TODAY: Partly cloudy; high
VOTE F03 A CHANGE
Celebrities, music will highlight an election
extravaganza on the steps of Manning Hall
NCAA officials suspend lacrosse head coach Dave Klarmann from
the next tournament game in which his team plays
TABLED: The NFL's two-city expan
sion, scheduled for next year, has been
postponed indefinitely until the league
resolves its labor dispute. Charlotte
was one of the cities being considered
Major League Baseball
Cincinnati 3, Atlanta 2
Toronto 7, Cleveland 5 (10)
Milwaukee 10, Boston 4
St. Louis 3,N.Y.Mets2
SATURDAY: Chance of rain;
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CUAB will sponsor entertain
ing interpretations of traditional
Celtic music and country blues
at 9 p.m. in the Cabaret
100th Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
1992 DTH Publishing Corp.
All rights reserved.
Volume 100, Issue 64
Friday, September 18, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
11 fraternities cited for rash violations
By Jennifer Talhelm
Assistant University Editor
Since the beginning of the fall se
mester, 1 1 fraternities have been cited
for rush and risk management policy
The 1 1 fraternities violated the terms
of a risk management policy approved
Feb. 25, said Inter-Fraternity Council
Vice President James Clark, adding that
he could not reveal which fraternities
had violated the policies.
Some of the fraternities also violated
IFC rush policies, which state that all
rush activities must be alcohol-free.
Rush began Sept. 1 and ended Sunday,
he said. "All rush is dry," Clark said.
"That means no member of the frater
nity can serve or provide alcohol for
archers rally for housekeepers
About 40 UNC housekeepers and
225 of their supporters marched from
the Chapel Hill post office to South
Building Thursday, rallying for higher
wages and better working conditions
for the University's lowest-paid em
ployees. "They told me this was the Southern
Part of Heaven," said housekeeper Larry
Farrar. "But we housekeepers are living
a nightmare in the northern part of hell."
Carrying a banner that read "We are
all housekeepers No turning back"
and sporting red and green T-shirts with
the words "No Turning Back UNC
Housekeepers," the housekeepers led a
group of students, faculty, staff and
local citizens on a march down Franklin
Street, around Columbia Street, up South
Road into the Pit and across campus to
Once they arrived at South Building,
the University's main administrative
building, the crowd heard speeches by
housekeepers, local activists, students
and members of the Black Awareness
"Eleven thousand dollars a year will
not feed a family of five, it will not feed
a family of three, and it will not feed a
family of two," said B AC member Tim
Smith, referring to the $1 1,800 starting
salary for most UNC housekeepers.
Smith, who along with other BAC
members has played a major role in the
coalition for a free-standing black cul
tural center, said that like the BCC is
sue, the housekeepers' movement was a
question of racial equality.
"This is a racial matter," Smith said.
"This is what is going on around the
"We're tired of the white man's foot
in our ass."
Jimmy Hitchcock, another BAC
member, told the crowd, which included
about 100 whites, that the housekeep
ers' movement should be of utmost
Student charged with murder
From staff and wire reports
A relationship gone sour might have
been the source of trouble between a
UNC medical student and the 23-year
old man he is accused of poisoning.
Joseph Angelo Mannino, 26, of
Raleigh, and Michael James Hunter, a
computer programmer and a 1991
UNC graduate, had a falling out sev
eral weeks before Mannino found
Hunter dead in the apartment they
shared, according to police and friends
of the two.
'Things had apparently gone bad
between theminthe time before Hunter
was found dead," said Sgt. T.W.
Gardner of the Raleigh police force.
"They had some sort of falling out,
and that contributed to Mr. Mannino's
anger and his apparent action."
Doug Ferguson, co-chairman of
Bisexuals, Gay Men, Lesbians and
Allies for Diversity and a friend of the
two, said Hunter and Mannino had
"fallen out" before Hunter's death
because Mannino was about to leave
for a medical internship.
Mannino, afourth-yearmedical stu
dent at UNC, is charged with poison
ing Hunter with a lethal injection of
lidocaine, a prescription anesthetic.
