the
profession," said Lowe, who wants to
teach nursing to college students.
"Sometimes somebody will say some
thing to me, but if you want to be a
nurse, you shouldn't let anybody change
Britney Ashby, a 15-year-old par
ticipant from China Grove, agreed.
"I think it's good that guys don't feel
pressured about it," she said. "If they
want to be a nurse, they shouldn't feel
bad about doing it."
Campbell said that the School of
Nursing suffered an enrollment decline
during the 1980s, bottoming out in 1989
with a junior class of 67 students.
"Women began going into law and
other fields that were traditionally asso
ciated with men," she said. "Because
nursing was traditionally a woman's
profession, we found ourselves com
peting for students."
Beth Shaw, director of public rela
tions for the School of Nursing, said
that the summer program was the cor
nerstone of their undergraduate recruit
"We want to get the brightest high
school students interested in nursing at
an early age," she said. 'Then, if they
don't want to come here, we still want
them to be a nurse."
Shaw said 128 juniors will enter the
School of Nursing this fall the largest
class in five years.
"A lot of people didn't think that
nursing was that important until there
was a shortage," she said. "People still
get sick, and there's always a need for
quality nursing care."
Shaw said nurses' salaries have in
creased, despite the recession. The
School of Nursing has maintained a
1 00-percent job placement rate by add
ing programs that teach students to deal
with the current needs of the medical
See NURSING, page 2