TODAY: S(jnny, breezy; high
EATING OUT FOZt CHARITY
More than 100 Triangle restaurants will give 10 percent of their
REVAMPING THE RULES
NCAA basketball coaches and players face a variety of
changes in regulations this season
PEGGED: Wake Forest, in The
Associated Press college football
poll. The Demon Deacons were
rated No. 25, their first ranking
since Nov. 12, 1979. Wake has
reeled off six straight victories, in
cluding a 23-10 win at Georgia
Tech this Saturday. UNC is ranked
21st while Florida State notched
3rd place and N.C. State checks in
at No. 13.
Miami retained its No. 1 ranking.
TUESDAY:' Mostly sunny,
warmer; high lower 60s
Wsp iailg Bar J
UNC Hillel will hold a talk on
"The Ethics of Assisted Suicide"
as part of its Bioethics Sympo
sium at noon in 226 Union.
100th Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
C 1992 DTH Publishing Corp.
All rights reserved.
Volume 100, Issue 103
Monday, November 16, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BuiineuAdveiluinft 962-1 161
By Kathleen Keener
Samuel Poole, chairman of the UNC
Board of Governors, said Friday that he
would ask the BOG Committee on Per
sonnel and Tenure to examine the ten
ure policy at each of the 16 system
institutions in the wake of a growing
controversy about the issue at UNC
CH. The issue of tenure has become a sore
one at the University after appeals by
popular instructors Kevin Stewart, a
geology assistant professor, and Paul
Ferguson, a speech communication as
The issue first hit the headlines last
year, when award-winning geology
Assistant Professor Michael Folio was
denied tenure. Folio's contract expires
July 1, 1993.
Priscilla Taylor, BOG member and
civic leader, said it was essential for the
BOG, the system's policy-setting body,
to understand the tenure policies on all
of the campuses. She said she was inter
ested in how departments granted ten
ure and the emphasis they put on teach
Pulitzer Prize-winning professor recalls
By Thanassis Cambanis
This year is not the first time ques
tionable tenure and reappointment de
cisions have made headlines at UNC.
In 1983, the UNC political science
department voted not to reappoint As
sistant Professor David Garrow, who
went on to win a Pulitzer Prize for a
book he began researching while at
The work Garrow began at UNC
culminated in the publication of his
book, "Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther
King Jr. and the Southern Christian
Leadership Conference," which won
the 1987 Pulitzer Prize for biography.
"I have no doubt I would have stayed
at UNC, at least for a while, if they had
formally reversed (the tenure decision),"
he said in a recent interview.
The political science faculty origi
nally voted 10-9 against reappointing
Garrow. In semester evaluations, stu
dents favorably assessed Garrow's per
formance in the classroom.
Garrow mounted a six-month appeal
of the tenure decision, culminating in a
hearing before the UNC Board of Trust
ees. A group of UNC students collected
2,500 signatures in support of Garrow.
Some ROTC leaders
oppose lifting of ban
Editor's note: This is the second of
a two-part series on President-elect
Bill Clinton 's proposal to end the ban
on homosexuals in the military.
By Chris Iindsey
and Steve Robblee
If President-elect Bill Cinton holds
true to his campaign promise, gays
and lesbians soon might be allowed to
enter campus Reserve Officer Train
ing Corps programs much to the
chagrin of some campus officers.
Clinton has said he planned to issue
an executive order following his inau
guration in January rescinding the
Department of Defense ordinance bar
ring homosexuals from service.
The decree would end the decades
old policy against gays in the military,
and italso would end months of debate
on campuses across the country , where
military tradition has clashed with
collegiate traditions of tolerance and
At several colleges across the coun
try including Alfred University in
New York ROTC programs have
been kicked off campus or have lost
academic recognition because of the
Defense Department's refusal to
change the policy against gays.
Conduct and thechancellor'sown code
against discrimination prohibit dis
crimination on the basis of gender
ing and research.
"We need to educate ourselves about
the whole tenure policy," she said.
Taylor said the tenure policy differed
from campus to campus and from de
partment to department.
Lois Britt, chairwoman of the Com
mittee on Personnel and Tenure, said it
would not be in the system's best inter
est to have a systemwide tenure policy.
She added that it was fairer to allow an
instructor' s colleagues to decide if he or
she should receive tenure.
"I am very seldomly in the class
room, so it would be very hard for me to
say if someone was a good teacher," she
Britt said recent student protests for
Stewart and Ferguson brought ques
tions about the tenure policy to the
attention of the BOG.
Research, teaching and community
service are the primary goals of all the
institutions in the system, Britt said.
But Taylor said that at the system's
two research universities, UNC-CH and
N.C. State, publishing and research were
stressed more than at the other institutions.
Coretta Scott King, Martin Luther
King's widow, and UNC student gov
ernment officials wrote letters to Uni
versity officials backing Garrow.
