TODAY: Variably cloudy; high
AXENG THE NO. 2 POST
INKED: By the Cincinnati Reds, left
handed pitcher John Smiley. The 27-year-old
Smi ley was 1 6-9 in 1 992 with
the Minnesota Twins, who acquired
him in March from Pittsburgh.
The four-year pact is worth $18.4
million. The Reds signed Smiley to
replace free agent Greg Swindell, who
theyanticipated losing in thisoffseason.
Smiley joins fellow southpaw Tom
Browning and right-handers lose Rijo
and Tim Belcher on the Reds' staff.
WEDNESDAY: Sunny, cool;
N.C. Sen. Howard Lee, D-Orange, proposes changes in state
government, including eliminating the office of lieutenant governor
Men's basketball team readies for first regular
season game tonight against Old Dominion
nign near su
t Mm Mm
APU and Hospital Volunteers
will sponsor a bloodmobile from
1 1 a.m. until 4 p.m. in Great
100th Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
1992 DTH Publishing Corp.
All rights reserved.
Volume 100, Issue 111
Tuesday, December 1, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BuunettAdverticif 962-1 16)
f . ,
i ,,,.;, i',
p j-s roj. 1
V rv I (
Dl Hytrin Randall
Carlos Ian Degregori is one of a few in Peru to criticize the Shining Path openly
Former colleague of
Shining Path leader
dares to speak out
By Anna Griffin
Professor Carlos Ian Degregori fears
for his life.
Every day, every hour, the fear is
real for him. That' s what happens when
Peruvians dare to speak out against the
The Shining Path, a Maoist guer
rilla group, has been responsible for
more than 23,000 deaths in Peru since
1980. Led by a former university pro
fessor, the Shining Path has opposed
the federal government for more than
a decade, recruiting young Peruvians
in its movement to found a "People's
Republic of Peru" in favor of the un
stable, relatively conservative demo
Unlike most Peruvians, who know
the Shining Path only through news
paper accounts and occasional fight
ing in their cities, Degregori, a profes
sor at San Marcos University, worked
with Abimael Guzman, the leader of
the Shining Path, at a university in San
Cortidula from 1970 to 1979.
Guzman was arrested in September
and remains in a Lima prison.
During the past few years.
Degregori, who spoke at UNC last
month, has conducted numerous lec
tures and written several books and
articles about the movement. His lat
est book, "El Surgimiento de Sendcro
Luminoso," is being translated into
English and will be released by UNC
Editor's note: This is the second in a
four-part series on recycling efforts on
campus and in Orange County.
By Stephanie Beck
Recycling on campus has taken on a
new look this year.
A blue look.
Dorm rooms have been furnished
with handy recycling bins blue with
black handles and blue recycling
carts have been placed strategically to
increase the number of drop-off sites on
In addition to aluminum cans, news
print, clear and green glass, and white
paper, students now can recycle glossy
Cristina Perez, co-chairwoman of the
TAr Heel Recycling Program, said the
personal bins and the new bins for recy
cling glossy magazines were a tremen
dous addition to what was already in
Press next year, and he just completed
a U.S. speaking tour that took him to
Rutgers University and UNC.
But to the Shining Path, Degregori,
a short, jovial man, is more than just a
scholar and a noted Peruvian anthro
pology professor. He is a critic, a
nonbeliever and, in short, a threat.
"I fear for my life. Of course I am
afraid," Degregori said during an in
terview two weeks ago. "Most people
in Peru are afraid. But you learn to live
Degregori has been threatened in
the Shining Path-controlled newspa
per and worries that if he says the
wrong thing in class, the movement
will put him next on their list of those
to be silenced. Several of his fellow
faculty members have been forced to
leave the country, their homeland, to
escape the wrath of the Shining Path.
Like most South American nations,
times are hard in Peru. Violence and
the rest of the world's economic prob
lems have taken their toll on the people.
Like other poor, violent areas of the
world, many Peruvian children now
know nothing but war.
"We are at a point where some
children know nothing but this vio
lence," Degregori said. "We havechil
dren dodging bullets and not thinking
it is strange."