Police said the medical student be
came a suspect in early July when an
autopsy report showed the victim died
from an overdose of lidocaine, a pre
A Wake County magistrate charged
Given enough time, what you
According to the risk management
policy, which is in effect year-round,
fraternities and sororities belonging to
the Inter-Fraternity Council or the
Panhellenic Council are required to pro
vide safe conditions when hosting par
ties. Sororities do not host parties.
IFC President Lee Hark said the
policy states that hosts must, among
Post the numbers of taxi companies
beside telephones so they are easily
Provide alternate beverages for any
guests who do not want to consume
Provide security guards to remove
unwanted guests and to protect invited
guests on the premises; and
Not serve alcohol from common
containers. Hark said common contain
importance to all blacks in the Univer
"See these people, especially these
women up here?" Hitchcock said, point
ing to the group of housekeepers, about
25 of whom were women. "These are
my mothers. These are my people."
In recent months, the housekeepers,
91 of whom have filed a grievance
against Chancellor Paul Hardin and the
University, have met with UNC admin
istrators, state personnel officials and
legislators in their struggle.
But while the housekeepers have
begun to organize a statewide move
ment for legislative changes, the main
problem still exists within the Univer
sity, the housekeepers said.
'This University has a leader, his
name is Paul Hardin," Farrar said. "But
where is the leader? He should be out
here leading this march."
Alan McSurely, the local civil rights
attorney representing the housekeepers
in their grievance, echoed Farrar' s sen
timents. "The real problem we face is still in
South Building," McSurely said during
a press conference at the Campus Y
after the rally. "They don't know what
we want; they just don't get it."
At the post-rally press conference,
which was open to members of the
housekeepers' executive steering com
mittee and the media, housekeepers re
counted the problems they faced on the
job and the changes they hoped to make.
Barbara Prear, a member of the com
mittee, said it was important for the
public to realize the debate was for
better working conditions, in addition
to higher pay. "Hardin has put the issues
out like it's just money, money, money,
money," she said.
Members of the steering committee
said that the housekeepers, who occupy
the state's three lowest pay grades, were
treated differently than other Univer
sity employees. Housekeepers are cited
See HOUSEKEEPERS, page 7
Mannino with one count of murder
Wednesday and jailed him without
The arrest came four months after
Hunter was found dead in the Raleigh
apartment Hunter and Manrurto had
lived in the apartment with a third
Mannino and Hunter had known
each other since both were students at
Mannino was only weeks away
from receiving his medical degree
when he called 9 1 1 on the morning of
April 30 and reported finding Hunter
dead on his bed. Hunter's body was
sent to the State Medical Examiner's
office for an autopsy, and Mannino's
diploma was withheld pending fur
"His diploma was held pending the
unusual circumstances surrounding
the death," said Gardner. "While he
w as not a primary suspect at that time,
we wanted to consider all the facts
before ruling anyone out."
The au topsy report said that at about
10:30 p.m. on April 29, Hunter com
plained of a migraine headache and
depression. Mannino told authorities
he gave Hunter an injection of 50 mg
of Benadryl and 50 mg of Vistaril,
both antihistamines. According to
friends of the two, Mannino had given
Hunter such injections before.
See MURDER, page 7
ers included kegs or large containers of
beer or alcohol. Guests who are of age
may bring their own alcohol, but only
an amount they can consume within one
In addition, no alcohol may be pur
chased with chapter funds. Fraternities
and sororities also must follow state and
national laws on alcohol consumption.
Clark said that fraternities currently
could not be prosecuted under the risk
management policy because a new ju
dicial board that would hear cases in
volving the Greek system was not yet
Clark said the Greek Judicial Board,
which was created in the spring by
sorority and fraternity members, still
was in the planning stages, although the
board was scheduled to begin oversee
ing Greek policies this semester.
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r f I . m A .
S v J" I I ;
i H P :
Members of the housekeepers' movement protest on the steps of South Building
Panel stresses education
for victims of date rape
By Maile Carpenter
Rape victims need to know more
about services available to them after an
attack, a panel of legal and medical
officials said at a forum Thursday night.
The group met at the Orange County
Women's Center to discuss the defini
tion of date rape and the legal prosecu
tion of rape cases in North Carolina.