Despite public scrutiny of the ruling,
the BOT ultimately upheld the
department's decision not to reappoint
Garrow. After the decision, Garrow left
UNC and assumed a professorship at
the City College of New York, where he
stayed for six years. Garrow said he
would spend the next year as a distin
guished visiting professor at Cooper
, Union College in New York City.
Garrow's research on Martin Luther
King Jr. and the civil rights movement
was called by then-political science
Chairman James Prothro as "investiga
tive journalism, not political science."
A political science professor, who
spoke on condition of anonymity, said
the decision in Garrow' s case was purely
"Many members of the department
did not like his personality," the source
said. "It was not his views, they just
didn't like him. It was a very unprec
edented thing to do."
While personal feelings are ideally
kept out of personnel decisions, the
source said departmental decisions of
ten have personal factors.
"If the person is personally very of
orientation and where the ROTC pro
grams are housed on-campus, Chan
cellor Paul Hardin has expressed his
personal opposition to the military
policy but has said he will not attempt
to bar the ROTC programs from Uni
Despite the controversy, Lt Col.
Mike Smiley, chairman of aerospace
studies widithe UNC Air Force ROTC,
said his ROTC unit would follow any
policy change. "If they change it at the
executive level, we will abide by it,"
Smiley said that under the present
policy, homosexual students could
enroll in ROTC classes but could not
be commissioned as an officer.
"(A gay cadet) would be disenrolled
from formal commissioning as an of
ficer," he said. "If disenrolled, be could
still take our classes."
Cmdr. Guy Connell, an associate
naval science professor and head of
the campus Naval ROTC, said mili
tary classes were open to everyone.
The military's policy on homosexu
als states: "Homosexuality is incom
patible with military service. The pres
ence in the military environment of
persons who engage in homosexual
conduct or who, by their statements,
demonstrate a propensity to engage in
homosexual conduct, seriously im
pairs the accomplishment of the mili-
See ROTC, page 2
To my embarrassment I was born in
"State and UNC are research univer
sities, so research is more important
there (than at other UNC-system
schools)," she said.
Britt and Taylor both said research
was essential for good teaching.
"Our first priority is to the student
that is our only reason for existing,"
Britt said. "We acknowledge that we
have to create new knowledge in order
to teach. It is very difficult to separate or
place greater emphasis on one or the
Britt said undergraduates often con
sidered teaching the most important duty
of the University while graduate stu
dents were more likely to recognize the
importance of research.
Taylor said teaching and research
should always go hand-in-hand.
"Research is important because it
extends knowledge," she said. "Re
search enhances teaching."
Taylor said she believed the Univer
sity should reward good teaching as
well as good research. She added that
determining who did good research of-
See TENURE, page 5
fensive in some way, it's more difficult
to put personal feelings aside," the pro
Garrow said many tenure decisions
at UNC were politically and personally
"I think in a lot of these cases it's
more a question of generational differ
ences between people who have been
there almost 30 years feeling uncom
fortable with a new, younger generation
with different ideas," he said.
While not willing to comment on the
current tenure controversy at UNC,
Garrow said his impression was that the
University "has lost a whole succession
of good people." He characterized UNC
as an institution resistant to change.
"What stayed with me is more the
sense that UNC-CH was not an institu
tion where diversification and genera
tional change in the faculty would take
place easily," he said.
"When I was there, the administra
tion was as straightforwardly good of
boy as you can get."
"Buddy-system politics" and depart
mental cliques played a greater role in
his case than the merit of his teaching
and research, Garrow said.
"Formal reasons are chosen to clothe
decisions or instincts that are more per
sonalistic," he said.
Panel predicts Clinton's first-term actions
By Jerry McElreath
DURHAM U.S. Rep. Richard
Gephardt, U.S. Rep. David Price and
U.S. Sen. Terry Sanford discussed the
vital need for Bill Clinton's presidential
administration to remedy the nation's
economic and health-care problems at a
panel meeting Friday at Duke Univer
sity. The panel discussion was held after a
luncheon in which Sanford, D-N.C,
accepted a public policy professorship
at the univ
ersity. Although the appointment
goes into effect Jan. 1 , Sanford said he
would not begin teaching until the fall
During the discussion, the panel
agreed that the administration's first
action should be finding solutions for
Council to hold hearing on
By Matthew Henry
The Chapel Hill Town Council will
hold a public hearing tonight to con
sider the controversial plans to develop
North Forest Hills Park.
The proposal includes plans to build
a volleyball and badminton area, a bas
ketball half-court, walking paths, jungle
gyms, a six-car parking lot, picnic tables
and a shelter with restrooms.
The town will apply for a special-use
permit to build the nearly $300,000
project on the land owned by the town
"Big Al" Carter begins work on a mural in the Union Auditorium Carter will work with students to complete the painting, which
lobby Sunday to commemorate the University's Bicentennial. was designed with the help of students.
Student Pit performance to aid teachers tenure battle
The student-led fight for Paul
. Ferguson, the popular. speech com
i munication instructor on the verge of
losing his job, will continue this week
with a performance in the Pit and a
meeting with Stephen Birdsall, dean
of the College of Arts and Sciences.
