TODAY: Mostly sunny; high
mr& n uioiJTnFni
SLAMMIN': UNC women's basket
ball players Charlotte Smith and Sylvia
Crawley, who will stage a slam-dunking
exhibition at 5 p.m. today in
Smith is a 6-foot sophomore forward,
Crawley a 6-5 junior center. Smith led
UNC with 8.1 rebounds per game last
year and scored 14.5 points per game.
She and junior guard Tonya Sampson
(16.1 ppg, 6.8 rpg) are preseason firs;
team All-ACC selections. '.
. Student government and die Carolina Athletic Association help V
teach students about the Educational Foundation
ciouas; nign mia-bus
cffljt iailg Bar m&
Sonja H. Stone Black Cultural
Center will be showing "Roots"
from noon until 2 p.m. through
100th Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
1992 DTH Publishing Corp:
All rights reserved:
Volume 100, Issue 99
Tuesday, November 10, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BuaineuMdvertMHig 962-1 Hi
. Conservative groups combine efforts to promote their agenda to new
congressmen and combat liberalism on Capitol Hill
By Justin Scheef
Can a professor lose his or her job for
being too good a teacher? Under the
present tenure policies at UNC, such an
unlikely scenario might be possible,
according to some University faculty.
The policies governing academic ten
.ure at UNC have come under criticism
during the past six months with the
denial of tenure to two popular geology
Michael Folio, an assistant profes
sor, was not granted tenure when he was
evaluated in the spring, even though he
had won an Undergraduate Teaching
Award. Folio, who has taught introduc
tory geology courses and the popular
Geology of North America course, said
the primary reason he did not receive
tenure was that members of the depart
ment thought he was not doing enough
Folio's contract will expire July 1,
and he will not be rehired.
"The department said I did not do
enough research and bring in enough
grant money," he said. "Unfortunately,
that's how the system works.
"Based on the criteria (by which)
tenure is awarded, I don't think that I
should have gotten tenure. I think their
criteria are misguided."
This semester, it was Kevin Stewart's
Stewart, another assistant professor
in geology, was told this spring that he
would be awarded tenure but is now on
the verge of being told that he will not
be rehired after his contract expires
Dec. 31, 1993.
Tenure for Stewart was recom
mended twice by the department, but
both times, the College of Arts and
Sciences' subcommittee on instructional
personnel, which makes the final deci
'" l'fi - a
Pi S; ppPpP
Mayor Ken Broun swears in Barbara Powel I, the newest member of the Chapel H i II Town
Council. Powell was joined by her three grandchildren while taking the oath Monday.
By Brad Short
The University's first course on
women and homosexuals in the ancient
world filled up in only three days.
The instructors of the course, Clas
sics 42, "Sex and Gender in the Ancient
World," are Cecil Wooten, a professor
in the classics department and Cynthia
Dessen, a former classics professor and
an adviser in the College of Arts and
Sciences. Both say they are surprised
and pleased at the high demand for the
Wooten said the course would exam
Everything is worth
claim teraoire policy ffavor reeardhi
sion, sent the rec
In the depart
ment's third rec
mended that the
not receive tenure.
also has taught in-
troductory geology courses, said his
case had been "awfully unusual" be
cause the instructional personnel sub
committee kept returning the recom
mendations. "The subcommittee did not feel the
case for my research was compelling,"
Stewart said that he believed the com
bination of his research and teaching
efforts justified his tenure but that he
was not optimistic.
"I have no reason to believe I will be
getting tenure," he said.
Under the tenure system at UNC, a
professor either receives tenure or is not
rehired when his or her contract ex
pires. After seven years, tenure-track pro
fessors are evaluated. If they are awarded
tenure, they are protected "against the
involuntary suspension or discharge
from, or termination of, the faculty
member's employment by the Univer
sity." These regulations are set up by
the 'Trustee Policies and Regulations
Governing Academic Tenure in the
University of North Carolina at Chapel
Hill," the document that explains the
policies and regulations governing aca
demic tenure at UNC. The policy was
last updated in 1987.
The issue of tenure and whether ten
ure should be awarded for research or
ine what it meant to be a man or a
woman in die ancient world. "We will
cover material through second century
A.D.," he said.
Wooten stressed that the course was
not just a "gay studies" course, but a
class that would allow students to study
sex and gender in ancient times. "The
class will be mainly discussion and deals
with the constraints that have been
placed on sexual activity," he said.
He added that half of the class discus
sion would be about women and die
other half would cover homosexuality.