Peggy Guthrie, forum moderator
from the Rape Crisis Center on Rose
mary Street, said victims should seek
"Your body is a crime scene," Guthrie
said. "You shouldn't shower or change
Panelists were Becky Wilson, Chapel
Hill police sexual assault detective, Peg
Norton of UNC Student Health Ser
vices, Orange-Chatham District Attor
ney Carl Fox and Assistant Public De
fender Pat DeVine.
"We suggest the victim go to the
hospital as soon as possible," Wilson
Fox, who has been criticized in re
cent months for setting specific guide
lines for cases he would prosecute, de
fined the legal handling of rape cases in
North Carolina. "We define first-degree
rape as vaginal intercourse by force
that is performed against the will of the
put off doing today will eventually
When the board takes effect, it will
make decisions in the cases involving
complaints against fraternities and so
rorities, Clark said.
In the case of the 1 1 fraternities that
violated rush and alcohol policies, the
board will hear the cases and decide on
"Now rush is over, and the board is
soon to be in place, things should start
falling in line," Clark said.
Clark said the actual form of the
board would be determined within the
next few weeks, but one idea was to
model it after the Honor Court. Like the
Honor Court, plaintiffs would be re
quired to give their names and a deci
sion would be made after the board
heard arguments from both sides.
Punishments will depend on the case,
Clark said, but fraternities could face
person," Fox said.
But there must be more than just a
lack of consent from the victim to pros
ecute a suspect for rape, Fox added.
"The words 'against the will' means
there is some resistance on the part of
the victim," he said. "We have a consti
tutional responsibility to gather suffi
Fox said that it was difficult to pros
ecute a rape suspect in North Carolina
and that the state should have a third
degree rape charge in addition to the
first- and second-degree charges now
used by prosecuting attorneys.
"The defendants are getting the ben
efit of the doubt," he said. "There is a lot
of opportunity to change existing laws
so people that are slipping through the
cracks get punished."
Fox also said jurors in rape cases
should overcome prejudices about date
and acquaintance rape. "I heard a juror
say the other day: 'If it's a date, it can't
be rape,'" Fox said.
Fox said rape cases usually involved
one person's word against another's.
"Cases boil down to a question of
credibility," Fox said.
Rape victims usually are 19 to 25
years old, he said, adding that all of the
rape cases he has seen have involved the
See FORUM, page 7
anything from community service or a
fine to the loss of a charter.
Greek organizations can be charged
by other fraternities, sorority members
and students at large, Clark said.
Clark added that an important part of
the system would be that the person
who made an accusation could not be
Bryan Crocker, president of Lambda
Chi Alpha fraternity, said it wasn't pos
sible to decide how effective the board
would be until it actually heard cases.
"It's a good idea, if it works," he said.
"The biggest thing isn't to find out what
happened (in the case), but what the
punishment will be. Whether it is effec
tive depends what punishments are is
sued for violations."
The board and the new policy are part
of a national trend to make Greek events
for Spike Lee visit
By Justin Scheef
Thousands of people are expected
to flock to the Dean E. Smith Center at
10 p.m. for a rally featuring film
maker Spike Lee, who will speak in
support of a free-standing Sonja H.
Stone Black Cultural Center.
"We' re very pleased that Spike Lee
is coming down to show his support
for a free-standing black cultural cen
ter," said Arnie Epps, BCC student
ambassador and vice president of Al
pha Phi Alpha, "We're expecting a
very big rally" . , , . .
Epps said he expected busloads of
people to come from schools in Vir
ginia and across North Carolina. He
said there was no specific time desig
nated in the program for any of the
speakers. He said he expected the rally
to last 2 12 to three hours.
Representatives from the Campus
Y, BCC Director Margo Crawford,
Black Student Movement President
Michelle Thomas and Black Aware
ness Council co-founders John Brad
ley, Tim Smith and Jimmy Hitchcock
Library referendum OK5d
By Marty Minchin
Assistant University Editor
Student Congress members voted 1 4-5-1
at Wednesday night's meeting to
place a referendum on the student ballot
in the spring to raise student fees by
$2.50 to create a student-endowed li
The vote followed a lengthy debate
in which Rep. Kevin Hunter, Dist. 14,
proposed three amendments to the ref
erendum. All three proposals failed.
