TODAY: Mostly sunny; high
DEALING WITH DECIDERS
TIE KU3IAN rilSSAGE
Founders of a new paper at N.C, State University
hope to provide an African-American perspective
' ,7- I.' ..'
MOVING ON: UNC as
sistant football coach
Whitey Jordan, to become
Clemson's offensive coor
dinator. Jordan, a former
Tiger receiver, had coached
the Tar Heels' offensive
guards and centers since
1 990. Jordan was a Clemson
assistant from 1 959 to 1 972.
THURSDAY: Rain likely;
high in the 40s
Anorexics and bulimics struggle for self-confidence,
control despite media's unrealistic images of women
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An audio production class will
present "Mixed Nutz" at 7:30
p.m. in the Hanes Art Center
100th Year of Editorial Freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
1992 DTH Publishing Corp.
Ml rights reserved.
Volume 100, Issue 117
Wednesday, December 9, 1992
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BunncHAdvertuing 9621 16)
as Clinton aide
By Gautam Khandclwal
Kenneth Thorpe is a teacher, a re
searcher and an expert in health-care
And when he's not too busy, he's
also an adviser to the next president of
the United States.
policy and administration at the Uni
versity, recently was appointed to
President-elect Bill Clinton's national
health plan transition team. The team,
a group of about six national experts,
will advise the Arkansas governor and
help him come up with a concrete
health-care reform proposal.
Thorpe first met Clinton in July
when he was called to advise the then
Democratic nominee on health care
and possible health-care reform pack
ages. : "I started to do things on a very ad
hoc basis in July," Thorpe said. ''Just
sort of phone calls 7 'What do you
think of this, what do you think of
that?' very informal.
"The way the campaign like that
works is that the (campaign) had con
tracted with a group in Washington !
whose responsibility was to put to
gether a health-care reform package.
The (campaign) then called the people
they knew that were experts m hnanc-
ing and health reforms issues on an
N.C. GOP suit seeks to change judicial elections
By Anna Burdeshaw
An N.C. Republican Party lawsuit
that labels the state system of electing
Superior Court judges unconstitutional
is still alive thanks to a ruling of the 4th
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals last week.
Under the current system, the state is
organized into four regional divisions,
which are subdivided into smaller dis
tricts. Although Superior Court judges
must reside in the districts they repre
sent, they are elected on a statewide
basis and hold court throughout North
"The Republican Party as an entity is
a plaintiff in this case," said Marshall
Hurley, an attorney for the N.C. Repub
lican Party. "In addition, there are cer
tain individual voters ... and former
Ferguson to file appeal by Friday; BOT mum on issue
By Kathleen Keener
Paul Ferguson, the award-winning
speech communication assistant pro
fessor who was denied tenure again last
week, said Tuesday that he planned to
submit his tenure appeal to the Board of
Trustees no later than Friday.
"I am trying to maintain my confi
dence that the Board of Trustees will
rule in my favor," Ferguson said.
Travis Porter, vice chairman of the
Board of Governors and former BOT
chairman, said that upon receiving
Ferguson's appeal, the BOT would ap
point a panel to consider whether his
case was handled correctly. The panel
will then present a report to the full
BOT, which will vote on the panel's
recommendation, he said.
BOT members were unwilling to
comment specifically on their opinions
Two seniors aim
By John Davies
Imagine Major League Baseball with
out Dave Winfield, Kirby Puckett, Glen
Braggs or Ricky Henderson.
From 1877 to 1945, the big leagues
kept black baseball talent from its ranks.
The Negro League was formed in 1910
to accommodate black baseball stars
who were excluded from the major
Two UNC seniors have sought to
publicize this otherwise forgotten
Kelvin Baggett and Nigel Long
started a company called Nubian HBC
two months ago and now are selling
fitted Negro League baseball caps
informal basis to provide input into
Thorpe said he had performed a
study on the economic impact of Presi
dent Bush's health-care reform plan
and found the president's proposed
cuts in federal health programs would
result in the loss of more than 2 mil
lion jobs nationwide.