Because the lessons will be taught in
chronological order, the study of gays
precisely as much as
teaching or a com
bination of the two
was raised this
summer by a re
port titled "A Tra
dition At Risk:
Education at the
North Carolina at
The report, pub
lished in May by
the Raleigh-based John Locke Founda
tion and written by Charles Sykes, states
that professors spend too much time on
research and not enough on undergradu
The 44-page report also states there
has been "a flight from undergraduate
education" toward research at UNC.
Sykes surveyed the English, econom
ics, biology, physics and astronomy
departments in March.
Of the 1 19 tenured and tenure-track
faculty surveyed, each professor spent
an average of 3.36 hours per week teach
ing undergraduates during the past aca
demic year, the report states.
The report also states that 48 percent
of the tenured economics professors
had an average undergraduate teaching
load of one class or no classes each
Robert Gallman, chairman of the
economics department, said the stan
dard teaching load for economics pro
fessors was two courses each semester.
"I think this department takes teach
ing very seriously," he said.
Although teaching is taken into con
sideration in granting tenure, some pro
fessors believe research is often equally,
if not more, important.
Folio said he disagreed with the sys
tem used to grant tenure.
"I disagree with the criteria used to
Schroeder: Vote to trigger
By Gary Rosenzweig
U.S. Rep. Patricia Schroeder, D
Colo., said Monday that she hoped the
results of last week's election would
encourage more people to run for politi
cal office in the future.
"(The election) empowers and gives
role models for people (to run for of
fice)," she said.
Schroeder, the most senior woman in
the U.S. Congress, spoke to about 300
people at the Martin Luther King Jr.
Memorial Lecture in Memorial Hall
Monday night about the changes in
Washington after the recent election.
The lecture was part of the University's
Human Rights Week.
"I think that (King) would celebrate
the election that we just had," she said.
Schroeder said the main reason so
many women ran in last week's election
was the Clarence Thomas hearings. "An
awful lot of women became angry
enough to run," she said.
Schroeder said President-elect Bill
Clinton could make many changes im
mediately upon taking office, such as
lifting the "gag rule" on doctors giving
out information on abortion options,
ending the ban on fetal tissue research,
allowing the importation of the abor
tion drug R.U. 486 and ordering the
military to remove restrictions on ho
mosexuals. She also said that the new Congress
might reintroduce some of the legisla
tion that President Bush had vetoed in
recent months, such as the Family and
Medical Leave Act, which she spon
sored. The idea is to have the bills on
Clinton's desk to sign the day he takes
office, she said.
Schroeder also said that Clinton could
break the "glass ceiling" in die Cabinet
and women will be mixed together
throughout the semester.
The class is limited to 35 students,
but Wooten said they might allow more
students to sign up for the course.
Wooten said the class was highly
publicized last semester as a "gay stud
"I never dreamed it would fill up so
quickly," he said, adding that he had
worried there wouldn't be enough in
terest to fill one section.
Dessen said the class Would look at a
series of literary texts as well as ar
chaeological, historical and medical
texts to examine social and sexual roles
a belch, the difference being that a belch
Students fighting for UNC speech professor J
By Justin Scheef
At least one tenure case at UNC
won't be decided without a fight.
s Paul Ferguson, a speech communi-
: cation assistant professor, recently
learned he had not been recommended
to receive tenure, despite his three
v undergraduate teaching awards and
involvement in twoUniversity-funded
s projects for next year's Bicentennial
Unlike other recent cases, however,
students have begun to rally behind
Ferguson, whose case currently is un-
; der appeal.
About 35 concerned students, led
j by junior Valerie Halmart, met Sun
day night to discuss Ferguson's case
and to decide their next course of ac
tion. s The students main argument in
I Ferguson's case was that he had done
enough research to qualify for tenure
: and, at the same time, had maintained
an outstanding rapport with his stu
evaluate you," Folio said. 'Teaching is
way down on their list of priorities.
Teaching is not what is important; re
search is important (to the administra
tion)." Gallman said that in the economics
department, a professor who was out
standing in research was more likely to
"We expect everyone who gets ten
ure to be at least a good teacher,"
Gallman said. "We expect a person who
gets tenure to be a very good researcher."
Gallman said the reputation of his
by appointing women to the top four
positions in the Cabinet.
She said that Hillary Clinton would
make an excellent attorney general but
that she doubted Clinton wanted the
position. The soon-to-be first lady has
been a vocal proponent of children's
"I think it would be very suitable for
(Clinton) to take it," Schroeder said.
"She knows the issue backwards and
forwards. (Clinton) understands how
important (children) are to this coun
ts. As for a possible Cabinet position for
herself, Schroeder said that while she
enjoyed working in the Congress, her
dream job would be as ambassador to
the United Nations.