Ferguson, an assistant professor of
speech communication, was denied
tenure earlier this year, despite being
the recipient of the 1992 Undergradu
ate Teaching Award and the 1 989 and
: 1992 Senior Class Faculty Awards.
Ferguson appealed to the Standing
Committee of Faculty Monday. The
Garrow said that after he had left the
University and won the Pulitzer Prize,
he met former UNC Provost Sam
Williamson, who is now president of
the University of the South, by chance
in an airport.
"His whole reaction seeing me re
flected utter embarrassment," Garrow
said. "There was no doubt in my mind
from that encounter that (University
officials) felt they had made a mistake."
The tenure system now runs counter
to his educational philosophy, he said.
the nation's eco
"We've got a
need to give the
economy a spur, a
and noted three
planned to boost the economy.
The administration's first action
would be injecting the economy with
short-term stimuli in hopes of sparking
investment and job growth in the stag
nant economy, he said.
As a short- and long-term focus, Price
mentioned national infrastructure in
vestment. Price said the nation needed
of Chapel Hill.
Ray Troutner, a retiree from New
Jersey who lives in the North Forest
Hills subdivision, said the town was not
being up-front about the project and
was, in fact, planning to build a sports
"I think (the council) is talking with
forked tongue," he said. "I think they're
Troutner said he suspected the town
would enlarge the project once the coun
cil granted its initial approval.
"They're just trying to get their foot
in the door, and then they'll razzle-
bed with a lady.
... f 'i laiffWM . . Aafc'ji.
1983 tenure denial
committee has until Thursday to decide
whether to hear the case.
.Today, gioup.of .Ferguson's.sup.
porters will present a series of perfor
mances in the Pit to protest the initial
ruling against Ferguson.
The skits will begin at 1 1 :30a.m. and
are expected to last until about 12:30
The dramatic presentations, several
of which were developed in classes
taught by Ferguson, will range in topic
but all will relate to the speech commu
"Everyone involved will have been
touched somehow by Dr. Ferguson,"
"I'm now someone who believes the
whole idea of tenure is wrong," Garrow
said. "Everyone should be on long-term
contracts." He said an all-or-nothing
tenure system encouraged complacency.
'Too many people, once they get
tenure, never teach or research as ener
getically as before they got it," he said.
Political science department mem
bers said reappointment generally was
taken for granted.
Thad Beyle, a political science pro
fessor and supporter of Garrow, said
new roads and
ments in the infra
structure. Price said any
spurs for eco
"must be in the
context of an over
all budget blue
print." He added
that there would be
no credible growth
in the absence of budgetary restraint on
the part of Congress.
With health-care costs rising. Price
said the issue would be a high priority
for Clinton's administration.
"There was clearly a mandate com
ing out of the election to deal with the
health-care problem," Price said.
During a question-and-answer ses-
controversial park plans
dazzle us," he said.
Troutner said he might trust the town
council if they signed a document vow
ing never to enlarge the basketball court.
But Chapel Hill Town Council mem
ber Art Werner said most of the land
was wooded and would be unsuitable
for a sports complex.
Werner said he denied Troutner's
allegation that traffic to the park would
transform the quiet road that leads to the
area to a miniature Indianapolis Speed
way. The park would be too small and too
far away from town for outsiders to
said Valerie Halman, a senior from
Montreal, who has been one of the
.. leaders of the Ferguson movement.
On Thursday, students will meet
with Birdsall to present him with
signed petitions and to express their
support for Ferguson, Halman said.
'We're going to be handing the
petitions to him at that time," Halman
As of Sunday, the group had col
lected more than 2,000 signatures in
support of Ferguson.
Ferguson's supporters also met
Sunday night to discuss other ways of
aiding Ferguson's cause.
Garrow lost his reappointment because
of "mutual incompatibility."
"Generally, reappointment is an au
tomatic process," Beyle said. "It was
kind of a surprise (that Garrow's con
tract was terminated) at that point."
The Pulitzer Prize resurrected the
controversy surrounding Garrow' s case
two years after his departure from the
University, Beyle said.
"By real definition, a person wins a
Pulitzer Prize for different reasons than
they win tenure of reappointment."
sion after the dis
cussion, one audi
asked whether the
would appoint a
ber of minorities
Mo., said he
thought there would be a number of
such appointments. "Clinton has a long
history of appointing people that fully
represent the diversity in his state,"
Gephardt also said there was a strong
possibility that homosexuals would be
See PRICE, page 7
become frequent visitors, Werner said.
Charles Shoneman, a retiree who lives
in the North Forest Hills subdivision,
said he worried the park would become
a drug hangout because it would attract
people to the basketball courts.
But town council member Joe
Capowski said he didn't think the park
would become a magnet for criminal
"Otherneighborhood parks in Chapel
Hill, including the one near my house,
haven't had a problem with crime."
See COUNCIL, page 2