Most of Dcgregori's students come
from this world of violence. Many of
See PERU, page 5
bins, collection carts increase recycling
"The personal bins mean not only
will more (materials) be recycled, but I
believe it also says to students that Caro
lina believes recycling is something you
should carry away from here," she said.
"It is a part of your education."
According to the UNC Recycling
Program office, this year's monthly
averages of each recycled material have
increased over those of the past fiscal
year, July '91 to June '92.
The amount of aluminum cans being
recycled has increased the most, dou
bling from approximately one ton per
month in 1 99 1 -92 to two tons per month
so far in 1992-93.
Newsprint recycling also has seen a
substantial increase, from approxi
mately 23 tons per month in 1 99 1 -92 to
31 tons per month in 1992-93.
During the past fiscal year, Univer
sity students, faculty and staff members
recycled 285 tons of white paper, 13
Officials Mvetkate 2 rai&e
By Dale Castle
Chapel Hill Police 'Department de
tectives are investigating the rapes of
two women that occurred Saturday ap
parently involving more than one as
sailant, according to Chapel Hill police
Capt. Barry Thompson.
Thompson said Monday that the po
lice actually received the report of the
rapes from another agency early Sun
day morning and that the victims did
not report the incidents directly to the
Chapel Hill police. Thompson would
not name the agency.
The two women were raped in the
residence of one of the suspects, located
near Brendle's and Performance
Chevrolet, Thompson said. The two
businesses are located in Chapel Hill on
By Justin Scheef
After hearing both sides of the Paul
Ferguson tenure-denial case, the Com
mittee on Faculty Hearings will decide
later this week whether to grant the
speech communication assistant pro
fessor another hearing or refuse him
The committee decided that they
needed more evidence from the Univer
sity and called Monday's hearing after
hearing Ferguson's two-hour appeal
At the four-hour meeting Monday,
the University presented a response to
Ferguson's claims that he was denied
tenure on impermissible grounds by the
Howes interested in Hunt administration job
Former Chapel Hill Mayor Jonathan
Howes said Monday that he would be
interested in serving in Governor-elect
Jim Hunt's new administration.
According to local officials, Hunt is
considering appointing Howes as sec
retary of transportation.
"We've been talking about (Howes'
town hall for a few
Chapel Hill Town
Howes said he
had received no
official offer from
Hunt but added
that he had had
with the governor-
elect discussing service in the new ad
ministration. "I would certainly be interested in
working with the Hunt administration
in some capacity," Howes said.
The longtime Chapel Hill resident
served two terms as mayor from 1983
until 1991. He currently is a University
faculty member and serves as director
of the Urban Studies Center.
Rachel Perry, press spokeswoman
for the Hunt administration, said the
governor-elect had not yet made any
decisions about appointments to state
Howes indicated that transportation
currently was his main interest. Howes
now is a member of the board of trustees
tons of aluminum
cans, 72 tons of
glass, 121 tons of
newsprint and 33
tons of telephone
in the first three
months of this fis
cal year, UNC has
recycled 95 tons
of white paper, six
tons of aluminum cans, 2 1 tons of glass,
32 tons of newsprint and eight tons of
glossy magazines. Numbers are not yet
available from the campus telephone
book recycling drive, which ended Nov.
Perez acknowledged the success of
recycling efforts on campus but criti
cized students for not reading informa
tion distributed to them about recycling
and thus not knowing many of the
changes in the recycling program.
The women are not students at the
University and are not residents of
Chapel Hill, he said.
Thompson said Monday that the po
lice had more than one suspect but added
that he wasn't sure exactly how many
suspects were involved in the incident.
This kind of sexual assault is unusual
for Chapel Hill, he said.
"One of the victims had met one of
the suspects before, but I would not call
it an acquaintance rape that we've nor
mally dealt with," Thompson said.
Thompson said the assaults did not
take place at a party. No one was physi
cally injured and no weapons were dis
played, he added.