Schroeder said Bill Clinton's thank
ing his daughter Chelsea on election
night for sharing his time during the
campaign was a sign of changing times.
Years before, it was assumed that a
presidential candidate would spend very
little time with their family, she said.
Schroeder also said that all of the
candidates for Congress claimed to be
pro-family but that some of their records
showed they have voted consistently
against family-oriented legislation.
Schroeder also talked about
children's issues, such as education,
juvenile crime and infant care.
She said the new representatives in
the House of Representatives generally
had good records when 'it came to
She also discussed the problems
youth face and several successful pro
grams that have helped reduce crime
committed by teenagers.
Schroeder was asked about the re
cently passed amendment in Colorado
See SCHROEDER, page 5
three days of student registration
in the society of the ancient world.
"Males were dominant in their soci
ety, and it will be interesting to look at
women's roles," Dessen said. She added
that most of their sources were either
written or produced by men.
"I think male and female roles are
shifting in our society," Dessen said.
She said that she didn't know why roles
were changing but that the women's
movement could have had an effect.
Dessen said students would consider
how social and sexual roles had changed
over time. "Students can look and see if
men and women's views are the same
now as they have always been," she
Ferguson said that when he was ne
gotiating for a job at UNC, creative
research - working on plays and vari
ous artistic productions was to be the
major part of his research. "I was not
appointed under traditional research
terms," Ferguson said.
One project Ferguson has been work
ing on will be a large part of next year' s
Ferguson received a major grant from
the Bicentennial Observance Policy :
Committee to research, write, produce
and direct "A Tribute to Paul Green," a
play about the late University play
wright. The production will be one of
two major performances during the cel
ebration. Ferguson also has been given grant
money to put together a writers' series,
featuring writers who graduated from.
UNC. Students will put on about five
public performances of the writers'
But Ferguson said the performances
probably would not be completed if -he
' was not granted tenure.
Ferguson also has been awarded a
department greatly depended on the re
search performed by faculty members.
David Galinsky , chairman of the psy
chology department, said that teaching
was important and respected but that in
the context of the University, research
was more important.
"That's what they are hired for," he
said. "That's what they are evaluated
Galinsky's evaluation contrasts with
the tenure policies stated by the Univer
sity and by various department chair
men. ... .......
Rep. Pat Schroeder, D-Colo., speaks to a
She emphasized that the course would
look at heterosexual activity in addition
to homosexual aspects of the ancient
Wooten said he hoped the class would
be offered every year or at least every
Dessen agreed the class was impor
tant, adding that she hoped the course
would become a regular offering. "The
class satisfies a B.A. social sciences
perspective and is cross listed with
women's studies," she said.
Wooten said the class was the only
course in the UNC system that dealt
is more satisfying.
total of $ 12,825 in research grants, the ; j
largest for any speech communication :
professor. , '',
In addition to his creative research) ',
Ferguson has won one Undergraduate ;?!
Teaching award and two Senior Class
Favorite Teacher awards. !
Joe Sherman, a 1992 UNC gradu-
ate and a former student of Ferguson:
said Ferguson honestly was concemea :l
about his students and their perfor-i
"He'sprobably the most enthusias- ;
tic teacher I've ever had," Sherman
said. "He truly cared about the perfor- ;
mances that I was doing .... He be
came a mentor of mine."
Despite his teaching accolades and
his research, the latest recommenda-"?
tion by the Speech Communication s
Advisory Committee was that
Ferguson be denied tenure. ' -
Ferguson, however, said he thought "
he had earned tenure. "If this is a final -i
decision,I'llbe very disappointed and i
distressed," he said. ' '
See FERGUSON, page 5
Susan Ehringhaus, an assistant to the
chancellor and a member of the Senior
University Council, said tenure was hot
granted merely on the basis of class
room performance or research. A
professor's talents must fit the needs of
the University, she said.
Ehringhaus said tenure was based on
research, teaching, service and how a
professor meets other institutional needs
but added that these qualifications var
ied from department to department.
See TENURE, page,
crowd at Memorial Hall Monday night
with homosexuality, adding that some
universities had gay-studies programs.
Kathy Staley, a senior from Harris
burg and the co-chairwoman of Bisexu
als, Gay Men, Lesbians and Allies for
Diversity said she was excited about the
class. "I wish there were more open
ings," she said, adding that she was not
able to sign up for the course but planned
to sit in on die class.
"Other universities have gay and les
bian centers," Staley said. "It's about
time for UNC to have a class dealing
with gay studies."
Staley said she hoped more courses
such as this one would be offered soon.