.;. Bush's plan would fail to reduce
rising health-care costs, resulting in
slower wage growth and even higher
health-care costs, Thorpe said. .These
combinedeffects would lead toalarge
number of lost jobs, he said.
the growth of health spending, men
that would continue to provide a ma
jor drag in the economy," he said.
Thorpe said a draft of the president-elect's
new health policy would
be ready in about two weeks.
"Clinton's got to make some calls
on some key design issues," he said.
"Within the next two weeks, he'll be
doing that, and then we'll have a bet
- Thorpe said the Ley elements of the
proposal would be a national insur
ance program and an expenditure limit.
"Basically, the essential elements
are a universal insurance program
everybody being covered and a na
tional expenditure target to control
See THORPE, page 2
candidates forjudge that have a particu
lar grievance with this system of elec
tion." The state GOP asserts that it is a
disenfranchised minority and is being
manipulated by flaws in the judicial
election system. The party believes this
manipulation constitutes political ger
rymandering, Hurley said.
"You're unfairly canceling out the
preference of the local populace by hav
ing statewide elections," Hurley said.
"If given an opportunity ... people on
the local level in some parts of the state
would elect Republicans."
The case was dismissed last year by
the U.S. District Court, but the 4th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the
plaintiffs presented sufficient evidence
to be granted a trial.
The Republicans have cited the case
"If we are there
to be a hearing
body, we're there
to be a hearing
ber David Ward
to hear the infor
mation and go
John Pope said he could not speculate
on the outcome of Ferguson's appeal.
Pope said he thought the primary
responsibility of the University should
be to teach its students, not perform
research. A majority of the BOT feels
that way. Pope said.
"The University is for the people of
North Carolina, primarily its children,"
Pope said. "The people and children of
to heighten black consciousness through sale
through mail order to college campuses
across the state. The company also is
distributing the caps to "black" clothing
shops in North Carolina and Virginia.
The HBC in the company's cryptic
name stands for "heightening black con
sciousness." Nubia was an ancient king
dom located in present-day Ethiopia.
The caps come with information
about the Negro League. "Our fashions
are used as fashion statements as well as
educational tools," Baggett said.
The Negro League was established
in 1 9 1 0 in response to the segregation of
Major League Baseball in 1877. By
1 920, the National League of the Negro
League was formed with six teams. The
Negro American League was formed in
1923, and the first Negro World Series
Senior Class President Bob Paty announces $365,000 class gift Tuesday
of Raleigh attorney Howard Manning
Jr. as an example showing that the cur
rent election system favored the Demo
Manning, a Wake County resident,
was elected to the Superior Court in
1988 and won his district's vote again
in the 1992 election. But Manning lost
his bid for judgeship because statewide
voters chose his Democratic opponents.
"I proved the point that you could
win overwhelmingly ... at home and
then go outside in the state and get
chewed up," Manning said.
Manning said he favored a new sys
tem of election in which judges would
be chosen only by the voters in their
district instead of the current statewide
Robert Hedrick, Chief Judge of the
4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, said
benefit very little
There are not
many subjects left
(for research) that
benefit the general
Pope said he
thought that the
overall concept of
tenure had inher
ent problems and
that all professors should have con
tracts that were evaluated periodically
by other faculty members.
"I have a big problem with tenure,"
he said. "I don't know any other group
of people who have a lifetime position."
Porter said the role of the BOT in
tenure appeals such as Ferguson ' s would
be to serve as an appellate body and
decide whether the previous hearings in
was played in 1924.
"One of the biggest pastimes for
blacks was going to the games and
seeing the players," Long said.
Negro League teams traditionally
played 70 games a season. In addition,
they competed against major league
teams in exhibition games organized by
the major league teams as money-making
schemes. In all, Negro League teams
won 268 of the exhibition games against
the major-leaguers, compared to the
major league teams' 168 victories.
"A lot of people can't believe that the
black teams played major league teams,"
The Negro League boasted an im
pressive slate of players, including
Satchel Paige, Hank Aaron and Josh
plan record class gift
he did not think the statewide election
system was unconstitutional because
Superior Court judges served constitu
ents from the entire state.