Orange County Rape Crisis Center
director Margaret Henderson said that
she could not comment on any particu
Speech Communication Advisory Com
mittee. Impermissible grounds would
include any exercise of the First Amend
ment, discrimination based on race, sex,
religion or national origin, or personal
The Committee on Faculty Hearings
will meet again later this week to make
a final ruling, committee chairwoman
Laurel Files said.
Ferguson, who was present at the
meeting, said he had not received a
verdict. "I remain confident about the
strength of the contention, and nothing
that I heard in the rebuttal tonight has
shaken my faith at all," Ferguson said
Ferguson's case was argued four
times before the Speech Communica
Hunt transition team
By Jerry McElreath
N.C. Governor-elect Jim Hunt's
transition team is hard at work facili
tating Hunt's assumption of power
from outgoing N.C. Governor Jim
Martin, said Rachel Perry, Hunt' s press
"The purpose of the transition team
is to facilitate, to help Hunt achieve
the goals he laid out in the campaign,"
Perry said. "The transition is going
Perry said Hunt had set a clear
agenda for his administration during
his campaign. Among Hunt's priori
ties were education, improved gov
ernment efficiency and health-care
reform, she said.
The transition team's purpose is
not to address those issues but to have
a legislative agenda drafted by the
time Hunt takes office in January, she
said. The team also will help Hunt
select policy-makers for the coming
Perry said Hunt was building a bi
partisan team of policy-makers for his
"The governor-elect has said he
wants the best team he can put to
of the Triangle Transit Authority, and
he is the former chairman of the Tri
angle J Council of Government.
Howes said that if he were appointed
as secretary of transportation, he would
be able to cooperate with the town of
"People may not realize that we now
recycle glossy magazines or that Clearly
Canadian bottles can be recycled with
green glass," Perez said. "Even so, there
has been a tremendous response to the
Many on-campus residents said they
also had seen an increase in the amount
of recycling this year and credited the
personal bins for the rise in participa
tion. "It is a lot easier this year," said
senior Samantha Pendergrass, a resi
dent of Connor Residence Hall. "The
bins are a lot neater than having a pile of
trash in the corner of your room."
Sophomore Laura Letterman, a
Morrison resident, agreed recycling had
become easier this year due to the per
sonal bins and the additional drop-off
"(The personal bin) gives you a con
venient place to throw all of the recy
clable objects without trashing your
lar case to protect victims' privacy but
that the center offered different forms
of support for rape victims.
The center trains volunteers to help
rape victims, from accompanying them
to hospital emergency rooms to being
on the other end of the phone years after
the incident, Henderson said.
The crisis center also offers referrals
for economic issues, law enforcement
needs and communication with the dis
trict attorney's office, she said.
Henderson said the center also helped
the families of rape victims.
"We provide care for both the pri
mary and secondary victims of an as
sault," Henderson said.
Sibby Anderson-Thompkins, who is
the chairwoman of the Uni versity ' s Rape
Awareness Committee and assistant
dean of the office of vice chancellor for
tion Advisory Committee. The com
mittee recommended denying Ferguson
tenure twice and suggested granting
him tenure once without promotion, but
each time the recommendations were
rejected by Stephen Birdsall, dean of
the College of Arts and Sciences.
In September, the committee again
recommended denying Ferguson ten
ure. This time, Birdsall approved the
Ferguson has said that he was told
this past year that he had fulfilled the
qualifications to receive tenure.
Ferguson also has said he was hired to
perform creative as well as traditional
Present and former students of
Ferguson's have been rallying behind
continues to work toward smooth changeover
said. She said Hunt
was not concerned
about a potential
would be ap
pointed to his
of the N.C. Democratic Party, echoed
Perry's statement concerning party af
filiation. Ward said the needs of the
state took priority over the party affili
ation of appointees.
"Both Democrats and Republicans
agree that the citizens of North Carolina
must be first on the agenda," Ward said.
Perry said Hunt's choices would re
flect his support in the election.
"Hunt built a consensus in the cam
paign .. .. That is how we won the elec
tion, by building a consensus," she said.