"Any fee increase has to have a refer
endum," said Student Congress Speaker
Jennifer Lloyd. "Congresshas said we're
going to let students vote on it.
"I think it was an important move by
The referendum bill was sponsored
by Rep. Shane Stutts, Dist. 12, but was
initiated by Mark Shelburne, a senior
from Durham and former congress
speaker pro tempore.
"I'm very glad it passed," Shelburne
said. "The bill in its final form was fine.
Some people were arguing against a fee
increase, but that really wasn't the is
sue." Shelbume said he created the refer
endum for a student-endowed library
fund because he thought the libraries
needed as much aid as possible from
"The libraries really need the help,"
he said. "Out of a personal conviction of
mine, government should use more of
ten endowments as fiscal policy."
Hunter's first proposed amendment
to the bill would have changed the re
Sprinkler floods Carmichael
A broken sprinkler head in
Carmichael Residence Hall Thursday
night flooded the fourth floor. Police
and fire department officials were
unsure of the damage.
The sprinkler head, which releases
25 gallons of water per minute, was
turned off by 1 1:20 p.m. after running
for nearly an hour, according to Capt.
Billy Breeden of the Chapel Hill Fire
get done by itself.
safer. Hark said courtrooms nationwide
were clogged with multimillion-dollar
cases in which fraternities were sued in
connection with an alcohol-related ac
cident or a rape that occurred on frater
Al Calarco, staff and faculty adviser
for Theta Chi fraternity, said that the
UNC Greek system was under national
and local pressure to add more structure
to the risk management policy.
"It's not going to take very many
multimillion-dollar lawsuits to pull an
entire fraternity system down," he said.
"Carolina is far behind on the issue of
"I think things are getting a little
better," Calarco added. "Fraternities are
holding to a greater deal of accountabil
ity.. . . IFC and Panhell are working very
hard toward change."
also will speak at the rally.
Lee, director of the films "Do The
Right Thing," "Jungle Fever" and the
upcoming "Malcolm X," offered to
speak at UNC after reading a New
York Times story on the protest at
South Building last week. The late
the BCC is named, was Lee's aunt by
The BAC, an organization of black
athletes founded this summer, last
week demanded that Chancellor Paul
Hardin give his written support and
designation of a site for a free-stand-,
ingBCC by Nov. 13. , .
The rally originally was scheduled
to take place in the Pit, but due to the
anticipated crowd was moved to
Carmichael Auditorium and then to
the Smith Center, which seals about
Jeff Elliott, assistant athletic direc
tor, said the Smith Center doors would
open for the rally at 8:30 p.m. Partici
pants may enter through the A and B
entrances at the north and west sides
of the building. Seating will be avail
able on a first come, first serve basis.
quired majority needed to pass the ref
erendum from 5 1 percent to 60 percent.
"We have fairly small turnouts in
elections as it is," Hunter said. "You
(then) have a relatively small group of
people imposing a fee on a relatively
large group of people."
Lloyd said the proposed amendment
was unconstitutional because changing
the required majority would require an
additional referendum to change part of
the student government constitution.
'Title I, our constitution, stipulates
that all referenda are passed by 50 per
cent," she said. "Changing Title I re
quires a referendum. Mr. Hunter's
amendment is unconstitutional."
Hunter said he was working on a
separate referendum to present to con
gress which would increase the major
ity needed to raise student fees to 60
Hunter also proposed an amendment
to change the increase in student fees
from $2.50 per semester to $1 per se
mester. "We can start it out now at a dollar,"
Hunter said. "If the library situation
continues to deteriorate, ... we can then
have it on the ballot to raise (student
fees) by a dollar every year."
But Lloyd said a $1 increase in stu
dent fees would not raise enough money
to help the libraries significantly.
"To save a student $1.50, which is
really a very small amount, would re
sult in lowering the library fund in half,"
she said. "We felt $2.50 would be much
See CONGRESS, page 7
Department. The sprinkler head was
broken by a resident playing with a
lacrosse stick in the hall, sources said.
Water flowed from the fourth floor
to the first through the electrical sys
tem. At 1 1 :30 p jn., police were wait
ing for electricians to investigate for
possible damage, and students were
told they would not be able to re-enter
the dorm for at least another hour.