"(The judges) do not serve only the
district in which they live .... They
serve the whole state," Hedrick said.
"They serve in all four divisions."
Robert Farmer, a Superior Court
judge who currently represents Wake
County and defeated Manning in No
vember, agreed with Hedrick.
"I do hold court all over this state,"
Farmer said. He pointed out that judges
serve not only throughout their division
but in each of the other three divisions.
Fanner estimated that he had served in
60 of North Carolina's counties and
said he knew of judges who had pre-
See COURT, page 2
the case were handled fairly.
Ferguson contends he was denied
tenure primarily because William
Balthrop, chairman of the speech com
munication department, and Beverly
Long, a former head of the department
and senior faculty member, destroyed a
favorable review in Ferguson's file be
fore his first tenure hearing last year.
The review would have helped mem
bers of the Speech Communication
Advisory Committee better understand
the need for "creative," or performance
based, research, Ferguson said.
During Ferguson's final University
based appeal, held before the Faculty
Hearings Committee, Balthrop admit
ted destroying the review.
Ferguson also contends that Stephen
Birdsall, dean of the College of Arts and
Sciences, didn't inform other Speech
Communication Advisory Committee
members of the file's destruction.
Gibson. "It was said that Babe Ruth was
the white Josh Gibson," Long said.
The Negro League began to disband
in 1945 with the reintegration of the
major leagues when Jackie Robinson
left the Kansas City Monarchs to play
for the Brooklyn Dodgers.
"I think that it is important that people
realize the importance of the (Negro)
League itself, but also it historical sig
nificance," Baggett said. After all, no
black players were around in the major
leagues even to try to break Ty Cobb's
record for the most career hits or Babe
Ruth's record for the most home runs.
In tribute of the accomplishments of
the Negro League baseball players, a
portion of the profits from the cap sales
goes directly to the black community on
By Marty Mincbin
Assistant University Editor
The ailing UNC Library system soon
will receive what could be the largest
senior class gift ever given at a U.S.
Bob Paty, senior class president, an
nounced at a ceremony Tuesday night
that the UNC class of 1 993 has set a goal
of $365,000 to be raised in five years for
the UNC Library Endowment Fund.
The National Endowment for the Hu
manities will add more than $90,000 in
matching funds to the gift, making it the
largest senior class gift ever proposed.
"(The gift) is going to have a tremen
dous effect," Paty said. "Number one,
(the gift is) going to put the library in the
press, which it desperately needs right
The gift will be used to purchase
books, periodicals, audio-visual re
sources and electronic equipment.
The class of 1993 will be asking each
senior to pledge a gift of $200 to be
given during the next five years. The
seniors are planning a phone-a-thon in
late January to raise money for the gift.
Pledging began Tuesday night at the
James Govan, the retiring University
librarian, said he was overwhelmed by
the size of the gift.
"I can't tell you how pleased and
excited and gratified we are to be cho
sen as the recipients of your gift," he
told seniors at the Tuesday night cer
emony. "You're in a very strong posi
tion to help the library in its crisis."
Govan said the interest the gift would
earn once it was placed in the endow
ment fund would help the financially
strapped UNC libraries.
The library budget has been on a
to upgrade firearms
Although Carrboro police Chief
Ben Callahan has not yet made a for
mal proposal to the Carrboro Board of
Aldermen for higher-caliber guns foT
the city's officers, some of the mem
bers of the board said they would
support such a proposal. --
Callahan requested higher-caliber:
guns to replace Carrboro police offic
ers' current .357 revolvers.
Callahan said he requested .40-cali-ber
Glocks in response to officers who
raised concerns about the advanced
weapons that many criminals own.;
"We need to upgrade our weapons to
be able to handle situations that may
occur," Callahan said,
; Jay Bryan, a Carrboro alderman,
said Tuesday that the board had not
received a full report on the gun situ
ation. "(The issue) was something that
came up in a preliminary budget dis
cussion," Bryan said.