Perry said that Hunt's past record on
minority appointments was a good indi
cation of his future actions. "Hunt ap
pointed the first black personnel direc
tor and the first black supreme court
justice (in the state)," she said.
Chapel Hill's Transportation Advisory
"I would think that having a Chapel
Hill citizen in that position would ben
efit the town," Howes said.
Herzenberg said Hunt would live up
room," she said. "Plus the bins are right
outside of each dorm this year. That
means it takes no major effort to make
sure the recyclables get to where they
need to be."
The presence of the bin in the room is
a constant reminder for students to re
cycle and do their part, Letterman said.
And if the personal bin doesn't re
mind you, then your roommate often
will, said sophomore Miranda Hudgins,
a resident of Joyner Residence Hall.
"If your roommate recycles, and you
don't, then you feel guilty," Hudgins
said. "My roommate and I both sub
scribe to newspapers. If she didn't re
cycle them, then I know I wouldn't.
Otherwise, I would just throw every
thing in the Dumpster and be done with
"But instead, we both take our
recyclables to the bins behind the dorm.
The (personal) bin keeps the recycling
from cluttering up the whole room like
student affairs, said she did not know
enough about the case to comment.
B ut Anderson-Thompkins added that
sexual activity increased during the
holiday season because of increased
As a former educator and coordina
tor for Orange County Rape Crisis Cen
ter, Anderson-Thompkins said the rise
of sexual assault cases could be attrib
uted to both an increase of sexual activ
ity and the willingness of victims to
report cases to authorities.
Anderson-Thompkins said the in
crease had caused more women to edu
cate themselves about rape adding that
there was less of a stigma attached to
"There's no reason for the victim to
be embarrassed," she said. "(Victims)
his case, collecting 3,757 petition sig
natures in one week and holding a per
formance protest in the Pit
Student leaders of the group, senior
Valerie Halman and graduate student
Martin Strobel, presented the petitions
to Chancellor Paul Hardin and the UNC
Board of Trustees before Thanksgiving
Ferguson said he thought the stu
dents had an effect on his appeal.
"I know what the students have done
has been tremendously supportive to
me," he said. "They have had an incred
Ferguson, who came to UNC in 1 986,
won the 1989 and 1992 Senior Class
Favorite Teaching awards and the 1992
Undergraduate Teaching Award.
Thad Beyle, a UNC political sci
ence professor, said the transition pro
cess was important in terms of the
state government's stability. He said
the current transition was going very
Beyle said animosity often existed
between outgoing and incoming gov
ernors, especially if they were of dif
ferent parties. He said the defeated
governor often was angry with the
new governor for having won the elec
tion. However, Beyle said that because
Hunt and Martin did not campaign
against each other, the normal ani
mosity was not present.
"Hunt did not make Martin the crux
of the campaign .... Hunt and Martin
do get along," he said.
Beyle said the outgoing governor's
job did not end Nov. 3, when the new
governor was elected. The outgoing
governor still must prepare a budget
for the coming fiscal year, he said.
"It is important that the governor
makes sure steps are taken for the
transition," Beyle said.
Beyle also said it was necessary for
Hunt's transition to appear organized.
"They've got to make sure they look
like they know what they are doing."
to his campaign promises of a more
progressive transportation program if
he appointed Howes.
"In the past, the North Carolina De-
See HOWES, page 5
it did last year."
Senior Ruby Sinreich, co-chairwoman
of Student Environmental Ac
tion Coalition, said that the University
had assumed responsibility for many
recycling programs during her three
years here but that changes still needed
to be made.
"For example, there is a snack bar in
the Campus Y, but the bins are behind
the building," Sinreich said. "People
don't even know they are there and
don't use them."
Sinreich also would like to see all
copiers on campus allow students, fac
ulty and staff to make double-sided
"Most of the charge for copies comes
from the cost of paper," Sinreich said.
"Even if you do use both sides, the
charge is the same as if you had used
two sheets. That discourages people
See RECYCLING, page 5
The lazy man aims at nothing and generally hits it.