However, Bryan said that if
Callahan made a formal proposal in
the spring, the board would do its best
to implement his request into the bud
get after studying the needs of other
Callahan said that officers had asked
for better guns during the past few
years but that the past police chiefs
had neverformally brought the idea to
the Board of Aldermen's attention.
: It is a question of officer and public
safety, Callahan said. "The officers
feel less able to handle situations that
they encounter," he said.
With higher-caliber guns, officers
of Negro League baseball caps
a case-by-case basis, Baggett said.
"We try to see where the profits could
best be placed," he said. "It was a great
concern that we not limit ourselves (in
contributing) to one organization."
Long said, "We see blacks wearing
so much (athletic) paraphernalia, and
the money doesn't come back into the
So are Cuban X Giants caps going to
displace Malcolm X caps?
Signs of the once-forgotten league
are beginning to emerge in today's pop
culture. On the Fox network's show
"Roc," the main character sports a Bal
timore Black Sox jacket. Other Negro
League paraphernalia abounds on rap
videos and even on NBC s "A Different
steady decline since the mid-1 980s. The
number of books the library purchased
last year was only half the number
bought in 1985.
The cost of periodicals has increased
greatly compared to a the small increase
in state funding. As a result, the library
has had to cancel subscriptions to more
than 2,000 periodicals.
The library's national ranking among
research institutions has slipped during
the past two years.
Each book purchased from money
earned by the senior class gift will have
a bookplate inside of it commemorating
the class of 1993, Govan said. "What
you get out of this is thousands and
thousands of little monuments, in a
way," he said.
Chancellor Paul Hardin said he was
very pleased with the leadership of the
senior class and the gift they had cho
sen. "It's very, very important to have
private gift support for the University,"
he said. "I'm delighted you chose the
Joe Hewitt, the associate University
librarian who will take over as UNC
librarian next year, said the gift would
help to stop the library's decline.
"The funds allow us to achieve a
certain level of excellence we couldn't
even think of otherwise," he said.
Paty said the gift was chosen based
on three criteria: the benefit it would
have for the University community, the
improvement it would have on the aca
demic standing of the University and
the enthusiasm and interest it would
generate within the senior class.
"There were a lot of proposals that
were given to us," Paty said. "It was
very hard for us to make a choice. The
more we thought about it, the more we
kept coming back to the library."
will be better prepared to handle siru
. ations involving advanced weapons
when they encounter them, Callahan
said. "It only takes once," he said.
Callahan said officers had confis
cated high-caliber, multi-shot weap
ons on raids. "Anybody that wants a
gun can get it," he said.
The new guns, if approved, will be
phased in over the next three years at
a to tal purchase price of $ 1 5 ,000, based
on current price indexes.
: Callahan said that there were some
Carrboro officers who already knew
how to use the .40-caliber Glocks but
that others would have to be trained to
meet state standards.
Frances Shetley, a member of the
Carrboro Board of Aldermen, said she
would support Callahan's request for
- the higher-caliber guns. .
"I am a great belie ver in listening to
staff recommendations, especially pro
fessionals whomlconsidertobe highly
Shetley added that she hoped the
board would support the integration
of the weapons into the Carrboro po
lice force in the city's budget deci
sions to be made in June.
Hilliard Caldwell, also of the
Carrboro Board of Aldermen, said, "I
think it is a shame when the police
department tells the aldermen that the
guns out there in the community are
better than the ones the officers have."
Caldwell added that he definitely
would support the push for better guns
and that the price of the guns should
See FIREARMS, page 4
"I think our business has been very
successful," Long said. "We're very
happy with our progress and the recep
tion from the customers."
Although sales at predominantly
black colleges are thriving, sales at UNC
have been lackluster. "(The caps) don't
sell as well at UNC or Duke," Long
In the future, Baggett and Long also
hope to market Negro League jackets
and jerseys and blackclayfaces neck
laces highlighted by a single black face
made of clay.
"(The faces) aren't of anybody in
particular," Long said. "They're sup
posed to represent the beauty of black
See BASEBALL, page 2
. " Marcel Marceau